How to Install Nginx and PHP-FPM on FreeBSD 10

FreeBSD 10 + Nginx 1.4.4 + PHP 5.5.9 + MySQL 5.6.15

摘要

FreeBSD 10.0 的 pkg 无法安装php-fpm 最终采用 posts 编译安装

http://netkiller.github.io/journal/freebsd.php.html

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目录

  • 1. PHP 5.5.9
  • 2. MySQL 5.6.15
  • 3. Nginx 1.4.4
  • 4. phalcon 框架

1. PHP 5.5.9

文本格式回复

cd /usr/ports/lang/php55
make install clean; rehash		

开启下面三个 PHP 编译选项

		[X] CLI        Build CLI version
[X] CGI        Build CGI version
[X] FPM        Build FPM version (experimental)		

php.ini

# cp /usr/local/etc/php.ini-development /usr/local/etc/php.ini		

FreeBSD启动是自动开启php-fpm服务

		cat >> /etc/rc.conf <<EOF
php_fpm_enable="YES"
EOF		

安装PHP扩展

cd /usr/ports/lang/php55-extensions
make install clean; rehash		

FPM启动脚本

# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/php-fpm start		

2. MySQL 5.6.15

安装 mysql server 与 client

		pkg install mysql56-server
pkg install mysql56-client		

设置mysql root密码

/usr/local/etc/rc.d/mysql-server onestart
/usr/local/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'newpassword'		

FreeBSD 启动时开启MySQL服务

		cat >> /etc/rc.conf <<EOF
mysql_enable="YES"
EOF		

MySQL 启动脚本

# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/mysql-server		

3. Nginx 1.4.4

所特殊需求,所以采用pkg安装

# pkg install nginx		

如果需要特别编译模块可以使用ports安装

cd /usr/ports/www/nginx
make install clean; rehash		

服务开启

		cat >> /etc/rc.conf <<EOF
nginx_enable="YES"
EOF		

Nginx 启动脚本的位置

# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx start		

例 1. Nginx 配置文件

/usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf

#user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;


events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}


http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    gzip  on;

	include /usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

}			

/usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d/host.domain.conf

server {
    listen       80;
    server_name  localhost;

    #charset koi8-r;

    #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

    location / {
        root   /usr/local/www/nginx;
        index  index.html index.php;
    }

    #error_page  404              /404.html;

    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
    #
    error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
    location = /50x.html {
        root   /usr/local/www/nginx-dist;
    }

    # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
    #
    #location ~ \.php$ {
    #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
    #}

    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
    #
    location ~ \.php$ {
        root           html;
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/local/www/nginx$fastcgi_script_name;
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }

    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
    # concurs with nginx's one
    #
    #location ~ /\.ht {
    #    deny  all;
    #}
}


# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
#
#server {
#    listen       8000;
#    listen       somename:8080;
#    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

#    location / {
#        root   html;
#        index  index.html index.htm;
#    }
#}


# HTTPS server
#
#server {
#    listen       443;
#    server_name  localhost;

#    ssl                  on;
#    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
#    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

#    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

#    ssl_protocols  SSLv2 SSLv3 TLSv1;
#    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
#    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers   on;

#    location / {
#        root   html;
#        index  index.html index.htm;
#    }
#}			

4. phalcon 框架

使用pkg安装phalcon依赖php-5.4,所以需要使用ports编译安装

cd /usr/ports/www/phalcon
make install		

确认安装成功

# php -m | grep phalcon
phalcon		

配置nginx.conf

    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
            root   /www/phalcon/public;
            index  index.html index.php;
			if ($request_filename !~ (js|css|images|robots/.txt|.*\.html|index/.php) ) {
            	rewrite ^/(.*)$ /index.php?_url=/$1 last;
	    		break;
			}
        }

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   /usr/local/www/nginx-dist;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        location ~ \.php$ {
        #location ~ /index.php/ {
            root           /www/phalcon/public;
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /www/phalcon/public$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        location ~ /\.ht {
            deny  all;
        }
    }		

原文发布于微信公众号 - Netkiller(netkiller-ebook)

原文发表时间:2015-09-28

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