13.7 SpringBoot集成日志系统logback的几个问题问题1: Logging system failed to initialize using configuration from

问题1: Logging system failed to initialize using configuration from 'logback.xml '

application.properties配置文件中value后面有空格。

logging.config=logback.xml  

让人感到疑惑的是,SpringBoot居然没有对application.properties配置文件value末端作空格trim处理。

问题2:java.lang.IllegalStateException: java.io.FileNotFoundException: class path resource [/logback-lightsword.xml] cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist

问题描述

配置内容:

#logging
logging.config=classpath:/logback-lightsword.xml

报错日志:

java.lang.IllegalStateException: java.io.FileNotFoundException: class path resource [/logback-lightsword.xml] cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.LoggingApplicationListener.initializeSystem(LoggingApplicationListener.java:311)
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.LoggingApplicationListener.initialize(LoggingApplicationListener.java:272)
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.LoggingApplicationListener.onApplicationEnvironmentPreparedEvent(LoggingApplicationListener.java:235)
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.LoggingApplicationListener.onApplicationEvent(LoggingApplicationListener.java:208)
    at org.springframework.context.event.SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.invokeListener(SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.java:167)
    at org.springframework.context.event.SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.multicastEvent(SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.java:139)
    at org.springframework.context.event.SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.multicastEvent(SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.java:122)
    at org.springframework.boot.context.event.EventPublishingRunListener.environmentPrepared(EventPublishingRunListener.java:72)
    at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplicationRunListeners.environmentPrepared(SpringApplicationRunListeners.java:54)
    at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.prepareEnvironment(SpringApplication.java:338)
    at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:309)
    at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1187)
    at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1176)
    at com.springboot.in.action.LightSwordApplication$.delayedEndpoint$com$springboot$in$action$LightSwordApplication$1(LightSwordApplication.scala:6)
    at com.springboot.in.action.LightSwordApplication$delayedInit$body.apply(LightSwordApplication.scala:5)
    at scala.Function0.apply$mcV$sp(Function0.scala:34)
    at scala.Function0.apply$mcV$sp$(Function0.scala:34)
    at scala.runtime.AbstractFunction0.apply$mcV$sp(AbstractFunction0.scala:12)
    at scala.App.$anonfun$main$1$adapted(App.scala:76)
    at scala.App$$Lambda$5/1451043227.apply(Unknown Source)
    at scala.collection.immutable.List.foreach(List.scala:389)
    at scala.App.main(App.scala:76)
    at scala.App.main$(App.scala:74)
    at com.springboot.in.action.LightSwordApplication$.main(LightSwordApplication.scala:5)
    at com.springboot.in.action.LightSwordApplication.main(LightSwordApplication.scala)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:497)
    at org_scala_tools_maven_executions.MainHelper.runMain(MainHelper.java:161)
    at org_scala_tools_maven_executions.MainWithArgsInFile.main(MainWithArgsInFile.java:26)
Caused by: java.io.FileNotFoundException: class path resource [/logback-lightsword.xml] cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist
    at org.springframework.util.ResourceUtils.getURL(ResourceUtils.java:135)
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.LoggingApplicationListener.initializeSystem(LoggingApplicationListener.java:303)
    ... 30 common frames omitted

原因分析

涉及报错的源码在org.springframework.util.ResourceUtils

    /**
     * Resolve the given resource location to a {@code java.net.URL}.
     * <p>Does not check whether the URL actually exists; simply returns
     * the URL that the given location would correspond to.
     * @param resourceLocation the resource location to resolve: either a
     * "classpath:" pseudo URL, a "file:" URL, or a plain file path
     * @return a corresponding URL object
     * @throws FileNotFoundException if the resource cannot be resolved to a URL
     */
    public static URL getURL(String resourceLocation) throws FileNotFoundException {
        Assert.notNull(resourceLocation, "Resource location must not be null");
        if (resourceLocation.startsWith(CLASSPATH_URL_PREFIX)) {
            String path = resourceLocation.substring(CLASSPATH_URL_PREFIX.length());
            ClassLoader cl = ClassUtils.getDefaultClassLoader();
            URL url = (cl != null ? cl.getResource(path) : ClassLoader.getSystemResource(path));
            if (url == null) {
                String description = "class path resource [" + path + "]";
                throw new FileNotFoundException(description +
                        " cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist");
            }
            return url;
        }
        try {
            // try URL
            return new URL(resourceLocation);
        }
        catch (MalformedURLException ex) {
            // no URL -> treat as file path
            try {
                return new File(resourceLocation).toURI().toURL();
            }
            catch (MalformedURLException ex2) {
                throw new FileNotFoundException("Resource location [" + resourceLocation +
                        "] is neither a URL not a well-formed file path");
            }
        }
    }

通过源码,我们可以看出spring配置文件里这个locations是uri表示,也就是说我们写的logback-dev.xml是当前相对路径。

解决方案

spring配置文件里这个locations是相对路径,要访问classpath,要使用相对路径:

logging.config=classpath:logback-dev.xml

问题3: SpringBoot集成日志logback.groovy报错: Groovy classes are not available on the class path. ABORTING INITIALIZATION.

问题描述

SpringBoot集成日志logback.groovy报错: Groovy classes are not available on the class path. ABORTING INITIALIZATION.

logback.groovy配置文件内容如下:

//https://logback.qos.ch/translator/asGroovy.html
import ch.qos.logback.classic.encoder.PatternLayoutEncoder
import ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.ThresholdFilter
import ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender
import ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender
import ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy

import java.nio.charset.Charset

import static ch.qos.logback.classic.Level.*
def USER_HOME = System.getProperty("user.home")
def APP_NAME = "lightsword"

scan("60 seconds")

context.name = "${APP_NAME}"
jmxConfigurator()

logger("org.springframework.web", INFO)
logger("com.springboot.in.action", TRACE)
logger("org.apache.velocity.runtime.log", INFO)

appender("CONSOLE", ConsoleAppender) {
    encoder(PatternLayoutEncoder) {
        pattern = "%d{HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{35} - %msg %n"
        charset = Charset.forName("utf8")
    }
}


appender("dailyRollingFileAppender", RollingFileAppender) {
    file = "${USER_HOME}/logs/${APP_NAME}"
    rollingPolicy(TimeBasedRollingPolicy) {
        fileNamePattern = "${APP_NAME}.%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.log"
        maxHistory = 30
    }
    filter(ThresholdFilter) {
        level = ERROR
    }
    encoder(PatternLayoutEncoder) {
        pattern = "%d{HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{35} - %msg %n"
    }
}
root(DEBUG, ["CONSOLE", "dailyRollingFileAppender"])

详细日志如下:

ERROR in ch.qos.logback.classic.LoggerContext[default] - Groovy classes are not available on the class path. ABORTING INITIALIZATION.
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.LoggingApplicationListener.initializeSystem(LoggingApplicationListener.java:311)
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.LoggingApplicationListener.initialize(LoggingApplicationListener.java:272)
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.LoggingApplicationListener.onApplicationEnvironmentPreparedEvent(LoggingApplicationListener.java:235)
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.LoggingApplicationListener.onApplicationEvent(LoggingApplicationListener.java:208)
    at org.springframework.context.event.SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.invokeListener(SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.java:167)
    at org.springframework.context.event.SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.multicastEvent(SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.java:139)
    at org.springframework.context.event.SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.multicastEvent(SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.java:122)
    at org.springframework.boot.context.event.EventPublishingRunListener.environmentPrepared(EventPublishingRunListener.java:72)
    at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplicationRunListeners.environmentPrepared(SpringApplicationRunListeners.java:54)
    at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.prepareEnvironment(SpringApplication.java:338)
    at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:309)
    at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1187)
    at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1176)
    at com.springboot.in.action.LightSwordApplication$.delayedEndpoint$com$springboot$in$action$LightSwordApplication$1(LightSwordApplication.scala:6)
    at com.springboot.in.action.LightSwordApplication$delayedInit$body.apply(LightSwordApplication.scala:5)
    at scala.Function0.apply$mcV$sp(Function0.scala:34)
    at scala.Function0.apply$mcV$sp$(Function0.scala:34)
    at scala.runtime.AbstractFunction0.apply$mcV$sp(AbstractFunction0.scala:12)
    at scala.App.$anonfun$main$1$adapted(App.scala:76)
    at scala.App$$Lambda$5/1451043227.apply(Unknown Source)
    at scala.collection.immutable.List.foreach(List.scala:389)
    at scala.App.main(App.scala:76)
    at scala.App.main$(App.scala:74)
    at com.springboot.in.action.LightSwordApplication$.main(LightSwordApplication.scala:5)
    at com.springboot.in.action.LightSwordApplication.main(LightSwordApplication.scala)
    ... 6 more
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalStateException: Logback configuration error detected: 
ERROR in ch.qos.logback.classic.LoggerContext[default] - Groovy classes are not available on the class path. ABORTING INITIALIZATION.
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.logback.LogbackLoggingSystem.loadConfiguration(LogbackLoggingSystem.java:161)
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.AbstractLoggingSystem.initializeWithSpecificConfig(AbstractLoggingSystem.java:57)
    at org.springframework.boot.logging.AbstractLoggingSystem.initialize(AbstractLoggingSystem.java:47)

原因分析

在类路径中没有Groovy类。

解决方案

项目中添加groovy依赖:

 <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.codehaus.groovy/groovy-all -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.codehaus.groovy</groupId>
            <artifactId>groovy-all</artifactId>
            <version>${groovy.version}</version>
        </dependency>

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