聊聊Elasticsearch的CircuitBreakerService

本文主要研究一下Elasticsearch的CircuitBreakerService

CircuitBreakerService

elasticsearch-7.0.1/server/src/main/java/org/elasticsearch/indices/breaker/CircuitBreakerService.java

/**
 * Interface for Circuit Breaker services, which provide breakers to classes
 * that load field data.
 */
public abstract class CircuitBreakerService extends AbstractLifecycleComponent {
    private static final Logger logger = LogManager.getLogger(CircuitBreakerService.class);

    protected CircuitBreakerService() {
    }

    /**
     * Allows to register of a custom circuit breaker.
     */
    public abstract void registerBreaker(BreakerSettings breakerSettings);

    /**
     * @return the breaker that can be used to register estimates against
     */
    public abstract CircuitBreaker getBreaker(String name);

    /**
     * @return stats about all breakers
     */
    public abstract AllCircuitBreakerStats stats();

    /**
     * @return stats about a specific breaker
     */
    public abstract CircuitBreakerStats stats(String name);

    @Override
    protected void doStart() {
    }

    @Override
    protected void doStop() {
    }

    @Override
    protected void doClose() {
    }

}
  • CircuitBreakerService继承了AbstractLifecycleComponent,定义了registerBreaker、getBreaker、stats抽象方法;它有两个实现类分别为NoneCircuitBreakerService、HierarchyCircuitBreakerService

CircuitBreakerStats

elasticsearch-7.0.1/server/src/main/java/org/elasticsearch/indices/breaker/CircuitBreakerStats.java

public class CircuitBreakerStats implements Writeable, ToXContentObject {

    private final String name;
    private final long limit;
    private final long estimated;
    private final long trippedCount;
    private final double overhead;

    public CircuitBreakerStats(String name, long limit, long estimated, double overhead, long trippedCount) {
        this.name = name;
        this.limit = limit;
        this.estimated = estimated;
        this.trippedCount = trippedCount;
        this.overhead = overhead;
    }

    public CircuitBreakerStats(StreamInput in) throws IOException {
        limit = in.readLong();
        estimated = in.readLong();
        overhead = in.readDouble();
        this.trippedCount = in.readLong();
        this.name = in.readString();
    }

    @Override
    public void writeTo(StreamOutput out) throws IOException {
        out.writeLong(limit);
        out.writeLong(estimated);
        out.writeDouble(overhead);
        out.writeLong(trippedCount);
        out.writeString(name);
    }

    public String getName() {
        return this.name;
    }

    public long getLimit() {
        return this.limit;
    }

    public long getEstimated() {
        return this.estimated;
    }

    public long getTrippedCount() {
        return this.trippedCount;
    }

    public double getOverhead() {
        return this.overhead;
    }

    @Override
    public XContentBuilder toXContent(XContentBuilder builder, Params params) throws IOException {
        builder.startObject(name.toLowerCase(Locale.ROOT));
        builder.field(Fields.LIMIT, limit);
        builder.field(Fields.LIMIT_HUMAN, new ByteSizeValue(limit));
        builder.field(Fields.ESTIMATED, estimated);
        builder.field(Fields.ESTIMATED_HUMAN, new ByteSizeValue(estimated));
        builder.field(Fields.OVERHEAD, overhead);
        builder.field(Fields.TRIPPED_COUNT, trippedCount);
        builder.endObject();
        return builder;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "[" + this.name +
                ",limit=" + this.limit + "/" + new ByteSizeValue(this.limit) +
                ",estimated=" + this.estimated + "/" + new ByteSizeValue(this.estimated) +
                ",overhead=" + this.overhead + ",tripped=" + this.trippedCount + "]";
    }

    static final class Fields {
        static final String LIMIT = "limit_size_in_bytes";
        static final String LIMIT_HUMAN = "limit_size";
        static final String ESTIMATED = "estimated_size_in_bytes";
        static final String ESTIMATED_HUMAN = "estimated_size";
        static final String OVERHEAD = "overhead";
        static final String TRIPPED_COUNT = "tripped";
    }
}
  • CircuitBreakerStats包含了name、limit、estimated、trippedCount、overhead属性

BreakerSettings

elasticsearch-7.0.1/server/src/main/java/org/elasticsearch/indices/breaker/BreakerSettings.java

public final class BreakerSettings {

    private final String name;
    private final long limitBytes;
    private final double overhead;
    private final CircuitBreaker.Type type;
    private final CircuitBreaker.Durability durability;

    public BreakerSettings(String name, long limitBytes, double overhead) {
        this(name, limitBytes, overhead, CircuitBreaker.Type.MEMORY, CircuitBreaker.Durability.PERMANENT);
    }

    public BreakerSettings(String name, long limitBytes, double overhead, CircuitBreaker.Type type, CircuitBreaker.Durability durability) {
        this.name = name;
        this.limitBytes = limitBytes;
        this.overhead = overhead;
        this.type = type;
        this.durability = durability;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return this.name;
    }

    public long getLimit() {
        return this.limitBytes;
    }

    public double getOverhead() {
        return this.overhead;
    }

    public CircuitBreaker.Type getType() {
        return this.type;
    }

    public CircuitBreaker.Durability getDurability() {
        return durability;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "[" + this.name +
                ",type=" + this.type.toString() +
                ",durability=" + this.durability.toString() +
                ",limit=" + this.limitBytes + "/" + new ByteSizeValue(this.limitBytes) +
                ",overhead=" + this.overhead + "]";
    }
}
  • BreakerSettings包含了name、limitBytes、overhead、type、durability属性

NoneCircuitBreakerService

elasticsearch-7.0.1/server/src/main/java/org/elasticsearch/indices/breaker/NoneCircuitBreakerService.java

/**
 * Class that returns a breaker that never breaks
 */
public class NoneCircuitBreakerService extends CircuitBreakerService {

    private final CircuitBreaker breaker = new NoopCircuitBreaker(CircuitBreaker.FIELDDATA);

    public NoneCircuitBreakerService() {
        super();
    }

    @Override
    public CircuitBreaker getBreaker(String name) {
        return breaker;
    }

    @Override
    public AllCircuitBreakerStats stats() {
        return new AllCircuitBreakerStats(new CircuitBreakerStats[] {stats(CircuitBreaker.FIELDDATA)});
    }

    @Override
    public CircuitBreakerStats stats(String name) {
        return new CircuitBreakerStats(CircuitBreaker.FIELDDATA, -1, -1, 0, 0);
    }

    @Override
    public void registerBreaker(BreakerSettings breakerSettings) {
        // ignore
    }
}
  • NoneCircuitBreakerService不做熔断处理

HierarchyCircuitBreakerService

elasticsearch-7.0.1/server/src/main/java/org/elasticsearch/indices/breaker/HierarchyCircuitBreakerService.java

/**
 * CircuitBreakerService that attempts to redistribute space between breakers
 * if tripped
 */
public class HierarchyCircuitBreakerService extends CircuitBreakerService {
    private static final Logger logger = LogManager.getLogger(HierarchyCircuitBreakerService.class);

    private static final String CHILD_LOGGER_PREFIX = "org.elasticsearch.indices.breaker.";

    private static final MemoryMXBean MEMORY_MX_BEAN = ManagementFactory.getMemoryMXBean();

    private final ConcurrentMap<String, CircuitBreaker> breakers = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();

    public static final Setting<Boolean> USE_REAL_MEMORY_USAGE_SETTING =
        Setting.boolSetting("indices.breaker.total.use_real_memory", true, Property.NodeScope);

    public static final Setting<ByteSizeValue> TOTAL_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING =
        Setting.memorySizeSetting("indices.breaker.total.limit", settings -> {
            if (USE_REAL_MEMORY_USAGE_SETTING.get(settings)) {
                return "95%";
            } else {
                return "70%";
            }
        }, Property.Dynamic, Property.NodeScope);

    public static final Setting<ByteSizeValue> FIELDDATA_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING =
        Setting.memorySizeSetting("indices.breaker.fielddata.limit", "40%", Property.Dynamic, Property.NodeScope);
    public static final Setting<Double> FIELDDATA_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING =
        Setting.doubleSetting("indices.breaker.fielddata.overhead", 1.03d, 0.0d, Property.Dynamic, Property.NodeScope);
    public static final Setting<CircuitBreaker.Type> FIELDDATA_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_TYPE_SETTING =
        new Setting<>("indices.breaker.fielddata.type", "memory", CircuitBreaker.Type::parseValue, Property.NodeScope);

    public static final Setting<ByteSizeValue> REQUEST_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING =
        Setting.memorySizeSetting("indices.breaker.request.limit", "60%", Property.Dynamic, Property.NodeScope);
    public static final Setting<Double> REQUEST_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING =
        Setting.doubleSetting("indices.breaker.request.overhead", 1.0d, 0.0d, Property.Dynamic, Property.NodeScope);
    public static final Setting<CircuitBreaker.Type> REQUEST_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_TYPE_SETTING =
        new Setting<>("indices.breaker.request.type", "memory", CircuitBreaker.Type::parseValue, Property.NodeScope);

    public static final Setting<ByteSizeValue> ACCOUNTING_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING =
        Setting.memorySizeSetting("indices.breaker.accounting.limit", "100%", Property.Dynamic, Property.NodeScope);
    public static final Setting<Double> ACCOUNTING_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING =
        Setting.doubleSetting("indices.breaker.accounting.overhead", 1.0d, 0.0d, Property.Dynamic, Property.NodeScope);
    public static final Setting<CircuitBreaker.Type> ACCOUNTING_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_TYPE_SETTING =
        new Setting<>("indices.breaker.accounting.type", "memory", CircuitBreaker.Type::parseValue, Property.NodeScope);

    public static final Setting<ByteSizeValue> IN_FLIGHT_REQUESTS_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING =
        Setting.memorySizeSetting("network.breaker.inflight_requests.limit", "100%", Property.Dynamic, Property.NodeScope);
    public static final Setting<Double> IN_FLIGHT_REQUESTS_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING =
        Setting.doubleSetting("network.breaker.inflight_requests.overhead", 2.0d, 0.0d, Property.Dynamic, Property.NodeScope);
    public static final Setting<CircuitBreaker.Type> IN_FLIGHT_REQUESTS_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_TYPE_SETTING =
        new Setting<>("network.breaker.inflight_requests.type", "memory", CircuitBreaker.Type::parseValue, Property.NodeScope);

    private final boolean trackRealMemoryUsage;
    private volatile BreakerSettings parentSettings;
    private volatile BreakerSettings fielddataSettings;
    private volatile BreakerSettings inFlightRequestsSettings;
    private volatile BreakerSettings requestSettings;
    private volatile BreakerSettings accountingSettings;

    // Tripped count for when redistribution was attempted but wasn't successful
    private final AtomicLong parentTripCount = new AtomicLong(0);

    public HierarchyCircuitBreakerService(Settings settings, ClusterSettings clusterSettings) {
        super();
        this.fielddataSettings = new BreakerSettings(CircuitBreaker.FIELDDATA,
                FIELDDATA_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING.get(settings).getBytes(),
                FIELDDATA_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING.get(settings),
                FIELDDATA_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_TYPE_SETTING.get(settings),
                CircuitBreaker.Durability.PERMANENT
        );

        this.inFlightRequestsSettings = new BreakerSettings(CircuitBreaker.IN_FLIGHT_REQUESTS,
                IN_FLIGHT_REQUESTS_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING.get(settings).getBytes(),
                IN_FLIGHT_REQUESTS_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING.get(settings),
                IN_FLIGHT_REQUESTS_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_TYPE_SETTING.get(settings),
                CircuitBreaker.Durability.TRANSIENT
        );

        this.requestSettings = new BreakerSettings(CircuitBreaker.REQUEST,
                REQUEST_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING.get(settings).getBytes(),
                REQUEST_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING.get(settings),
                REQUEST_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_TYPE_SETTING.get(settings),
                CircuitBreaker.Durability.TRANSIENT
        );

        this.accountingSettings = new BreakerSettings(CircuitBreaker.ACCOUNTING,
                ACCOUNTING_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING.get(settings).getBytes(),
                ACCOUNTING_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING.get(settings),
                ACCOUNTING_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_TYPE_SETTING.get(settings),
                CircuitBreaker.Durability.PERMANENT
        );

        this.parentSettings = new BreakerSettings(CircuitBreaker.PARENT,
                TOTAL_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING.get(settings).getBytes(), 1.0,
                CircuitBreaker.Type.PARENT, null);

        if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
            logger.trace("parent circuit breaker with settings {}", this.parentSettings);
        }

        this.trackRealMemoryUsage = USE_REAL_MEMORY_USAGE_SETTING.get(settings);

        registerBreaker(this.requestSettings);
        registerBreaker(this.fielddataSettings);
        registerBreaker(this.inFlightRequestsSettings);
        registerBreaker(this.accountingSettings);

        clusterSettings.addSettingsUpdateConsumer(TOTAL_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING, this::setTotalCircuitBreakerLimit,
            this::validateTotalCircuitBreakerLimit);
        clusterSettings.addSettingsUpdateConsumer(FIELDDATA_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING, FIELDDATA_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING,
            this::setFieldDataBreakerLimit);
        clusterSettings.addSettingsUpdateConsumer(IN_FLIGHT_REQUESTS_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING,
            IN_FLIGHT_REQUESTS_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING, this::setInFlightRequestsBreakerLimit);
        clusterSettings.addSettingsUpdateConsumer(REQUEST_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING, REQUEST_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING,
            this::setRequestBreakerLimit);
        clusterSettings.addSettingsUpdateConsumer(ACCOUNTING_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_LIMIT_SETTING, ACCOUNTING_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OVERHEAD_SETTING,
            this::setAccountingBreakerLimit);
    }

    @Override
    public CircuitBreaker getBreaker(String name) {
        return this.breakers.get(name);
    }

    @Override
    public AllCircuitBreakerStats stats() {
        List<CircuitBreakerStats> allStats = new ArrayList<>(this.breakers.size());
        // Gather the "estimated" count for the parent breaker by adding the
        // estimations for each individual breaker
        for (CircuitBreaker breaker : this.breakers.values()) {
            allStats.add(stats(breaker.getName()));
        }
        // Manually add the parent breaker settings since they aren't part of the breaker map
        allStats.add(new CircuitBreakerStats(CircuitBreaker.PARENT, parentSettings.getLimit(),
            memoryUsed(0L).totalUsage, 1.0, parentTripCount.get()));
        return new AllCircuitBreakerStats(allStats.toArray(new CircuitBreakerStats[allStats.size()]));
    }

    @Override
    public CircuitBreakerStats stats(String name) {
        CircuitBreaker breaker = this.breakers.get(name);
        return new CircuitBreakerStats(breaker.getName(), breaker.getLimit(), breaker.getUsed(), breaker.getOverhead(),
            breaker.getTrippedCount());
    }

    /**
     * Allows to register a custom circuit breaker.
     * Warning: Will overwrite any existing custom breaker with the same name.
     */
    @Override
    public void registerBreaker(BreakerSettings breakerSettings) {
        // Validate the settings
        validateSettings(new BreakerSettings[] {breakerSettings});

        if (breakerSettings.getType() == CircuitBreaker.Type.NOOP) {
            CircuitBreaker breaker = new NoopCircuitBreaker(breakerSettings.getName());
            breakers.put(breakerSettings.getName(), breaker);
        } else {
            CircuitBreaker oldBreaker;
            CircuitBreaker breaker = new ChildMemoryCircuitBreaker(breakerSettings,
                    LogManager.getLogger(CHILD_LOGGER_PREFIX + breakerSettings.getName()),
                    this, breakerSettings.getName());

            for (;;) {
                oldBreaker = breakers.putIfAbsent(breakerSettings.getName(), breaker);
                if (oldBreaker == null) {
                    return;
                }
                breaker = new ChildMemoryCircuitBreaker(breakerSettings,
                        (ChildMemoryCircuitBreaker)oldBreaker,
                        LogManager.getLogger(CHILD_LOGGER_PREFIX + breakerSettings.getName()),
                        this, breakerSettings.getName());

                if (breakers.replace(breakerSettings.getName(), oldBreaker, breaker)) {
                    return;
                }
            }
        }

    }

    //......
}
  • HierarchyCircuitBreakerService的构造器读取了fielddataSettings、inFlightRequestsSettings、requestSettings、accountingSettings,并使用它们registerBreaker;之后对clusterSettings执行addSettingsUpdateConsumer,添加一系列的UpdateConsumer;registerBreaker方法会创建ChildMemoryCircuitBreaker并更新到breakers中

小结

  • CircuitBreakerService继承了AbstractLifecycleComponent,定义了registerBreaker、getBreaker、stats抽象方法;它有两个实现类分别为NoneCircuitBreakerService、HierarchyCircuitBreakerService
  • NoneCircuitBreakerService不做熔断处理
  • HierarchyCircuitBreakerService的构造器读取了fielddataSettings、inFlightRequestsSettings、requestSettings、accountingSettings,并使用它们registerBreaker;之后对clusterSettings执行addSettingsUpdateConsumer,添加一系列的UpdateConsumer;registerBreaker方法会创建ChildMemoryCircuitBreaker并更新到breakers中

doc

  • CircuitBreakerService

原文发布于微信公众号 - 码匠的流水账(geek_luandun)

原文发表时间:2019-05-19

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