webrtc笔记(5): 基于kurento media server的多人视频聊天示例

这是kurento tutorial中的一个例子(groupCall),用于多人音视频通话,效果如下:

登录界面:

聊天界面:

运行方法:

1、本地用docker把kurento server跑起来

2、idea里启用这个项目

3、浏览器里输入https://localhost:8443/ 输入用户名、房间号,然后再开一个浏览器tab页,输入一个不同的用户名,房间号与第1个tab相同,正常情况下,这2个tab页就能聊上了,还可以再加更多tab模拟多人视频(注:docker容器性能有限,mac本上实测,越过4个人,就很不稳定了)

下面是该项目的一些代码和逻辑分析:

一、主要模型的类图如下:

UserSession类:代表每个连接进来的用户会话信息。

Room类:即房间,1个房间可能有多个UserSession实例。

RoomManager类:房间管理,用于创建或销毁房间。

UserRegistry类:用户注册类,即管理用户。

二、主要代码逻辑:

1、创建房间入口

  public Room getRoom(String roomName) {
    log.debug("Searching for room {}", roomName);
    Room room = rooms.get(roomName);

    if (room == null) {
      log.debug("Room {} not existent. Will create now!", roomName);
      room = new Room(roomName, kurento.createMediaPipeline());
      rooms.put(roomName, room);
    }
    log.debug("Room {} found!", roomName);
    return room;
  }

注:第7行,每个房间实例创建时,都绑定了一个对应的MediaPipeline(用于隔离不同房间的媒体信息等)

2、创建用户实例入口

    public UserSession(final String name, String roomName, final WebSocketSession session,
                       MediaPipeline pipeline) {

        this.pipeline = pipeline;
        this.name = name;
        this.session = session;
        this.roomName = roomName;
        this.outgoingMedia = new WebRtcEndpoint.Builder(pipeline).build();

        this.outgoingMedia.addIceCandidateFoundListener(event -> {
            JsonObject response = new JsonObject();
            response.addProperty("id", "iceCandidate");
            response.addProperty("name", name);
            response.add("candidate", JsonUtils.toJsonObject(event.getCandidate()));
            try {
                synchronized (session) {
                    session.sendMessage(new TextMessage(response.toString()));
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                log.debug(e.getMessage());
            }
        });
    }

UserSession的构造函数上,把房间实例的pipeline做为入参传进来,然后上行传输的WebRtcEndPoint实例outgoingMedia又跟pipeline绑定(第8行)。这样:"用户实例--pipeline实例--房间实例" 就串起来了。

用户加入房间的代码:

    public UserSession join(String userName, WebSocketSession session) throws IOException {
        log.info("ROOM {}: adding participant {}", this.name, userName);
        final UserSession participant = new UserSession(userName, this.name, session, this.pipeline);

        //示例工程上,没考虑“相同用户名”的人进入同1个房间的情况,这里加上了“用户名重名”检测
        if (participants.containsKey(userName)) {
            final JsonObject jsonFailMsg = new JsonObject();
            final JsonArray jsonFailArray = new JsonArray();
            jsonFailArray.add(userName + " exist!");
            jsonFailMsg.addProperty("id", "joinFail");
            jsonFailMsg.add("data", jsonFailArray);
            participant.sendMessage(jsonFailMsg);
            participant.close();
            return null;
        }

        joinRoom(participant);
        participants.put(participant.getName(), participant);
        sendParticipantNames(participant);
        return participant;
    }

原代码没考虑到用户名重名的问题,我加上了这段检测,倒数第2行代码,sendParticipantNames在加入成功后,给房间里的其它人发通知。

3、SDP交换的入口

kurento-group-call/src/main/resources/static/js/conferenceroom.js 中有一段监听websocket的代码:

ws.onmessage = function (message) {
    let parsedMessage = JSON.parse(message.data);
    console.info('Received message: ' + message.data);

    switch (parsedMessage.id) {
        case 'existingParticipants':
            onExistingParticipants(parsedMessage);
            break;
        case 'newParticipantArrived':
            onNewParticipant(parsedMessage);
            break;
        case 'participantLeft':
            onParticipantLeft(parsedMessage);
            break;
        case 'receiveVideoAnswer':
            receiveVideoResponse(parsedMessage);
            break;
        case 'iceCandidate':
            participants[parsedMessage.name].rtcPeer.addIceCandidate(parsedMessage.candidate, function (error) {
                if (error) {
                    console.error("Error adding candidate: " + error);
                    return;
                }
            });
            break;
        case 'joinFail':
            alert(parsedMessage.data[0]);
            window.location.reload();
            break;
        default:
            console.error('Unrecognized message', parsedMessage);
    }
}

服务端在刚才提到的sendParticipantNames后,会给js发送各种消息,existingParticipants(其它人加入)、newParticipantArrived(新人加入) 这二类消息,就会触发generateOffer,开始向服务端发送SDP

function onExistingParticipants(msg) {
    const constraints = {
        audio: true,
        video: {
            mandatory: {
                maxWidth: 320,
                maxFrameRate: 15,
                minFrameRate: 15
            }
        }
    };
    console.log(name + " registered in room " + room);
    let participant = new Participant(name);
    participants[name] = participant;
    let video = participant.getVideoElement();

    const options = {
        localVideo: video,
        mediaConstraints: constraints,
        onicecandidate: participant.onIceCandidate.bind(participant)
    };
    participant.rtcPeer = new kurentoUtils.WebRtcPeer.WebRtcPeerSendonly(options,
        function (error) {
            if (error) {
                return console.error(error);
            }
            this.generateOffer(participant.offerToReceiveVideo.bind(participant));
        });

    msg.data.forEach(receiveVideo);
}

4、服务端回应各种websocket消息

org.kurento.tutorial.groupcall.CallHandler#handleTextMessage 信令处理的主要逻辑,就在这里:

    @Override
    public void handleTextMessage(WebSocketSession session, TextMessage message) throws Exception {
        final JsonObject jsonMessage = gson.fromJson(message.getPayload(), JsonObject.class);

        final UserSession user = registry.getBySession(session);

        if (user != null) {
            log.debug("Incoming message from user '{}': {}", user.getName(), jsonMessage);
        } else {
            log.debug("Incoming message from new user: {}", jsonMessage);
        }

        switch (jsonMessage.get("id").getAsString()) {
            case "joinRoom":
                joinRoom(jsonMessage, session);
                break;
            case "receiveVideoFrom":
                final String senderName = jsonMessage.get("sender").getAsString();
                final UserSession sender = registry.getByName(senderName);
                final String sdpOffer = jsonMessage.get("sdpOffer").getAsString();
                user.receiveVideoFrom(sender, sdpOffer);
                break;
            case "leaveRoom":
                leaveRoom(user);
                break;
            case "onIceCandidate":
                JsonObject candidate = jsonMessage.get("candidate").getAsJsonObject();

                if (user != null) {
                    IceCandidate cand = new IceCandidate(candidate.get("candidate").getAsString(),
                            candidate.get("sdpMid").getAsString(), candidate.get("sdpMLineIndex").getAsInt());
                    user.addCandidate(cand, jsonMessage.get("name").getAsString());
                }
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
    }

其中user.receiveVideoFrom方法,就会回应SDP

    public void receiveVideoFrom(UserSession sender, String sdpOffer) throws IOException {
        log.info("USER {}: connecting with {} in room {}", this.name, sender.getName(), this.roomName);

        log.trace("USER {}: SdpOffer for {} is {}", this.name, sender.getName(), sdpOffer);

        final String ipSdpAnswer = this.getEndpointForUser(sender).processOffer(sdpOffer);
        final JsonObject scParams = new JsonObject();
        scParams.addProperty("id", "receiveVideoAnswer");
        scParams.addProperty("name", sender.getName());
        scParams.addProperty("sdpAnswer", ipSdpAnswer);

        log.trace("USER {}: SdpAnswer for {} is {}", this.name, sender.getName(), ipSdpAnswer);
        this.sendMessage(scParams);
        log.debug("gather candidates");
        this.getEndpointForUser(sender).gatherCandidates();
    }

SDP和ICE信息交换完成,就开始视频通讯了。

参考文章:

https://doc-kurento.readthedocs.io/en/6.10.0/tutorials/java/tutorial-groupcall.html

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