R语言读CSV、txt文件方式以及read.table read.csv 和readr(大数据读取包)

首先准备测试数据*(mtcars)

分别为CSV. TXT

read.table 默认形式读取CSV(×)与TXT(效果理想)

> test<-read.table("C:/Users/admin/Desktop/test.txt",header = F)
Error in scan(file = file, what = what, sep = sep, quote = quote, dec = dec,  : 
  line 1 did not have 12 elements
> test<-read.table("C:/Users/admin/Desktop/test.txt")
> str(test)
'data.frame':   32 obs. of  11 variables:
 $ mpg : num  21 21 22.8 21.4 18.7 18.1 14.3 24.4 22.8 19.2 ...
 $ cyl : int  6 6 4 6 8 6 8 4 4 6 ...
 $ disp: num  160 160 108 258 360 ...
 $ hp  : int  110 110 93 110 175 105 245 62 95 123 ...
 $ drat: num  3.9 3.9 3.85 3.08 3.15 2.76 3.21 3.69 3.92 3.92 ...
 $ wt  : num  2.62 2.88 2.32 3.21 3.44 ...
 $ qsec: num  16.5 17 18.6 19.4 17 ...
 $ vs  : int  0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 ...
 $ am  : int  1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
 $ gear: int  4 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 ...
 $ carb: int  4 4 1 1 2 1 4 2 2 4 ...
> attributes(test)
$names
 [1] "mpg"  "cyl"  "disp" "hp"   "drat" "wt"   "qsec" "vs"   "am"   "gear" "carb"
$class
[1] "data.frame"

$row.names
 [1] "Mazda RX4"           "Mazda RX4 Wag"       "Datsun 710"          "Hornet 4 Drive"     
 [5] "Hornet Sportabout"   "Valiant"             "Duster 360"          "Merc 240D"          
 [9] "Merc 230"            "Merc 280"            "Merc 280C"           "Merc 450SE"         
[13] "Merc 450SL"          "Merc 450SLC"         "Cadillac Fleetwood"  "Lincoln Continental"
[17] "Chrysler Imperial"   "Fiat 128"            "Honda Civic"         "Toyota Corolla"     
[21] "Toyota Corona"       "Dodge Challenger"    "AMC Javelin"         "Camaro Z28"         
[25] "Pontiac Firebird"    "Fiat X1-9"           "Porsche 914-2"       "Lotus Europa"       
[29] "Ford Pantera L"      "Ferrari Dino"        "Maserati Bora"       "Volvo 142E"  

②效果不理想,没有data.frame

test<-read.table(“C:/Users/admin/Desktop/test.csv”)

变量类型识别遗漏


> str(test)
'data.frame':   33 obs. of  2 variables:
 $ V1: Factor w/ 33 levels "","AMC Javelin",..: 1 19 20 6 14 15 32 8 22 21 ...
 $ V2: Factor w/ 33 levels ",\"mpg\",\"cyl\",\"disp\",\"hp\",\"drat\",\"wt\",\"qsec\",\"vs\",\"am\",\"gear\",\"carb\"",..: 1 20 21 25 23 16 15 5 27 26 ...
> attributes(test)
$names
[1] "V1" "V2"

$class
[1] "data.frame"

$row.names
 [1]  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

修改后:还可以具体根据自己需要


> test<-read.table("C:/Users/admin/Desktop/test.csv",header = T,sep=",")
> str(test)
'data.frame':   32 obs. of  12 variables:
 $ X   : Factor w/ 32 levels "AMC Javelin",..: 18 19 5 13 14 31 7 21 20 22 ...
 $ mpg : num  21 21 22.8 21.4 18.7 18.1 14.3 24.4 22.8 19.2 ...
 $ cyl : int  6 6 4 6 8 6 8 4 4 6 ...
 $ disp: num  160 160 108 258 360 ...
 $ hp  : int  110 110 93 110 175 105 245 62 95 123 ...
 $ drat: num  3.9 3.9 3.85 3.08 3.15 2.76 3.21 3.69 3.92 3.92 ...
 $ wt  : num  2.62 2.88 2.32 3.21 3.44 ...
 $ qsec: num  16.5 17 18.6 19.4 17 ...
 $ vs  : int  0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 ...
 $ am  : int  1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
 $ gear: int  4 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 ...
 $ carb: int  4 4 1 1 2 1 4 2 2 4 ...
> attributes(test)
$names
 [1] "X"    "mpg"  "cyl"  "disp" "hp"   "drat" "wt"   "qsec" "vs"   "am"   "gear" "carb"

$class
[1] "data.frame"

$row.names
 [1]  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

④效果同③ read.table 是读取矩形格子状数据最为便利的方式

> test<-read.csv("C:/Users/admin/Desktop/test.csv",head=T,sep=",")
> str(test)
'data.frame':   32 obs. of  12 variables:
 $ X   : Factor w/ 32 levels "AMC Javelin",..: 18 19 5 13 14 31 7 21 20 22 ...
 $ mpg : num  21 21 22.8 21.4 18.7 18.1 14.3 24.4 22.8 19.2 ...
 $ cyl : int  6 6 4 6 8 6 8 4 4 6 ...
 $ disp: num  160 160 108 258 360 ...
 $ hp  : int  110 110 93 110 175 105 245 62 95 123 ...
 $ drat: num  3.9 3.9 3.85 3.08 3.15 2.76 3.21 3.69 3.92 3.92 ...
 $ wt  : num  2.62 2.88 2.32 3.21 3.44 ...
 $ qsec: num  16.5 17 18.6 19.4 17 ...
 $ vs  : int  0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 ...
 $ am  : int  1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
 $ gear: int  4 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 ...
 $ carb: int  4 4 1 1 2 1 4 2 2 4 ...
> attributes(test)
$names
 [1] "X"    "mpg"  "cyl"  "disp" "hp"   "drat" "wt"   "qsec" "vs"   "am"   "gear" "carb"

$class
[1] "data.frame"

$row.names
 [1]  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

⑤:read.csv读txt。丢失数据结构,1 variable

> test<-read.csv("C:/Users/admin/Desktop/test.txt",head=T,sep=",")
> str(test)
'data.frame':   32 obs. of  1 variable:
 $ mpg.cyl.disp.hp.drat.wt.qsec.vs.am.gear.carb: Factor w/ 32 levels "AMC Javelin 15.2 8 304 150 3.15 3.435 17.3 0 0 3 2",..: 18 19 5 13 14 31 7 21 20 22 ...
> attributes(text)
NULL
> attributes(test)
$names
[1] "mpg.cyl.disp.hp.drat.wt.qsec.vs.am.gear.carb"

$class
[1] "data.frame"

$row.names
 [1]  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

⑥使用readr包中read_csv读取情况,其适合

> test<-read_csv("C:/Users/admin/Desktop/test.csv")
Parsed with column specification:
cols(
  X1 = col_character(),
  mpg = col_double(),
  cyl = col_integer(),
  disp = col_double(),
  hp = col_integer(),
  drat = col_double(),
  wt = col_double(),
  qsec = col_double(),
  vs = col_integer(),
  am = col_integer(),
  gear = col_integer(),
  carb = col_integer()
)
> test
                  X1   mpg   cyl  disp    hp  drat    wt  qsec    vs    am  gear  carb
               <chr> <dbl> <int> <dbl> <int> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <int> <int> <int> <int>
1          Mazda RX4  21.0     6 160.0   110  3.90 2.620 16.46     0     1     4     4
2      Mazda RX4 Wag  21.0     6 160.0   110  3.90 2.875 17.02     0     1     4     4
3         Datsun 710  22.8     4 108.0    93  3.85 2.320 18.61     1     1     4     1
4     Hornet 4 Drive  21.4     6 258.0   110  3.08 3.215 19.44     1     0     3     1
5  Hornet Sportabout  18.7     8 360.0   175  3.15 3.440 17.02     0     0     3     2
6            Valiant  18.1     6 225.0   105  2.76 3.460 20.22     1     0     3     1
7         Duster 360  14.3     8 360.0   245  3.21 3.570 15.84     0     0     3     4
8          Merc 240D  24.4     4 146.7    62  3.69 3.190 20.00     1     0     4     2
9           Merc 230  22.8     4 140.8    95  3.92 3.150 22.90     1     0     4     2
10          Merc 280  19.2     6 167.6   123  3.92 3.440 18.30     1     0     4     4
# ... with 22 more rows

> str(test)
Classes ‘tbl_df’, ‘tbl’ and 'data.frame':   32 obs. of  12 variables:
 $ X1  : chr  "Mazda RX4" "Mazda RX4 Wag" "Datsun 710" "Hornet 4 Drive" ...
 $ mpg : num  21 21 22.8 21.4 18.7 18.1 14.3 24.4 22.8 19.2 ...
 $ cyl : int  6 6 4 6 8 6 8 4 4 6 ...
 $ disp: num  160 160 108 258 360 ...
 $ hp  : int  110 110 93 110 175 105 245 62 95 123 ...
 $ drat: num  3.9 3.9 3.85 3.08 3.15 2.76 3.21 3.69 3.92 3.92 ...
 $ wt  : num  2.62 2.88 2.32 3.21 3.44 ...
 $ qsec: num  16.5 17 18.6 19.4 17 ...
 $ vs  : int  0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 ...
 $ am  : int  1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
 $ gear: int  4 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 ...
 $ carb: int  4 4 1 1 2 1 4 2 2 4 ...
 - attr(*, "spec")=List of 2
  ..$ cols   :List of 12
  .. ..$ X1  : list()
  .. .. ..- attr(*, "class")= chr  "collector_character" "collector"
c"
> attributes(test)
$class
[1] "tbl_df"     "tbl"        "data.frame"

$row.names
 [1]  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

$names
 [1] "X1"   "mpg"  "cyl"  "disp" "hp"   "drat" "wt"   "qsec" "vs"   "am"   "gear" "carb"

$spec
cols(
  X1 = col_character(),
  mpg = col_double(),
  cyl = col_integer(),
  disp = col_double(),
  hp = col_integer(),
  drat = col_double(),
  wt = col_double(),
  qsec = col_double(),
  vs = col_integer(),
  am = col_integer(),
  gear = col_integer(),
  carb = col_integer()
)

⑦read_csv对于test.txt ×

> test<-read_csv("C:/Users/admin/Desktop/test.txt")
Parsed with column specification:
cols(
  `mpg" "cyl" "disp" "hp" "drat" "wt" "qsec" "vs" "am" "gear" "carb` = col_character()
)
Warning: 64 parsing failures.
row                                                              col           expected actual
  1 mpg" "cyl" "disp" "hp" "drat" "wt" "qsec" "vs" "am" "gear" "carb delimiter or quote       
  1 mpg" "cyl" "disp" "hp" "drat" "wt" "qsec" "vs" "am" "gear" "carb delimiter or quote      M
  1 mpg" "cyl" "disp" "hp" "drat" "wt" "qsec" "vs" "am" "gear" "carb delimiter or quote       
  1 mpg" "cyl" "disp" "hp" "drat" "wt" "qsec" "vs" "am" "gear" "carb delimiter or quote      D
  1 mpg" "cyl" "disp" "hp" "drat" "wt" "qsec" "vs" "am" "gear" "carb delimiter or quote       
... ................................................................ .................. ......
See problems(...) for more details.

test ``mpg” “cyl” “disp” “hp” “drat” “wt” “qsec” “vs” “am” “gear” “carb` 1 Mazda RX4” 21 6 160 110 3.9 2.62 16.46 0 1 4 4\r\n”Mazda RX4 Wag” 21 6 160 110 3.9 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4\r\n”Datsun 710” 22.8 4 str(test) Classes ‘tbl_df’, ‘tbl’ and ‘data.frame’: 1 obs. of 1 variable: $ mpg” “cyl” “disp” “hp” “drat” “wt” “qsec” “vs” “am” “gear” “carb: chr “Mazda RX4\” 21 6 160 110 3.9 2.62 16.46 0 1 4 4\r\n\”Mazda RX4 Wag\” 21 6 160 110 3.9 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4\r\n\”Datsun 710\” 22.”| truncated - attr(*, “problems”)=Classes ‘tbl_df’, ‘tbl’ and ‘data.frame’: 64 obs. of 4 variables: ..row:int1111111111….. row : int 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 … .. col : chr “mpg\” \”cyl\” \”disp\” \”hp\” \”drat\” \”wt\” \”qsec\” \”vs\” \”am\” \”gear\” \”carb” “mpg\” \”cyl\” \”disp\” \”hp\” \”drat\” \”wt\” \”qsec\” \”vs\” \”am\” \”gear\” \”carb” “mpg\” \”cyl\” \”disp\” \”hp\” \”drat\” \”wt\” \”qsec\” \”vs\” \”am\” \”gear\” \”carb” “mpg\” \”cyl\” \”disp\” \”hp\” \”drat\” \”wt\” \”qsec\” \”vs\” \”am\” \”gear\” \”carb” … ..expected:chrdelimiterorquote”“delimiterorquote”“delimiterorquote”“delimiterorquote”….. expected: chr “delimiter or quote” “delimiter or quote” “delimiter or quote” “delimiter or quote” … .. actual : chr ” ” “M” ” ” “D” … - attr(*, “spec”)=List of 2 ..cols:Listof1.... cols :List of 1 .. .. mpg” “cyl” “disp” “hp” “drat” “wt” “qsec” “vs” “am” “gear” “carb: list() .. .. ..- attr(*, “class”)= chr “collector_character” “collector” ..$ default: list() .. ..- attr(*, “class”)= chr “collector_guess” “collector” ..- attr(*, “class”)= chr “col_spec”

See problems(…) for more details.

test

A tibble: 1 × 1

mpg" "cyl" "disp" "hp" "drat" "wt" "qsec" "vs" "am" "gear" "carb 1 Mazda RX4” 21 6 160 110 3.9 2.62 16.46 0 1 4 4\r\n”Mazda RX4 Wag” 21 6 160 110 3.9 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4\r\n”Datsun 710” 22.8 4

str(test) Classes ‘tbl_df’, ‘tbl’ and ‘data.frame’: 1 obs. of 1 variable: $ mpg” “cyl” “disp” “hp” “drat” “wt” “qsec” “vs” “am” “gear” “carb: chr “Mazda RX4\” 21 6 160 110 3.9 2.62 16.46 0 1 4 4\r\n\”Mazda RX4 Wag\” 21 6 160 110 3.9 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4\r\n\”Datsun 710\” 22.”| truncated - attr(*, “problems”)=Classes ‘tbl_df’, ‘tbl’ and ‘data.frame’: 64 obs. of 4 variables: ..row:int1111111111….. row : int 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 … .. col : chr “mpg\” \”cyl\” \”disp\” \”hp\” \”drat\” \”wt\” \”qsec\” \”vs\” \”am\” \”gear\” \”carb” “mpg\” \”cyl\” \”disp\” \”hp\” \”drat\” \”wt\” \”qsec\” \”vs\” \”am\” \”gear\” \”carb” “mpg\” \”cyl\” \”disp\” \”hp\” \”drat\” \”wt\” \”qsec\” \”vs\” \”am\” \”gear\” \”carb” “mpg\” \”cyl\” \”disp\” \”hp\” \”drat\” \”wt\” \”qsec\” \”vs\” \”am\” \”gear\” \”carb” … ..expected:chrdelimiterorquote”“delimiterorquote”“delimiterorquote”“delimiterorquote”….. expected: chr “delimiter or quote” “delimiter or quote” “delimiter or quote” “delimiter or quote” … .. actual : chr ” ” “M” ” ” “D” … - attr(*, “spec”)=List of 2 ..cols:Listof1.... cols :List of 1 .. .. mpg” “cyl” “disp” “hp” “drat” “wt” “qsec” “vs” “am” “gear” “carb: list() .. .. ..- attr(*, “class”)= chr “collector_character” “collector” ..$ default: list() .. ..- attr(*, “class”)= chr “collector_guess” “collector” ..- attr(*, “class”)= chr “col_spec “相关更多参数

read.table(file, header = FALSE, sep = “”, quote = “\”’”, dec = “.”, numerals = c(“allow.loss”, “warn.loss”, “no.loss”), row.names, col.names, as.is = !stringsAsFactors, na.strings = “NA”, colClasses = NA, nrows = -1, skip = 0, check.names = TRUE, fill = !blank.lines.skip, strip.white = FALSE, blank.lines.skip = TRUE, comment.char = “#”, allowEscapes = FALSE, flush = FALSE, stringsAsFactors = default.stringsAsFactors(), fileEncoding = “”, encoding = “unknown”, text, skipNul = FALSE) “`

  • 常用参数解读:

file表示要读取的文件。file可以是 ①绝对路径或者相对路径,但是一定要注意,因为在R语言中\是转义符,所以路径分隔符必须写成\,比如“C:\myfile\myfile.txt”或者 Sys.setenv(JAVA_HOME=’C://Program Files/Java/jdk1.6.0_21/jre’) ②可以使剪切板的内容。 ③使用file.choose(),弹出对话框,让你选择文件位置。 header来确定数据文件中第一行是不是标题。默认F,即认为数据文件没有标题 参数———-Arguments———- 参数:sep the field separator character. Values on each line of the file are separated by this character. If sep = “” (the default for read.table) the separator is “white space”, that is one or more spaces, tabs, newlines or carriage returns. 字段分隔符。文件的每一行的值是通过这个角色分离。如果sep = “”(默认read.table)分隔符是“白色空间”,这是一个或多个空格,制表符,换行符或回车。 参数:quote the set of quoting characters. To disable quoting altogether, use quote = “”. See scan for the behaviour on quotes embedded in quotes. Quoting is only considered for columns read as character, which is all of them unless colClasses is specified. 引用字符集。完全禁用引用,使用quote = “”。看到scan引号中嵌入引号的行为。只考虑读的性格,这是所有这些,除非colClasses指定的列引用。 参数:dec the character used in the file for decimal points. 字符用于在小数点文件。 参数:row.names a vector of row names. This can be a vector giving the actual row names, or a single number giving the column of the table which contains the row names, or character string giving the name of the table column containing the row names. If there is a header and the first row contains one fewer field than the number of columns, the first column in the input is used for the row names. Otherwise if row.names is missing, the rows are numbered. Using row.names = NULL forces row numbering. Missing or NULL row.names generate row names that are considered to be “automatic” (and not preserved by as.matrix). 向量的行名。这可以是一个向量,给予实际的行名,或一个号码表,其中包含的行名,或字符串,包含行名称表列的名称列。如果有一个头的第一行包含列数少一个领域,在输入的第一列用于行名称。否则,如果row.names丢失,行编号。使用row.names = NULL部队排编号。失踪或NULLrow.names,生成的行被认为是“自动”(而不是由as.matrix保存)的名称。 参数:col.names a vector of optional names for the variables. The default is to use “V” followed by the column number. 可选名称为变量的向量。默认是使用列数”V”其次。 参数:as.is the default behavior of read.table is to convert character variables (which are not converted to logical, numeric or complex) to factors. The variable as.is controls the conversion of columns not otherwise specified by colClasses. Its value is either a vector of logicals (values are recycled if necessary), or a vector of numeric or character indices which specify which columns should not be converted to factors. Note: to suppress all conversions including those of numeric columns, set colClasses = “character”. Note that as.is is specified per column (not per variable) and so includes the column of row names (if any) and any columns to be skipped. read.table的默认行为转换成字符变量(而不是转换为逻辑,数字或复杂的)因素。变量as.is控制转换colClasses没有其他指定的列。它的值是一个逻辑值向量(如果有必要回收价值),或数字或字符索引指定的列不应该被转换为因素的向量。注:禁止所有的转换,包括那些数字列,设置colClasses = “character”。请注意,as.is指定每列(而不是每个变量)等行名称的列(如有)及任何要跳过的列。 参数:na.strings a character vector of strings which are to be interpreted as NA values. Blank fields are also considered to be missing values in logical, integer, numeric and complex fields. NA值作为解释的字符串的字符向量。空白领域也被认为是缺少逻辑,整数,数字和复杂的领域中的价值。 参数:colClasses character. A vector of classes to be assumed for the columns. Recycled as necessary, or if the character vector is named, unspecified values are taken to be NA. Possible values are NA (the default, when type.convert is used), “NULL” (when the column is skipped), one of the atomic vector classes (logical, integer, numeric, complex, character, raw), or “factor”, “Date” or “POSIXct”. Otherwise there needs to be an as method (from package methods) for conversion from “character” to the specified formal class. Note that colClasses is specified per column (not per variable) and so includes the column of row names (if any). 字符。须承担一个班的向量为列。必要时,回收或如果被命名为特征向量,未指定的值是NA。可能的值是NA(默认情况下,当type.convert)”NULL”(列时跳过),一个原子的向量类(逻辑,整数,数字,复杂的,性格,原材料),或”factor”,”Date”或”POSIXct”。否则需要有一个as从methods转换到指定的正规类的方法(包”character”)。请注意,colClasses指定每列(而不是每个变量)等行名称(如有)列。 参数:nrows integer: the maximum number of rows to read in. Negative and other invalid values are ignored. 整数:最大数量的行读入负和其他无效值将被忽略。 参数:skip integer: the number of lines of the data file to skip before beginning to read data. 整数:开始读取数据前跳过的数据文件的行数。 参数:check.names logical. If TRUE then the names of the variables in the data frame are checked to ensure that they are syntactically valid variable names. If necessary they are adjusted (by make.names) so that they are, and also to ensure that there are no duplicates. 逻辑。如果TRUE然后检查数据框中的变量的名称,以确保它们是语法上有效的变量名。如果有必要,他们调整(make.names),使他们,同时也确保没有重复。 参数:fill logical. If TRUE then in case the rows have unequal length, blank fields are implicitly added. See “Details”. 逻辑。如果TRUE然后在情况下,行有长度不等的空白领域隐式添加。见“详细资料”。 参数:strip.white logical. Used only when sep has been specified, and allows the stripping of leading and trailing white space from unquoted character fields (numeric fields are always stripped). See scan for further details (including the exact meaning of “white space”), remembering that the columns may include the row names. 逻辑。只用当sep已指定,并允许剥离的非上市character(numeric领域总是剥离领域)的开头和结尾的空白。看到scan进一步详情(包括“白色空间”的确切含义),记住,列可能包含的行名。 参数:blank.lines.skip logical: if TRUE blank lines in the input are ignored. 逻辑:如果TRUE在输入空行被忽略。 参数:comment.char character: a character vector of length one containing a single character or an empty string. Use “” to turn off the interpretation of comments altogether. 性格:特征向量的长度包含单个字符或一个空字符串之一。使用”“完全关闭评论的解释。 参数:allowEscapes logical. Should C-style escapes such as \n be processed or read verbatim (the default)? Note that if not within quotes these could be interpreted as a delimiter (but not as a comment character). For more details see scan. 逻辑。如\n处理或逐字读(默认)C风格逃逸?请注意,如果不是引号内的这些都可以解释为分隔符(而不是作为一个注释字符)。详细内容见scan。 参数:flush logical: if TRUE, scan will flush to the end of the line after reading the last of the fields requested. This allows putting comments after the last field. 逻辑:如果TRUE,scan将刷新行结束后阅读领域的最后要求。这允许把意见后,最后一个字段。 参数:stringsAsFactors logical: should character vectors be converted to factors? Note that this is overridden by as.is and colClasses, both of which allow finer control. 逻辑:特征向量转换的因素?请注意,这是由as.is和colClasses,这两者可以更好地控制覆盖。 参数:fileEncoding character string: if non-empty declares the encoding used on a file (not a connection) so the character data can be re-encoded. See the “Encoding” section of the help for file, the “R Data Import/Export Manual” and “Note”. 字符串:如果非空的声明文件(未连接)上使用这样的字符数据可以被重新编码的编码。看到“编码”部分,帮助file“R数据导入/导出手册”和“注意”。 参数:encoding encoding to be assumed for input strings. It is used to mark character strings as known to be in Latin-1 or UTF-8 (see Encoding): it is not used to re-encode the input, but allows R to handle encoded strings in their native encoding (if one of those two). See “Value”. 假设输入字符串编码。它是用来作为已知的Latin-1或UTF-8(见标记字符串Encoding):不使用它来重新编码输入,但允许R在他们的本地编码处理编码的字符串(如果这两个标准之一)。看到“价值”。 参数:text character string: if file is not supplied and this is, then data are read from the value of text via a text connection. Notice that a literal string can be used to include (small) data sets within R code. 字符串:file如果不提供的,这是,那么数据是从text值读通过的文本连接。请注意,一个文字字符串,可用于包括(小)R代码集内的数据。 参数:… Further arguments to be passed to read.table. 进一步的参数被传递到read.table。 和read.table有所不同的,是read.csv的默认参数有别。注意看,header和sep的默认值。 read.csv(file, header = TRUE, sep = “,”, quote = “\”“, dec = “.”, fill = TRUE, comment.char = “”, …)

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