元宵佳节:看Oracle技术粉们用SQL画团圆

话团圆,画团圆,元宵佳节倍思亲,可是大家知道吗,万能的SQL可以帮助大家绘制团圆。

在ITPUB论坛里,一群SQL爱好者们会用SQL来描摹一切可能。请看如下这段SQL,为大家绘制了团团圆圆的五连环:

with a as (select distinct round(a.x + b.x) x,round(a.y + b.y) y from
(select (sum(x) over(order by n)) x,
                            round(sum(y) over(order by n)) y
              from (select n, cos(n/30 * 3.1415926)*2  x,
                           sin(n/30 * 3.1415926) y
                           from (select rownum - 1 n from all_objects where rownum <= 30 +30))) a,
            (select n, (sum(x) over(order by n)) x,
                            round(sum(y) over(order by n)) y
              from (select n,
                           cos( m /3 * 3.1415926) * 2 * 15 x,
                           sin( m /3 * 3.1415926)* 15 y
                      from (select case when rownum <= 2 then 3 
                      when rownum = 3 then -2 else -6 end m, rownum - 1 n
                              from all_objects where rownum <= 5))) b
          )
select replace(sys_connect_by_path(point, '/'), '/', null) star
  from (select b.y, b.x, decode(a.x, null, ' ', '*') point
          from a,
               (select *
                  from (select rownum - 1 + (select min(x) from a) x
                          from all_objects
                         where rownum <= (select max(x) - min(x) + 1 from a)),
                       (select rownum - 1 + (select min(y) from a) y
                          from all_objects
                         where rownum <= (select max(y) - min(y) + 1 from a))) b
         where a.x(+) = b.x
           and a.y(+) = b.y)
where x = (select max(x) from a)
start with x = (select min(x) from a)
connect by y = prior y
       and x = prior x + 1;

这段SQL在Oracle中输出了下图,请用SQL执行:

好吧,这是五个连环,事实上是奥运会的五环旗,在庆祝奥运期间,网友 nyfor 的随手创作。

再看如下一段SQL,则是输出了一个五角星:

with a as (
            select distinct round(sum(x) over(order by n)) x,
                            round(sum(y) over(order by n)) y
              from (select n,
                           cos(trunc(n / 20) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) * 2 x,
                           sin(trunc(n / 20) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) y
                      from (select rownum - 1 n from all_objects where rownum <= 20 * 5))
          )
select replace(sys_connect_by_path(point, '/'), '/', null) star
  from (select b.y, b.x, decode(a.x, null, ' ', '*') point
          from a,
               (select *
                  from (select rownum - 1 + (select min(x) from a) x
                          from all_objects
                         where rownum <= (select max(x) - min(x) + 1 from a)),
                       (select rownum - 1 + (select min(y) from a) y
                          from all_objects
                         where rownum <= (select max(y) - min(y) + 1 from a))) b
         where a.x(+) = b.x
           and a.y(+) = b.y)
where x = (select max(x) from a)
start with x = (select min(x) from a)
connect by y = prior y
       and x = prior x + 1;

这个SQL的解释如下

其中数字20表示五角星每一条边上的点的个数(你也可以设置的大一些或小一些), 其中的数字5表示五角星的边数, 其中的数字2是为了调整横向字符间距与纵向行距之间的差异而设置的, 你也可以不乘以这个2, 这里只是为了输出稍微好看一些.

调整期中数字5, 你还可以输出7角星, 9角星.... 注意我的SQL不能输出6角星,8角星,因为我的SQL算法中是以一笔画能够画成的星为基础设计的算法的.

比如,以下是7角形输出:

在一轮讨论之后,newkid 大神给出了一个系列的SQL改写,小编就列举如下。

SQL一:

with a as ( select distinct round(sum(x) over(order by n)) x, round(sum(y) over(order by n)) y from (select n, cos(trunc(n / 20) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) * 2 x, sin(trunc(n / 20) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) y from (select rownum - 1 n from DUAL CONNECT BY rownum <= 20 * 5)) ) SELECT LPAD(REPLACE(SUM(POWER(10,x-1)),'0',' '),(SELECT MAX(x) FROM a)) AS star FROM a GROUP BY y ORDER BY y;

SQL二:

with a as ( select distinct round(sum(x) over(order by n)) x, round(sum(y) over(order by n)) y from (select n, cos(trunc(n / 20) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) x, sin(trunc(n / 20) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) y from (select rownum - 1 n from DUAL CONNECT BY rownum <= 20 * 5)) ) SELECT LPAD(REPLACE(SUM(POWER(10,x)),'0',' '),(SELECT MAX(x)+1 FROM a)) AS star FROM a GROUP BY y ORDER BY y;

SQL三:

with a as ( select distinct round(sum(x) over(order by n)) x, round(sum(y) over(order by n)) y from (select n, cos(trunc(n / 20) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) * 2 x, sin(trunc(n / 20) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) y from (select rownum - 1 n from DUAL CONNECT BY rownum <= 20 * 5)) ) SELECT TRANSLATE(LPAD(NVL(SUM(POWER(10,CASE WHEN x>=40 THEN x-40 END)),0),(SELECT MAX(x)-39 FROM a WHERE x>=40)) ||LPAD(SUM(POWER(10,CASE WHEN x<40 THEN x END)),40) ,'01',' *' ) AS star FROM a GROUP BY y ORDER BY y;

SQL四:

with a as (SELECT x,y ,ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY y ORDER BY x) rn ,MAX(x) OVER(PARTITION BY y) maxx FROM (select distinct round(sum(x) over(order by n)) x, round(sum(y) over(order by n)) y from (select n, cos(trunc(n / 20) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) * 2 x, sin(trunc(n / 20) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) y from (select rownum - 1 n from DUAL CONNECT BY rownum <= 20 * 5) ) ) ) ,t(rn,x,y,str,maxx) AS ( SELECT 1,x,y,LPAD('*',x+1),maxx FROM a WHERE rn=1 UNION ALL SELECT a.rn,a.x,t.y,str||RPAD(' ',a.x-t.x-1)||'*',t.maxx FROM t,a WHERE t.rn=a.rn-1 AND t.y=a.y ) CYCLE x,y SET cycle_flag TO 'Y' DEFAULT 'N' SELECT str FROM t WHERE x=maxx ORDER BY y;

SQL五:

VAR SCALE NUMBER; EXEC :SCALE :=3; with a as (SELECT x,y ,ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY y ORDER BY x) rn ,MAX(x) OVER(PARTITION BY y) maxx FROM (select distinct round(sum(x) over(order by n)) x, round(sum(y) over(order by n)) y from (select n, cos(trunc(n / (10*:SCALE)) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) * 2 x, sin(trunc(n / (10*:SCALE)) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) y from (select rownum - 1 n from DUAL CONNECT BY rownum <= 10*:SCALE * 5) ) ) ) ,t(rn,x,y,str,maxx) AS ( SELECT 1,x,y,LPAD('*',x+1),maxx FROM a WHERE rn=1 UNION ALL SELECT a.rn,a.x,t.y,str||RPAD(' ',a.x-t.x-1)||'*',t.maxx FROM t,a WHERE t.rn=a.rn-1 AND t.y=a.y ) CYCLE x,y SET cycle_flag TO 'Y' DEFAULT 'N' SELECT str FROM t WHERE x=maxx ORDER BY y;

SQL六 - 利用wmsys.wm_concat的写法其实更简单

with a as (SELECT x,y ,LAG(x,1,0) OVER(PARTITION BY y ORDER BY x) last_x FROM (select distinct round(sum(x) over(order by n)) x, round(sum(y) over(order by n)) y from (select n, cos(trunc(n / (10*:SCALE)) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) * 2 x, sin(trunc(n / (10*:SCALE)) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) y from (select rownum - 1 n from DUAL CONNECT BY rownum <= 10*:SCALE * 5) ) ) ) SELECT REPLACE(MAX(str),',') STR FROM (SELECT y,wmsys.wm_concat(LPAD('*',x-last_x)) OVER(PARTITION BY y ORDER BY x) str FROM a ) GROUP BY y ORDER BY y;

SQL之七 - wmsys.wm_concat的connect by替代写法:

with a as (SELECT x,y ,LAG(x,1,0) OVER(PARTITION BY y ORDER BY x) last_x ,ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY y ORDER BY x) rn FROM (select distinct round(sum(x) over(order by n)) x, round(sum(y) over(order by n)) y from (select n, cos(trunc(n / (10*:SCALE)) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) * 2 x, sin(trunc(n / (10*:SCALE)) * (1-1/5) * 3.1415926) y from (select rownum - 1 n from DUAL CONNECT BY rownum <= 10*:SCALE * 5) ) ) ) SELECT REPLACE(MAX(str),',') STR FROM (SELECT y,SYS_CONNECT_BY_PATH(LPAD('*',x-last_x),',') str FROM a START WITH rn=1 CONNECT BY y=PRIOR y AND rn=PRIOR rn+1 ) GROUP BY y ORDER BY y;

SQL如神,学习入化,动手为王,祝愿大家元宵节快乐!

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原文发布于微信公众号 - 数据和云(OraNews)

原文发表时间:2016-02-22

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