springboot使用commons-pool2实现对象池

一. 连接池概述

频繁的创建和销毁,会极大的降低系统的性能,而对象池会在初始化的时候会创建一定数量的对象,每次访问只需从对象池中获取对象,使用完毕后再放回对象池,并不是直接销毁,这样可以保证程序重复使用同一个对象而不需要每次访问都创建和销毁对象, 从而提高系统性能。

二. commons-pool2介绍

加入pool2依赖:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
    <artifactId>commons-pool2</artifactId>
    <version>2.6.2</version>
</dependency>

pool2的组成

PooledObject(池化对象) PooledObjectFactory(对象工厂) ObjectPool (对象池)

需要池化的对象

/**
 * 需要池化的对象
 *
 * @author lz
 * @date 2019/7/30
 */
public class TestObject {
    private String name;
    private boolean isActive;

    public TestObject() {
    }

    public TestObject(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public boolean isActive() {
        return isActive;
    }

    public void setActive(boolean active) {
        isActive = active;
    }

    public void destroy(){

    }
}

TestObject 工厂

在commons-pool2中有两种工厂:PooledObjectFactory 和KeyedPooledObjectFactory,我们使用前者。

public interface PooledObjectFactory<T> {
    //创建对象
    PooledObject<T> makeObject();
    //激活对象
    void activateObject(PooledObject<T> obj);
    //钝化对象
    void passivateObject(PooledObject<T> obj);
    //验证对象
    boolean validateObject(PooledObject<T> obj);
    //销毁对象
    void destroyObject(PooledObject<T> obj);
}

创建TestObjectFactory只需要继承BasePooledObjectFactory这个抽象类 ,而它则实现了PooledObjectFactory,也可以直接实现PooledObjectFactory接口;我们使用实现PooledObjectFactory接口:

import org.apache.commons.pool2.PooledObject;
import org.apache.commons.pool2.PooledObjectFactory;
import org.apache.commons.pool2.impl.DefaultPooledObject;

/**
 * TestObject 工厂类
 *
 * @author lz
 * @date 2019/7/30
 */
public class TestObjectFactory implements PooledObjectFactory<TestObject> {
    /**
     * /构造一个封装对象
     *
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @Override
    public PooledObject<TestObject> makeObject() throws Exception {
        return new DefaultPooledObject<>(new TestObject());
    }
    /**
     * 销毁对象
     *
     * @param p
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @Override
    public void destroyObject(PooledObject<TestObject> p) throws Exception {
        p.getObject().destroy();
    }
    /**
     * 验证对象是否可用
     *
     * @param p
     * @return
     */
    @Override
    public boolean validateObject(PooledObject<TestObject> p) {
        return p.getObject().isActive();
    }
    /**
     * 激活一个对象,使其可用用
     *
     * @param p
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @Override
    public void activateObject(PooledObject<TestObject> p) throws Exception {
        p.getObject().setActive(true);
    }
    /**
     * 钝化一个对象,也可以理解为反初始化
     *
     * @param p
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @Override
    public void passivateObject(PooledObject<TestObject> p) throws Exception {

    }
}

创建一个对象池

import org.apache.commons.pool2.PooledObjectFactory;
import org.apache.commons.pool2.impl.AbandonedConfig;
import org.apache.commons.pool2.impl.GenericObjectPool;
import org.apache.commons.pool2.impl.GenericObjectPoolConfig;

/**
 * 自定义对象池
 *
 * @author lz
 * @date 2019/7/30
 */
public class TestObjectPool extends GenericObjectPool<TestObject> {

    public TestObjectPool(PooledObjectFactory<TestObject> factory) {
        super(factory);
    }

    public TestObjectPool(PooledObjectFactory<TestObject> factory, GenericObjectPoolConfig<TestObject> config) {
        super(factory, config);
    }

    public TestObjectPool(PooledObjectFactory<TestObject> factory, GenericObjectPoolConfig<TestObject> config, AbandonedConfig abandonedConfig) {
        super(factory, config, abandonedConfig);
    }
}

spring 部分

创建对象池配置类

import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;

/**
 * 对象池配置
 *
 * @author lz
 * @date 2019/7/30
 */
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = PoolProperties.PROJECT_PREFIX)
public class PoolProperties {
    public static final String PROJECT_PREFIX = "project.object";
    /**
     * 最大空闲
     */
    private int maxIdle = 5;
    /**
     * 最大总数
     */
    private int maxTotal = 20;
    /**
     * 最小空闲
     */
    private int minIdle = 2;

    /**
     * 初始化连接数
     */
    private int initialSize = 3;

    public int getMaxIdle() {
        return maxIdle;
    }

    public void setMaxIdle(int maxIdle) {
        this.maxIdle = maxIdle;
    }

    public int getMaxTotal() {
        return maxTotal;
    }

    public void setMaxTotal(int maxTotal) {
        this.maxTotal = maxTotal;
    }

    public int getMinIdle() {
        return minIdle;
    }

    public void setMinIdle(int minIdle) {
        this.minIdle = minIdle;
    }

    public int getInitialSize() {
        return initialSize;
    }

    public void setInitialSize(int initialSize) {
        this.initialSize = initialSize;
    }
}

创建自动配置类

import org.apache.commons.pool2.impl.GenericObjectPoolConfig;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.condition.ConditionalOnClass;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.EnableConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

import javax.annotation.PreDestroy;

/**
 * 对象池自动装配
 *
 * @author lz
 * @date 2019/7/30
 */
@EnableConfigurationProperties(PoolProperties.class)
@Configuration
public class PoolAutoConfiguration {
    private final PoolProperties poolProperties;
    private TestObjectPool pool;

    @Autowired
    public PoolAutoConfiguration(PoolProperties poolProperties) {
        this.poolProperties = poolProperties;
    }

    @ConditionalOnClass({TestObjectFactory.class})
    @Bean
    protected TestObjectPool faceSDKPool() {
        TestObjectFactory faceSDKFactory = new TestObjectFactory();
        //设置对象池的相关参数
        GenericObjectPoolConfig<TestObject> poolConfig = new GenericObjectPoolConfig<>();
        poolConfig.setMaxIdle(poolProperties.getMaxIdle());
        poolConfig.setMaxTotal(poolProperties.getMaxTotal());
        poolConfig.setMinIdle(poolProperties.getMinIdle());
        poolConfig.setBlockWhenExhausted(true);
        poolConfig.setTestOnBorrow(true);
        poolConfig.setTestOnReturn(true);
        poolConfig.setTestWhileIdle(true);
        poolConfig.setTimeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis(1000 * 60 * 30);
        //一定要关闭jmx,不然springboot启动会报已经注册了某个jmx的错误
        poolConfig.setJmxEnabled(false);

        //新建一个对象池,传入对象工厂和配置
        pool = new TestObjectPool(faceSDKFactory, poolConfig);

        initPool(poolProperties.getInitialSize(), poolProperties.getMaxIdle());
        return pool;
    }

    /**
     * 预先加载testObject对象到对象池中
     *
     * @param initialSize 初始化连接数
     * @param maxIdle     最大空闲连接数
     */
    private void initPool(int initialSize, int maxIdle) {
        if (initialSize <= 0) {
            return;
        }

        int size = Math.min(initialSize, maxIdle);
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            try {
                pool.addObject();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                throw new RuntimeException(e);
            }
        }
    }

    @PreDestroy
    public void destroy() {
        if (pool != null) {
            pool.close();
        }
    }
}

使用

  @Autowired
  private TestObjectPool testObjectPool;

    public void test() {
        TestObject testObject = null;
        try {
            testObject = testObjectPool.borrowObject();
            //省略业务代码...

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (testObject != null) {
                //最终归还对象到对象池
                testObjectPool.returnObject(testObject);
            }
        }
    }

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