Tomcat企业级应用

简介

Tomcat是Apache 软件基金会(Apache Software Foundation)的Jakarta 项目中的一个核心项目,由Apache、Sun 和其他一些公司及个人共同开发而成。由于有了Sun 的参与和支持,最新的Servlet 和JSP 规范总是能在Tomcat 中得到体现,Tomcat 5支持最新的Servlet 2.4 和JSP 2.0 规范。因为Tomcat 技术先进、性能稳定,而且免费,因而深受Java 爱好者的喜爱并得到了部分软件开发商的认可,成为目前比较流行的Web 应用服务器。

Tomcat 服务器是一个免费的开放源代码的Web 应用服务器,属于轻量级应用服务器,在中小型系统和并发访问用户不是很多的场合下被普遍使用,是开发和调试JSP 程序的首选。对于一个初学者来说,可以这样认为,当在一台机器上配置好Apache 服务器,可利用它响应HTML标准通用标记语言下的一个应用)页面的访问请求。实际上Tomcat是Apache 服务器的扩展,但运行时它是独立运行的,所以当你运行tomcat 时,它实际上作为一个与Apache 独立的进程单独运行的。

诀窍是,当配置正确时,Apache 为HTML页面服务,而Tomcat 实际上运行JSP 页面和Servlet。另外,Tomcat和IIS等Web服务器一样,具有处理HTML页面的功能,另外它还是一个Servlet和JSP容器,独立的Servlet容器是Tomcat的默认模式。不过,Tomcat处理静态HTML的能力不如Apache服务器。目前Tomcat最新版本为9.0。

类似于Apache,Nginx等web服务器

nginx和httpd只能处理html等静态文件(jpg),配合PHP就能够处理动态的网页(以.php结尾)、

但Tomcat处理静态HTML的能力不如Nginx、Apache

软件版本选择

JDK下载:http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html、

Tomcat下载:http://tomcat.apache.org/

说明:在生产环境下,使用Tomcat安装版本需要同开发协商,Tomcat和JDK版本必须并行(tomcat8<=>jdk8)

Tomcat安装

安装JDK(以后所有涉及到java应用的都需要安装)

JDK->JAVA虚拟机(jvm)>一处编译,处处使用

[root@cairui software]# tar xf jdk-8u161-linux-x64.tar.gz
[root@cairui software]# ls
jdk1.8.0_161
jdk-8u161-linux-x64.tar.gz
[root@cairui software]# mv  jdk1.8.0_161/ /opt/jdk1.8
[root@cairui opt]# ln -s jdk1.8/ jdk
[root@cairui opt]# ll
total 4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root    7 Mar 23 12:14 jdk -> jdk1.8/
drwxr-xr-x 8 uucp  143 4096 Dec 20 08:24 jdk1.8
[root@cairui opt]# sed -i.ori '$a export JAVA_HOME=/opt/jdk\nexport PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JAVA_HOME/jre/bin:$PATH\nexport CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/lib:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar' /etc/profile
[root@cairui opt]# source /etc/profile
[root@cairui opt]# java -version
java version "1.8.0_161"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_161-b12)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.161-b12, mixed mode)
[root@cairui opt]# tail -4 /etc/profile
unset -f pathmunge
export JAVA_HOME=/opt/jdk
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JAVA_HOME/jre/bin:$PATH
export CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/lib:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar

安装Tomcat

[root@cairui software]# tar xf apache-tomcat-8.0.50.tar.gz 
[root@cairui software]# ls
apache-tomcat-8.0.50  apache-tomcat-8.0.50.tar.gz  jdk-8u161-linux-x64.tar.gz
[root@cairui software]# mv apache-tomcat-8.0.50 /opt/tomcat-8.0.50
[root@cairui opt]# ln -s tomcat-8.0.50/ tomcat
[root@cairui opt]# ll
total 8
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root    7 Mar 23 12:14 jdk -> jdk1.8/
drwxr-xr-x 8 uucp  143 4096 Dec 20 08:24 jdk1.8
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root   14 Mar 23 12:41 tomcat -> tomcat-8.0.50/
drwxr-xr-x 9 root root 4096 Mar 23 12:40 tomcat-8.0.50
[root@cairui opt]# echo 'export TOMCAT_HOME=/opt/tomcat'>>/etc/profile
[root@cairui opt]# source /etc/profile
[root@cairui opt]# useradd tomcat -s /sbin/nologin -M
[root@cairui opt]# chown -R tomcat.tomcat /opt/jdk /opt/tomcat
[root@cairui opt]# ll
total 8
lrwxrwxrwx 1 tomcat tomcat    7 Mar 23 12:14 jdk -> jdk1.8/
drwxr-xr-x 8 uucp      143 4096 Dec 20 08:24 jdk1.8
lrwxrwxrwx 1 tomcat tomcat   14 Mar 23 12:41 tomcat -> tomcat-8.0.50/
drwxr-xr-x 9 root   root   4096 Mar 23 12:40 tomcat-8.0.50

出现下述结果表明配置成功

[root@cairui opt]# /opt/tomcat/bin/version.sh 
Using CATALINA_BASE:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        /opt/jdk
Using CLASSPATH:       /opt/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Server version: Apache Tomcat/8.0.50
Server built:   Feb 7 2018 20:06:05 UTC
Server number:  8.0.50.0
OS Name:        Linux
OS Version:     2.6.32-696.6.3.el6.x86_64
Architecture:   amd64
JVM Version:    1.8.0_161-b12
JVM Vendor:     Oracle Corporation

Tomcat目录结构

[root@cairui tomcat]# tree -L 2
.
├── bin  #用以启动和关闭Tomcat或者其它功能脚本
│   ├── bootstrap.jar
│   ├── catalina.bat
│   ├── catalina.sh  #核心
│   ├── catalina-tasks.xml
│   ├── commons-daemon.jar
│   ├── commons-daemon-native.tar.gz
│   ├── configtest.bat
│   ├── configtest.sh
│   ├── daemon.sh
│   ├── digest.bat
│   ├── digest.sh
│   ├── setclasspath.bat
│   ├── setclasspath.sh
│   ├── shutdown.bat
│   ├── shutdown.sh  #关闭脚本
│   ├── startup.bat
│   ├── startup.sh  #启动脚本
│   ├── tomcat-juli.jar
│   ├── tomcat-native.tar.gz
│   ├── tool-wrapper.bat
│   ├── tool-wrapper.sh
│   ├── version.bat
│   └── version.sh
├── conf  #用以配置Tomcat的XML文件
│   ├── catalina.policy
│   ├── catalina.properties
│   ├── context.xml
│   ├── logging.properties
│   ├── server.xml  #主配置文件
│   ├── tomcat-users.xml  #管理用户配置文件
│   ├── tomcat-users.xsd
│   └── web.xml
├── lib
│   ├── annotations-api.jar
│   ├── catalina-ant.jar
│   ├── catalina-ha.jar
│   ├── catalina.jar
│   ├── catalina-storeconfig.jar
│   ├── catalina-tribes.jar
│   ├── ecj-4.6.3.jar
│   ├── el-api.jar
│   ├── jasper-el.jar
│   ├── jasper.jar
│   ├── jsp-api.jar
│   ├── servlet-api.jar
│   ├── tomcat-api.jar
│   ├── tomcat-coyote.jar
│   ├── tomcat-dbcp.jar
│   ├── tomcat-i18n-es.jar
│   ├── tomcat-i18n-fr.jar
│   ├── tomcat-i18n-ja.jar
│   ├── tomcat-jdbc.jar
│   ├── tomcat-jni.jar
│   ├── tomcat-util.jar
│   ├── tomcat-util-scan.jar
│   ├── tomcat-websocket.jar
│   └── websocket-api.jar
├── LICENSE
├── logs  #web应用程序的日志文件
├── NOTICE
├── RELEASE-NOTES
├── RUNNING.txt
├── temp  #临时目录
│   └── safeToDelete.tmp
├── webapps  #web网页应用程序根目录
│   ├── docs  #Tomcat帮助文档
│   ├── examples  #web应用实例
│   ├── host-manager  #管理
│   ├── manager  #管理
│   └── ROOT  #默认网站根目录
└── work
[root@cairui tomcat]# /opt/tomcat/bin/startup.sh 
Using CATALINA_BASE:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        /opt/jdk
Using CLASSPATH:       /opt/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.
[root@cairui tomcat]# lsof -i:8080  #默认的是8080端口
COMMAND  PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
java    1955 root   48u  IPv4  15539      0t0  TCP *:webcache (LISTEN)

查看日志文件

[root@cairui tomcat]# cd /opt/tomcat/logs/
[root@cairui logs]# ll
total 24
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 6406 Mar 23 13:19 catalina.2018-03-23.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 6406 Mar 23 13:19 catalina.out  #实时记录Tomcat的运行信息(文件越来越大,需要定时清理)
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root    0 Mar 23 13:19 host-manager.2018-03-23.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  459 Mar 23 13:19 localhost.2018-03-23.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  755 Mar 23 13:21 localhost_access_log.2018-03-23.txt
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root    0 Mar 23 13:19 manager.2018-03-23.log
[root@cairui logs]# tail catalina.out 
23-Mar-2018 13:19:04.226 INFO [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deployment of web application directory /opt/tomcat-8.0.50/webapps/manager has finished in 100 ms
23-Mar-2018 13:19:04.226 INFO [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deploying web application directory /opt/tomcat-8.0.50/webapps/host-manager
23-Mar-2018 13:19:04.303 INFO [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deployment of web application directory /opt/tomcat-8.0.50/webapps/host-manager has finished in 77 ms
23-Mar-2018 13:19:04.308 INFO [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deploying web application directory /opt/tomcat-8.0.50/webapps/examples
23-Mar-2018 13:19:05.000 INFO [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deployment of web application directory /opt/tomcat-8.0.50/webapps/examples has finished in 692 ms
23-Mar-2018 13:19:05.000 INFO [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deploying web application directory /opt/tomcat-8.0.50/webapps/docs
23-Mar-2018 13:19:05.037 INFO [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deployment of web application directory /opt/tomcat-8.0.50/webapps/docs has finished in 37 ms
23-Mar-2018 13:19:05.048 INFO [main] org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol.start Starting ProtocolHandler ["http-nio-8080"]
23-Mar-2018 13:19:05.078 INFO [main] org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol.start Starting ProtocolHandler ["ajp-nio-8009"]
23-Mar-2018 13:19:05.098 INFO [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start Server startup in 2793 ms

通过web管理Tomcat

定义web页面用户名以及密码

[root@cairui logs]# tail -4 /opt/tomcat/conf/tomcat-users.xml 
<role rolename="manager-gui"/>
<role rolename="admin-gui"/>
<user username="tomcat" password="tomcat" roles="manager-gui,admin-gui"/>
</tomcat-users>

重启:
[root@cairui logs]# /opt/tomcat/bin/shutdown.sh 
Using CATALINA_BASE:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        /opt/jdk
Using CLASSPATH:       /opt/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
[root@cairui logs]# /opt/tomcat/bin/startup.sh 
Using CATALINA_BASE:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        /opt/jdk
Using CLASSPATH:       /opt/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.

[root@cairui logs]# lsof -i|grep java
java      7947 root   48u  IPv4  20525      0t0  TCP *:webcache (LISTEN)
java      7947 root   53u  IPv4  20529      0t0  TCP *:8009 (LISTEN)
java      7947 root   68u  IPv4  20540      0t0  TCP localhost:mxi (LISTEN)

Tomcat主配置文件

[root@cairui logs]# cat /opt/tomcat/conf/server.xml 
<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!--
  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
  limitations under the License.
-->
<!-- Note:  A "Server" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
     define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
     Documentation at /docs/config/server.html
 -->
<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener" />
  <!-- Security listener. Documentation at /docs/config/listeners.html
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.security.SecurityListener" />
  -->
  <!--APR library loader. Documentation at /docs/apr.html -->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" />
  <!-- Prevent memory leaks due to use of particular java/javax APIs-->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JreMemoryLeakPreventionListener" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.ThreadLocalLeakPreventionListener" />

  <!-- Global JNDI resources
       Documentation at /docs/jndi-resources-howto.html
  -->
  <GlobalNamingResources>
    <!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
         UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users
    -->
    <Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
              type="org.apache.catalina.UserDatabase"
              description="User database that can be updated and saved"
              factory="org.apache.catalina.users.MemoryUserDatabaseFactory"
              pathname="conf/tomcat-users.xml" />
  </GlobalNamingResources>

  <!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
       a single "Container" Note:  A "Service" is not itself a "Container",
       so you may not define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
       Documentation at /docs/config/service.html
   -->
  <Service name="Catalina">

    <!--The connectors can use a shared executor, you can define one or more named thread pools-->
    <!--
    <Executor name="tomcatThreadPool" namePrefix="catalina-exec-"
        maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="4"/>
    -->


    <!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
         and responses are returned. Documentation at :
         Java HTTP Connector: /docs/config/http.html (blocking & non-blocking)
         Java AJP  Connector: /docs/config/ajp.html
         APR (HTTP/AJP) Connector: /docs/apr.html
         Define a non-SSL/TLS HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080
    -->
    <Connector port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
               connectionTimeout="20000"
               redirectPort="8443" />
    <!-- A "Connector" using the shared thread pool-->
    <!--
    <Connector executor="tomcatThreadPool"
               port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
               connectionTimeout="20000"
               redirectPort="8443" />
    -->
    <!-- Define a SSL/TLS HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443
         This connector uses the NIO implementation that requires the JSSE
         style configuration. When using the APR/native implementation, the
         OpenSSL style configuration is required as described in the APR/native
         documentation -->
    <!--
    <Connector port="8443" protocol="org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol"
               maxThreads="150" SSLEnabled="true" scheme="https" secure="true"
               clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />
    -->

    <!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
    <Connector port="8009" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443" />


    <!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
         every request.  The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
         analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
         on to the appropriate Host (virtual host).
         Documentation at /docs/config/engine.html -->

    <!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via AJP ie :
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="jvm1">
    -->
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">

      <!--For clustering, please take a look at documentation at:
          /docs/cluster-howto.html  (simple how to)
          /docs/config/cluster.html (reference documentation) -->
      <!--
      <Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>
      -->

      <!-- Use the LockOutRealm to prevent attempts to guess user passwords
           via a brute-force attack -->
      <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.LockOutRealm">
        <!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global JNDI
             resources under the key "UserDatabase".  Any edits
             that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
             available for use by the Realm.  -->
        <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
               resourceName="UserDatabase"/>
      </Realm>

      <Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true">

        <!-- SingleSignOn valve, share authentication between web applications
             Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
        <!--
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn" />
        -->

        <!-- Access log processes all example.
             Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html
             Note: The pattern used is equivalent to using pattern="common" -->
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs"
               prefix="localhost_access_log" suffix=".txt"
               pattern="%h %l %u %t "%r" %s %b" />

      </Host>
    </Engine>
  </Service>
</Server>
[root@cairui logs]# cat /opt/tomcat/conf/server.xml | egrep -v "^$| <\!|<\!"
<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
  limitations under the License.
-->
     define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
     Documentation at /docs/config/server.html
 -->
<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.security.SecurityListener" />
  -->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JreMemoryLeakPreventionListener" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.ThreadLocalLeakPreventionListener" />
       Documentation at /docs/jndi-resources-howto.html
  -->
  <GlobalNamingResources>
         UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users
    -->
    <Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
              type="org.apache.catalina.UserDatabase"
              description="User database that can be updated and saved"
              factory="org.apache.catalina.users.MemoryUserDatabaseFactory"
              pathname="conf/tomcat-users.xml" />
  </GlobalNamingResources>
       a single "Container" Note:  A "Service" is not itself a "Container",
       so you may not define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
       Documentation at /docs/config/service.html
   -->
#<Service服务组件>
  <Service name="Catalina">
    <Executor name="tomcatThreadPool" namePrefix="catalina-exec-"
        maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="4"/>
    -->
         and responses are returned. Documentation at :
         Java HTTP Connector: /docs/config/http.html (blocking & non-blocking)
         Java AJP  Connector: /docs/config/ajp.html
         APR (HTTP/AJP) Connector: /docs/apr.html
         Define a non-SSL/TLS HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080
    -->
    <Connector port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"  #connector接收用户请求,类似于httpd的listen配置监听端口,port指定服务器需要创建的端口
               connectionTimeout="20000"
               redirectPort="8443" />
    <Connector executor="tomcatThreadPool"
               port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
               connectionTimeout="20000"
               redirectPort="8443" />
    -->
         This connector uses the NIO implementation that requires the JSSE
         style configuration. When using the APR/native implementation, the
         OpenSSL style configuration is required as described in the APR/native
         documentation -->
    <Connector port="8443" protocol="org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol"
               maxThreads="150" SSLEnabled="true" scheme="https" secure="true"
               clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />
    -->
    <Connector port="8009" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443" />
         every request.  The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
         analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
         on to the appropriate Host (virtual host).
         Documentation at /docs/config/engine.html -->
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="jvm1">
    -->
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">
          /docs/cluster-howto.html  (simple how to)
          /docs/config/cluster.html (reference documentation) -->
      <Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>
      -->
           via a brute-force attack -->
      <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.LockOutRealm">  #realm表示存放用户名,密码以及role的数据库
             resources under the key "UserDatabase".  Any edits
             that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
             available for use by the Realm.  -->
        <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
               resourceName="UserDatabase"/>
      </Realm>
#host表示一个虚拟机,name指定主机名,appbase应用程序目录
      <Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true">
             Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn" />
        -->
             Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html
             Note: The pattern used is equivalent to using pattern="common" -->
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs"
               prefix="localhost_access_log" suffix=".txt"
               pattern="%h %l %u %t "%r" %s %b" />
      </Host>
    </Engine>
  </Service>
</Server>

web站点部署

方法一:即直接将程序目录放在webapps下

方法二:即用开发工具将程序打包成war包。然后上传到webapps下

搭建Jpress->java版本的wordpress

下载地址:https://github.com/JpressProjects/jpres

安装配置数据库

[root@cairui opt]# rpm -qa | grep mysql*
[root@cairui opt]# yum install mysql -y    
[root@cairui opt]# yum install mysql-server -y
[root@cairui opt]# yum install mysql-devel -y
[root@cairui opt]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start
Initializing MySQL database:  Installing MySQL system tables...
OK
Filling help tables...
OK

To start mysqld at boot time you have to copy
support-files/mysql.server to the right place for your system

PLEASE REMEMBER TO SET A PASSWORD FOR THE MySQL root USER !
To do so, start the server, then issue the following commands:

/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password'
/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root -h cairui password 'new-password'

Alternatively you can run:
/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

which will also give you the option of removing the test
databases and anonymous user created by default.  This is
strongly recommended for production servers.

See the manual for more instructions.

You can start the MySQL daemon with:
cd /usr ; /usr/bin/mysqld_safe &

You can test the MySQL daemon with mysql-test-run.pl
cd /usr/mysql-test ; perl mysql-test-run.pl

Please report any problems with the /usr/bin/mysqlbug script!

                                                           [  OK  ]
Starting mysqld:                                           [  OK  ]
[root@cairui opt]# /usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password '123456'
[root@cairui opt]# source /etc/profile
[root@cairui opt]# mysql -uroot -p123456
mysql> create database jpress default character set utf8;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> grant all on jpress.* to jpress@'localhost' identified by 'jpress';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

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