Linux Nginx安装以及可能出现错误 原

解压并转到目录下 tar -zxvf nginx-1.9.15.tar.gz cd nginx-1.9.15 设置一下配置信息 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx ,或者不执行此步,直接默认配置 编译安装 make make install make的过程是把各种语言写的源码文件,变成可执行文件和各种库文件; make install是把这些编译出来的可执行文件和库文件复制到合适的地方。 可能出现错误在配置信息./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx 的时,出现错误: /configure: error: the HTTP rewrite module requires the PCRE library. 解决方法:安装pcre yum -y install pcre pcre-devel -y 是跳过所有需要手动确认的环节 缺少ssl错误,错误信息如下: ./configure: error: the HTTP cache module requires md5 functions from OpenSSL library. You can either disable the module by using --without-http-cache option, or install the OpenSSL library into the system, or build the OpenSSL library statically from the source with nginx by using --with-http_ssl_module --with-openssl=<path> options. 解决方法:安装openssl yum -y install openssl openssl-devel 缺少编译器,错误信息如下: ./configure: error: C compiler cc is not found 解决方法:安装gcc-c++ yum -y install gcc-c++ autoconf automake autoconf是自动配置,automake是自动编译 缺少zlib包,错误信息如下: ./configure: error: the HTTP gzip module requires the zlib library. You can either disable the module by using –without-http_gzip_module option, or install the zlib library into the system, or build the zlib library statically from the source with nginx by using –with-zlib=<path> option. 解决方法:安装zlib yum install -y zlib-devel 确实libxml2,错误信息如下: ./configure: error: the HTTP XSLT module requires the libxml2/libxslt libraries. You can either do not enable the module or install the libraries. 解决方法: yum -y install libxml2 libxml2-dev yum -y install libxslt-devel http_image_filter_module是nginx提供的集成图片处理模块,需要gd-devel的支持,错误信息如下: ./configure: error: the HTTP image filter module requires the GD library. You can either do not enable the module or install the libraries. 解决方法: yum -y install gd-devel 缺少ExtUtils,错误信息如下: ./configure: error: perl module ExtUtils::Embed is required 解决方法: yum -y install perl-devel perl-ExtUtils-Embed 缺少GeoIP,错误信息如下: ./configure: error: the GeoIP module requires the GeoIP library. You can either do not enable the module or install the library. 解决方法: yum -y install GeoIP GeoIP-devel GeoIP-data 安装完成后启动安装成功后 /usr/local/nginx 目录下如下 fastcgi.conf koi-win nginx.conf.default fastcgi.conf.default logs scgi_params fastcgi_params mime.types scgi_params.default fastcgi_params.default mime.types.default uwsgi_params html nginx uwsgi_params.default koi-utf nginx.conf win-utf 启动 确保系统的 80 端口没被其他程序占用,运行/usr/local/nginx/nginx 命令来启动 Nginx, netstat -ano|grep 80 如果查不到结果后执行,有结果则忽略此步骤(ubuntu下必须用sudo启动,不然只能在前台运行) sudo /usr/local/nginx/nginx 打开浏览器访问此机器的 IP,如果浏览器出现 Welcome to nginx! 则表示 Nginx 已经安装并运行成功。

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