ubuntu16.04在英文状态下安装中文语言包的过程(法二:命令行的方式)

VPS(Virtual Private Server 虚拟专用服务器)技术,将一部服务器分割成多个虚拟专享服务器的优质服务。实现VPS的技术分为容器技术虚拟化技术。在容器或虚拟机中,每个VPS都可分配独立公网IP地址、独立操作系统、实现不同VPS间磁盘空间、内存、CPU资源、进程和系统配置的隔离,为用户和应用程序模拟出"独占"使用计算资源的体验。VPS可以像独立服务器一样,重装操作系统,安装程序,单独重启服务器。VPS为使用者提供了管理配置的自由,可用于企业虚拟化,也可以用于IDC资源租用简言之:云服务器就是VPS的一种常见的表现形式。

IDC(互联网数据中心)为互联网内容提供商(ICP)、企业、媒体和各类网站提供大规模、高质量、安全可靠的专业化服务器托管、空间租用、网络批发带宽以及ASP、EC等业务。IDC是对入驻(Hosting)企业、商户或网站服务器群托管的场所;是各种模式电子商务赖以安全运作的基础设施,也是支持企业及其商业联盟(其分销商、供应商、客户等)实施价值链管理的平台。

  名词解释:ICP:互联网信息服务,比如新浪、搜狐、网易。互联网信息服务可分为经营性信息服务非经营性信息服务两类。

  IDC资源租用,由VPS提供商提供。不同VPS提供商所使用的硬件VPS软件的差异,及销售策略的不同,VPS的使用体验也有较大差异。尤其是VPS提供商超卖,导致实体服务器超负荷时,VPS性能将受到极大影响。相对来说,容器技术比虚拟机技术硬件使用效率更高,更易于商超卖,所以一般来说容器VPS的价格都高于虚拟机VPS的价格。

这些VPS主机以最大化的效率共享硬件、软件许可证以及管理资源.。每个VPS主机都可分配独立公网IP地址、独立操作系统、独立超大空间、独立内存、独立CPU资源、独立执行程序和独立系统配置等,VPS主机用户除了可以分配多个虚拟主机及无限企业邮箱外, 更具有独立主机功能,可自行安装程序,单独重启主机。

由于VPS上的ubuntu server只能通过终端软件远程ssh,所以只能使用命令行进行安装中文语言包。命令行情况下,我们只能使用apt-get安装了。

        首先介绍一下apt-get中的语言包如下:

  1 language-pack-af                  language-pack-gnome-ka            language-pack-kde-pl
  2 language-pack-af-base             language-pack-gnome-ka-base       language-pack-kde-pt
  3 language-pack-am                  language-pack-gnome-kk            language-pack-kde-ro
  4 language-pack-am-base             language-pack-gnome-kk-base       language-pack-kde-ru
  5 language-pack-an                  language-pack-gnome-km            language-pack-kde-si
  6 language-pack-an-base             language-pack-gnome-km-base       language-pack-kde-sk
  7 language-pack-ar                  language-pack-gnome-kn            language-pack-kde-sl
  8 language-pack-ar-base             language-pack-gnome-kn-base       language-pack-kde-sr
  9 language-pack-as                  language-pack-gnome-ko            language-pack-kde-sv
 10 language-pack-as-base             language-pack-gnome-ko-base       language-pack-kde-tg
 11 language-pack-ast                 language-pack-gnome-ku            language-pack-kde-th
 12 language-pack-ast-base            language-pack-gnome-ku-base       language-pack-kde-tr
 13 language-pack-az                  language-pack-gnome-lt            language-pack-kde-ug
 14 language-pack-az-base             language-pack-gnome-lt-base       language-pack-kde-uk
 15 language-pack-be                  language-pack-gnome-lv            language-pack-kde-vi
 16 language-pack-be-base             language-pack-gnome-lv-base       language-pack-kde-zh-hans
 17 language-pack-bg                  language-pack-gnome-mai           language-pack-kde-zh-hant
 18 language-pack-bg-base             language-pack-gnome-mai-base      language-pack-kk
 19 language-pack-bn                  language-pack-gnome-mk            language-pack-kk-base
 20 language-pack-bn-base             language-pack-gnome-mk-base       language-pack-km
 21 language-pack-bo                  language-pack-gnome-ml            language-pack-km-base
 22 language-pack-bo-base             language-pack-gnome-ml-base       language-pack-kn
 23 language-pack-br                  language-pack-gnome-mn            language-pack-kn-base
 24 language-pack-br-base             language-pack-gnome-mn-base       language-pack-ko
 25 language-pack-bs                  language-pack-gnome-mr            language-pack-ko-base
 26 language-pack-bs-base             language-pack-gnome-mr-base       language-pack-ku
 27 language-pack-ca                  language-pack-gnome-ms            language-pack-ku-base
 28 language-pack-ca-base             language-pack-gnome-ms-base       language-pack-lt
 29 language-pack-crh                 language-pack-gnome-my            language-pack-lt-base
 30 language-pack-crh-base            language-pack-gnome-my-base       language-pack-lv
 31 language-pack-cs                  language-pack-gnome-nb            language-pack-lv-base
 32 language-pack-cs-base             language-pack-gnome-nb-base       language-pack-mai
 33 language-pack-cy                  language-pack-gnome-nds           language-pack-mai-base
 34 language-pack-cy-base             language-pack-gnome-nds-base      language-pack-mk
 35 language-pack-da                  language-pack-gnome-ne            language-pack-mk-base
 36 language-pack-da-base             language-pack-gnome-ne-base       language-pack-ml
 37 language-pack-de                  language-pack-gnome-nl            language-pack-ml-base
 38 language-pack-de-base             language-pack-gnome-nl-base       language-pack-mn
 39 language-pack-dz                  language-pack-gnome-nn            language-pack-mn-base
 40 language-pack-dz-base             language-pack-gnome-nn-base       language-pack-mr
 41 language-pack-el                  language-pack-gnome-oc            language-pack-mr-base
 42 language-pack-el-base             language-pack-gnome-oc-base       language-pack-ms
 43 language-pack-en                  language-pack-gnome-or            language-pack-ms-base
 44 language-pack-en-base             language-pack-gnome-or-base       language-pack-my
 45 language-pack-eo                  language-pack-gnome-pa            language-pack-my-base
 46 language-pack-eo-base             language-pack-gnome-pa-base       language-pack-nb
 47 language-pack-es                  language-pack-gnome-pl            language-pack-nb-base
 48 language-pack-es-base             language-pack-gnome-pl-base       language-pack-nds
 49 language-pack-et                  language-pack-gnome-pt            language-pack-nds-base
 50 language-pack-et-base             language-pack-gnome-pt-base       language-pack-ne
 51 language-pack-eu                  language-pack-gnome-ro            language-pack-ne-base
 52 language-pack-eu-base             language-pack-gnome-ro-base       language-pack-nl
 53 language-pack-fa                  language-pack-gnome-ru            language-pack-nl-base
 54 language-pack-fa-base             language-pack-gnome-ru-base       language-pack-nn
 55 language-pack-fi                  language-pack-gnome-si            language-pack-nn-base
 56 language-pack-fi-base             language-pack-gnome-si-base       language-pack-oc
 57 language-pack-fr                  language-pack-gnome-sk            language-pack-oc-base
 58 language-pack-fr-base             language-pack-gnome-sk-base       language-pack-or
 59 language-pack-ga                  language-pack-gnome-sl            language-pack-or-base
 60 language-pack-ga-base             language-pack-gnome-sl-base       language-pack-pa
 61 language-pack-gd                  language-pack-gnome-sq            language-pack-pa-base
 62 language-pack-gd-base             language-pack-gnome-sq-base       language-pack-pl
 63 language-pack-gl                  language-pack-gnome-sr            language-pack-pl-base
 64 language-pack-gl-base             language-pack-gnome-sr-base       language-pack-pt
 65 language-pack-gnome-af            language-pack-gnome-sv            language-pack-pt-base
 66 language-pack-gnome-af-base       language-pack-gnome-sv-base       language-pack-ro
 67 language-pack-gnome-am            language-pack-gnome-ta            language-pack-ro-base
 68 language-pack-gnome-am-base       language-pack-gnome-ta-base       language-pack-ru
 69 language-pack-gnome-an            language-pack-gnome-te            language-pack-ru-base
 70 language-pack-gnome-an-base       language-pack-gnome-te-base       language-pack-si
 71 language-pack-gnome-ar            language-pack-gnome-tg            language-pack-si-base
 72 language-pack-gnome-ar-base       language-pack-gnome-tg-base       language-pack-sk
 73 language-pack-gnome-as            language-pack-gnome-th            language-pack-sk-base
 74 language-pack-gnome-as-base       language-pack-gnome-th-base       language-pack-sl
 75 language-pack-gnome-ast           language-pack-gnome-tr            language-pack-sl-base
 76 language-pack-gnome-ast-base      language-pack-gnome-tr-base       language-pack-sq
 77 language-pack-gnome-az            language-pack-gnome-ug            language-pack-sq-base
 78 language-pack-gnome-az-base       language-pack-gnome-ug-base       language-pack-sr
 79 language-pack-gnome-be            language-pack-gnome-uk            language-pack-sr-base
 80 language-pack-gnome-be-base       language-pack-gnome-uk-base       language-pack-sv
 81 language-pack-gnome-bg            language-pack-gnome-uz            language-pack-sv-base
 82 language-pack-gnome-bg-base       language-pack-gnome-uz-base       language-pack-ta
 83 language-pack-gnome-bn            language-pack-gnome-vi            language-pack-ta-base
 84 language-pack-gnome-bn-base       language-pack-gnome-vi-base       language-pack-te
 85 language-pack-gnome-bo            language-pack-gnome-xh            language-pack-te-base
 86 language-pack-gnome-bo-base       language-pack-gnome-xh-base       language-pack-tg
 87 language-pack-gnome-br            language-pack-gnome-zh-hans       language-pack-tg-base
 88 language-pack-gnome-br-base       language-pack-gnome-zh-hans-base  language-pack-th
 89 language-pack-gnome-bs            language-pack-gnome-zh-hant       language-pack-th-base
 90 language-pack-gnome-bs-base       language-pack-gnome-zh-hant-base  language-pack-touch-ast
 91 language-pack-gnome-ca            language-pack-gu                  language-pack-touch-bg
 92 language-pack-gnome-ca-base       language-pack-gu-base             language-pack-touch-bs
 93 language-pack-gnome-crh           language-pack-he                  language-pack-touch-ca
 94 language-pack-gnome-crh-base      language-pack-he-base             language-pack-touch-cs
 95 language-pack-gnome-cs            language-pack-hi                  language-pack-touch-da
 96 language-pack-gnome-cs-base       language-pack-hi-base             language-pack-touch-de
 97 language-pack-gnome-cy            language-pack-hr                  language-pack-touch-el
 98 language-pack-gnome-cy-base       language-pack-hr-base             language-pack-touch-en
 99 language-pack-gnome-da            language-pack-hu                  language-pack-touch-es
100 language-pack-gnome-da-base       language-pack-hu-base             language-pack-touch-eu
101 language-pack-gnome-de            language-pack-ia                  language-pack-touch-fi
102 language-pack-gnome-de-base       language-pack-ia-base             language-pack-touch-fr
103 language-pack-gnome-dz            language-pack-id                  language-pack-touch-gd
104 language-pack-gnome-dz-base       language-pack-id-base             language-pack-touch-gl
105 language-pack-gnome-el            language-pack-is                  language-pack-touch-he
106 language-pack-gnome-el-base       language-pack-is-base             language-pack-touch-hr
107 language-pack-gnome-en            language-pack-it                  language-pack-touch-hu
108 language-pack-gnome-en-base       language-pack-it-base             language-pack-touch-id
109 language-pack-gnome-eo            language-pack-ja                  language-pack-touch-it
110 language-pack-gnome-eo-base       language-pack-ja-base             language-pack-touch-ja
111 language-pack-gnome-es            language-pack-ka                  language-pack-touch-ko
112 language-pack-gnome-es-base       language-pack-ka-base             language-pack-touch-lt
113 language-pack-gnome-et            language-pack-kde-ar              language-pack-touch-lv
114 language-pack-gnome-et-base       language-pack-kde-bg              language-pack-touch-ms
115 language-pack-gnome-eu            language-pack-kde-bs              language-pack-touch-nb
116 language-pack-gnome-eu-base       language-pack-kde-ca              language-pack-touch-nl
117 language-pack-gnome-fa            language-pack-kde-cs              language-pack-touch-oc
118 language-pack-gnome-fa-base       language-pack-kde-da              language-pack-touch-pa
119 language-pack-gnome-fi            language-pack-kde-de              language-pack-touch-pl
120 language-pack-gnome-fi-base       language-pack-kde-el              language-pack-touch-pt
121 language-pack-gnome-fr            language-pack-kde-en              language-pack-touch-ro
122 language-pack-gnome-fr-base       language-pack-kde-es              language-pack-touch-ru
123 language-pack-gnome-ga            language-pack-kde-et              language-pack-touch-sk
124 language-pack-gnome-ga-base       language-pack-kde-eu              language-pack-touch-sl
125 language-pack-gnome-gd            language-pack-kde-fa              language-pack-touch-sr
126 language-pack-gnome-gd-base       language-pack-kde-fi              language-pack-touch-sv
127 language-pack-gnome-gl            language-pack-kde-fr              language-pack-touch-tr
128 language-pack-gnome-gl-base       language-pack-kde-ga              language-pack-touch-ug
129 language-pack-gnome-gu            language-pack-kde-gl              language-pack-touch-uk
130 language-pack-gnome-gu-base       language-pack-kde-he              language-pack-touch-zh-hans
131 language-pack-gnome-he            language-pack-kde-hi              language-pack-touch-zh-hant
132 language-pack-gnome-he-base       language-pack-kde-hr              language-pack-tr
133 language-pack-gnome-hi            language-pack-kde-hu              language-pack-tr-base
134 language-pack-gnome-hi-base       language-pack-kde-ia              language-pack-ug
135 language-pack-gnome-hr            language-pack-kde-is              language-pack-ug-base
136 language-pack-gnome-hr-base       language-pack-kde-it              language-pack-uk
137 language-pack-gnome-hu            language-pack-kde-ja              language-pack-uk-base
138 language-pack-gnome-hu-base       language-pack-kde-kk              language-pack-uz
139 language-pack-gnome-ia            language-pack-kde-km              language-pack-uz-base
140 language-pack-gnome-ia-base       language-pack-kde-ko              language-pack-vi
141 language-pack-gnome-id            language-pack-kde-lt              language-pack-vi-base
142 language-pack-gnome-id-base       language-pack-kde-lv              language-pack-xh
143 language-pack-gnome-is            language-pack-kde-mr              language-pack-xh-base
144 language-pack-gnome-is-base       language-pack-kde-nb              language-pack-zh-hans
145 language-pack-gnome-it            language-pack-kde-nds             language-pack-zh-hans-base
146 language-pack-gnome-it-base       language-pack-kde-nl              language-pack-zh-hant
147 language-pack-gnome-ja            language-pack-kde-nn              language-pack-zh-hant-base
148 language-pack-gnome-ja-base       language-pack-kde-pa
中文语言包:
language-pack-zh-hans 简体中文
language-pack-zh-hans-base
language-pack-zh-hant 繁体中文
language-pack-zh-hant-base

gnome界面的中文语言包:
language-pack-gnome-zh-hans 简体中文
language-pack-gnome-zh-hans-base
language-pack-gnome-zh-hant 繁体中文
language-pack-gnome-zh-hant-base

kde界面的中文语言包:
language-pack-kde-zh-hans 简体中文
language-pack-kde-zh-hant 繁体中文

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