reactor3 flux的map与flatMap的区别

本文主要研究一下flux的map与flatMap的区别

map

    @Test
    public void testMap() throws InterruptedException {
        Flux.just(1, 2, 3, 4)
                .log()
                .map(i -> {
                    try {
                        TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(1);
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                    return i * 2;
                })
                .subscribe(e -> LOGGER.info("get:{}",e));
    }

这里头的map是纯元素转换

输出

10:53:57.058 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.1 - | onSubscribe([Synchronous Fuseable] FluxArray.ArraySubscription)
10:53:57.062 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.1 - | request(unbounded)
10:53:57.063 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.1 - | onNext(1)
10:53:58.067 [main] INFO com.example.demo.FluxTest - get:2
10:53:58.067 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.1 - | onNext(2)
10:53:59.071 [main] INFO com.example.demo.FluxTest - get:4
10:53:59.071 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.1 - | onNext(3)
10:54:00.076 [main] INFO com.example.demo.FluxTest - get:6
10:54:00.076 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.1 - | onNext(4)
10:54:01.080 [main] INFO com.example.demo.FluxTest - get:8
10:54:01.081 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.1 - | onComplete()

flatMap

    @Test
    public void testFaltMap() throws InterruptedException {
        Flux.just(1,2,3,4)
                .log()
                .flatMap(e -> {
                    return Flux.just(e*2).delayElements(Duration.ofSeconds(1));
                })
                .subscribe(e -> LOGGER.info("get:{}",e));
        TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(10);
    }

这里的flatMap,将元素转为Mono或Flux,转换操作里头还可以进行异步操作

输出

10:54:01.088 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.2 - | onSubscribe([Synchronous Fuseable] FluxArray.ArraySubscription)
10:54:01.089 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.2 - | request(256)
10:54:01.089 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.2 - | onNext(1)
10:54:01.137 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.2 - | onNext(2)
10:54:01.137 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.2 - | onNext(3)
10:54:01.138 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.2 - | onNext(4)
10:54:01.138 [main] INFO reactor.Flux.Array.2 - | onComplete()
10:54:02.143 [parallel-1] INFO com.example.demo.FluxTest - get:2
10:54:02.143 [parallel-1] INFO com.example.demo.FluxTest - get:4
10:54:02.143 [parallel-1] INFO com.example.demo.FluxTest - get:6
10:54:02.143 [parallel-1] INFO com.example.demo.FluxTest - get:8

小结

flatMap的转换Function要求返回一个Publisher,这个Publisher代表一个作用于元素的异步的转换操作;而map仅仅是同步的元素转换操作。

doc

  • Flux.map vs Flux.flatMap for a 1-to-1 operation
  • Reactive Programming with Reactor 3 transform

原文发布于微信公众号 - 码匠的流水账(geek_luandun)

原文发表时间:2018-02-09

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