聊聊springboot session timeout参数设置

本文主要介绍下spring boot中对session timeout参数值的设置过程。

ServerProperties

spring-boot-autoconfigure-1.5.8.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/boot/autoconfigure/web/ServerProperties.java

@Override
    public void customize(ConfigurableEmbeddedServletContainer container) {
        if (getPort() != null) {
            container.setPort(getPort());
        }
        if (getAddress() != null) {
            container.setAddress(getAddress());
        }
        if (getContextPath() != null) {
            container.setContextPath(getContextPath());
        }
        if (getDisplayName() != null) {
            container.setDisplayName(getDisplayName());
        }
        if (getSession().getTimeout() != null) {
            container.setSessionTimeout(getSession().getTimeout());
        }
        //......
    }

对应的配置如下

server.session.timeout=120

需要注意单位是秒

TomcatEmbeddedServletContainerFactory

spring-boot-1.5.8.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/boot/context/embedded/tomcat/TomcatEmbeddedServletContainerFactory.java

protected void configureContext(Context context,
            ServletContextInitializer[] initializers) {
        TomcatStarter starter = new TomcatStarter(initializers);
        if (context instanceof TomcatEmbeddedContext) {
            // Should be true
            ((TomcatEmbeddedContext) context).setStarter(starter);
        }
        context.addServletContainerInitializer(starter, NO_CLASSES);
        for (LifecycleListener lifecycleListener : this.contextLifecycleListeners) {
            context.addLifecycleListener(lifecycleListener);
        }
        for (Valve valve : this.contextValves) {
            context.getPipeline().addValve(valve);
        }
        for (ErrorPage errorPage : getErrorPages()) {
            new TomcatErrorPage(errorPage).addToContext(context);
        }
        for (MimeMappings.Mapping mapping : getMimeMappings()) {
            context.addMimeMapping(mapping.getExtension(), mapping.getMimeType());
        }
        configureSession(context);
        for (TomcatContextCustomizer customizer : this.tomcatContextCustomizers) {
            customizer.customize(context);
        }
    }
private void configureSession(Context context) {
        long sessionTimeout = getSessionTimeoutInMinutes();
        context.setSessionTimeout((int) sessionTimeout);
        if (isPersistSession()) {
            Manager manager = context.getManager();
            if (manager == null) {
                manager = new StandardManager();
                context.setManager(manager);
            }
            configurePersistSession(manager);
        }
        else {
            context.addLifecycleListener(new DisablePersistSessionListener());
        }
    }
private long getSessionTimeoutInMinutes() {
        long sessionTimeout = getSessionTimeout();
        if (sessionTimeout > 0) {
            sessionTimeout = Math.max(TimeUnit.SECONDS.toMinutes(sessionTimeout), 1L);
        }
        return sessionTimeout;
    }

这里要注意一下,它内部转成分钟,然后设置给tomcat原生的StandardContext

可以从源码看到,如果设置小于60秒的话,则会默认取1分钟

StandardContext

tomcat-embed-core-8.5.23-sources.jar!/org/apache/catalina/core/StandardContext.java

@Override
    public void setSessionTimeout(int timeout) {

        int oldSessionTimeout = this.sessionTimeout;
        /*
         * SRV.13.4 ("Deployment Descriptor"):
         * If the timeout is 0 or less, the container ensures the default
         * behaviour of sessions is never to time out.
         */
        this.sessionTimeout = (timeout == 0) ? -1 : timeout;
        support.firePropertyChange("sessionTimeout",
                                   oldSessionTimeout,
                                   this.sessionTimeout);

    }

这一步就是设置给原生的tomcat的StandardContext

session失效的计算

tomcat-embed-core-8.5.23-sources.jar!/org/apache/catalina/session/StandardSession.java

/**
     * Return the <code>isValid</code> flag for this session.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean isValid() {

        if (!this.isValid) {
            return false;
        }

        if (this.expiring) {
            return true;
        }

        if (ACTIVITY_CHECK && accessCount.get() > 0) {
            return true;
        }

        if (maxInactiveInterval > 0) {
            int timeIdle = (int) (getIdleTimeInternal() / 1000L);
            if (timeIdle >= maxInactiveInterval) {
                expire(true);
            }
        }

        return this.isValid;
    }

这里会去计算timeIdle,然后通过timeIdle的值跟设定的session timeout比较,超出则设置session失效

getIdleTimeInternal

    /**
     * Return the idle time from last client access time without invalidation check
     * @see #getIdleTime()
     */
    @Override
    public long getIdleTimeInternal() {
        long timeNow = System.currentTimeMillis();
        long timeIdle;
        if (LAST_ACCESS_AT_START) {
            timeIdle = timeNow - lastAccessedTime;
        } else {
            timeIdle = timeNow - thisAccessedTime;
        }
        return timeIdle;
    }

维护了两个变量,一个是lastAccessedTime,一个是thisAccessedTime

这个是在这个方法中更新

    /**
     * End the access.
     */
    @Override
    public void endAccess() {

        isNew = false;

        /**
         * The servlet spec mandates to ignore request handling time
         * in lastAccessedTime.
         */
        if (LAST_ACCESS_AT_START) {
            this.lastAccessedTime = this.thisAccessedTime;
            this.thisAccessedTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        } else {
            this.thisAccessedTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
            this.lastAccessedTime = this.thisAccessedTime;
        }

        if (ACTIVITY_CHECK) {
            accessCount.decrementAndGet();
        }

    }

正常请求更新

Http11Processor

tomcat-embed-core-8.5.23-sources.jar!/org/apache/coyote/http11/Http11Processor.java

    @Override
    public SocketState service(SocketWrapperBase<?> socketWrapper)
        throws IOException {
        //......

        while (!getErrorState().isError() && keepAlive && !isAsync() && upgradeToken == null &&
                sendfileState == SendfileState.DONE && !endpoint.isPaused()) {

            // ......
            // Process the request in the adapter
            if (!getErrorState().isError()) {
                try {
                    rp.setStage(org.apache.coyote.Constants.STAGE_SERVICE);
                    getAdapter().service(request, response);
                    // Handle when the response was committed before a serious
                    // error occurred.  Throwing a ServletException should both
                    // set the status to 500 and set the errorException.
                    // If we fail here, then the response is likely already
                    // committed, so we can't try and set headers.
                    if(keepAlive && !getErrorState().isError() && !isAsync() &&
                            statusDropsConnection(response.getStatus())) {
                        setErrorState(ErrorState.CLOSE_CLEAN, null);
                    }
                } catch (InterruptedIOException e) {
                    setErrorState(ErrorState.CLOSE_CONNECTION_NOW, e);
                } catch (HeadersTooLargeException e) {
                    log.error(sm.getString("http11processor.request.process"), e);
                    // The response should not have been committed but check it
                    // anyway to be safe
                    if (response.isCommitted()) {
                        setErrorState(ErrorState.CLOSE_NOW, e);
                    } else {
                        response.reset();
                        response.setStatus(500);
                        setErrorState(ErrorState.CLOSE_CLEAN, e);
                        response.setHeader("Connection", "close"); // TODO: Remove
                    }
                } catch (Throwable t) {
                    ExceptionUtils.handleThrowable(t);
                    log.error(sm.getString("http11processor.request.process"), t);
                    // 500 - Internal Server Error
                    response.setStatus(500);
                    setErrorState(ErrorState.CLOSE_CLEAN, t);
                    getAdapter().log(request, response, 0);
                }
            }

            // Finish the handling of the request
            rp.setStage(org.apache.coyote.Constants.STAGE_ENDINPUT);
            if (!isAsync()) {
                // If this is an async request then the request ends when it has
                // been completed. The AsyncContext is responsible for calling
                // endRequest() in that case.
                endRequest();
            }

            //......
        }
        //......
    }

这里的service方法在getErrorState().isError()为false的时候,会调用adapter的service方法

CoyoteAdapter

tomcat-embed-core-8.5.23-sources.jar!/org/apache/catalina/connector/CoyoteAdapter.java

    @Override
    public void service(org.apache.coyote.Request req, org.apache.coyote.Response res)
            throws Exception {

        Request request = (Request) req.getNote(ADAPTER_NOTES);
        Response response = (Response) res.getNote(ADAPTER_NOTES);

        //...

        try {
            // Parse and set Catalina and configuration specific
            // request parameters
            postParseSuccess = postParseRequest(req, request, res, response);
            if (postParseSuccess) {
                //check valves if we support async
                request.setAsyncSupported(
                        connector.getService().getContainer().getPipeline().isAsyncSupported());
                // Calling the container
                connector.getService().getContainer().getPipeline().getFirst().invoke(
                        request, response);
            }
            if (request.isAsync()) {
                async = true;
                ReadListener readListener = req.getReadListener();
                if (readListener != null && request.isFinished()) {
                    // Possible the all data may have been read during service()
                    // method so this needs to be checked here
                    ClassLoader oldCL = null;
                    try {
                        oldCL = request.getContext().bind(false, null);
                        if (req.sendAllDataReadEvent()) {
                            req.getReadListener().onAllDataRead();
                        }
                    } finally {
                        request.getContext().unbind(false, oldCL);
                    }
                }

                Throwable throwable =
                        (Throwable) request.getAttribute(RequestDispatcher.ERROR_EXCEPTION);

                // If an async request was started, is not going to end once
                // this container thread finishes and an error occurred, trigger
                // the async error process
                if (!request.isAsyncCompleting() && throwable != null) {
                    request.getAsyncContextInternal().setErrorState(throwable, true);
                }
            } else {
                request.finishRequest();
                response.finishResponse();
            }

        } catch (IOException e) {
            // Ignore
        } finally {
            //......

            // Recycle the wrapper request and response
            if (!async) {
                request.recycle();
                response.recycle();
            }
        }
    }

会在finally里头调用request.recycle()

Request#recycle

tomcat-embed-core-8.5.23-sources.jar!/org/apache/catalina/connector/Request.java 里头的方法会调用recycleSessionInfo

protected void recycleSessionInfo() {
        if (session != null) {
            try {
                session.endAccess();
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                ExceptionUtils.handleThrowable(t);
                log.warn(sm.getString("coyoteRequest.sessionEndAccessFail"), t);
            }
        }
        session = null;
        requestedSessionCookie = false;
        requestedSessionId = null;
        requestedSessionURL = false;
        requestedSessionSSL = false;
    }

这里就更新了两个事件

forward中更新

适合处理error直接forward的情况,比如鉴权不通过,直接forward的,这个时候还没进入到servlet的service方法

ApplicationDispatcher#recycleRequestWrapper

tomcat-embed-core-8.5.23-sources.jar!/org/apache/catalina/core/ApplicationDispatcher.java

private void invoke(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response,
            State state) throws IOException, ServletException {

        //......

        // Get the FilterChain Here
        ApplicationFilterChain filterChain =
                ApplicationFilterFactory.createFilterChain(request, wrapper, servlet);

        // Call the service() method for the allocated servlet instance
        try {
            // for includes/forwards
            if ((servlet != null) && (filterChain != null)) {
               filterChain.doFilter(request, response);
             }
            // Servlet Service Method is called by the FilterChain
        } catch (ClientAbortException e) {
            ioException = e;
        } catch (IOException e) {
            wrapper.getLogger().error(sm.getString("applicationDispatcher.serviceException",
                             wrapper.getName()), e);
            ioException = e;
        } catch (UnavailableException e) {
            wrapper.getLogger().error(sm.getString("applicationDispatcher.serviceException",
                             wrapper.getName()), e);
            servletException = e;
            wrapper.unavailable(e);
        } catch (ServletException e) {
            Throwable rootCause = StandardWrapper.getRootCause(e);
            if (!(rootCause instanceof ClientAbortException)) {
                wrapper.getLogger().error(sm.getString("applicationDispatcher.serviceException",
                        wrapper.getName()), rootCause);
            }
            servletException = e;
        } catch (RuntimeException e) {
            wrapper.getLogger().error(sm.getString("applicationDispatcher.serviceException",
                             wrapper.getName()), e);
            runtimeException = e;
        }

        // Release the filter chain (if any) for this request
        try {
            if (filterChain != null)
                filterChain.release();
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            ExceptionUtils.handleThrowable(e);
            wrapper.getLogger().error(sm.getString("standardWrapper.releaseFilters",
                             wrapper.getName()), e);
            // FIXME: Exception handling needs to be similar to what is in the StandardWrapperValue
        }

        // Deallocate the allocated servlet instance
        try {
            if (servlet != null) {
                wrapper.deallocate(servlet);
            }
        } catch (ServletException e) {
            wrapper.getLogger().error(sm.getString("applicationDispatcher.deallocateException",
                             wrapper.getName()), e);
            servletException = e;
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            ExceptionUtils.handleThrowable(e);
            wrapper.getLogger().error(sm.getString("applicationDispatcher.deallocateException",
                             wrapper.getName()), e);
            servletException = new ServletException
                (sm.getString("applicationDispatcher.deallocateException",
                              wrapper.getName()), e);
        }

        // Reset the old context class loader
        context.unbind(false, oldCCL);

        // Unwrap request/response if needed
        // See Bugzilla 30949
        unwrapRequest(state);
        unwrapResponse(state);
        // Recycle request if necessary (also BZ 30949)
        recycleRequestWrapper(state);

        // ......

    }

执行完servlet之后(不管成功还是失败),会调用recycleRequestWrapper

private void recycleRequestWrapper(State state) {
        if (state.wrapRequest instanceof ApplicationHttpRequest) {
            ((ApplicationHttpRequest) state.wrapRequest).recycle();        }
    }

tomcat-embed-core-8.5.23-sources.jar!/org/apache/catalina/core/ApplicationHttpRequest.java

    /**
     * Recycle this request
     */
    public void recycle() {
        if (session != null) {
            session.endAccess();
        }
    }

这里会调用endAccess,更新两个时间

小结

  • 每次的请求,都会跟新session的lastAccessedTime和thisAccessedTime,只有没有访问超过设定时间才会失效
  • server.session.timeout设定的单位是秒,但是小于60的话,会被重置为60,内部转为分钟单位来算,默认1800是30分钟

原文发布于微信公众号 - 码匠的流水账(geek_luandun)

原文发表时间:2017-12-13

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