pywin32模拟鼠标键盘操作

  • keybd_event(bVk, bScan, dwFlags, dwExtraInfo)

第一个参数:虚拟键码(键盘键码对照表见附录);

第二个参数:硬件扫描码,一般设置为0即可;

第三个参数:函数操作的一个标志位,如果值为KEYEVENTF_EXTENDEDKEY则该键被按下,也可设置为0即可,如果值为KEYEVENTF_KEYUP则该按键被释放;

第四个参数:定义与击键相关的附加的32位值,一般设置为0即可。

例子:

import win32api

import win32con
win32api.keybd_event(13,0,0,0)     # enter
win32api.keybd_event(13,0,win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP,0)  #释放按键

键盘键码对照表:

按键

键码

按键

键码

按键

键码

按键

键码

A

65

6(数字键盘)

102

;

59

:

58

B

66

7(数字键盘)

103

=

61

+

43

C

67

8(数字键盘)

104

,

44

<

60

D

68

9(数字键盘)

105

-

45

_

95

E

69

*

106

.

46

>

62

F

70

!

33

/

47

?

63

G

71

Enter

13

`

96

~

126

H

72

@

64

[

91

{

123

I

73

#

35

\

92

|

124

J

74

$

36

}

125

]

93

K

75

F1

112

a

97

b

98

L

76

F2

113

c

99

d

100

M

77

F3

114

e

101

f

102

N

78

F4

115

g

103

h

104

O

79

F5

116

i

105

j

106

P

80

F6

117

k

107

l

108

Q

81

F7

118

m

109

n

110

R

82

F8

119

o

111

p

112

S

83

F9

120

q

113

r

114

T

84

F10

121

s

115

t

116

U

85

F11

122

u

117

v

118

V

86

F12

123

w

119

x

120

W

87

Backspace

8

y

121

z

122

X

88

Tab

9

0(数字键盘)

96

Up Arrow

38

Y

89

Clear

12

1(数字键盘)

97

Right Arrow

39

Z

90

Shift

16

2(数字键盘)

98

Down Arrow

40

0(小键盘)

48

Control

17

3(数字键盘)

99

Insert

45

1(小键盘)

49

Alt

18

4(数字键盘)

100

Delete

46

2(小键盘)

50

Cap Lock

20

5(数字键盘)

101

Num Lock

144

3(小键盘)

51

Esc

27

2(数字键盘)

98

Down Arrow

40

4(小键盘)

52

Spacebar

32

3(数字键盘)

99

Insert

45

5(小键盘)

53

Page Up

33

4(数字键盘)

100

Delete

46

6(小键盘)

54

Page Down

34

5(数字键盘)

101

Num Lock

144

7(小键盘)

55

End

35

8(小键盘)

56

Home

36

9(小键盘)

57

Left Arrow

37

# _*_ coding:UTF-8 _*_
import win32api
import win32con
import win32gui
from ctypes import *
import time
VK_CODE = {
  'backspace':0x08,
  'tab':0x09,
  'clear':0x0C,
  'enter':0x0D,
  'shift':0x10,
  'ctrl':0x11,
  'alt':0x12,
  'pause':0x13,
  'caps_lock':0x14,
  'esc':0x1B,
  'spacebar':0x20,
  'page_up':0x21,
  'page_down':0x22,
  'end':0x23,
  'home':0x24,
  'left_arrow':0x25,
  'up_arrow':0x26,
  'right_arrow':0x27,
  'down_arrow':0x28,
  'select':0x29,
  'print':0x2A,
  'execute':0x2B,
  'print_screen':0x2C,
  'ins':0x2D,
  'del':0x2E,
  'help':0x2F,
  '0':0x30,
  '1':0x31,
  '2':0x32,
  '3':0x33,
  '4':0x34,
  '5':0x35,
  '6':0x36,
  '7':0x37,
  '8':0x38,
  '9':0x39,
  'a':0x41,
  'b':0x42,
  'c':0x43,
  'd':0x44,
  'e':0x45,
  'f':0x46,
  'g':0x47,
  'h':0x48,
  'i':0x49,
  'j':0x4A,
  'k':0x4B,
  'l':0x4C,
  'm':0x4D,
  'n':0x4E,
  'o':0x4F,
  'p':0x50,
  'q':0x51,
  'r':0x52,
  's':0x53,
  't':0x54,
  'u':0x55,
  'v':0x56,
  'w':0x57,
  'x':0x58,
  'y':0x59,
  'z':0x5A,
  'numpad_0':0x60,
  'numpad_1':0x61,
  'numpad_2':0x62,
  'numpad_3':0x63,
  'numpad_4':0x64,
  'numpad_5':0x65,
  'numpad_6':0x66,
  'numpad_7':0x67,
  'numpad_8':0x68,
  'numpad_9':0x69,
  'multiply_key':0x6A,
  'add_key':0x6B,
  'separator_key':0x6C,
  'subtract_key':0x6D,
  'decimal_key':0x6E,
  'divide_key':0x6F,
  'F1':0x70,
  'F2':0x71,
  'F3':0x72,
  'F4':0x73,
  'F5':0x74,
  'F6':0x75,
  'F7':0x76,
  'F8':0x77,
  'F9':0x78,
  'F10':0x79,
  'F11':0x7A,
  'F12':0x7B,
  'F13':0x7C,
  'F14':0x7D,
  'F15':0x7E,
  'F16':0x7F,
  'F17':0x80,
  'F18':0x81,
  'F19':0x82,
  'F20':0x83,
  'F21':0x84,
  'F22':0x85,
  'F23':0x86,
  'F24':0x87,
  'num_lock':0x90,
  'scroll_lock':0x91,
  'left_shift':0xA0,
  'right_shift ':0xA1,
  'left_control':0xA2,
  'right_control':0xA3,
  'left_menu':0xA4,
  'right_menu':0xA5,
  'browser_back':0xA6,
  'browser_forward':0xA7,
  'browser_refresh':0xA8,
  'browser_stop':0xA9,
  'browser_search':0xAA,
  'browser_favorites':0xAB,
  'browser_start_and_home':0xAC,
  'volume_mute':0xAD,
  'volume_Down':0xAE,
  'volume_up':0xAF,
  'next_track':0xB0,
  'previous_track':0xB1,
  'stop_media':0xB2,
  'play/pause_media':0xB3,
  'start_mail':0xB4,
  'select_media':0xB5,
  'start_application_1':0xB6,
  'start_application_2':0xB7,
  'attn_key':0xF6,
  'crsel_key':0xF7,
  'exsel_key':0xF8,
  'play_key':0xFA,
  'zoom_key':0xFB,
  'clear_key':0xFE,
  '+':0xBB,
  ',':0xBC,
  '-':0xBD,
  '.':0xBE,
  '/':0xBF,
  ';':0xBA,
  '[':0xDB,
  '\\':0xDC,
  ']':0xDD,
  "'":0xDE,
  '`':0xC0}
class POINT(Structure):
  _fields_ = [("x", c_ulong),("y", c_ulong)]
def get_mouse_point():
  po = POINT()
  windll.user32.GetCursorPos(byref(po))
  return int(po.x), int(po.y)
def mouse_click(x=None,y=None):
  if not x is None and not y is None:
    mouse_move(x,y)
    time.sleep(0.05)
  win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTDOWN, 0, 0, 0, 0)
  win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTUP, 0, 0, 0, 0)
def mouse_dclick(x=None,y=None):
  if not x is None and not y is None:
    mouse_move(x,y)
    time.sleep(0.05)
  win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTDOWN, 0, 0, 0, 0)
  win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTUP, 0, 0, 0, 0)
  win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTDOWN, 0, 0, 0, 0)
  win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTUP, 0, 0, 0, 0)
def mouse_move(x,y):
  windll.user32.SetCursorPos(x, y)
def key_input(str=''):
  for c in str:
    win32api.keybd_event(VK_CODE[c],0,0,0)
    win32api.keybd_event(VK_CODE[c],0,win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP,0)
    time.sleep(0.01)
if __name__ == "__main__":
  mouse_click(1024,470)
  str = 'hello'
  key_input(str)

学习文档:http://timgolden.me.uk/pywin32-docs/win32api.html

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