玩转SSH(四):Struts + Spring + MyBatis

一、创建 SSMDemo 项目

点击菜单,选择“File -> New Project” 创建新项目。选择使用 archetype 中的 maven-webapp 模版创建。

输入对应的项目坐标GroupId 和 ArtifactId。

之后在项目名称中填入项目名称,这里我填的 ProjectName 和上文的 ArtifactId 相同,都是 SSMDemo。

点击确定后,等待 Maven 帮我们构建好项目的目录结构。当控制台显示 BUILD SUCCESS 就表示初始化完成了。

初始化完成后的目录结构是这样的:

在 main 目录下创建 java 目录并将其设置为源码目录:

之后创建 com.chanshuyi.action 等包,创建完成后的目录结构如下:

二、导入依赖的包和插件

设置 POM.XML 配置文件中的全局属性:

<!-- 声明全局属性 -->
<properties>
    <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    <struts.version>2.3.24</struts.version>
    <springframework.version>4.1.6.RELEASE</springframework.version>
    <junit.version>3.8.1</junit.version>
    <commonsLogging.version>1.2</commonsLogging.version>
</properties>

依次引入 Struts、MyBatis、Spring、MySQL、Druid、JUnit、Log4J 等的依赖 Jar 包:

<!-- ********************** Struts ********************** -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.struts</groupId>
    <artifactId>struts2-core</artifactId>
    <version>${struts.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.struts</groupId>
    <artifactId>struts2-spring-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>${struts.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!-- Struts 注解 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.struts</groupId>
    <artifactId>struts2-convention-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>${struts.version}</version>
</dependency>

<!-- ********************** MyBatis ********************** -->
<!-- MyBatis 核心包 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
    <version>3.1.1</version>
</dependency>
<!-- 添加mybatis与Spring整合的核心包 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
    <version>1.1.1</version>
</dependency>

<!-- ********************** Spring ********************** -->
<!-- 添加Spring-core包 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
    <version>${springframework.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!-- 添加spring-tx包 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
    <version>${springframework.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!-- Spring ORM 相关-->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>
    <version>${springframework.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!-- 添加spring-jdbc包 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
    <version>${springframework.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!--添加spring-web包 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
    <version>${springframework.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!-- 添加spring-context包 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
    <version>${springframework.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
    <version>${springframework.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
    <artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
    <version>${commonsLogging.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!--添加aspectjweaver包 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
    <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
    <version>1.8.5</version>
</dependency>

<!-- ********************** DB Connection ********************** -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>mysql</groupId>
    <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
    <version>5.1.21</version>
</dependency>
<!-- Druid -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
    <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
    <version>1.0.6</version>
</dependency>

<!-- ********************** 其他 ********************** -->
<!-- 单元测试 JUnit -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>junit</groupId>
    <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
    <version>${junit.version}</version>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<!-- 日志记录 Log4j -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
    <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
    <version>1.7.6</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
    <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
    <version>1.7.6</version>
</dependency>

之后导入 Tomcat 启动插件,我们将通过 Maven 方式启动 Tomcat,这样就不必在本地配置一个 Tomcat 服务器。

<!--  Maven的Tomcat插件(支持Maven以"tomcat7:run"方式启动web项目)  -->
<plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
    <artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>2.1</version>
    <configuration>
        <port>5050</port>
        <path>/</path>
        <uriEncoding>UTF-8</uriEncoding>
        <finalName>mgr</finalName>
        <server>tomcat7</server>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

配置完成后的 POM.XML 是这样的:

  1 <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  2   xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
  3   <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  4   <groupId>com.chanshuyi.SSMDemo</groupId>
  5   <artifactId>SSMDemo</artifactId>
  6   <packaging>war</packaging>
  7   <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
  8   <name>SSMDemo Maven Webapp</name>
  9   <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
 10 
 11     <!-- 声明全局属性 -->
 12     <properties>
 13         <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
 14         <struts.version>2.3.24</struts.version>
 15         <springframework.version>4.1.6.RELEASE</springframework.version>
 16         <junit.version>3.8.1</junit.version>
 17         <commonsLogging.version>1.2</commonsLogging.version>
 18     </properties>
 19 
 20     <dependencies>
 21         <!-- ********************** Struts ********************** -->
 22         <dependency>
 23             <groupId>org.apache.struts</groupId>
 24             <artifactId>struts2-core</artifactId>
 25             <version>${struts.version}</version>
 26         </dependency>
 27         <dependency>
 28             <groupId>org.apache.struts</groupId>
 29             <artifactId>struts2-spring-plugin</artifactId>
 30             <version>${struts.version}</version>
 31         </dependency>
 32         <!-- Struts 注解 -->
 33         <dependency>
 34             <groupId>org.apache.struts</groupId>
 35             <artifactId>struts2-convention-plugin</artifactId>
 36             <version>${struts.version}</version>
 37         </dependency>
 38 
 39         <!-- ********************** MyBatis ********************** -->
 40         <!-- MyBatis 核心包 -->
 41         <dependency>
 42             <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
 43             <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
 44             <version>3.1.1</version>
 45         </dependency>
 46         <!-- 添加mybatis与Spring整合的核心包 -->
 47         <dependency>
 48             <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
 49             <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
 50             <version>1.1.1</version>
 51         </dependency>
 52 
 53         <!-- ********************** Spring ********************** -->
 54         <!-- 添加Spring-core包 -->
 55         <dependency>
 56             <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 57             <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
 58             <version>${springframework.version}</version>
 59         </dependency>
 60         <!-- 添加spring-tx包 -->
 61         <dependency>
 62             <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 63             <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
 64             <version>${springframework.version}</version>
 65         </dependency>
 66         <!-- Spring ORM 相关-->
 67         <dependency>
 68             <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 69             <artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>
 70             <version>${springframework.version}</version>
 71         </dependency>
 72         <!-- 添加spring-jdbc包 -->
 73         <dependency>
 74             <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 75             <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
 76             <version>${springframework.version}</version>
 77         </dependency>
 78         <!--添加spring-web包 -->
 79         <dependency>
 80             <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 81             <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
 82             <version>${springframework.version}</version>
 83         </dependency>
 84         <!-- 添加spring-context包 -->
 85         <dependency>
 86             <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 87             <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
 88             <version>${springframework.version}</version>
 89         </dependency>
 90         <dependency>
 91             <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 92             <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
 93             <version>${springframework.version}</version>
 94         </dependency>
 95         <dependency>
 96             <groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
 97             <artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
 98             <version>${commonsLogging.version}</version>
 99         </dependency>
100         <!--添加aspectjweaver包 -->
101         <dependency>
102             <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
103             <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
104             <version>1.8.5</version>
105         </dependency>
106 
107         <!-- ********************** DB Connection ********************** -->
108         <dependency>
109             <groupId>mysql</groupId>
110             <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
111             <version>5.1.21</version>
112         </dependency>
113         <!-- Druid -->
114         <dependency>
115             <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
116             <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
117             <version>1.0.6</version>
118         </dependency>
119 
120         <!-- ********************** 其他 ********************** -->
121         <!-- 单元测试 JUnit -->
122         <dependency>
123             <groupId>junit</groupId>
124             <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
125             <version>${junit.version}</version>
126             <scope>test</scope>
127         </dependency>
128         <!-- 日志记录 Log4j -->
129         <dependency>
130             <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
131             <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
132             <version>1.7.6</version>
133         </dependency>
134         <dependency>
135             <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
136             <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
137             <version>1.7.6</version>
138         </dependency>
139     </dependencies>
140 
141 
142   <build>
143     <finalName>SSMDemo</finalName>
144       <plugins>
145           <!--  Maven的Tomcat插件(支持Maven以"tomcat7:run"方式启动web项目)  -->
146           <plugin>
147               <groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
148               <artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
149               <version>2.1</version>
150               <configuration>
151                   <port>5050</port>
152                   <path>/</path>
153                   <uriEncoding>UTF-8</uriEncoding>
154                   <finalName>mgr</finalName>
155                   <server>tomcat7</server>
156               </configuration>
157           </plugin>
158       </plugins>
159   </build>
160 </project>

三、开发模型层(MyBatis)

创建 resources/applicationContext.xml 文件。

 1 <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
 2        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
 3        xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" xmlns:jdbc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc"
 4        xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
 5        xmlns:task="http://www.springframework.org/schema/task"
 6        xsi:schemaLocation="
 7      http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
 8      http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
 9      http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc/spring-jdbc-3.0.xsd
10      http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd
11      http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd
12      http://www.springframework.org/schema/task http://www.springframework.org/schema/task/spring-task-3.0.xsd">
15 
16     <!--  ================================== import sub-config file  ================================== -->
17     <import resource="spring-mybatis.xml" />
18     <!--  ================================== /import sub-config file  ================================== -->
19 </beans>

创建 spring-mybatis.xml 文件,配置一个只读的数据源以及一个只写的数据源。

 1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 2 <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
 3        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 4        xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
 5        xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
 6 
 7     <!-- 引入外部properties文件 -->
 8     <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:jdbc.properties" />
 9 
10     <!-- ====================================================== Add MyBatis Support Start ====================================================== -->
11     <!-- 配置写数据源 -->
12     <bean id="dataSourceWrite" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource" init-method="init" destroy-method="close">
13         <!-- 基本属性 url、user、password -->
14         <property name="url" value="${jdbc.master.url}" />
15         <property name="username" value="${jdbc.master.username}" />
16         <property name="password" value="${jdbc.master.password}" />
17         <!-- 配置初始化大小、最小、最大 -->
18         <property name="initialSize" value="${jdbc.master.initialSize}" />
19         <property name="minIdle" value="${jdbc.master.minIdle}" />
20         <property name="maxActive" value="${jdbc.master.maxActive}" />
21         <!-- 配置获取连接等待超时的时间 -->
22         <property name="maxWait" value="60000" />
23         <!-- 配置间隔多久才进行一次检测,检测需要关闭的空闲连接,单位是毫秒 -->
24         <property name="timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis" value="60000" />
25         <!-- 配置一个连接在池中最小生存的时间,单位是毫秒 -->
26         <property name="minEvictableIdleTimeMillis" value="300000" />
27         <property name="validationQuery" value="SELECT '1'" />
28         <property name="testWhileIdle" value="true" />
29         <property name="testOnBorrow" value="true" />
30         <property name="testOnReturn" value="false" />
31         <!-- 打开PSCache,并且指定每个连接上PSCache的大小 mysql false -->
32         <property name="poolPreparedStatements" value="false" />
33         <property name="maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize" value="20" />
34         <!-- 配置监控统计拦截的filters -->
35         <property name="filters" value="config,stat,log4j,wall" />
36         <property name="connectionProperties" value="config.decrypt=false" />
37     </bean>
38     <!-- 配置读数据源 -->
39     <bean id="dataSourceRead" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource" init-method="init" destroy-method="close">
40         <!-- 基本属性 url、user、password -->
41         <property name="url" value="${jdbc.slave.url}" />
42         <property name="username" value="${jdbc.slave.username}" />
43         <property name="password" value="${jdbc.slave.password}" />
44         <!-- 配置初始化大小、最小、最大 -->
45         <property name="initialSize" value="${jdbc.slave.initialSize}" />
46         <property name="minIdle" value="${jdbc.slave.minIdle}" />
47         <property name="maxActive" value="${jdbc.slave.maxActive}" />
48         <!-- 配置获取连接等待超时的时间 -->
49         <property name="maxWait" value="60000" />
50         <!-- 配置间隔多久才进行一次检测,检测需要关闭的空闲连接,单位是毫秒 -->
51         <property name="timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis" value="60000" />
52         <!-- 配置一个连接在池中最小生存的时间,单位是毫秒 -->
53         <property name="minEvictableIdleTimeMillis" value="300000" />
54         <property name="validationQuery" value="SELECT '1'" />
55         <property name="testWhileIdle" value="true" />
56         <property name="testOnBorrow" value="false" />
57         <property name="testOnReturn" value="false" />
58         <!-- 打开PSCache,并且指定每个连接上PSCache的大小 mysql false -->
59         <property name="poolPreparedStatements" value="false" />
60         <property name="maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize" value="20" />
61         <!-- 配置监控统计拦截的filters -->
62         <property name="filters" value="config,stat,log4j,wall" />
63         <property name="connectionProperties" value="config.decrypt=false" />
64     </bean>
65 
66     <!-- 可写的SessionFactory -->
67     <bean id="sqlWriteSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean" scope="singleton">
68         <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSourceWrite" />
69         <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml" />
70     </bean>
71     <!-- 只读的SessionFactory -->
72     <bean id="sqlReadOnlySessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean" scope="singleton">
73         <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSourceRead" />
74         <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml" />
75     </bean>
76 
77     <!-- 可写的Session -->
78     <bean id="writableSQLSession" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate">
79         <constructor-arg index="0" ref="sqlWriteSessionFactory" />
80     </bean>
81     <!-- 只读的Session -->
82     <bean id="readonlySQLSession" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate">
83         <constructor-arg index="0" ref="sqlReadOnlySessionFactory" />
84     </bean>
85     <!-- ====================================================== Add MyBatis Support End ====================================================== -->
86 </beans>

创建 jdbc.properties 配置文件

############################  MySQL/Oracle/SQLServer Database Configuratioin Info ###############################
# MySQL Master DB Info
jdbc.master.dialet=org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect
jdbc.master.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.master.url=jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/SSMDemo
jdbc.master.username=root
jdbc.master.password=sa

# MySQL Slave DB Info
jdbc.slave.dialet=org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect
jdbc.slave.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.slave.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/SSMDemo
jdbc.slave.username=root
jdbc.slave.password=sa

############################## Connection Pool Configuration Info ##############################################
# MySQL Master DB Setting
jdbc.master.initialSize = 10
jdbc.master.minIdle = 0
jdbc.master.maxActive = 30

# MySQL Slave DB Setting
jdbc.slave.initialSize = 10
jdbc.slave.minIdle = 0
jdbc.slave.maxActive = 30

在本地 MySQL 数据库创建一个 SSMDemo 数据库,执行下面的语句创建 user 表并插入一条测试数据。

CREATE TABLE `user` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `username` varchar(45) DEFAULT NULL,
  `password` varchar(45) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=11 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

-- ----------------------------
-- Records of user
-- ----------------------------
INSERT INTO `user` VALUES ('1', 'admin', 'password');

创建 mybatis-config.xml 文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration> 
    <mappers>
        <!-- 配置扫描的Mapper类 -->
        <package name="com.chanshuyi.dao.mapper"/>
    </mappers>
</configuration>

下载 MBGGenerator(密码:c1dy),这是MyBatis 官方的 MyBatis Generator,我们使用它将数据库表转化成 model、mapper 以及 SqlProvider 文件。

下载文件解压放到 resources 目录下。进入 resources/mbg 目录,双击运行 generate.bat,程序自动将配置文件 resources/mbgconfig.xml 中配置的表格映射成相对应的文件。

四、开发视图层(Spring)

创建 resources/log4j.properties 文件,提供日志记录。

#Console Log
log4j.rootLogger=info, console, file

# Write to Console
log4j.appender.console=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.console.Threshold=INFO
log4j.appender.console.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.console.layout.ConversionPattern=%5p %d{MM-dd HH:mm:ss}(%F:%L): %m%n

# Write to File
log4j.appender.file=org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.file.File=${catalina.home}app/log/log.log
log4j.appender.file.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.file.layout.ConversionPattern=%5p %d{MM-dd HH:mm:ss}(%F:%L): %m%n

在 com.chanshuyi.dao.mapper.UserMapper 类中增加 getUserListByMapSql 接口:

/**
 * 根据参数构造SQL进行查询
 * @param param
 * @return
 */
@SelectProvider(type = UserSqlProvider.class, method = "getUserListByMapSql")
List<User> getUserListByMapSql(@Param("param") Map<String, String> param);

在 UserSqlProvider 类增加对上面接口 SQL 的实现:

/**
 * 获取查询SQL
 * @param param
 * @return
 */
public String getUserListByMapSql(Map<String, Object> param) {
    StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
    Map<String, String> realParam = (Map<String, String>)param.get("param");

    //add select part
    builder.append(" select * from user where 1 = 1 ");

    //add condition part
    String conditionStr = "";
    if(!StringUtil.isNullOrEmpty(realParam)){
        conditionStr = getQueryCondition(realParam);
        if(!StringUtil.isNullOrEmpty(conditionStr)){
            builder.append(conditionStr);
        }
    }

    return new String(builder);
}

public String getQueryCondition(Map<String, String> param){
    StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();

    //if param is null or empty, return empty String
    if(param == null || param.size() < 1){
        return "";
    }

    for(String key : param.keySet()){
        String value = param.get(key);
        if(value != null && !value.isEmpty()){
            builder.append(" and " + key + " = '" + value + "'");
        }
    }

    return new String(builder);
}

上面用到了 StringUtil.java,我们在 com.chanshuyi.util 中导入它:

package com.mszz.util;

import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * 字符串工具类
 * @author chenxinquan
 *
 */
public class StringUtil {
    /**
     * 判断对象或对象数组中每一个对象是否为空: 对象为null,字符序列长度为0,集合类、Map为empty
     * @author zl
     * @param obj
     * @return
     */
    public static boolean isNullOrEmpty(Object obj) {
        if (obj == null)
            return true;

        if (obj instanceof CharSequence)
            return ((CharSequence) obj).length() == 0;

        if (obj instanceof Collection)
            return ((Collection) obj).isEmpty();

        if (obj instanceof Map)
            return ((Map) obj).isEmpty();

        if (obj instanceof Object[]) {
            Object[] object = (Object[]) obj;
            if (object.length == 0) {
                return true;
            }
            boolean empty = true;
            for (int i = 0; i < object.length; i++) {
                if (!isNullOrEmpty(object[i])) {
                    empty = false;
                    break;
                }
            }
            return empty;
        }
        return false;
    }
}

创建 com.chanshuyi.dao.impl.BaseDao.java 类,提供基本的数据库读写对象。

package com.chanshuyi.dao.impl;

import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

/**
 * 所有Service的基类,用来注入sqlSession
 */
public class BaseDao {
    /**
     * 可写的sqlSession
     */protected SqlSession writableSQLSession;

    /**
     * 只读的sqlSession
     */protected SqlSession readonlySQLSession;

    public void setWritableSQLSession(SqlSession writableSQLSession) {
        this.writableSQLSession = writableSQLSession;
    }

    public void setReadonlySQLSession(SqlSession readonlySQLSession) {
        this.readonlySQLSession = readonlySQLSession;
    }
}

创建DAO层接口 IUserDao.java:

package com.chanshuyi.dao;

import com.chanshuyi.model.User;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Created by chanshuyi on 2015/12/26.
 */
public interface IUserDao {
    User getUserById(int userId);

    /**
     *
     * @param param Map中的key要与数据库表中的字段名相同
     * @return
     */
    User getUserByMapSql(Map<String, String> param);

    List<User> getUserListByMapSql(Map<String, String> param);
}

创建 UserDaoImpl.java 继承 BaseDao.java、实现 IUserDao 接口:

package com.mszz.dao.impl;

import com.mszz.dao.mapper.UserMapper;
import com.mszz.model.User;
import com.mszz.dao.IUserDao;
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Created by Administrator on 2015/12/26.
 */public class UserDaoImpl extends BaseDao implements IUserDao {

    private static Log logger = LogFactory.getLog(UserDaoImpl.class);

    @Override
    public User getUserById(int userId) {
        UserMapper mapper = readonlySQLSession.getMapper(UserMapper.class);
        return mapper.selectByPrimaryKey(userId);
    }

    /**
     * dsafdsf
     * @param param
     * @return
     */
    @Override
    public User getUserByMapSql(Map<String, String> param) {
        logger.info("getUserByMapSql 根据动态参数查询用户对象");
        return getUserListByMapSql(param).size() > 0 ? getUserListByMapSql(param).get(0) : null;
    }

    /**
     * get**MapSql()类的方法只能用于各参数的等于查询
     * 例如:select * from user where username = 1 and password = 3  (正确)
     *       select * from user where username in (1,2,3) (错误,无法实现)
     * @param param
     * @return
     */
    @Override
    public List<User> getUserListByMapSql(Map<String, String> param) {
        logger.info("getUserListByMapSql 根据动态参数查询用户对象列表");
        UserMapper mapper = readonlySQLSession.getMapper(UserMapper.class);
        return mapper.getUserListByMapSql(param);
    }
}

创建 IUserService.java 和 UserServiceImpl.java:

package com.mszz.service;

import com.mszz.model.User;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Created by chanshuyi on 2015/12/26.
 */
public interface IUserService {
    User getUserById(int userId);

    /**
     *
     * @param param Map中的key要与数据库表中的字段名相同
     * @return
     */
    User getUserByMapSql(Map<String, String> param);

    List<User> getUserListByMapSql(Map<String, String> param);
}
package com.chanshuyi.service.impl;

import com.chanshuyi.dao.IUserDao;
import com.chanshuyi.model.User;
import com.chanshuyi.service.IUserService;
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Created by Administrator on 2015/6/18.
 */
public class UserServiceImpl implements IUserService {

    private static Log logger = LogFactory.getLog(UserServiceImpl.class);

    IUserDao userDao;

    @Override
    public User getUserById(int userId) {
        return userDao.getUserById(userId);
    }

    @Override
    public User getUserByMapSql(Map<String, String> param) {
        return userDao.getUserByMapSql(param);
    }

    @Override
    public List<User> getUserListByMapSql(Map<String, String> param) {
        return userDao.getUserListByMapSql(param);
    }

    public IUserDao getUserDao() {
        return userDao;
    }

    public void setUserDao(IUserDao userDao) {
        this.userDao = userDao;
    }
}

配置 applicationContext.xml 文件,加入对 Dao 和 Service 的创建:

<!-- UserDao 服务 -->
<bean id="useDao" class="com.chanshuyi.dao.impl.UserDaoImpl">
    <property name="readonlySQLSession" ref="readonlySQLSession"/>
    <property name="writableSQLSession" ref="writableSQLSession"/>
</bean>
<!-- UserService 服务 -->
<bean id="userService" class="com.chanshuyi.service.impl.UserServiceImpl">
    <property name="userDao" ref="useDao"/>
</bean>
<!-- UserAction 服务 -->
<bean id="userAction" class="com.chanshuyi.action.UserAction">
    <property name="userService" ref="userService"/>
</bean>

修改后的 applicationContext.xml 文件为:

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" xmlns:jdbc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:task="http://www.springframework.org/schema/task"
       xsi:schemaLocation="
     http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
     http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
     http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc/spring-jdbc-3.0.xsd
     http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd
     http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd
     http://www.springframework.org/schema/task http://www.springframework.org/schema/task/spring-task-3.0.xsd">

    <!-- UserDao 服务 -->
    <bean id="useDao" class="com.chanshuyi.dao.impl.UserDaoImpl">
        <property name="readonlySQLSession" ref="readonlySQLSession"/>
        <property name="writableSQLSession" ref="writableSQLSession"/>
    </bean>
    <!-- UserService 服务 -->
    <bean id="userService" class="com.chanshuyi.service.impl.UserServiceImpl">
        <property name="userDao" ref="useDao"/>
    </bean>
    <!-- UserAction 服务 -->
    <bean id="userAction" class="com.chanshuyi.action.UserAction">
        <property name="userService" ref="userService"/>
    </bean>

    <!--  ================================== import sub-config file  ================================== -->
    <import resource="spring-mybatis.xml" />
    <!--  ================================== /import sub-config file  ================================== -->
</beans>

五、开发控制层(Struts)

创建 com.chanshuyi.action.UserAction 类

package com.chanshuyi.action;

import com.chanshuyi.service.IUserService;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Created by Administrator on 2015/6/18.
 */
public class UserAction extends ActionSupport {

    private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(UserAction.class);

    private String message;

    private String username;

    private String password;

    private IUserService userService;

    public String login(){
        try{
            Map<String, String> param = new HashMap<String, String>();
            param.put("username", username);
            param.put("password", password);
            if(userService.getUserByMapSql(param) != null){
                message = "登录成功!";
                logger.info(message);
                return SUCCESS;
            }else{
                message = "登录失败!";
                logger.info(message);
                return INPUT;
            }
        }catch(Exception e){
            logger.warn(e.getMessage());
            e.printStackTrace();
            return INPUT;
        }
    }

    /******** set/get ********/
    public String getMessage() {
        return message;
    }

    public void setMessage(String message) {
        this.message = message;
    }

    public String getUsername() {
        return username;
    }

    public void setUsername(String username) {
        this.username = username;
    }

    public String getPassword() {
        return password;
    }

    public void setPassword(String password) {
        this.password = password;
    }

    public IUserService getUserService() {
        return userService;
    }

    public void setUserService(IUserService userService) {
        this.userService = userService;
    }
}

创建 struts.xml 配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.3//EN" "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.3.dtd">
<struts>
    <!-- 指定Spring装配Action对象的方式,与objectFactory相关联(有4个取值:name 按照名称、type按照类型,auto,constructor) -->
    <constant name="struts.objectFactory.spring.autoWire" value="name"/>

    <!-- 所有匹配*.action的请求都由struts2处理 -->
    <constant name="struts.action.extension" value="action" />
    <!-- 是否启用开发模式(开发时设置为true,发布到生产环境后设置为false) -->
    <constant name="struts.devMode" value="true" />
    <!-- struts配置文件改动后,是否重新加载(开发时设置为true,发布到生产环境后设置为false) -->
    <constant name="struts.configuration.xml.reload" value="true" />
    <!-- 设置浏览器是否缓存静态内容(开发时设置为false,发布到生产环境后设置为true) -->
    <constant name="struts.serve.static.browserCache" value="false" />
    <!-- 请求参数的编码方式 -->
    <constant name="struts.i18n.encoding" value="utf-8" />
    <!-- 每次HTTP请求系统都重新加载资源文件,有助于开发(开发时设置为true,发布到生产环境后设置为false) -->
    <constant name="struts.i18n.reload" value="true" />
    <!-- 文件上传最大值 -->
    <constant name="struts.multipart.maxSize" value="104857600" />
    <!-- 让struts2支持动态方法调用,使用叹号访问方法 -->
    <constant name="struts.enable.DynamicMethodInvocation" value="true" />
    <!-- Action名称中是否还是用斜线 -->
    <constant name="struts.enable.SlashesInActionNames" value="false" />
    <!-- 允许标签中使用表达式语法 -->
    <constant name="struts.tag.altSyntax" value="true" />
    <!-- 相当于普通xml配置中的extends,指定默认的继承包 -->
    <constant name="struts.convention.default.parent.package" value="struts-default" />
    <!-- 结果资源所在路径,这个地方要注意,详见下面解释 -->
    <constant name="struts.convention.result.path" value="/jspPage" />
    <!-- 指定以那些后缀结尾的java类package包被搜索,以发现注解 -->
    <constant name="struts.convention.package.locators" value="web,action" />
    <!-- 对于WebLogic,Orion,OC4J此属性应该设置成true -->
    <constant name="struts.dispatcher.parametersWorkaround" value="false" />
    <!-- Action 映射配置 -->
    <package name="basePackage" extends="struts-default">
        <!-- 1. Struts 自己处理 -->
        <!-- 访问路径:http://localhost:5050/index.jsp -->
        <action name="user_login" class="com.chanshuyi.action.UserAction"  method="login">
            <result name="success">/index.jsp</result>
            <result name="input">/index.jsp</result>
        </action>
    </package>
</struts>

创建 webapp/index.jsp 文件

<%@page language="java" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=utf-8" %>
<%@ page isELIgnored="false"%>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
</head>
<body>
<h2>Hello World!</h2>
<%-- 通过Struts传递参数,数据传递方式必须选择post,否则编码错误! --%>
<form action="login.action" method="post" >
    <p id="message">${message}</p>
    <b>Username:</b><input type="text" id="name" name="username" /><br>
    <b>Password:</b><input type="password" id="password" name="password"/><br>
    <input type="submit"  value="Login"/>
</form>
</body>
</html>

配置 web.xml 文件,使项目启动的时候加载 Struts 核心过滤器和 Spring 核心监听器。

<web-app version="2.5" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee
    http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd">

    <display-name>SSMDemo : A Demo of Struts + Spring + MyBatis</display-name>

    <!-- Spring 配置文件 -->
    <!-- 1.配置spring配置文件位置 -->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
        <!--<param-value>classpath*:applicationContext-*.xml</param-value>-->
    </context-param>
    <!-- 2.Struts核心过滤器 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter</filter-class>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>
    <!-- 3.Spring核心监听器 -->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>
            org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener
        </listener-class>
    </listener>
</web-app>

六、启动项目测试

为工程配置 Maven 命令 “tomcat7:run” 

点击启动项目

打开浏览器输入:http://localhost:5050/index.jsp

输入 admin/password,点击 Login,提示登录成功

链接:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1S5cRW 密码:qx97

本文参与腾讯云自媒体分享计划,欢迎正在阅读的你也加入,一起分享。

发表于

我来说两句

0 条评论
登录 后参与评论

相关文章

来自专栏Android 研究

APK安装流程详解14——PMS中的新安装流程上(拷贝)补充

mContext.enforceCallingOrSelfPermission(android.Manifest.permission.INSTALL_PACK...

3711
来自专栏云计算与大数据

研发:jenkins 持续集成如何打tag

uild Timestamp Plugin will be the Best Answer to get the TIMESTAMPS in the Build...

2064
来自专栏java相关

基于注解实现SpringBoot多数据源配置

1383
来自专栏Spark学习技巧

重要 | mr使用hcatalog读写hive表

企业中,由于领导们的要求,hive中有数据存储格式很多时候是会变的,比如为了优化将tsv,csv格式改为了parquet或者orcfile。那么这个时候假如是m...

2082
来自专栏向治洪

Android 应用安装过程分析

在之前的文章中,我们对PakageManagerService启动流程分析 做了简单的介绍,并对PMS系统的启动流程做了详细的解析。上面只是说到了Android...

7449
来自专栏Ryan Miao

Jackson序列化LocalDate与Springboot集成

Java8的date API一经推出便广受好评,今日也准备用一用,然后就用出问题了。基本用法见https://www.cnblogs.com/woshimrf/...

1761
来自专栏ml

hadoop安装及配置入门篇

声明: author: 龚细军 时间: 17-08-01 类型: 笔记 转载时请注明出处及相应链接。 ...

68711
来自专栏Java 源码分析

SpringBoot 笔记(十一):Servlet容器

2622
来自专栏开发与安全

python network programming tutorial

关于网络编程以及socket 等一些概念和函数介绍就不再重复了,这里示例性用python 编写客户端和服务器端。 一、最简单的客户端流程: 1. Create ...

2200
来自专栏颇忒脱的技术博客

Servlet 3.1 Async IO分析

Servlet Async Processing提供了一种异步请求处理的手段(见我的另一篇文章Servlet 3.0 异步处理详解),能够让你将Http thr...

1603

扫码关注云+社区

领取腾讯云代金券