iOS的各种加密方法使用简介

<pre name="code" class="objc"><span style="font-size:18px;color:#cc0000;background-color: rgb(204, 204, 204);">本文主要记载了本文在以往工作中涉及到得加密方式记载以便以后使用:在以往的工作中我们iOS客户端的加密主要应用于接口参数传递安全、二维码信息加密、签名验证等等,不同的应用应该采用不同的加密方法比如支付宝RSA加密,公私钥匹配的模式,微信支付sha1和md5加密都是对于支付来说很安全的,具体的百度,我就不copy了。</span>

1.base64加密:

<span style="font-size:14px;">//
//  base64Test.m
//  base64test
//
//  Created by apple on 15/6/30.
//  Copyright (c) 2015年 meishidiandian. All rights reserved.
//

#import "base64Test.h"


//引入IOS自带密码库
#import <CommonCrypto/CommonCryptor.h>

//空字符串
#define     LocalStr_None           @""

static const char encodingTable[] = "";


@implementation base64Test

+ (NSString *)base64StringFromText:(NSString *)text
{
    if (text && ![text isEqualToString:LocalStr_None]) {
        //取项目的bundleIdentifier作为KEY  改动了此处
        //NSString *key = [[NSBundle mainBundle] bundleIdentifier];
        NSData *data = [text dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
        //IOS 自带DES加密 Begin  改动了此处
        //data = [self DESEncrypt:data WithKey:key];
        //IOS 自带DES加密 End
        return [self base64EncodedStringFrom:data];
    }
    else {
        return LocalStr_None;
    }
}

+ (NSString *)textFromBase64String:(NSString *)base64
{
    if (base64 && ![base64 isEqualToString:LocalStr_None]) {
        //取项目的bundleIdentifier作为KEY   改动了此处
        //NSString *key = [[NSBundle mainBundle] bundleIdentifier];
        NSData *data = [self dataWithBase64EncodedString:base64];
        //IOS 自带DES解密 Begin    改动了此处
        //data = [self DESDecrypt:data WithKey:key];
        //IOS 自带DES加密 End
        return [[NSString alloc] initWithData:data encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    }
    else {
        return LocalStr_None;
    }
}

/******************************************************************************
 函数名称 : + (NSData *)DESEncrypt:(NSData *)data WithKey:(NSString *)key
 函数描述 : 文本数据进行DES加密
 输入参数 : (NSData *)data
 (NSString *)key
 输出参数 : N/A
 返回参数 : (NSData *)
 备注信息 : 此函数不可用于过长文本
 ******************************************************************************/
+ (NSData *)DESEncrypt:(NSData *)data WithKey:(NSString *)key
{
    char keyPtr[kCCKeySizeAES256+1];
    bzero(keyPtr, sizeof(keyPtr));
    
    [key getCString:keyPtr maxLength:sizeof(keyPtr) encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    
    NSUInteger dataLength = [data length];
    
    size_t bufferSize = dataLength + kCCBlockSizeAES128;
    void *buffer = malloc(bufferSize);
    
    size_t numBytesEncrypted = 0;
    CCCryptorStatus cryptStatus = CCCrypt(kCCEncrypt, kCCAlgorithmDES,
                                          kCCOptionPKCS7Padding | kCCOptionECBMode,
                                          keyPtr, kCCBlockSizeDES,
                                          NULL,
                                          [data bytes], dataLength,
                                          buffer, bufferSize,
                                          &numBytesEncrypted);
    if (cryptStatus == kCCSuccess) {
        return [NSData dataWithBytesNoCopy:buffer length:numBytesEncrypted];
    }
    
    free(buffer);
    return nil;
}

/******************************************************************************
 函数名称 : + (NSData *)DESEncrypt:(NSData *)data WithKey:(NSString *)key
 函数描述 : 文本数据进行DES解密
 输入参数 : (NSData *)data
 (NSString *)key
 输出参数 : N/A
 返回参数 : (NSData *)
 备注信息 : 此函数不可用于过长文本
 ******************************************************************************/
+ (NSData *)DESDecrypt:(NSData *)data WithKey:(NSString *)key
{
    char keyPtr[kCCKeySizeAES256+1];
    bzero(keyPtr, sizeof(keyPtr));
    
    [key getCString:keyPtr maxLength:sizeof(keyPtr) encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    
    NSUInteger dataLength = [data length];
    
    size_t bufferSize = dataLength + kCCBlockSizeAES128;
    void *buffer = malloc(bufferSize);
    
    size_t numBytesDecrypted = 0;
    CCCryptorStatus cryptStatus = CCCrypt(kCCDecrypt, kCCAlgorithmDES,
                                          kCCOptionPKCS7Padding | kCCOptionECBMode,
                                          keyPtr, kCCBlockSizeDES,
                                          NULL,
                                          [data bytes], dataLength,
                                          buffer, bufferSize,
                                          &numBytesDecrypted);
    
    if (cryptStatus == kCCSuccess) {
        return [NSData dataWithBytesNoCopy:buffer length:numBytesDecrypted];
    }
    
    free(buffer);
    return nil;
}

/******************************************************************************
 函数名称 : + (NSData *)dataWithBase64EncodedString:(NSString *)string
 函数描述 : base64格式字符串转换为文本数据
 输入参数 : (NSString *)string
 输出参数 : N/A
 返回参数 : (NSData *)
 备注信息 :
 ******************************************************************************/
+ (NSData *)dataWithBase64EncodedString:(NSString *)string
{
    if (string == nil)
        [NSException raise:NSInvalidArgumentException format:nil];
    if ([string length] == 0)
        return [NSData data];
    
    static char *decodingTable = NULL;
    if (decodingTable == NULL)
    {
        decodingTable = malloc(256);
        if (decodingTable == NULL)
            return nil;
        memset(decodingTable, CHAR_MAX, 256);
        NSUInteger i;
        for (i = 0; i < 64; i++)
            decodingTable[(short)encodingTable[i]] = i;
    }
    
    const char *characters = [string cStringUsingEncoding:NSASCIIStringEncoding];
    if (characters == NULL)     //  Not an ASCII string!
        return nil;
    char *bytes = malloc((([string length] + 3) / 4) * 3);
    if (bytes == NULL)
        return nil;
    NSUInteger length = 0;
    
    NSUInteger i = 0;
    while (YES)
    {
        char buffer[4];
        short bufferLength;
        for (bufferLength = 0; bufferLength < 4; i++)
        {
            if (characters[i] == '\0')
                break;
            if (isspace(characters[i]) || characters[i] == '=')
                continue;
            buffer[bufferLength] = decodingTable[(short)characters[i]];
            if (buffer[bufferLength++] == CHAR_MAX)      //  Illegal character!
            {
                free(bytes);
                return nil;
            }
        }
        
        if (bufferLength == 0)
            break;
        if (bufferLength == 1)      //  At least two characters are needed to produce one byte!
        {
            free(bytes);
            return nil;
        }
        
        //  Decode the characters in the buffer to bytes.
        bytes[length++] = (buffer[0] << 2) | (buffer[1] >> 4);
        if (bufferLength > 2)
            bytes[length++] = (buffer[1] << 4) | (buffer[2] >> 2);
        if (bufferLength > 3)
            bytes[length++] = (buffer[2] << 6) | buffer[3];
    }
    
    bytes = realloc(bytes, length);
    return [NSData dataWithBytesNoCopy:bytes length:length];
}

/******************************************************************************
 函数名称 : + (NSString *)base64EncodedStringFrom:(NSData *)data
 函数描述 : 文本数据转换为base64格式字符串
 输入参数 : (NSData *)data
 输出参数 : N/A
 返回参数 : (NSString *)
 备注信息 :
 ******************************************************************************/
+ (NSString *)base64EncodedStringFrom:(NSData *)data
{
    if ([data length] == 0)
        return @"";
    
    char *characters = malloc((([data length] + 2) / 3) * 4);
    if (characters == NULL)
        return nil;
    NSUInteger length = 0;
    
    NSUInteger i = 0;
    while (i < [data length])
    {
        char buffer[3] = {0,0,0};
        short bufferLength = 0;
        while (bufferLength < 3 && i < [data length])
            buffer[bufferLength++] = ((char *)[data bytes])[i++];
        
        //  Encode the bytes in the buffer to four characters, including padding "=" characters if necessary.
        characters[length++] = encodingTable[(buffer[0] & 0xFC) >> 2];
        characters[length++] = encodingTable[((buffer[0] & 0x03) << 4) | ((buffer[1] & 0xF0) >> 4)];
        if (bufferLength > 1)
            characters[length++] = encodingTable[((buffer[1] & 0x0F) << 2) | ((buffer[2] & 0xC0) >> 6)];
        else characters[length++] = '=';
        if (bufferLength > 2)
            characters[length++] = encodingTable[buffer[2] & 0x3F];
        else characters[length++] = '=';
    }
    
    return [[NSString alloc] initWithBytesNoCopy:characters length:length encoding:NSASCIIStringEncoding freeWhenDone:YES];
}


@end</span><span style="font-size: 18px;">
</span>

2.md5+sha1加密:

//md5 encode
+(NSString *) md5:(NSString *)str
{
    const char *cStr = [str UTF8String];
    unsigned char digest[CC_MD5_DIGEST_LENGTH];
    CC_MD5( cStr, (unsigned int)strlen(cStr), digest );
    
    NSMutableString *output = [NSMutableString stringWithCapacity:CC_MD5_DIGEST_LENGTH * 2];
    
    for(int i = 0; i < CC_MD5_DIGEST_LENGTH; i++)
        [output appendFormat:@"%02X", digest[i]];
    
    return output;
}
//sha1 encode
+(NSString*) sha1:(NSString *)str
{
    const char *cstr = [str cStringUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    NSData *data = [NSData dataWithBytes:cstr length:str.length];
    
    uint8_t digest[CC_SHA1_DIGEST_LENGTH];
    
    CC_SHA1(data.bytes, (unsigned int)data.length, digest);
    
    NSMutableString* output = [NSMutableString stringWithCapacity:CC_SHA1_DIGEST_LENGTH * 2];
    
    for(int i = 0; i < CC_SHA1_DIGEST_LENGTH; i++)
        [output appendFormat:@"%02x", digest[i]];
    
    return output;
}

3.aes256位 加密和解密:

#import "NSData+AES256.h"
#define PASSWORD @"feng5.cn12345678"

static const char encodingTable[] = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/";
const NSUInteger kAlgorithmKeySize = kCCKeySizeAES256;
const NSUInteger kPBKDFRounds = 10000;  // ~80ms on an iPhone 4

static Byte saltBuff[] = {0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0xA,0xB,0xC,0xD,0xE,0xF};

static Byte ivBuff[]   = {0xA,1,0xB,5,4,0xF,7,9,0x17,3,1,6,8,0xC,0xD,91};

@implementation NSData (AES256)

+ (NSData *)AESKeyForPassword:(NSString *)password{                  //Derive a key from a text password/passphrase
    
    NSMutableData *derivedKey = [NSMutableData dataWithLength:kAlgorithmKeySize];
    
    NSData *salt = [NSData dataWithBytes:saltBuff length:kCCKeySizeAES128];
    
    int result = CCKeyDerivationPBKDF(kCCPBKDF2,        // algorithm算法
                                  password.UTF8String,  // password密码
                                  password.length,      // passwordLength密码的长度
                                  salt.bytes,           // salt内容
                                  salt.length,          // saltLen长度
                                  kCCPRFHmacAlgSHA1,    // PRF
                                  kPBKDFRounds,         // rounds循环次数
                                  derivedKey.mutableBytes, // derivedKey
                                  derivedKey.length);   // derivedKeyLen derive:出自
    
    NSAssert(result == kCCSuccess,
             @"Unable to create AES key for spassword: %d", result);
    return derivedKey;
}

/*加密方法*/
+ (NSString *)AES256EncryptWithPlainText:(NSString *)plain {
    NSData *plainText = [plain dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
	// 'key' should be 32 bytes for AES256, will be null-padded otherwise
	char keyPtr[kCCKeySizeAES256+1]; // room for terminator (unused)
	bzero(keyPtr, sizeof(keyPtr)); // fill with zeroes (for padding)
        
	NSUInteger dataLength = [plainText length];

	size_t bufferSize = dataLength + kCCBlockSizeAES128;
	void *buffer = malloc(bufferSize);
    bzero(buffer, sizeof(buffer));
	
	size_t numBytesEncrypted = 0;
    
	CCCryptorStatus cryptStatus = CCCrypt(kCCEncrypt, kCCAlgorithmAES128,kCCOptionPKCS7Padding,
                                          [[NSData AESKeyForPassword:PASSWORD] bytes], kCCKeySizeAES256,
										  NULL /* initialization vector (optional) */,
										  [plainText bytes], dataLength, /* input */
										  buffer, bufferSize, /* output */
										  &numBytesEncrypted);
	if (cryptStatus == kCCSuccess) {
        NSData *encryptData = [NSData dataWithBytesNoCopy:buffer length:numBytesEncrypted];
		return [encryptData base64EncodedStringWithOptions:0];
	}
	
	free(buffer); //free the buffer;
	return nil;
}

/*解密方法*/
+ (NSString *)AES256DecryptWithCiphertext:(NSString *)ciphertexts{
    
    NSData *cipherData = [NSData dataWithBase64EncodedString:ciphertexts];
	// 'key' should be 32 bytes for AES256, will be null-padded otherwise
	char keyPtr[kCCKeySizeAES256+1]; // room for terminator (unused)
	bzero(keyPtr, sizeof(keyPtr)); // fill with zeroes (for padding)
	    
	NSUInteger dataLength = [cipherData length];
	
	size_t bufferSize = dataLength + kCCBlockSizeAES128;
	void *buffer = malloc(bufferSize);
	    
	size_t numBytesDecrypted = 0;
	CCCryptorStatus cryptStatus = CCCrypt(kCCDecrypt, kCCAlgorithmAES128, kCCOptionPKCS7Padding,
										  [[NSData AESKeyForPassword:PASSWORD] bytes], kCCKeySizeAES256, 
										  NULL ,/* initialization vector (optional) */
										  [cipherData bytes], dataLength, /* input */
										  buffer, bufferSize, /* output */
										  &numBytesDecrypted);
	
	if (cryptStatus == kCCSuccess) {
        NSData *encryptData = [NSData dataWithBytesNoCopy:buffer length:numBytesDecrypted];
		return [[NSString alloc] initWithData:encryptData encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding] ;
	}
	
	free(buffer); //free the buffer;
	return nil;
}

+ (id)dataWithBase64EncodedString:(NSString *)string;
{
    if (string == nil)
        [NSException raise:NSInvalidArgumentException format:nil];
    if ([string length] == 0)
        return [NSData data];
    
    static char *decodingTable = NULL;
    if (decodingTable == NULL)
    {
        decodingTable = malloc(256);
        if (decodingTable == NULL)
            return nil;
        memset(decodingTable, CHAR_MAX, 256);
        NSUInteger i;
        for (i = 0; i < 64; i++)
            decodingTable[(short)encodingTable[i]] = i;
    }
    
    const char *characters = [string cStringUsingEncoding:NSASCIIStringEncoding];
    if (characters == NULL)     //  Not an ASCII string!
        return nil;
    char *bytes = malloc((([string length] + 3) / 4) * 3);
    if (bytes == NULL)
        return nil;
    NSUInteger length = 0;
    
    NSUInteger i = 0;
    while (YES)
    {
        char buffer[4];
        short bufferLength;
        for (bufferLength = 0; bufferLength < 4; i++)
        {
            if (characters[i] == '\0')
                break;
            if (isspace(characters[i]) || characters[i] == '=')
                continue;
            buffer[bufferLength] = decodingTable[(short)characters[i]];
            if (buffer[bufferLength++] == CHAR_MAX)      //  Illegal character!
            {
                free(bytes);
                return nil;
            }
        }
        
        if (bufferLength == 0)
            break;
        if (bufferLength == 1)      //  At least two characters are needed to produce one byte!
        {
            free(bytes);
            return nil;
        }
        
        //  Decode the characters in the buffer to bytes.
        bytes[length++] = (buffer[0] << 2) | (buffer[1] >> 4);
        if (bufferLength > 2)
            bytes[length++] = (buffer[1] << 4) | (buffer[2] >> 2);
        if (bufferLength > 3)
            bytes[length++] = (buffer[2] << 6) | buffer[3];
    }
    
    bytes = realloc(bytes, length);
    return [NSData dataWithBytesNoCopy:bytes length:length];
}

先记载那么多待续中。。。。。。。。。。。

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