单点登录设计 之Spring Cloud GateWay

单点登录设计 之Spring Cloud GateWay

@TOC

手机用户请横屏获取最佳阅读体验,REFERENCES中是本文参考的链接,如需要链接和更多资源,可以关注其他博客发布地址。

平台

地址

CSDN

https://blog.csdn.net/sinat_28690417

简书

https://www.jianshu.com/u/3032cc862300

个人博客

https://yiyuery.github.io/NoteBooks/

官网简介

Spring Cloud Gateway该项目提供了一个用于在Spring MVC之上构建API网关的库。 Spring Cloud Gateway旨在提供一种简单而有效的方式来路由API并为他们提供横切关注点,例如:安全性,监控/指标和弹性。

Spring Cloud Gateway 官网特性

  • 基于Spring Framework 5,Project Reactor和Spring Boot 2.0构建
  • 能够匹配任何请求属性上的路由。
  • 指定路由配置属性和过滤器。
  • Hystrix Circuit Breaker集成。
  • Spring Cloud DiscoveryClient集成
  • 易于编写属性和过滤器
  • 限流
  • 路径重写

依赖

buildscript {
    repositories {
        maven { url = "https://plugins.gradle.org/m2/" }
        maven { url = "http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/groups/public/" }
        jcenter()
    }
    dependencies {
        classpath libs["spring-boot-gradle-plugin"]
    }
}

apply plugin: "io.spring.dependency-management"
apply plugin: "org.springframework.boot"

bootJar {
    baseName = 'capsule-gateway'
    version =  '1.0.0'
}

dependencyManagement {
    imports {
        mavenBom "org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-dependencies:Greenwich.SR1"
    }
}

dependencies {
    //compile project (":capsule-web-simple-dependency")
    //implementation "org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web"
    testImplementation "org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-test"

    //集成依赖
    compile("org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-starter-gateway")
    compile("org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-starter-netflix-hystrix")
    compile("org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-starter-contract-stub-runner"){
        exclude group: "org.springframework.boot", module: "spring-boot-starter-web"
    }
}

注意:需要去掉spring-boot-starter-web的依赖

路由配置

CapsuleGatewayApplication

package com.example.gateway;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.gateway.route.RouteLocator;
import org.springframework.cloud.gateway.route.builder.RouteLocatorBuilder;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;

@SpringBootApplication
@ComponentScan(basePackages = "com.example")
public class CapsuleGatewayApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(CapsuleGatewayApplication.class, args);
    }
}

RouterConfiguration

/*
 * @ProjectName: 编程学习
 * @Copyright:   2019 HangZhou xiazhaoyang Dev, Ltd. All Right Reserved.
 * @address:     http://xiazhaoyang.tech
 * @date:        2019/3/26 07:42
 * @email:       xiazhaoyang@live.com
 * @description: 本内容仅限于编程技术学习使用,转发请注明出处.
 */
package com.example.gateway.router;

import org.springframework.cloud.gateway.route.RouteLocator;
import org.springframework.cloud.gateway.route.builder.RouteLocatorBuilder;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

/**
 * <p>
 *
 * </p>
 *
 * @author xiazhaoyang
 * @version v1.0.0
 * @date 2019/3/26 07:42
 * @modificationHistory=========================逻辑或功能性重大变更记录
 * @modify By: {修改人} 2019/3/26
 * @modify reason: {方法名}:{原因}
 * ...
 */
@Configuration
public class RouterConfiguration {

    @Bean
    public RouteLocator myRoutes(RouteLocatorBuilder builder) {
        return builder.routes()
                .route(p->p.path("/get")
                        .filters(f->f.addRequestHeader("Hello","World"))
                        .uri("http://httpbin.org:80")
                )
                .build();
    }

}

测试网关

访问curl http://localhost:8080/get

返回:

{
  "args": {}, 
  "headers": {
    "Accept": "*/*", 
    "Forwarded": "proto=http;host=\"localhost:8080\";for=\"0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1:55727\"", 
    //通过Filter添加的Header
    "Hello": "World", 
    "Host": "httpbin.org", 
    "User-Agent": "curl/7.54.0", 
    "X-Forwarded-Host": "localhost:8080"
  }, 
  "origin": "0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1, 115.198.0.193, ::1", 
  "url": "https://localhost:8080/get"
}

设置网关跳转到自己开发的应用

@Bean
public RouteLocator myRoutes(RouteLocatorBuilder builder) {
    return builder.routes()
            .route(p->p.path("/get")
                    //过滤路由并添加Header参数
                    .filters(f->f.addRequestHeader("Hello","World"))
                    .uri("http://httpbin.org:80"))
            //跳转到自定义服务的路由网关
            .route(p->p.path("/capsule-flowable/demo/hi")
                    .uri("http://localhost:8081"))
            .build();
}
/*
 * @ProjectName: 编程学习
 * @Copyright:   2019 HangZhou xiazhaoyang Dev, Ltd. All Right Reserved.
 * @address:     http://xiazhaoyang.tech
 * @date:        2019/3/26 06:59
 * @email:       xiazhaoyang@live.com
 * @description: 本内容仅限于编程技术学习使用,转发请注明出处.
 */
package com.example.web;

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

/**
 * <p>
 *
 * </p>
 *
 * @author xiazhaoyang
 * @version v1.0.0
 * @date 2019/3/26 06:59
 * @modificationHistory=========================逻辑或功能性重大变更记录
 * @modify By: {修改人} 2019/3/26
 * @modify reason: {方法名}:{原因}
 * ...
 */
@RestController
@RequestMapping(value="/demo")
public class HelloController {

    @RequestMapping("/hi")
    public String hi(){
        return "created by capsule-web-simply-dependency:" +
                new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss").format(new Date())+"\n";
    }
}
xiazhaoyang capsule-utils $ curl http://localhost:8080/capsule-flowable/demo/hi
created by capsule-web-simply-dependency:2019-03-27 07:53:20

REFERENCE

  • Spring官方开发指导文档
  • Spring Cloud Gateway 入门
  • Spring Cloud Gateway入门案例

原文发布于微信公众号 - 架构探险之道(zacsnz1314)

原文发表时间:2019-03-31

本文参与腾讯云自媒体分享计划,欢迎正在阅读的你也加入,一起分享。

发表于

我来说两句

0 条评论
登录 后参与评论

扫码关注云+社区

领取腾讯云代金券