CentOS6.3 x86_64位安装xfce4桌面vncserver服务

CentOS6.3 x86_64位安装xfce4桌面vncserver服务 注意这里用的是最小化安装纯净系统212个包CentOS-6.3-x86_64-minimal.iso 1,wget http://mirrors.sohu.com/fedora-epel//6/x86_64/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm    rpm -ivh epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm 其目的是生产epel的yum源文件 # ls CentOS-Base.repo  CentOS-Base.repo.bak  CentOS-Debuginfo.repo  CentOS-Media.repo  CentOS-Vault.repo  epel.repo  epel-testing.repo 2,# yum groupinfo xfce Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, presto Setting up Group Process Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile  * epel: kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id epel/group_gz                                                                                                                         | 229 kB     00:05     Group: Xfce  Description: 一个能在低端机器上良好运行的轻便桌面环境。  Mandatory Packages:    Thunar    xfce-utils    xfce4-panel    xfce4-session    xfce4-settings    xfconf    xfdesktop    xfwm4  Default Packages:    NetworkManager-gnome    Terminal    gdm    leafpad    openssh-askpass    orage    polkit-gnome    thunar-archive-plugin    thunar-volman    tumbler    xfce4-appfinder    xfce4-icon-theme    xfce4-mixer    xfce4-power-manager    xfce4-session-engines    xfwm4-theme-nodoka  Optional Packages:    xfwm4-themes  Conditional Packages:    pinentry-gtk 3,# yum -y groupinstall xfce 又安装了226个包,比系统212个还多 Installed:   NetworkManager-gnome.x86_64 1:0.8.1-33.el6          Terminal.x86_64 0:0.4.7-1.el6                       Thunar.x86_64 0:1.3.0-4.el6                         gdm.x86_64 1:2.30.4-33.el6_2                        leafpad.x86_64 0:0.8.18.1-1.el6                     openssh-askpass.x86_64 0:5.3p1-81.el6               orage.x86_64 0:4.8.1-3.el6                          pinentry-gtk.x86_64 0:0.7.6-6.el6                   polkit-gnome.x86_64 0:0.96-3.el6                    thunar-archive-plugin.x86_64 0:0.3.0-2.el6          thunar-volman.x86_64 0:0.6.0-2.el6                  tumbler.x86_64 0:0.1.21-1.el6                       xfce-utils.x86_64 0:4.8.3-1.el6                     xfce4-appfinder.x86_64 0:4.8.0-2.el6                xfce4-icon-theme.noarch 0:4.4.3-5.el6               xfce4-mixer.x86_64 0:4.8.0-1.el6                    xfce4-panel.x86_64 0:4.8.3-2.el6                    xfce4-power-manager.x86_64 0:1.0.10-1.el6           xfce4-session.x86_64 0:4.8.1-4.el6                  xfce4-session-engines.x86_64 0:4.8.1-4.el6          xfce4-settings.x86_64 0:4.8.3-1.el6                 xfconf.x86_64 0:4.8.0-2.el6                         xfdesktop.x86_64 0:4.8.2-2.el6                      xfwm4.x86_64 0:4.8.3-1.el6                        Dependency Installed:   ConsoleKit.x86_64 0:0.4.1-3.el6                                            ConsoleKit-libs.x86_64 0:0.4.1-3.el6                                             ConsoleKit-x11.x86_64 0:0.4.1-3.el6                                        DeviceKit-power.x86_64 0:014-3.el6                                               GConf2.x86_64 0:2.28.0-6.el6                                               GConf2-gtk.x86_64 0:2.28.0-6.el6                                                 ModemManager.x86_64 0:0.4.0-3.git20100628.el6                              NetworkManager.x86_64 1:0.8.1-33.el6                                             NetworkManager-glib.x86_64 1:0.8.1-33.el6                                  ORBit2.x86_64 0:2.14.17-3.1.el6                                                  alsa-lib.x86_64 0:1.0.22-3.el6                                             at-spi.x86_64 0:1.28.1-2.el6.centos                                              atk.x86_64 0:1.28.0-2.el6                                                  avahi.x86_64 0:0.6.25-11.el6                                                     avahi-autoipd.x86_64 0:0.6.25-11.el6                                       avahi-glib.x86_64 0:0.6.25-11.el6                                                avahi-libs.x86_64 0:0.6.25-11.el6                                          cairo.x86_64 0:1.8.8-3.1.el6                                                     cdparanoia-libs.x86_64 0:10.2-5.1.el6                                      control-center.x86_64 1:2.28.1-37.el6                                            control-center-filesystem.x86_64 1:2.28.1-37.el6                           cups-libs.x86_64 1:1.4.2-48.el6                                                  dbus.x86_64 1:1.2.24-5.el6_1                                               dbus-x11.x86_64 1:1.2.24-5.el6_1                                                 desktop-file-utils.x86_64 0:0.15-9.el6                                     dmidecode.x86_64 1:2.11-2.el6                                                    dmz-cursor-themes.noarch 0:0.4-4.el6                                       dnsmasq.x86_64 0:2.48-6.el6                                                      eggdbus.x86_64 0:0.6-3.el6                                                 evolution-data-server.x86_64 0:2.28.3-15.el6                                     exo.x86_64 0:0.6.2-2.el6                                                   flac.x86_64 0:1.2.1-6.1.el6                                                      fontconfig.x86_64 0:2.8.0-3.el6                                            fortune-mod.x86_64 0:1.99.1-13.el6                                               freetype.x86_64 0:2.3.11-6.el6_2.9                                         garcon.x86_64 0:0.1.7-1.el6                                                      gdm-libs.x86_64 1:2.30.4-33.el6_2                                          gnome-bluetooth-libs.x86_64 0:2.28.6-8.el6                                       gnome-desktop.x86_64 0:2.28.2-9.el6.centos                                 gnome-icon-theme.noarch 0:2.28.0-2.el6                                           gnome-keyring.x86_64 0:2.28.2-7.el6                                        gnome-keyring-pam.x86_64 0:2.28.2-7.el6                                          gnome-menus.x86_64 0:2.28.0-4.el6                                          gnome-panel-libs.x86_64 0:2.30.2-14.el6                                          gnome-python2.x86_64 0:2.28.0-3.el6                                        gnome-python2-gnome.x86_64 0:2.28.0-3.el6                                        gnome-python2-gnomevfs.x86_64 0:2.28.0-3.el6                               gnome-session.x86_64 0:2.28.0-18.el6                                             gnome-settings-daemon.x86_64 0:2.28.2-20.el6                               gnome-themes.noarch 0:2.28.1-6.el6                                               gnome-vfs2.x86_64 0:2.24.2-6.el6                                           gnutls.x86_64 0:2.8.5-4.el6_2.2                                                  gstreamer.x86_64 0:0.10.29-1.el6                                           gstreamer-plugins-base.x86_64 0:0.10.29-1.el6                                    gstreamer-tools.x86_64 0:0.10.29-1.el6                                     gtk2.x86_64 0:2.18.9-10.el6                                                      gtk2-engines.x86_64 0:2.18.4-5.el6.centos                                  hal.x86_64 0:0.5.14-11.el6                                                       hal-info.noarch 0:20090716-3.1.el6                                         hal-libs.x86_64 0:0.5.14-11.el6                                                  hdparm.x86_64 0:9.16-3.4.el6                                               hicolor-icon-theme.noarch 0:0.11-1.1.el6                                         iso-codes.noarch 0:3.16-2.el6                                              jasper-libs.x86_64 0:1.900.1-15.el6_1.1                                          lcms-libs.x86_64 0:1.19-1.el6                                              libICE.x86_64 0:1.0.6-1.el6                                                      libIDL.x86_64 0:0.8.13-2.1.el6                                             libSM.x86_64 0:1.1.0-7.1.el6                                                     libX11.x86_64 0:1.3-2.el6                                                  libX11-common.noarch 0:1.3-2.el6                                                 libXScrnSaver.x86_64 0:1.2.0-1.el6                                         libXau.x86_64 0:1.0.5-1.el6                                                      libXcomposite.x86_64 0:0.4.1-2.el6                                         libXcursor.x86_64 0:1.1.10-2.el6                                                 libXdamage.x86_64 0:1.1.2-1.el6                                            libXdmcp.x86_64 0:1.0.3-1.el6                                                    libXext.x86_64 0:1.1-3.el6                                                 libXfixes.x86_64 0:4.0.4-1.el6                                                   libXfont.x86_64 0:1.4.1-2.el6_1                                            libXft.x86_64 0:2.1.13-4.1.el6                                                   libXi.x86_64 0:1.3-3.el6                                                   libXinerama.x86_64 0:1.1-1.el6                                                   libXmu.x86_64 0:1.0.5-1.el6                                                libXrandr.x86_64 0:1.3.0-4.el6                                                   libXrender.x86_64 0:0.9.5-1.el6                                            libXres.x86_64 0:1.0.4-1.el6                                                     libXt.x86_64 0:1.0.7-1.el6                                                 libXtst.x86_64 0:1.0.99.2-3.el6                                                  libXv.x86_64 0:1.0.5-1.el6                                                 libXxf86misc.x86_64 0:1.0.2-1.el6                                                libXxf86vm.x86_64 0:1.1.0-1.el6                                            libart_lgpl.x86_64 0:2.3.20-5.1.el6                                              libasyncns.x86_64 0:0.8-1.1.el6                                            libbonobo.x86_64 0:2.24.2-5.el6                                                  libbonoboui.x86_64 0:2.24.2-3.el6                                          libcanberra.x86_64 0:0.22-1.el6.centos                                           libcanberra-gtk2.x86_64 0:0.22-1.el6.centos                                libdaemon.x86_64 0:0.14-1.el6                                                    libexif.x86_64 0:0.6.16-4.1.el6                                            libfontenc.x86_64 0:1.0.5-2.el6                                                  libgail-gnome.x86_64 0:1.20.1-4.1.el6.centos                               libglade2.x86_64 0:2.6.4-3.1.el6                                                 libgnome.x86_64 0:2.28.0-11.el6                                            libgnomecanvas.x86_64 0:2.26.0-4.el6                                             libgnomekbd.x86_64 0:2.28.2-2.el6                                          libgnomeui.x86_64 0:2.24.1-4.el6                                                 libgudev1.x86_64 0:147-2.42.el6                                            libgweather.x86_64 0:2.28.0-5.el6                                                libical.x86_64 0:0.43-5.1.el6                                              libjpeg.x86_64 0:6b-46.el6                                                       libmcpp.x86_64 0:2.7.2-4.1.el6                                             libnotify.x86_64 0:0.5.0-1.el6                                                   libogg.x86_64 2:1.1.4-2.1.el6                                              liboil.x86_64 0:0.3.16-4.1.el6                                                   libpcap.x86_64 14:1.0.0-6.20091201git117cb5.el6                            libpng.x86_64 2:1.2.49-1.el6_2                                                   libproxy.x86_64 0:0.3.0-2.el6                                              libproxy-bin.x86_64 0:0.3.0-2.el6                                                libproxy-python.x86_64 0:0.3.0-2.el6                                       libsndfile.x86_64 0:1.0.20-5.el6                                                 libsoup.x86_64 0:2.28.2-1.el6_1.1                                          libtasn1.x86_64 0:2.3-3.el6_2.1                                                  libtdb.x86_64 0:1.2.1-3.el6                                                libthai.x86_64 0:0.1.12-3.el6                                                    libtheora.x86_64 1:1.1.0-2.el6                                             libtiff.x86_64 0:3.9.4-6.el6_3                                                   libtool-ltdl.x86_64 0:2.2.6-15.5.el6                                       libvisual.x86_64 0:0.4.0-9.1.el6                                                 libvorbis.x86_64 1:1.2.3-4.el6_2.1                                         libwacom.x86_64 0:0.5-3.el6                                                      libwacom-data.noarch 0:0.5-3.el6                                           libwnck.x86_64 0:2.28.0-3.el6                                                    libxcb.x86_64 0:1.5-1.el6                                                  libxfce4ui.x86_64 0:4.8.0-4.el6                                                  libxfce4util.x86_64 0:4.8.1-2.el6                                          libxkbfile.x86_64 0:1.0.6-1.1.el6                                                libxklavier.x86_64 0:4.0-9.el6                                             libxslt.x86_64 0:1.1.26-2.el6                                                    mailcap.noarch 0:2.1.31-2.el6                                              mcpp.x86_64 0:2.7.2-4.1.el6                                                      metacity.x86_64 0:2.28.0-23.el6                                            mobile-broadband-provider-info.noarch 0:1.20100122-1.el6                         notification-daemon.x86_64 0:0.5.0-1.el6                                   openjpeg-libs.x86_64 0:1.3-8.el6_3                                               pango.x86_64 0:1.28.1-3.el6_0.5.1.centos                                   perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib.x86_64 1:2.020-127.el6                                    perl-Compress-Zlib.x86_64 0:2.020-127.el6                                  perl-HTML-Parser.x86_64 0:3.64-2.el6                                             perl-HTML-Tagset.noarch 0:3.20-4.el6                                       perl-IO-Compress-Base.x86_64 0:2.020-127.el6                                     perl-IO-Compress-Zlib.x86_64 0:2.020-127.el6                               perl-URI.noarch 0:1.40-2.el6                                                     perl-XML-Parser.x86_64 0:2.36-7.el6                                        perl-libwww-perl.noarch 0:5.833-2.el6                                            pixman.x86_64 0:0.18.4-1.el6_0.1                                           pkgconfig.x86_64 1:0.23-9.1.el6                                                  plymouth-gdm-hooks.x86_64 0:0.8.3-24.el6.centos                            plymouth-utils.x86_64 0:0.8.3-24.el6.centos                                      pm-utils.x86_64 0:1.2.5-9.el6                                              polkit.x86_64 0:0.96-2.el6_0.1                                                   polkit-desktop-policy.noarch 0:0.96-2.el6_0.1                              poppler.x86_64 0:0.12.4-3.el6_0.1                                                poppler-data.noarch 0:0.4.0-1.el6                                          poppler-glib.x86_64 0:0.12.4-3.el6_0.1                                           ppp.x86_64 0:2.4.5-5.el6                                                   pulseaudio-gdm-hooks.x86_64 0:0.9.21-14.el6_3                                    pulseaudio-libs.x86_64 0:0.9.21-14.el6_3                                   pulseaudio-libs-glib2.x86_64 0:0.9.21-14.el6_3                                   pycairo.x86_64 0:1.8.6-2.1.el6                                             pygobject2.x86_64 0:2.20.0-5.el6                                                 pygtk2.x86_64 0:2.16.0-3.el6                                               rarian.x86_64 0:0.8.1-5.1.el6                                                    rarian-compat.x86_64 0:0.8.1-5.1.el6                                       recode.x86_64 0:3.6-28.1.el6                                                     redhat-menus.noarch 0:14.0.0-3.el6                                         sgml-common.noarch 0:0.6.3-32.el6                                                shared-mime-info.x86_64 0:0.70-4.el6                                       sound-theme-freedesktop.noarch 0:0.7-3.el6                                       startup-notification.x86_64 0:0.10-2.1.el6                                 system-gnome-theme.noarch 0:60.0.2-1.el6                                         system-icon-theme.noarch 0:6.0.0-2.el6                                     system-setup-keyboard.x86_64 0:0.7-4.el6                                         usermode.x86_64 0:1.102-3.el6                                              vte.x86_64 0:0.25.1-7.el6                                                        wpa_supplicant.x86_64 1:0.7.3-3.el6                                        xcb-util.x86_64 0:0.3.6-1.el6                                                    xfce4-doc.noarch 0:4.8.3-1.el6                                             xkeyboard-config.noarch 0:2.3-1.el6                                              xml-common.noarch 0:0.6.3-32.el6                                           xorg-x11-drv-evdev.x86_64 0:2.6.0-2.el6                                          xorg-x11-drv-vesa.x86_64 0:2.3.0-2.el6                                     xorg-x11-drv-void.x86_64 0:1.4.0-1.el6                                           xorg-x11-drv-wacom.x86_64 0:0.13.0-6.el6                                   xorg-x11-server-Xorg.x86_64 0:1.10.6-1.el6.centos                                xorg-x11-server-common.x86_64 0:1.10.6-1.el6.centos                        xorg-x11-server-utils.x86_64 0:7.5-5.2.el6                                       xorg-x11-xauth.x86_64 1:1.0.2-7.1.el6                                      xorg-x11-xinit.x86_64 0:1.0.9-13.el6                                             xorg-x11-xkb-utils.x86_64 0:7.4-6.el6                                      zenity.x86_64 0:2.28.0-1.el6                                                   Dependency Updated:   libudev.x86_64 0:147-2.42.el6                                                                                                                              Complete! 4,安装vncserver # yum -y install tigervnc-server Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, presto Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile Setting up Install Process Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package tigervnc-server.x86_64 0:1.0.90-0.17.20110314svn4359.el6 will be installed --> Processing Dependency: xorg-x11-fonts-misc for package: tigervnc-server-1.0.90-0.17.20110314svn4359.el6.x86_64 --> Processing Dependency: mesa-dri-drivers for package: tigervnc-server-1.0.90-0.17.20110314svn4359.el6.x86_64 --> Running transaction check ---> Package mesa-dri-drivers.x86_64 0:7.11-5.el6 will be installed ---> Package xorg-x11-fonts-misc.noarch 0:7.2-9.1.el6 will be installed --> Processing Dependency: mkfontdir for package: xorg-x11-fonts-misc-7.2-9.1.el6.noarch --> Processing Dependency: mkfontdir for package: xorg-x11-fonts-misc-7.2-9.1.el6.noarch --> Running transaction check ---> Package xorg-x11-font-utils.x86_64 1:7.2-11.el6 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved =============================================================================================================================================================  Package                                  Arch                        Version                                                Repository                 Size ============================================================================================================================================================= Installing:  tigervnc-server                          x86_64                      1.0.90-0.17.20110314svn4359.el6                        base                      1.1 M Installing for dependencies:  mesa-dri-drivers                         x86_64                      7.11-5.el6                                             base                       11 M  xorg-x11-font-utils                      x86_64                      1:7.2-11.el6                                           base                       75 k  xorg-x11-fonts-misc                      noarch                      7.2-9.1.el6                                            base                      5.8 M Transaction Summary ============================================================================================================================================================= Install       4 Package(s) Total download size: 18 M Installed size: 48 M Downloading Packages: Setting up and reading Presto delta metadata Processing delta metadata Package(s) data still to download: 18 M (1/4): mesa-dri-drivers-7.11-5.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                         |  11 MB     00:40     (2/4): tigervnc-server-1.0.90-0.17.20110314svn4359.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                     | 1.1 MB     00:02     (3/4): xorg-x11-font-utils-7.2-11.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                      |  75 kB     00:00     (4/4): xorg-x11-fonts-misc-7.2-9.1.el6.noarch.rpm                                                                                     | 5.8 MB     00:18     ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total                                                                                                                        259 kB/s |  18 MB     01:10     Running rpm_check_debug Running Transaction Test Transaction Test Succeeded Running Transaction   Installing : 1:xorg-x11-font-utils-7.2-11.el6.x86_64                                                                                                   1/4   Installing : xorg-x11-fonts-misc-7.2-9.1.el6.noarch                                                                                                    2/4   Installing : mesa-dri-drivers-7.11-5.el6.x86_64                                                                                                        3/4   Installing : tigervnc-server-1.0.90-0.17.20110314svn4359.el6.x86_64                                                                                    4/4   Verifying  : mesa-dri-drivers-7.11-5.el6.x86_64                                                                                                        1/4   Verifying  : tigervnc-server-1.0.90-0.17.20110314svn4359.el6.x86_64                                                                                    2/4   Verifying  : xorg-x11-fonts-misc-7.2-9.1.el6.noarch                                                                                                    3/4   Verifying  : 1:xorg-x11-font-utils-7.2-11.el6.x86_64                                                                                                   4/4 Installed:   tigervnc-server.x86_64 0:1.0.90-0.17.20110314svn4359.el6                                                                                                   Dependency Installed:   mesa-dri-drivers.x86_64 0:7.11-5.el6             xorg-x11-font-utils.x86_64 1:7.2-11.el6             xorg-x11-fonts-misc.noarch 0:7.2-9.1.el6            Complete! 5,生成帐号配置文件 # vncserver You will require a password to access your desktops. Password: Verify: xauth: (stdin):1:  bad display name "bogon:1" in "add" command New 'bogon:1 (root)' desktop is bogon:1 Creating default startup script /root/.vnc/xstartup Starting applications specified in /root/.vnc/xstartup Log file is /root/.vnc/bogon:1.log # su - tao $ vncserver You will require a password to access your desktops. Password: Verify: xauth: (stdin):1:  bad display name "bogon:2" in "add" command New 'bogon:2 (tao)' desktop is bogon:2 Creating default startup script /home/tao/.vnc/xstartup Starting applications specified in /home/tao/.vnc/xstartup Log file is /home/tao/.vnc/bogon:2.log $ ls .vnc/ bogon:2.log  bogon:2.pid  passwd  xstartup 6,修改xstartup用xfce4桌面 [root@localhost ~]# cat ~/.vnc/xstartup #!/bin/sh /usr/bin/startxfce4 & 7,修改vncservers配置文件该文件可以设置客户端帐号连接信息 # tail -n 3 /etc/sysconfig/vncservers VNCSERVERS="1:root 2:tao " VNCSERVERARGS[1]="-geometry 1024x768" VNCSERVERARGS[2]="-geometry 1024x768" 8,开启vncserver服务 # /etc/init.d/vncserver restart 关闭 VNC 服务器:[确定] 正在启动 VNC 服务器:1:root New 'localhost:1 (root)' desktop is localhost:1 Starting applications specified in /root/.vnc/xstartup Log file is /root/.vnc/localhost:1.log 2:tao New 'localhost:2 (tao)' desktop is localhost:2 Starting applications specified in /home/tao/.vnc/xstartup Log file is /home/tao/.vnc/localhost:2.log [确定] # chkconfig vncserver on 9,关闭selinux,设置防火墙 # grep SELINUX /etc/sysconfig/selinux # SELINUX= can take one of these three values: SELINUX=disabled # SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values: SELINUXTYPE=targeted # getenforce Disabled # iptables -L Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT) target     prot opt source               destination         ACCEPT     all  --  anywhere             anywhere            state RELATED,ESTABLISHED ACCEPT     icmp --  anywhere             anywhere            ACCEPT     all  --  anywhere             anywhere            ACCEPT     tcp  --  anywhere             anywhere            state NEW tcp dpt:ssh ACCEPT     tcp  --  anywhere             anywhere            state NEW tcp dpts:5901:5902 REJECT     all  --  anywhere             anywhere            reject-with icmp-host-prohibited Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT) target     prot opt source               destination         REJECT     all  --  anywhere             anywhere            reject-with icmp-host-prohibited Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT) target     prot opt source               destination       10,客户端连接 

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