SpringIOC源码解析(下)

注意,看完这篇文章需要很长很长很长时间。。。

本篇文章是SpringIOC源码解析(上)的续集,上一篇文章介绍了使用XML的方式启动Spring,然后追踪了BeanFactory容器的创建、配置文件的解析、Bean的注册等,本篇文章继续分析Bean的初始化流程

12. `finishBeanFactoryInitialization()`

前方超长篇幅预警。。。

刚才我们提到了bean还没有初始化。这个方法就是负责初始化所有的没有设置懒加载的singleton bean

protected void finishBeanFactoryInitialization(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {

      if (beanFactory.containsBean(CONVERSION_SERVICE_BEAN_NAME) &&
            beanFactory.isTypeMatch(CONVERSION_SERVICE_BEAN_NAME, ConversionService.class)) {
         beanFactory.setConversionService(
               beanFactory.getBean(CONVERSION_SERVICE_BEAN_NAME, ConversionService.class));
      }

      if (!beanFactory.hasEmbeddedValueResolver()) {
         beanFactory.addEmbeddedValueResolver(strVal -> getEnvironment().resolvePlaceholders(strVal));
      }
        //先初始化 LoadTimeWeaverAware 类型的 Bean
      String[] weaverAwareNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(LoadTimeWeaverAware.class, false, false);
      for (String weaverAwareName : weaverAwareNames) {
         getBean(weaverAwareName);
      }
       //停止使用用于类型匹配的临时类加载器
      beanFactory.setTempClassLoader(null);
      //冻结所有的bean定义,即已注册的bean定义将不会被修改或后处理
      beanFactory.freezeConfiguration();
      //初始化
      beanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons();
   }
上方没有解释的代码往下看吧

conversionService

这种类型的bean最实用的场景就是用来将前端传过来的参数和后端的controller方法上的参数格式转换的时候使用

例如:前端要传一个String,后端使用Date接受的时候就可以这样操作

public class StringToDateConverter implements Converter<String, Date> {

    @Override
    public Date convert(String date) {
        try {
            return dateFormat.parse(date);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.out.println("日期转换失败!");
            return null;
        }
        
    }
}

再搞个bean

<bean id="conversionService"
  class="org.springframework.context.support.ConversionServiceFactoryBean">
  <property name="converters">
    <list>
      <bean class="cn.shiyujun.utils.StringToDateConverter"/>
    </list>
  </property>
  </bean>

EmbeddedValueResolver

利用EmbeddedValueResolver可以很方便的实现读取配置文件的属性

@Component
public class PropertiesUtil implements EmbeddedValueResolverAware {

    private StringValueResolver resolver;

    @Override
    public void setEmbeddedValueResolver(StringValueResolver resolver) {
        this.resolver = resolver;
    }


    /**
     * 获取属性时直接传入属性名称即可
     */
    public String getPropertiesValue(String key) {
        StringBuilder name = new StringBuilder("${").append(key).append("}");
        return resolver.resolveStringValue(name.toString());
    }

}

初始化 敲黑板了,重点来了。。。 这里分析`beanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons()`方法

public void preInstantiateSingletons() throws BeansException {
   if (this.logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
      this.logger.debug("Pre-instantiating singletons in " + this);
   }
   // this.beanDefinitionNames 保存了所有的 beanNames
   List<String> beanNames = new ArrayList<String>(this.beanDefinitionNames);

   for (String beanName : beanNames) {

      // 合并父 Bean 中的配置,主意<bean id="" class="" parent="" /> 中的 parent属性
      RootBeanDefinition bd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);

      // 不是抽象类、是单例的且不是懒加载的
      if (!bd.isAbstract() && bd.isSingleton() && !bd.isLazyInit()) {
         // 处理 FactoryBean
         if (isFactoryBean(beanName)) {
            //在 beanName 前面加上“&” 符号
            final FactoryBean<?> factory = (FactoryBean<?>) getBean(FACTORY_BEAN_PREFIX + beanName);
            // 判断当前 FactoryBean 是否是 SmartFactoryBean 的实现
            boolean isEagerInit;
            if (System.getSecurityManager() != null && factory instanceof SmartFactoryBean) {
               isEagerInit = AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction<Boolean>() {
                  @Override
                  public Boolean run() {
                     return ((SmartFactoryBean<?>) factory).isEagerInit();
                  }
               }, getAccessControlContext());
            }
            else {
               isEagerInit = (factory instanceof SmartFactoryBean &&
                     ((SmartFactoryBean<?>) factory).isEagerInit());
            }
            if (isEagerInit) {

               getBean(beanName);
            }
         }
         else {
            // 不是FactoryBean的直接使用此方法进行初始化
            getBean(beanName);
         }
      }
   }


  
   // 如果bean实现了 SmartInitializingSingleton 接口的,那么在这里得到回调
   for (String beanName : beanNames) {
      Object singletonInstance = getSingleton(beanName);
      if (singletonInstance instanceof SmartInitializingSingleton) {
         final SmartInitializingSingleton smartSingleton = (SmartInitializingSingleton) singletonInstance;
         if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
            AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction<Object>() {
               @Override
               public Object run() {
                  smartSingleton.afterSingletonsInstantiated();
                  return null;
               }
            }, getAccessControlContext());
         }
         else {
            smartSingleton.afterSingletonsInstantiated();
         }
      }
   }
}

可以看到,不管是不是FactoryBean,最后都调用了`getBean(beanName)`,继续看这个方法吧

@Override
public Object getBean(String name) throws BeansException {
   return doGetBean(name, null, null, false);
}

protected <T> T doGetBean(
      final String name, final Class<T> requiredType, final Object[] args, boolean typeCheckOnly)
      throws BeansException {
   // 获取beanName,处理两种情况,一个是前面说的 FactoryBean(前面带 ‘&’),再一个这个方法是可以根据别名来获取Bean的,所以在这里是要转换成最正统的BeanName
  //主要逻辑就是如果是FactoryBean就把&去掉如果是别名就把根据别名获取真实名称后面就不贴代码了
   final String beanName = transformedBeanName(name);

   //最后的返回值
   Object bean;

   // 检查是否已初始化
   Object sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName);
  //如果已经初始化过了,且没有传args参数就代表是get,直接取出返回
   if (sharedInstance != null && args == null) {
      if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
         if (isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
            logger.debug("...");
         }
         else {
            logger.debug("Returning cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName + "'");
         }
      }
      // 这里如果是普通Bean 的话,直接返回,如果是 FactoryBean 的话,返回它创建的那个实例对象
      bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, null);
   }

   else {
      // 如果存在prototype类型的这个bean
      if (isPrototypeCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
                throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName);
      }

      // 如果当前BeanDefinition不存在这个bean且具有父BeanFactory
      BeanFactory parentBeanFactory = getParentBeanFactory();
      if (parentBeanFactory != null && !containsBeanDefinition(beanName)) {
         String nameToLookup = originalBeanName(name);
      // 返回父容器的查询结果
         if (args != null) {
            return (T) parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, args);
         }
         else {
            return parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, requiredType);
         }
      }

      if (!typeCheckOnly) {
         // typeCheckOnly 为 false,将当前 beanName 放入一个 alreadyCreated 的 Set 集合中。
         markBeanAsCreated(beanName);
      }

      /*
       * 到这就要创建bean了
       */
      try {
         final RootBeanDefinition mbd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
         checkMergedBeanDefinition(mbd, beanName, args);

         // 先初始化依赖的所有 Bean, depends-on 中定义的依赖
         String[] dependsOn = mbd.getDependsOn();
         if (dependsOn != null) {
            for (String dep : dependsOn) {
               // 检查是不是有循环依赖
               if (isDependent(beanName, dep)) {
                  throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
                        "Circular depends-on relationship between '" + beanName + "' and '" + dep + "'");
               }
               // 注册一下依赖关系
               registerDependentBean(dep, beanName);
               // 先初始化被依赖项
               getBean(dep);
            }
         }

         // 如果是单例的
         if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
            sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
               @Override
               public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
                  try {
                     // 执行创建 Bean,下面说
                     return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
                  }
                  catch (BeansException ex) {
                     destroySingleton(beanName);
                     throw ex;
                  }
               }
            });
            bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
         }

         // 如果是prototype
         else if (mbd.isPrototype()) {
            Object prototypeInstance = null;
            try {
               beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
               // 执行创建 Bean
               prototypeInstance = createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
            }
            finally {
               afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
            }
            bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(prototypeInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
         }

         // 如果不是 singleton 和 prototype 那么就是自定义的scope、例如Web项目中的session等类型,这里就交给自定义scope的应用方去实现
         else {
            String scopeName = mbd.getScope();
            final Scope scope = this.scopes.get(scopeName);
            if (scope == null) {
               throw new IllegalStateException("No Scope registered for scope name '" + scopeName + "'");
            }
            try {
               Object scopedInstance = scope.get(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
                  @Override
                  public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
                     beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
                     try {
                        // 执行创建 Bean
                        return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
                     }
                     finally {
                        afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
                     }
                  }
               });
               bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(scopedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
            }
            catch (IllegalStateException ex) {
               throw new BeanCreationException(beanName,
                     "Scope '" + scopeName + "' is not active for the current thread; consider " +
                     "defining a scoped proxy for this bean if you intend to refer to it from a singleton",
                     ex);
            }
         }
      }
      catch (BeansException ex) {
         cleanupAfterBeanCreationFailure(beanName);
         throw ex;
      }
   }

   //检查bean的类型
   if (requiredType != null && bean != null && !requiredType.isInstance(bean)) {
      try {
         return getTypeConverter().convertIfNecessary(bean, requiredType);
      }
      catch (TypeMismatchException ex) {
         if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Failed to convert bean '" + name + "' to required type '" +
                  ClassUtils.getQualifiedName(requiredType) + "'", ex);
         }
         throw new BeanNotOfRequiredTypeException(name, requiredType, bean.getClass());
      }
   }
   return (T) bean;
}

看了上方方法我们知道了原来Spring本身只定义了两种Scope,也知道了SpringMVC的几种Scope是如何实现的了。 然后发现一开始会先判断bean存不存在,如果存在就直接返回了。如果不存在那就要接着往下看`createBean`方法了

protected Object createBean(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, Object[] args) throws BeanCreationException {
   if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
      logger.debug("Creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
   }
   RootBeanDefinition mbdToUse = mbd;

   // 确保 BeanDefinition 中的 Class 被加载
   Class<?> resolvedClass = resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName);
   if (resolvedClass != null && !mbd.hasBeanClass() && mbd.getBeanClassName() != null) {
      mbdToUse = new RootBeanDefinition(mbd);
      mbdToUse.setBeanClass(resolvedClass);
   }

   // 准备方法覆写,如果bean中定义了 <lookup-method /> 和 <replaced-method />
   try {
      mbdToUse.prepareMethodOverrides();
   }
   catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
      throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(),
            beanName, "Validation of method overrides failed", ex);
   }

   try {
      // 如果有代理的话直接返回
      Object bean = resolveBeforeInstantiation(beanName, mbdToUse);
      if (bean != null) {
         return bean;
      }
   }
   catch (Throwable ex) {
      throw new BeanCreationException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
            "BeanPostProcessor before instantiation of bean failed", ex);
   }
   // 创建 bean
   Object beanInstance = doCreateBean(beanName, mbdToUse, args);
   if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
      logger.debug("Finished creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
   }
   return beanInstance;
}

protected Object doCreateBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd, final Object[] args)
      throws BeanCreationException {

   BeanWrapper instanceWrapper = null;
   if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
    //如果是.factoryBean则从缓存删除
      instanceWrapper = this.factoryBeanInstanceCache.remove(beanName);
   }
   if (instanceWrapper == null) {
      // 实例化 Bean,这个方法里面才是终点,下面说
      instanceWrapper = createBeanInstance(beanName, mbd, args);
   }
   //bean实例
   final Object bean = (instanceWrapper != null ? instanceWrapper.getWrappedInstance() : null);
   //bean类型
   Class<?> beanType = (instanceWrapper != null ? instanceWrapper.getWrappedClass() : null);
   mbd.resolvedTargetType = beanType;

   synchronized (mbd.postProcessingLock) {
      if (!mbd.postProcessed) {
         try {
            // 循环调用实现了MergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessor接口的postProcessMergedBeanDefinition方法
         // Spring对这个接口有几个默认的实现,其中大家最熟悉的一个是操作@Autowired注解的
            applyMergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessors(mbd, beanType, beanName);
         }
         catch (Throwable ex) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
                  "Post-processing of merged bean definition failed", ex);
         }
         mbd.postProcessed = true;
      }
   }

 
   // 解决循环依赖问题
   boolean earlySingletonExposure = (mbd.isSingleton() && this.allowCircularReferences &&
         isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName));
   if (earlySingletonExposure) {
      if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
         logger.debug("Eagerly caching bean '" + beanName +
               "' to allow for resolving potential circular references");
      }
    //当正在创建A时,A依赖B,此时通过(8将A作为ObjectFactory放入单例工厂中进行early expose,此处B需要引用A,但A正在创建,从单例工厂拿到ObjectFactory,从而允许循环依赖
      addSingletonFactory(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
         @Override
         public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
            return getEarlyBeanReference(beanName, mbd, bean);
         }
      });
   }

   Object exposedObject = bean;
   try {
      // 负责属性装配,很重要,下面说
      populateBean(beanName, mbd, instanceWrapper);
      if (exposedObject != null) {
         // 这里是处理bean初始化完成后的各种回调,例如init-method、InitializingBean 接口、BeanPostProcessor 接口
         exposedObject = initializeBean(beanName, exposedObject, mbd);
      }
   }
   catch (Throwable ex) {
      if (ex instanceof BeanCreationException && beanName.equals(((BeanCreationException) ex).getBeanName())) {
         throw (BeanCreationException) ex;
      }
      else {
         throw new BeanCreationException(
               mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Initialization of bean failed", ex);
      }
   }
   //同样的,如果存在循环依赖
   if (earlySingletonExposure) {
      Object earlySingletonReference = getSingleton(beanName, false);
      if (earlySingletonReference != null) {
         if (exposedObject == bean) {
            exposedObject = earlySingletonReference;
         }
         else if (!this.allowRawInjectionDespiteWrapping && hasDependentBean(beanName)) {
            String[] dependentBeans = getDependentBeans(beanName);
            Set<String> actualDependentBeans = new LinkedHashSet<String>(dependentBeans.length);
            for (String dependentBean : dependentBeans) {
               if (!removeSingletonIfCreatedForTypeCheckOnly(dependentBean)) {
                  actualDependentBeans.add(dependentBean);
               }
            }
            if (!actualDependentBeans.isEmpty()) {
               throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName,
                     "Bean with name '" + beanName + "' has been injected into other beans [" +
                     StringUtils.collectionToCommaDelimitedString(actualDependentBeans) +
                     "] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been " +
                     "wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the " +
                     "bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using " +
                     "'getBeanNamesOfType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.");
            }
         }
      }
   }

   // 把bean注册到相应的Scope中
   try {
      registerDisposableBeanIfNecessary(beanName, bean, mbd);
   }
   catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
      throw new BeanCreationException(
            mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Invalid destruction signature", ex);
   }

   return exposedObject;
}

到这里第一次初始化的bean也返回了,你以为就这样结束了么。不,还有几个很重要的点

创建bean实例`createBeanInstance ()`

protected BeanWrapper createBeanInstance(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, Object[] args) {
   // 确保已经加载了此 class
   Class<?> beanClass = resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName);

   // 校验类的访问权限
   if (beanClass != null && !Modifier.isPublic(beanClass.getModifiers()) && !mbd.isNonPublicAccessAllowed()) {
      throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
            "Bean class isn't public, and non-public access not allowed: " + beanClass.getName());
   }
   
   if (mbd.getFactoryMethodName() != null)  {
      // 采用工厂方法实例化
      return instantiateUsingFactoryMethod(beanName, mbd, args);
   }

  //是否第一次
   boolean resolved = false;
  //是否采用构造函数注入
   boolean autowireNecessary = false;
   if (args == null) {
      synchronized (mbd.constructorArgumentLock) {
         if (mbd.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod != null) {
            resolved = true;
            autowireNecessary = mbd.constructorArgumentsResolved;
         }
      }
   }
   if (resolved) {
      if (autowireNecessary) {
         return autowireConstructor(beanName, mbd, null, null);
      }
      else {
         // 无参构造函数
         return instantiateBean(beanName, mbd);
      }
   }

   // 判断是否采用有参构造函数
   Constructor<?>[] ctors = determineConstructorsFromBeanPostProcessors(beanClass, beanName);
   if (ctors != null ||
         mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_CONSTRUCTOR ||
         mbd.hasConstructorArgumentValues() || !ObjectUtils.isEmpty(args))  {
      // 构造函数依赖注入
      return autowireConstructor(beanName, mbd, ctors, args);
   }

   // 调用无参构造函数
   return instantiateBean(beanName, mbd);
}

选一个无参的构造看一下吧

protected BeanWrapper instantiateBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd) {
   try {
      Object beanInstance;
      final BeanFactory parent = this;
      if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
         beanInstance = AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction<Object>() {
            @Override
            public Object run() {

               return getInstantiationStrategy().instantiate(mbd, beanName, parent);
            }
         }, getAccessControlContext());
      }
      else {
         // 具体实例化的实现,往下看
         beanInstance = getInstantiationStrategy().instantiate(mbd, beanName, parent);
      }
      BeanWrapper bw = new BeanWrapperImpl(beanInstance);
      initBeanWrapper(bw);
      return bw;
   }
   catch (Throwable ex) {
      throw new BeanCreationException(
            mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Instantiation of bean failed", ex);
   }
}


public Object instantiate(RootBeanDefinition bd, String beanName, BeanFactory owner) {

   // 如果不存在方法覆写,那就使用 java 反射进行实例化,否则使用 CGLIB,
   if (bd.getMethodOverrides().isEmpty()) {
      Constructor<?> constructorToUse;
      synchronized (bd.constructorArgumentLock) {
         constructorToUse = (Constructor<?>) bd.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod;
         if (constructorToUse == null) {
            final Class<?> clazz = bd.getBeanClass();
            if (clazz.isInterface()) {
               throw new BeanInstantiationException(clazz, "Specified class is an interface");
            }
            try {
               if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
                  constructorToUse = AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedExceptionAction<Constructor<?>>() {
                     @Override
                     public Constructor<?> run() throws Exception {
                        return clazz.getDeclaredConstructor((Class[]) null);
                     }
                  });
               }
               else {
                  constructorToUse = clazz.getDeclaredConstructor((Class[]) null);
               }
               bd.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod = constructorToUse;
            }
            catch (Throwable ex) {
               throw new BeanInstantiationException(clazz, "No default constructor found", ex);
            }
         }
      }
      // 利用构造方法进行实例化
      return BeanUtils.instantiateClass(constructorToUse);
   }
   else {
      // 存在方法覆写,利用 CGLIB 来完成实例化,需要依赖于 CGLIB 生成子类,这里就不展开了
      return instantiateWithMethodInjection(bd, beanName, owner);
   }
}

bean属性注入`populateBean ()`

protected void populateBean(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, BeanWrapper bw) {
   // bean的所有属性
   PropertyValues pvs = mbd.getPropertyValues();

   if (bw == null) {
      if (!pvs.isEmpty()) {
         throw new BeanCreationException(
               mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Cannot apply property values to null instance");
      }
      else {
         return;
      }
   }


   boolean continueWithPropertyPopulation = true;
   if (!mbd.isSynthetic() && hasInstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessors()) {
      for (BeanPostProcessor bp : getBeanPostProcessors()) {
         if (bp instanceof InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) {
            InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor ibp = (InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) bp;
            // 如果返回 false,代表不需要进行后续的属性设值,也不需要再经过其他的 BeanPostProcessor 的处理
            if (!ibp.postProcessAfterInstantiation(bw.getWrappedInstance(), beanName)) {
               continueWithPropertyPopulation = false;
               break;
            }
         }
      }
   }

   if (!continueWithPropertyPopulation) {
      return;
   }

   if (mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_NAME ||
         mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_TYPE) {
      MutablePropertyValues newPvs = new MutablePropertyValues(pvs);

      // 通过名字找到所有属性值,如果是 bean 依赖,先初始化依赖的 bean。记录依赖关系
      if (mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_NAME) {
         autowireByName(beanName, mbd, bw, newPvs);
      }

      // 通过类型装配。复杂一些
      if (mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_TYPE) {
         autowireByType(beanName, mbd, bw, newPvs);
      }

      pvs = newPvs;
   }

   boolean hasInstAwareBpps = hasInstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessors();
   boolean needsDepCheck = (mbd.getDependencyCheck() != RootBeanDefinition.DEPENDENCY_CHECK_NONE);

   if (hasInstAwareBpps || needsDepCheck) {
      PropertyDescriptor[] filteredPds = filterPropertyDescriptorsForDependencyCheck(bw, mbd.allowCaching);
      if (hasInstAwareBpps) {
         for (BeanPostProcessor bp : getBeanPostProcessors()) {
            if (bp instanceof InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) {
               InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor ibp = (InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) bp;
               // 这里就是上方曾经提到过得对@Autowired处理的一个BeanPostProcessor了
               // 它会对所有标记@Autowired、@Value 注解的属性进行设值
               pvs = ibp.postProcessPropertyValues(pvs, filteredPds, bw.getWrappedInstance(), beanName);
               if (pvs == null) {
                  return;
               }
            }
         }
      }
      if (needsDepCheck) {
         checkDependencies(beanName, mbd, filteredPds, pvs);
      }
   }
   // 设置 bean 实例的属性值
   applyPropertyValues(beanName, mbd, bw, pvs);
}

getBean这一块就搞完了 13. `finishRefresh()`

protected void finishRefresh() {
      //看名字就知道了,清理刚才一系列操作使用到的资源缓存
      clearResourceCaches();

      // 初始化LifecycleProcessor
      initLifecycleProcessor();

      // 这个方法的内部实现是启动所有实现了Lifecycle接口的bean
      getLifecycleProcessor().onRefresh();

      //发布ContextRefreshedEvent事件
      publishEvent(new ContextRefreshedEvent(this));

      // 检查spring.liveBeansView.mbeanDomain是否存在,有就会创建一个MBeanServer
      LiveBeansView.registerApplicationContext(this);
   }

14. `resetCommonCaches()` 最后一步还是清除缓存 15. `refresh()`总结 上方以及之前的一篇文章,用了这么长的篇幅把整个`refresh()`方法的细节给梳理清楚,这里再把刚开始看的懵懵的`refresh() `方法贴一下 ```

public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
 
   synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {

      // 记录容器的启动时间、标记“已启动”状态、检查环境变量
      prepareRefresh();

      // 初始化BeanFactory容器、注册BeanDefinition
      ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();

      // 设置 BeanFactory 的类加载器,添加几个 BeanPostProcessor,手动注册几个特殊的 bean
      prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);

      try {
         // 扩展点
         postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);
         // 调用 BeanFactoryPostProcessor 各个实现类的 postProcessBeanFactory(factory) 方法
         invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);

         // 注册 BeanPostProcessor 的实现类
         registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);

         // 初始化MessageSource
         initMessageSource();

         // 初始化事件广播器
         initApplicationEventMulticaster();

         // 扩展点
         onRefresh();

         // 注册事件监听器
         registerListeners();


         // 初始化所有的 singleton beans
         finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);

         // 广播事件
         finishRefresh();
      }

      catch (BeansException ex) {
         if (logger.isWarnEnabled()) {
            logger.warn("Exception encountered during context initialization - " +
                  "cancelling refresh attempt: " + ex);
         }

         // 销毁已经初始化的的Bean
         destroyBeans();

         // 设置 'active' 状态
         cancelRefresh(ex);

         throw ex;
      }

      finally {
         // 清除缓存
         resetCommonCaches();
      }
   }
}

总结 至此,本文到此结束。鉴于XML方式比较简单、通俗易懂,所以本文基于XML的方式大致介绍了SpringIOC的启动流程、稍微深入的讲解了Bean容器的创建以及Bean的初始化过程。这也是作者第一次阅读开源框架的源码,如文章有错误之处还请您费心指出。 鉴于现在比较流行SpringBoot和SpringCloud,下篇文章将会从基于注解的方向分析SpringIOC

不得不看

1.SpringCloud系列博客汇总

2.为啥一线大厂面试必问Redis,有啥好问的?

3.Java多线程面试必备基础知识汇总

4.Java集合源码分析汇总

5.Linux常用命令汇总

6.JVM系列文章汇总

7.MySQL系列文章汇总

8.RabbitMQ系列文章汇总

本文分享自微信公众号 - Java学习录(Javaxuexilu)

原文出处及转载信息见文内详细说明,如有侵权,请联系 yunjia_community@tencent.com 删除。

原始发表时间:2019-08-03

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