6-51单片机ESP8266学习-AT指令(8266TCP服务器--做自己的AndroidTCP客户端发信息给单片机控制小灯的亮灭)

先把源码和资料链接放到这里

链接: https://pan.baidu.com/s/1jpHZjW_7pQKNfN9G4B6ZjA     密码:nhn3 

先做手机的,然后做C#的

详细点的可以看我这篇文章,这篇文章会解决一些细节问题

http://www.cnblogs.com/yangfengwu/p/5212570.html

咱们不做很复杂的直接越简单越好,就做成这样

先编译一下

不用管,后期的话咱会用一下

最后做成这样子

发现还是有点大..

把像素低的放到像素高的里面图片显示出来会缩小,把像素高的放到像素低的里面图片显示出来会放大

    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        
        imageViewLamp = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView1);
        switchLamp = (Switch) findViewById(R.id.switch1);
        switchLamp.setOnCheckedChangeListener(switchLamplistener);//设置SWITCH的状态改变事件
    }
    private OnCheckedChangeListener switchLamplistener = new OnCheckedChangeListener() {
        @Override
        public void onCheckedChanged(CompoundButton buttonView, boolean isChecked) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
//            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), isChecked+"", 500).show();
            if (isChecked) {//切换图片
                imageViewLamp.setImageResource(R.drawable.ledon);
            }
            else {
                imageViewLamp.setImageResource(R.drawable.ledoff);
            }
        }
    };

现在做点击连接按钮就连接服务器

有点迫不及待的想试一试腾讯云了,

下面做的是:点击连接按钮,连接TCP服务器,连接上以后启动数据接收任务,因为数据接收任务可以判断是不是和服务器断开了连接

然后按钮显示"断开",如果意外断开了连接也显示断开....

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    ImageView imageViewLamp;//灯的图片
    Switch switchLamp;//灯的控制开关
    EditText editTextIPAdress,editTextPort;//ip地址和端口号的编辑框
    Button buttonConnect;//连接按钮
    Socket socket;//cocket
    boolean ConnectFlage = false;//连接标志,控制按钮显示连接和断开
    ThreadConnectService threadConnectService = new ThreadConnectService();//建立一个连接任务的变量
    InputStream inputStream;//获取输入流,可以用来判断有没有断开连接
    ThreadReadData threadReadData = new ThreadReadData();//接收数据的任务的变量
    boolean threadReadDataFlage = false;//接收数据任务一直运行控制
    byte[] ReadBuffer = new byte[1024];//存储接收到的数据
    int ReadBufferLengh = 0;//接收到的数据个数
     
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        
        editTextIPAdress = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText1);
        editTextPort = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText2);
        buttonConnect = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button1);
        buttonConnect.setOnClickListener(buttonConnectClick);
        
        imageViewLamp = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView1);
        switchLamp = (Switch) findViewById(R.id.switch1);
        switchLamp.setOnCheckedChangeListener(switchLamplistener);
    }
    /*指示灯控制开关*/
    private OnCheckedChangeListener switchLamplistener = new OnCheckedChangeListener() {
        @Override
        public void onCheckedChanged(CompoundButton buttonView, boolean isChecked) {
            if (isChecked) {
                imageViewLamp.setImageResource(R.drawable.ledon);
            }
            else {
                imageViewLamp.setImageResource(R.drawable.ledoff);
            }
        }
    };
    
    /*按钮点击连接事件*/
    private OnClickListener buttonConnectClick = new OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {
            if (ConnectFlage) 
            {
                try {
                    threadConnectService.start();//启动连接任务
                }
                catch (Exception e) //预防任务还没关闭呢又点击开始
                {
                    threadConnectService.run();
                }
            }
            else 
            {
                ConnectFlage = true;
                buttonConnect.setText("连接");
                try 
                {
                    socket.close();//关闭socket
                    inputStream.close();//关闭数据流
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    // TODO: handle exception
                }
            }
        }
    };
    
    /**
     * 连接服务器的任务
     * @author yang
     *
     */
    class ThreadConnectService extends Thread
    {
        public void run()
        {
            InetAddress ipAddress;
            try 
            {
                ipAddress = InetAddress.getByName(editTextIPAdress.getText().toString());//获取IP地址
                int port =Integer.valueOf(editTextPort.getText().toString());//获取端口号 
                socket = new Socket(ipAddress, port);//创建连接地址和端口
                inputStream = socket.getInputStream();//获得通道的数据流变量
                threadReadDataFlage = true;//一直接收数据
                try 
                {
                    threadReadData.start();
                }
                catch (Exception e) {//预防任务还没关闭呢又点击开始
                    threadReadData.run();
                }
                
                runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {//修改界面的UI最好用Handle,这里力求简单,下几节再用
                    public void run() {
                        ConnectFlage = false;
                        buttonConnect.setText("断开");
                        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "连接成功", 500).show();
                    }
                });
            } 
            catch (Exception e) 
            {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * 接收数据的任务
     * @author yang
     *
     */
    class ThreadReadData extends Thread
    {
        public void run()
        {
            while (threadReadDataFlage)
            {
                try 
                {
                    ReadBufferLengh = inputStream.read(ReadBuffer);//服务器断开会返回-1
                    if (ReadBufferLengh == -1) {
                        threadReadDataFlage = false;
                        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {//修改界面的UI最好用Handle,这里力求简单,下几节再用
                            public void run() {
                                ConnectFlage = true;
                                buttonConnect.setText("连接");
                                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "与服务器断开连接", 500).show();
                            }
                        });
                    }
                } 
                catch (Exception e) 
                {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    Log.e("error", ReadBufferLengh+"");
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
    }
    
    /** 当活动(界面)不再可见时调用 */
    @Override
    protected void onStop() 
    {
        threadReadDataFlage = false;//结束接收数据任务
        super.onStop();
    }
    
    
    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        int id = item.getItemId();
        if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
            return true;
        }
        return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
    }
}

 忘了说一件事情....加权限

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.yfw456.tcpclientdemo"
    android:versionCode="1"
    android:versionName="1.0" >

    <!--     获取手机信息权限 -->  
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"></uses-permission>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" ></uses-permission>"
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CHANGE_NETWORK_STATE"></uses-permission>  
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CHANGE_CONFIGURATION" /> 
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" />  
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE"/>
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WAKE_LOCK"/>
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CHANGE_WIFI_STATE"/>
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.VIBRATE" />
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS" />
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CHANGE_WIFI_MULTICAST_STATE">
     </uses-permission>
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RECEIVE_SMS"/>
    
    <uses-sdk
        android:minSdkVersion="17"
        android:targetSdkVersion="21" />

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >

我把上面做的打包了

好现在接着写发数据(控制灯的亮灭)

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    ImageView imageViewLamp;//灯的图片
    Switch switchLamp;//灯的控制开关
    EditText editTextIPAdress,editTextPort;//ip地址和端口号的编辑框
    Button buttonConnect;//连接按钮
    Socket socket;//cocket
    boolean ConnectFlage = true;//连接标志,控制按钮显示连接和断开
    ThreadConnectService threadConnectService = new ThreadConnectService();//建立一个连接任务的变量
    InputStream inputStream;//获取输入流,可以用来判断有没有断开连接
    OutputStream outputStream;//获得输出流
    ThreadReadData threadReadData = new ThreadReadData();//接收数据的任务
    ThreadSendData threadSendData = new ThreadSendData();//发送数据的任务
    boolean threadReadDataFlage = false;//接收数据任务一直运行控制
    boolean threadSendDataFlage = false;//接收数据任务一直运行控制
    byte[] ReadBuffer = new byte[1024];//存储接收到的数据
    byte[] SendBuffer = new byte[1024];//存储发送的数据
    int ReadBufferLengh = 0;
        
    int SendDataCnt = 0;//控制发送数据的个数
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        
        editTextIPAdress = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText1);
        editTextPort = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText2);
        buttonConnect = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button1);
        buttonConnect.setOnClickListener(buttonConnectClick);
        
        imageViewLamp = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView1);
        switchLamp = (Switch) findViewById(R.id.switch1);
        switchLamp.setOnCheckedChangeListener(switchLamplistener);
    }
    /*指示灯控制开关*/
    private OnCheckedChangeListener switchLamplistener = new OnCheckedChangeListener() {
        @Override
        public void onCheckedChanged(CompoundButton buttonView, boolean isChecked) {
            
            if (isChecked) {
                imageViewLamp.setImageResource(R.drawable.ledon);
                SendBuffer[0] = (byte) 0xaa;
                SendBuffer[1] = 0x55;
                SendBuffer[2] = 0x02;
                SendBuffer[3] = (byte) 0xff;
            }
            else {
                imageViewLamp.setImageResource(R.drawable.ledoff);
                SendBuffer[0] = (byte) 0xaa;
                SendBuffer[1] = 0x55;
                SendBuffer[2] = 0x02;
                SendBuffer[3] = 0x00;
            }
            SendDataCnt = 4;//控制发送数据的个数
        }
    };
    
    /*按钮点击连接事件*/
    private OnClickListener buttonConnectClick = new OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {
            if (ConnectFlage) 
            {
                try 
                {
                    threadConnectService.start();//启动连接任务
                }
                catch (Exception e) //预防任务还没关闭呢又点击开始
                {
                    threadConnectService.run();
                }
            }
            else 
            {
                ConnectFlage = true;
                threadSendDataFlage = false;//关掉发送任务,预防产生多的任务
                threadReadDataFlage = false;//关掉接收任务,预防产生多的任务
                buttonConnect.setText("连接");
                try 
                {
                    socket.close();//关闭socket
                    inputStream.close();//关闭数据流
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    // TODO: handle exception
                }
            }
        }
    };
    
    /**
     * 连接服务器的任务
     * @author yang
     *
     */
    class ThreadConnectService extends Thread
    {
        public void run()
        {
            InetAddress ipAddress;
            try 
            {
                ipAddress = InetAddress.getByName(editTextIPAdress.getText().toString());//获取IP地址
                int port =Integer.valueOf(editTextPort.getText().toString());//获取端口号 
                socket = new Socket(ipAddress, port);//创建连接地址和端口
                inputStream = socket.getInputStream();//获得通道的数据流
                outputStream = socket.getOutputStream();//获得通道的输出流
                threadReadDataFlage = true;//一直接收数据
                threadSendDataFlage = true;//一直循环的判断是否发送数据
                
                try 
                {
                    threadReadData.start();
                }
                catch (Exception e) {//预防任务还没关闭呢又点击开始
                    threadReadData.run();
                }
                
                try {
                    threadSendData.start();
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    threadSendData.run();
                }
                
                runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {//修改界面的UI最好用Handle,这里力求简单,下几节再用
                    public void run() {
                        ConnectFlage = false;
                        buttonConnect.setText("断开");
                        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "连接成功", 500).show();
                    }
                });
            } 
            catch (Exception e) 
            {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * 接收数据的任务
     * @author yang
     *
     */
    class ThreadReadData extends Thread
    {
        public void run()
        {
            while (threadReadDataFlage)
            {
                try 
                {
                    ReadBufferLengh = inputStream.read(ReadBuffer);//服务器断开会返回-1
                    if (ReadBufferLengh == -1) {
                        threadSendDataFlage = false;//关掉发送任务,预防产生多的任务
                        threadReadDataFlage = false;//关掉接收任务,预防产生多的任务
                        SendDataCnt = 0;//清零发送的个数
                        ConnectFlage = true;
                        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {//修改界面的UI最好用Handle,这里力求简单,下几节再用
                            public void run() {
                                buttonConnect.setText("连接");
                                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "与服务器断开连接", 500).show();
                            }
                        });
                    }
                } 
                catch (Exception e) 
                {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    Log.e("error", ReadBufferLengh+"");
                    e.printStackTrace();
                    runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {//修改界面的UI最好用Handle,这里力求简单,下几节再用
                        public void run() {
                            buttonConnect.setText("连接");
                            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "与服务器断开连接", 500).show();
                        }
                    });
                    ConnectFlage = true;
                    threadSendDataFlage = false;//关掉发送任务,预防产生多的任务
                    threadReadDataFlage = false;//关掉接收任务,预防产生多的任务
                    SendDataCnt = 0;//清零发送的个数
                }
            }
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * 发送数据任务
     * @author yang
     *
     */
    class ThreadSendData extends Thread
    {
        public void run()
        {
            while (threadSendDataFlage)
            {
                if (SendDataCnt>0) //要发送的数据个数大于0
                {
                    try 
                    {
                        outputStream.write(SendBuffer,0,SendDataCnt);//发送数据
                        SendDataCnt = 0;//清零发送的个数
                    } 
                    catch (Exception e) 
                    {
                        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {//修改界面的UI最好用Handle,这里力求简单,下几节再用
                            public void run() {
                                buttonConnect.setText("连接");
                                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "与服务器断开连接", 500).show();
                            }
                        });
                        ConnectFlage = true;
                        threadSendDataFlage = false;//关掉发送任务,预防产生多的任务
                        threadReadDataFlage = false;//关掉接收任务,预防产生多的任务
                        SendDataCnt = 0;
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
    
    
    /** 当活动(界面)不再可见时调用 */
    @Override
    protected void onStop() 
    {
        threadReadDataFlage = false;//结束接收数据任务
        threadSendDataFlage = false;//结束发送数据任务
        SendDataCnt = 0;
        super.onStop();
    }
    
    
    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        int id = item.getItemId();
        if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
            return true;
        }
        return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
    }
}

发送数据是写在了一个任务里面

整体的源码

本来想这一节也写好C#的,不过感觉写的够多的了,所以C#的放到下一节

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