基于Mixin Network的Ruby比特币开发教程

Mixin Network 是一个免费的 极速的端对端加密数字货币交易系统. 在本章中,你可以按教程在Mixin Messenger中创建一个bot来接收用户消息, 学到如何给机器人转比特币 或者 让机器人给你转比特币.

Mixin network 资源汇总

课程简介

  1. 创建一个机器人

创建一个接受消息的机器人

通过本教程,你将学会如何用Ruby创建一个机器人APP,让它能接受消息.

Ruby 环境安装:

本教程的程序基于 Ruby 开发.

On macOS

brew update
brew install rbenv
rbenv install 2.6.3
rbenv shell 2.6.3

On Ubuntu

sudo apt update
sudo apt install git curl libssl-dev libreadline-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf  \
bison build-essential libyaml-dev libreadline-dev libncurses5-dev libffi-dev libgdbm-dev

curl -sL https://github.com/rbenv/rbenv-installer/raw/master/bin/rbenv-installer | bash -

echo 'export PATH=/root/.rbenv/bin:$PATH' >> ~/.bashrc
echo 'eval "$(rbenv init -)"' >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

rbenv install 2.6.3
rbenv shell 2.6.3

检查安装情况!

wenewzha:~ wenewzhang$ rbenv shell 2.6.3
wenewzha:minecraft wenewzhang$ ruby -v
ruby 2.6.3p62 (2019-04-16 revision 67580) [x86_64-darwin18]

安装依赖包

本教程依赖 faye-websocketmixin_bot.

gem install faye-websocket
gem install mixin_bot

创建你的项目

到你的工作文档中,创建一个目录,并取一个名字,比如:mixin_labs-ruby-bot

mkdir mixin_labs-ruby-bot
mixin_labs-ruby-bot

创建第一个机器人APP

按下面的提示,到mixin.one创建一个APPtutorial.

生成相应的参数

记下这些生成的参数 它们将用于config.yml中。

在项目目录下,创建config.yml,将生成的参数,替换成你的!

config.yml `> config.yml

MIXIN_CLIENT_ID: 'a1ce2967-a534-417d-bf12-c86571e4eefa'
MIXIN_CLIENT_SECRET: 'a3f52f6c417f24bfdf583ed884c5d0cb489320c58222b061298e4a2d41a1bbd7'
MIXIN_DEFAULT_SCOPE: 'PROFILE:READ+PHONE:READ+ASSETS:READ'
MIXIN_PIN_CODE: '457965'
MIXIN_SESSION_ID: '26ed1f52-a3b4-4cc3-840f-469d3f19b10b'
MIXIN_PIN_TOKEN: '0t4EG7tJerZYds7N9QS0mlRPCYsEVTQBe9iD1zNBCFN/XO7XEB87ypsCDWfRmDiZ7izzB/nokuMJEu6RJShMHCdIwYISU9xckA/8hIsRVydvoP14G/9kRidMHl/3RPLDMK6U2yCefo2BH0kQdbcRDxpiddqrMc4fYmZo6UddU/A='
MIXIN_PRIVATE_KEY: |
  -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
  MIICXAIBAAKBgQDaSPE8Cu18xzr8MOcgJx8tQnRdlS7c6JVs23497IGdIybIUYmZ
  8zvgrFozpGjQYz2ayRDMWUQd/wm7e0Tf7n4bVCmQfkk72usAHX6pNA4HUeTeTmDT
  sZQKdVx0K84Y3u512cAi5artnUjIsFRPP/LhAX0ujdgNMWIcHrMRh77s1wIDAQAB
  AoGAVPW3Dwuhy8MvriDKlLUlaVRIPnRmPQ05u5ji1e9Ls4GPAsDZsdX+JEBxC1Ce
  ix1VSP2hUCgeXx55B0O/VvlYk0pfogrxDgOw2dP04uboMG7tSE4TZK8J9zFPUrE0
  wizFmbkgV2OEw33r00FqEhr0KnB9kXOzB5BvKN/FVyXui+ECQQDz1x3hOypW2kM9
  uOqjQyg55VDkkXVZ8RgOmVd24MfkDjRauj1oGgLUWvINzhmXN5m84IhlOz1hgEuO
  enHOpMmDAkEA5SuVeRhBZofUoaRbFxWL4jAN6+uuxFxZ0gCc9l4gwFkQp0RbEw/S
  tiX9Cl06JR2oc2FBlaO5Vi1u8XfxOSUzHQJBANijfKaJHFrB3A/QZJbcqbaWaEJK
  gYqBSzBdSHoTx0R04krhQIFm6rCkhH2DaPUSrwJCMqxN74DarUZOvyIrAeUCQH2F
  ecFx/6BhFZ3Tn/Ds5ElneLiXxonW63uSymZG+DlijzSOxDOUnx0VgZuDpK1fqTxJ
  MNr9ai5BhFrOD1n1fiECQBafDxsfFQv3w6j5/2PL54DhddGo50FzGxYR1LlttdVI
  Q04EytqK7grDDS9PsfeXqdUo0D3NMSJ0BYs/kDsqGSc=
  -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----

需要替换的参数包括: client_id, client_secret, and the pin, pin token, session_id, private key.

经典的Hello world

require 'faye/websocket'
require 'eventmachine'
require 'json'
require 'zlib'
require 'mixin_bot'
require 'yaml'

yaml_hash = YAML.load_file('./config.yml')

MixinBot.client_id  = yaml_hash["MIXIN_CLIENT_ID"]
MixinBot.session_id = yaml_hash["MIXIN_SESSION_ID"]
MixinBot.client_secret = yaml_hash["MIXIN_CLIENT_SECRET"]
MixinBot.pin_token   = yaml_hash["MIXIN_PIN_TOKEN"]
MixinBot.private_key = yaml_hash["MIXIN_PRIVATE_KEY"]

access_token = MixinBot.api.access_token("GET","/","")
puts access_token

authorization = format('Bearer %s', access_token)



EM.run {
  ws = Faye::WebSocket::Client.new('wss://blaze.mixin.one/', ["Mixin-Blaze-1"],
    :headers => { 'Authorization' => authorization }
  )

  ws.on :open do |event|
    p [:open]
    ws.send(MixinBot.api.list_pending_message)
  end

  ws.on :message do |event|
    p [:message]
    data = event.data
    msg = MixinBot.api.read_message(data)
    jsmsg =  JSON.parse msg
    # p jsmsg
    # p jsmsg["data"]
    if jsmsg["action"] == "CREATE_MESSAGE" && jsmsg["data"] != nil
      msgid = jsmsg["data"]["message_id"]
      ws.send(MixinBot.api.acknowledge_message_receipt(msgid))
      if jsmsg["data"]["category"] == "PLAIN_TEXT"
        conversation_id = jsmsg["data"]["conversation_id"]
        decoded_msg = Base64.decode64 jsmsg["data"]["data"]
        p decoded_msg
        reply_msg = MixinBot.api.plain_text_message(conversation_id, decoded_msg)
        ws.send(reply_msg)
      end
      if jsmsg["data"]["category"] == "SYSTEM_ACCOUNT_SNAPSHOT"
        jsdata =  JSON.parse (Base64.decode64(jsmsg["data"]["data"]))
        p jsdata
      end
    end
  end

  ws.on :error do |event|
    p [:error]
  end

  ws.on :close do |event|
    p [:close, event.code, event.reason]
    ws = nil
  end
}

编译与运行

执行 ruby websocket_mixin_bot.rb 程序

ruby websocket_mixin_bot.rb

如果一切正常,显示如下:

[:open]
[:message]
{"id"=>"2e13092f-4048-488f-82bc-f5ee9f984002", "action"=>"LIST_PENDING_MESSAGES"}

在手机安装 Mixin Messenger,增加机器人为好友,(比如这个机器人是7000101639) 然后发送消息给它,效果如下!

Mixin Messenger支持的消息类型很多,具体可到下面链接查看: WebSocket消息类型.

源代码解释

每接收到一个消息,需要按消息编号(message_id)给服务器回复一个"已读"的消息,避免服务器在机器人重新登入后,再次发送处理过的消息!

ws.send(MixinBot.api.acknowledge_message_receipt(msgid))

完成

现在你的机器人APP运行起来了,你打算如何改造你的机器人呢?

完整的代码在这儿

下一课机器人接收与处理加密货币

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