专栏首页后台及大数据开发Nexus私服搭建使用及发布jar包到私服上供团队其他成员使用

Nexus私服搭建使用及发布jar包到私服上供团队其他成员使用

1.下载maven解压到指定目录,并配置环境变量 M2_HOME为maven解压目录

2.path中增加 %M2_HOME%\bin, 并确认 mvn -v 正确

3.下载nexus http://www.sonatype.org/nexus/archived/ 解压到指定目录

4.根据部署系统,执行D:\soft\nexus-2.12.0-01-bundle\nexus-2.12.0-01\bin\jsw\windows-x86-64\console-nexus.bat  【我用的是win7 64位】

5.确认http://localhost:8081/nexus/ 能正常访问

6.用admin/admin123登录(为了安全,请及时修改密码)

7.打开 repositories 并选中 central 下 configuration选项卡,设置Download Remote Indexes 为true并保存

8.选中 central 并右键,点击 repair index (过段时间在browse index中查看)

9.根据需要就可以选中 3rd party下的artifact upload上传私有的jar包了,完毕可以看到对应的artifact xml

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.xiaochangwei</groupId>
  <artifactId>nexus-demo</artifactId>
  <version>0.01</version>
</dependency>

10.修改maven的setting.xml

  <mirrors>
    <mirror>  
      <id>nexus-public-snapshots</id>  
      <mirrorOf>public-snapshots</mirrorOf>  
      <url>http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/groups/public-snapshots</url>  
    </mirror>  
    <mirror>  
      <!--This sends everything else to /public -->  
      <id>nexus</id>  
      <mirrorOf>*</mirrorOf>  
      <url>http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/groups/public</url>  
    </mirror>
  </mirrors>

11.然后就可以在项目中使用搭建好的私服了。

下面讲发布公司项目jar包到私服供团队成员使用

1.在项目pom中增加发布地址

<distributionManagement>
        <repository>
            <id>user-release</id>
            <name>user release version</name>
            <url>http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/repositories/releases/</url>
        </repository>
        <snapshotRepository>
            <id>user-snapshots</id>
            <name>user snapshots version</name>
            <url>http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/repositories/snapshots/</url>
        </snapshotRepository>
    </distributionManagement>

2.修改maven的settings.xml

#定义profile并制定默认激活项

  <profiles>
    <profile>  
      <id>development</id>  
      <repositories>  
        <repository>  
          <id>central</id>  
          <url>http://central</url>  
          <releases><enabled>true</enabled></releases>  
          <snapshots><enabled>true</enabled></snapshots>  
        </repository>  
      </repositories>  
     <pluginRepositories>  
        <pluginRepository>  
          <id>central</id>  
          <url>http://central</url>  
          <releases><enabled>true</enabled></releases>  
          <snapshots><enabled>true</enabled></snapshots>  
        </pluginRepository>  
      </pluginRepositories>  
    </profile> 
  </profiles>

  <!-- activeProfiles
   | List of profiles that are active for all builds.
   |
  <activeProfiles>
    <activeProfile>alwaysActiveProfile</activeProfile>
    <activeProfile>anotherAlwaysActiveProfile</activeProfile>
  </activeProfiles>
  -->
  <activeProfiles>  
    <activeProfile>development</activeProfile>  
  </activeProfiles>

#定义用户认证

  <servers> 
   <server>
      <id>user-release</id>
      <username>deployment</username>
      <password>deployment123</password>
    </server>
    
    <server>
      <id>user-snapshots</id>
      <username>deployment</username>
      <password>deployment123</password>
    </server>
  </servers>

需要注意的是,这里的id和 第1步的id要完全一致

完整的settins文件如下

  1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
  2 
  3 <!--
  4 Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
  5 or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
  6 distributed with this work for additional information
  7 regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
  8 to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
  9 "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 10 with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 11 
 12     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 13 
 14 Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 15 software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 16 "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 17 KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
 18 specific language governing permissions and limitations
 19 under the License.
 20 -->
 21 
 22 <!--
 23  | This is the configuration file for Maven. It can be specified at two levels:
 24  |
 25  |  1. User Level. This settings.xml file provides configuration for a single user,
 26  |                 and is normally provided in ${user.home}/.m2/settings.xml.
 27  |
 28  |                 NOTE: This location can be overridden with the CLI option:
 29  |
 30  |                 -s /path/to/user/settings.xml
 31  |
 32  |  2. Global Level. This settings.xml file provides configuration for all Maven
 33  |                 users on a machine (assuming they're all using the same Maven
 34  |                 installation). It's normally provided in
 35  |                 ${maven.home}/conf/settings.xml.
 36  |
 37  |                 NOTE: This location can be overridden with the CLI option:
 38  |
 39  |                 -gs /path/to/global/settings.xml
 40  |
 41  | The sections in this sample file are intended to give you a running start at
 42  | getting the most out of your Maven installation. Where appropriate, the default
 43  | values (values used when the setting is not specified) are provided.
 44  |
 45  |-->
 46 <settings xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.0.0"
 47           xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 48           xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/settings-1.0.0.xsd">
 49   <!-- localRepository
 50    | The path to the local repository maven will use to store artifacts.
 51    |
 52    | Default: ${user.home}/.m2/repository-->
 53   <localRepository>D:\soft\apache-maven-3.3.9\repository</localRepository>
 54   
 55 
 56   <!-- interactiveMode
 57    | This will determine whether maven prompts you when it needs input. If set to false,
 58    | maven will use a sensible default value, perhaps based on some other setting, for
 59    | the parameter in question.
 60    |
 61    | Default: true
 62   <interactiveMode>true</interactiveMode>
 63   -->
 64 
 65   <!-- offline
 66    | Determines whether maven should attempt to connect to the network when executing a build.
 67    | This will have an effect on artifact downloads, artifact deployment, and others.
 68    |
 69    | Default: false
 70   <offline>false</offline>
 71   -->
 72 
 73   <!-- pluginGroups
 74    | This is a list of additional group identifiers that will be searched when resolving plugins by their prefix, i.e.
 75    | when invoking a command line like "mvn prefix:goal". Maven will automatically add the group identifiers
 76    | "org.apache.maven.plugins" and "org.codehaus.mojo" if these are not already contained in the list.
 77    |-->
 78   <pluginGroups>
 79     <!-- pluginGroup
 80      | Specifies a further group identifier to use for plugin lookup.
 81     <pluginGroup>com.your.plugins</pluginGroup>
 82     -->
 83   </pluginGroups>
 84 
 85   <!-- proxies
 86    | This is a list of proxies which can be used on this machine to connect to the network.
 87    | Unless otherwise specified (by system property or command-line switch), the first proxy
 88    | specification in this list marked as active will be used.
 89    |-->
 90   <proxies>
 91     <!-- proxy
 92      | Specification for one proxy, to be used in connecting to the network.
 93      |
 94     <proxy>
 95       <id>optional</id>
 96       <active>true</active>
 97       <protocol>http</protocol>
 98       <username>proxyuser</username>
 99       <password>proxypass</password>
100       <host>proxy.host.net</host>
101       <port>80</port>
102       <nonProxyHosts>local.net|some.host.com</nonProxyHosts>
103     </proxy>
104     -->
105   </proxies>
106 
107   <!-- servers
108    | This is a list of authentication profiles, keyed by the server-id used within the system.
109    | Authentication profiles can be used whenever maven must make a connection to a remote server.
110    |-->
111   <servers>
112     <!-- server
113      | Specifies the authentication information to use when connecting to a particular server, identified by
114      | a unique name within the system (referred to by the 'id' attribute below).
115      |
116      | NOTE: You should either specify username/password OR privateKey/passphrase, since these pairings are
117      |       used together.
118      |
119     <server>
120       <id>adxNexus</id>
121       <username>admin</username>
122       <password>123456</password>
123     </server>
124     
125     -->
126     <!-- Another sample, using keys to authenticate.
127     <server>
128       <id>siteServer</id>
129       <privateKey>/path/to/private/key</privateKey>
130       <passphrase>optional; leave empty if not used.</passphrase>
131     </server>
132     -->
133     <server>
134       <id>user-release</id>
135       <username>deployment</username>
136       <password>deployment123</password>
137     </server>
138     
139     <server>
140       <id>user-snapshots</id>
141       <username>deployment</username>
142       <password>deployment123</password>
143     </server>
144   </servers>
145 
146   <!-- mirrors
147    | This is a list of mirrors to be used in downloading artifacts from remote repositories.
148    |
149    | It works like this: a POM may declare a repository to use in resolving certain artifacts.
150    | However, this repository may have problems with heavy traffic at times, so people have mirrored
151    | it to several places.
152    |
153    | That repository definition will have a unique id, so we can create a mirror reference for that
154    | repository, to be used as an alternate download site. The mirror site will be the preferred
155    | server for that repository.
156    |-->
157   <mirrors>
158     <!-- mirror
159      | Specifies a repository mirror site to use instead of a given repository. The repository that
160      | this mirror serves has an ID that matches the mirrorOf element of this mirror. IDs are used
161      | for inheritance and direct lookup purposes, and must be unique across the set of mirrors.
162      |
163      -->
164     <mirror>  
165       <!--This is used to direct the public snapshots repo in the   
166           profile below over to a different nexus group -->  
167       <id>nexus-public-snapshots</id>  
168       <mirrorOf>public-snapshots</mirrorOf>  
169       <url>http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/groups/public-snapshots</url>  
170     </mirror>  
171     <mirror>  
172       <!--This sends everything else to /public -->  
173       <id>nexus</id>  
174       <mirrorOf>*</mirrorOf>  
175       <url>http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/groups/public</url>  
176     </mirror>
177      
178   </mirrors>
179 
180   <!-- profiles
181    | This is a list of profiles which can be activated in a variety of ways, and which can modify
182    | the build process. Profiles provided in the settings.xml are intended to provide local machine-
183    | specific paths and repository locations which allow the build to work in the local environment.
184    |
185    | For example, if you have an integration testing plugin - like cactus - that needs to know where
186    | your Tomcat instance is installed, you can provide a variable here such that the variable is
187    | dereferenced during the build process to configure the cactus plugin.
188    |
189    | As noted above, profiles can be activated in a variety of ways. One way - the activeProfiles
190    | section of this document (settings.xml) - will be discussed later. Another way essentially
191    | relies on the detection of a system property, either matching a particular value for the property,
192    | or merely testing its existence. Profiles can also be activated by JDK version prefix, where a
193    | value of '1.4' might activate a profile when the build is executed on a JDK version of '1.4.2_07'.
194    | Finally, the list of active profiles can be specified directly from the command line.
195    |
196    | NOTE: For profiles defined in the settings.xml, you are restricted to specifying only artifact
197    |       repositories, plugin repositories, and free-form properties to be used as configuration
198    |       variables for plugins in the POM.
199    |
200    |-->
201   <profiles>
202     <!-- profile
203      | Specifies a set of introductions to the build process, to be activated using one or more of the
204      | mechanisms described above. For inheritance purposes, and to activate profiles via <activatedProfiles/>
205      | or the command line, profiles have to have an ID that is unique.
206      |
207      | An encouraged best practice for profile identification is to use a consistent naming convention
208      | for profiles, such as 'env-dev', 'env-test', 'env-production', 'user-jdcasey', 'user-brett', etc.
209      | This will make it more intuitive to understand what the set of introduced profiles is attempting
210      | to accomplish, particularly when you only have a list of profile id's for debug.
211      |
212      | This profile example uses the JDK version to trigger activation, and provides a JDK-specific repo.
213     -->
214     
215 
216     <!--
217      | Here is another profile, activated by the system property 'target-env' with a value of 'dev',
218      | which provides a specific path to the Tomcat instance. To use this, your plugin configuration
219      | might hypothetically look like:
220      |
221      | ...
222      | <plugin>
223      |   <groupId>org.myco.myplugins</groupId>
224      |   <artifactId>myplugin</artifactId>
225      |
226      |   <configuration>
227      |     <tomcatLocation>${tomcatPath}</tomcatLocation>
228      |   </configuration>
229      | </plugin>
230      | ...
231      |
232      | NOTE: If you just wanted to inject this configuration whenever someone set 'target-env' to
233      |       anything, you could just leave off the <value/> inside the activation-property.
234      |
235     <profile>
236       <id>env-dev</id>
237 
238       <activation>
239         <property>
240           <name>target-env</name>
241           <value>dev</value>
242         </property>
243       </activation>
244 
245       <properties>
246         <tomcatPath>/path/to/tomcat/instance</tomcatPath>
247       </properties>
248     </profile>
249     -->
250     <profile>  
251       <id>development</id>  
252       <repositories>  
253         <repository>  
254           <id>central</id>  
255           <url>http://central</url>  
256           <releases><enabled>true</enabled></releases>  
257           <snapshots><enabled>true</enabled></snapshots>  
258         </repository>  
259       </repositories>  
260      <pluginRepositories>  
261         <pluginRepository>  
262           <id>central</id>  
263           <url>http://central</url>  
264           <releases><enabled>true</enabled></releases>  
265           <snapshots><enabled>true</enabled></snapshots>  
266         </pluginRepository>  
267       </pluginRepositories>  
268     </profile> 
269   </profiles>
270 
271   <!-- activeProfiles
272    | List of profiles that are active for all builds.
273    |
274   <activeProfiles>
275     <activeProfile>alwaysActiveProfile</activeProfile>
276     <activeProfile>anotherAlwaysActiveProfile</activeProfile>
277   </activeProfiles>
278   -->
279   <activeProfiles>  
280     <activeProfile>development</activeProfile>  
281   </activeProfiles>
282 </settings>

验证发布:

pom如下

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.xiaochangwei</groupId>
    <artifactId>nexus-deploy-demo</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.9527-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>nexus</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>3.8.1</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <!-- 发布项目的配置 -->
    <distributionManagement>
        <repository>
            <id>user-release</id>
            <name>user release version</name>
            <url>http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/repositories/releases/</url>
        </repository>
        <snapshotRepository>
            <id>user-snapshots</id>
            <name>user snapshots version</name>
            <url>http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/repositories/snapshots/</url>
        </snapshotRepository>
    </distributionManagement>
</project>

进入项目根目录,执行mvn clean deploy

执行成功后打开nexus查看

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