Android实现随意拖动View效果

项目过程中要实现能在页面中随意的拖动,刚开始实现是用悬浮球的形式进行实现,因为之前项目中用过,实现后发现用户每次安装后,都有权限的限制,甚至有些用户关闭悬浮球权限之后,不知道怎么在手机上打开悬浮球的权限,这样的话用户体验很不好,所以自己重新自定义实现在页面中拖动,不需要请求权限。

自定义随意拖动View:

package com.dragdemo;

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.content.Context;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.widget.ImageView;

/**
 *随意拖动的view
 */

@SuppressLint("AppCompatCustomView")
public class DragView extends ImageView {

    private int width;
    private int height;
    private int screenWidth;
    private int screenHeight;
    private Context context;

    //是否拖动
    private boolean isDrag=false;

    public boolean isDrag() {
        return isDrag;
    }
    public DragView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
        this.context=context;
    }
    @Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
        super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
        width=getMeasuredWidth();
        height=getMeasuredHeight();
        screenWidth= ScreenUtil.getScreenWidth(context);
        screenHeight=ScreenUtil.getScreenHeight(context)-getStatusBarHeight();

    }
    public int getStatusBarHeight(){
        int resourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
        return getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(resourceId);
    }


    private float downX;
    private float downY;


    @Override
    public boolean onTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {
        super.onTouchEvent(event);
        if (this.isEnabled()) {
            switch (event.getAction()) {
                case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:
                    isDrag=false;
                    downX = event.getX();
                    downY = event.getY();
                    break;
                case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE:
                    Log.e("kid","ACTION_MOVE");
                    final float xDistance = event.getX() - downX;
                    final float yDistance = event.getY() - downY;
                    int l,r,t,b;
                    //当水平或者垂直滑动距离大于10,才算拖动事件
                    if (Math.abs(xDistance) >10 ||Math.abs(yDistance)>10) {
                        Log.e("kid","Drag");
                        isDrag=true;
                         l = (int) (getLeft() + xDistance);
                         r = l+width;
                         t = (int) (getTop() + yDistance);
                         b = t+height;
                        //不划出边界判断,此处应按照项目实际情况,因为本项目需求移动的位置是手机全屏,
                        // 所以才能这么写,如果是固定区域,要得到父控件的宽高位置后再做处理
                        if(l<0){
                            l=0;
                            r=l+width;
                        }else if(r>screenWidth){
                            r=screenWidth;
                            l=r-width;
                        }
                        if(t<0){
                            t=0;
                            b=t+height;
                        }else if(b>screenHeight){
                            b=screenHeight;
                            t=b-height;
                        }

                        this.layout(l, t, r, b);
                    }
                    break;
                case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP:
                    setPressed(false);
                    break;
                case MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL:
                    setPressed(false);
                    break;
            }
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

}

用到的工具类:

package com.dragdemo;

import android.content.Context;
import android.util.DisplayMetrics;
import android.view.Display;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.WindowManager;

public class ScreenUtil {

    private static int width = 0;
    private static int height = 0;
    private static int showHeight = 0;
    private static int statusHeight = 0;
    private static float density = 0;

    public static int getScreenWidth(Context context) {
        if (width == 0) {
            WindowManager manager = (WindowManager) context
                    .getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
            Display display = manager.getDefaultDisplay();
            width = display.getWidth();
        }
        return width;
    }

    public static int getScreenHeight(Context context) {
        if (height == 0) {
            WindowManager manager = (WindowManager) context
                    .getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
            Display display = manager.getDefaultDisplay();
            height = display.getHeight();
        }
        return height;
    }

    public static int getScreenShowHeight(Context context) {
        if (showHeight == 0) {
            showHeight = getScreenHeight(context) - getStatusBarHeight(context);
        }
        return showHeight;
    }

    public static int getStatusBarHeight(Context context) {
        if (statusHeight > 0) {
            return statusHeight;
        }
        Class<?> c = null;
        Object obj = null;
        java.lang.reflect.Field field = null;
        int x = 0;
        try {
            c = Class.forName("com.android.internal.R$dimen");
            obj = c.newInstance();
            field = c.getField("status_bar_height");
            x = Integer.parseInt(field.get(obj).toString());
            statusHeight = context.getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(x);
            return statusHeight;
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return statusHeight;
    }

    public static float getScreenDensity(Context context) {
        if (density == 0) {
            try {
                DisplayMetrics dm = new DisplayMetrics();
                WindowManager manager = (WindowManager) context
                        .getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
                manager.getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(dm);
                density = dm.density;
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                ex.printStackTrace();
                density = 1.0f;
            }
        }
        return density;
    }

    public static float getScreentMinLength(Context context) {
        return getScreenHeight(context) > getScreenWidth(context) ? getScreenWidth(context)
                : getScreenHeight(context);
    }

    /**
     * 根据指定k的系数获取屏幕在max范围内的最大长宽,默认宽比较小
     * 
     * @param context
     * @param k
     * @return
     */
    public static DrawWrap getCutWrap(Context context, float k, float max) {
        float tWidth = getScreenWidth(context);
        float tHeight = getScreenHeight(context);

        if (tWidth * max * k > tHeight) {
            return new DrawWrap(tHeight * max / k, tHeight * max);
        } else {
            return new DrawWrap(tWidth * max, tWidth * max * k);
        }
    }

    public static class DrawWrap {
        public float width;
        public float height;

        public DrawWrap(float width, float height) {
            this.width = width;
            this.height = height;
        }
    }

    public static int dip2px(Context context, float dipValue) {
        return (int) (dipValue * getScreenDensity(context) + 0.5f);
    }

    /**
     * 将sp值转换为px值,保证文字大小不变
     *
     * @param context
     * @param spValue
     *            (DisplayMetrics类中属性scaledDensity)
     * @return
     */
    public static int sp2px(Context context, float spValue) {
        final float fontScale = context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().scaledDensity;
        return (int) (spValue * fontScale + 0.5f);
    }

    /**
     * 根据手机的分辨率从 px(像素) 的单位 转成为 dp
     */
    public static int px2dip(Context context, float pxValue) {
        final float scale = context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
        return (int) (pxValue / scale + 0.5f);
    }

    /**
     * 获取屏幕中控件顶部位置的高度--即控件顶部的Y点
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public static int getScreenViewTopHeight(View view) {
        return view.getTop();
    }

    /**
     * 获取屏幕中控件底部位置的高度--即控件底部的Y点
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public static int getScreenViewBottomHeight(View view) {
        return view.getBottom();
    }

    /**
     * 获取屏幕中控件左侧的位置--即控件左侧的X点
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public static int getScreenViewLeftHeight(View view) {
        return view.getLeft();
    }

    /**
     * 获取屏幕中控件右侧的位置--即控件右侧的X点
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public static int getScreenViewRightHeight(View view) {
        return view.getRight();
    }

    /*
     * 获取控件宽
     */
    public static int getWidth(View view) {
        int w = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,
                View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
        int h = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,
                View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
        view.measure(w, h);
        return (view.getMeasuredWidth());
    }

    /*
     * 获取控件高
     */
    public static int getHeight(View view) {
        int w = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,
                View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
        int h = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,
                View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
        view.measure(w, h);
        return (view.getMeasuredHeight());
    }

}

XML文件:

<com.dragdemo.DragView
       android:id="@+id/iv_drag"
       android:layout_gravity="center"
       android:src="@drawable/function_night_open"
       android:layout_width="80dp"
       android:layout_height="80dp"
       />

MainActivity:

package com.dragdemo;

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    DragView iv_drag;
    
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        iv_drag= (DragView) findViewById(R.id.iv_drag);
        iv_drag.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(!iv_drag.isDrag()){
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "响应点击", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }

            }
        });
    }
}

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