SpringBoot 单元测试

添加了 spring-boot-starter-test 依赖

BaseControllerTest

package com.test;

import org.hamcrest.Matcher;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.http.HttpHeaders;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.mock.web.MockMultipartFile;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.MockMvc;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.ResultHandler;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.ResultMatcher;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.request.MockHttpServletRequestBuilder;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.request.MockMvcRequestBuilders;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.result.*;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.setup.MockMvcBuilders;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;
import org.springframework.web.context.WebApplicationContext;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
@Transactional(transactionManager = "transactionManager", rollbackFor = Exception.class)
public class BaseControllerTest{

    @Autowired
    private WebApplicationContext wac;

    protected MockMvc mockMvc;

    protected HttpHeaders headers;

    @Before
    public void setUp() {
        headers = new HttpHeaders();
        headers.add("Content-Type", "application/json");
        headers.add("timestamp", "1555405660290.835");

        mockMvc = MockMvcBuilders.webAppContextSetup(wac).build();
    }


    @Test
    public void contextLoads() {
    }


    protected MockHttpServletRequestBuilder post(String url) {
        return MockMvcRequestBuilders.post(url).headers(this.headers);
    }

    protected MockHttpServletRequestBuilder get(String url) {
        return MockMvcRequestBuilders.get(url).headers(this.headers);
    }


    protected MockHttpServletRequestBuilder delete(String url) {
        return MockMvcRequestBuilders.delete(url).headers(this.headers);
    }


    protected MockHttpServletRequestBuilder put(String url) {
        return MockMvcRequestBuilders.put(url).headers(this.headers);
    }


    protected MockHttpServletRequestBuilder mutipartOfFile(String url, String filePath) throws IOException {
        File file = new File(filePath);
        FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(file);
        MockMultipartFile mockMultipartFile = new MockMultipartFile("file", file.getName(), "*/*", fis);
        return MockMvcRequestBuilders
                .multipart(url)
                .file(mockMultipartFile)
                .contentType(MediaType.MULTIPART_FORM_DATA)
                .headers(this.headers);
    }

    protected ViewResultMatchers view() {
        return MockMvcResultMatchers.view();
    }

    protected ModelResultMatchers model() {
        return MockMvcResultMatchers.model();
    }

    protected ResultHandler print() {
        return MockMvcResultHandlers.print();
    }

    protected StatusResultMatchers status() {
        return MockMvcResultMatchers.status();
    }

    protected ContentResultMatchers content() {
        return MockMvcResultMatchers.content();
    }

    protected CookieResultMatchers cookie() {
        return MockMvcResultMatchers.cookie();
    }

    protected JsonPathResultMatchers jsonPath(String expression, Object... args) {
        return MockMvcResultMatchers.jsonPath(expression, args);
    }

    protected <T> ResultMatcher jsonPath(String expression, Matcher<T> matcher) {
        return MockMvcResultMatchers.jsonPath(expression, matcher);
    }
}

具体业务测试类

package com.test;

import org.junit.Test;

/**
 * @author qubianzhong
 * @date 2019/5/15 21:02
 */
public class FortuneControllerTest extends BaseControllerTest{

    @Test
    public void starFortuneTest() throws Exception {
        // uri
        String uri = "/fortune/star";

        mockMvc.perform(get(uri))
                .andExpect(status().isOk())
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.code").value(0));
    }
}

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