聊聊dubbo的FailbackClusterInvoker

本文主要研究一下dubbo的FailbackClusterInvoker

FailbackClusterInvoker

dubbo-2.7.3/dubbo-cluster/src/main/java/org/apache/dubbo/rpc/cluster/support/FailbackClusterInvoker.java

public class FailbackClusterInvoker<T> extends AbstractClusterInvoker<T> {

    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(FailbackClusterInvoker.class);

    private static final long RETRY_FAILED_PERIOD = 5;

    private final int retries;

    private final int failbackTasks;

    private volatile Timer failTimer;

    public FailbackClusterInvoker(Directory<T> directory) {
        super(directory);

        int retriesConfig = getUrl().getParameter(RETRIES_KEY, DEFAULT_FAILBACK_TIMES);
        if (retriesConfig <= 0) {
            retriesConfig = DEFAULT_FAILBACK_TIMES;
        }
        int failbackTasksConfig = getUrl().getParameter(FAIL_BACK_TASKS_KEY, DEFAULT_FAILBACK_TASKS);
        if (failbackTasksConfig <= 0) {
            failbackTasksConfig = DEFAULT_FAILBACK_TASKS;
        }
        retries = retriesConfig;
        failbackTasks = failbackTasksConfig;
    }

    private void addFailed(LoadBalance loadbalance, Invocation invocation, List<Invoker<T>> invokers, Invoker<T> lastInvoker) {
        if (failTimer == null) {
            synchronized (this) {
                if (failTimer == null) {
                    failTimer = new HashedWheelTimer(
                            new NamedThreadFactory("failback-cluster-timer", true),
                            1,
                            TimeUnit.SECONDS, 32, failbackTasks);
                }
            }
        }
        RetryTimerTask retryTimerTask = new RetryTimerTask(loadbalance, invocation, invokers, lastInvoker, retries, RETRY_FAILED_PERIOD);
        try {
            failTimer.newTimeout(retryTimerTask, RETRY_FAILED_PERIOD, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            logger.error("Failback background works error,invocation->" + invocation + ", exception: " + e.getMessage());
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected Result doInvoke(Invocation invocation, List<Invoker<T>> invokers, LoadBalance loadbalance) throws RpcException {
        Invoker<T> invoker = null;
        try {
            checkInvokers(invokers, invocation);
            invoker = select(loadbalance, invocation, invokers, null);
            return invoker.invoke(invocation);
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            logger.error("Failback to invoke method " + invocation.getMethodName() + ", wait for retry in background. Ignored exception: "
                    + e.getMessage() + ", ", e);
            addFailed(loadbalance, invocation, invokers, invoker);
            return AsyncRpcResult.newDefaultAsyncResult(null, null, invocation); // ignore
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void destroy() {
        super.destroy();
        if (failTimer != null) {
            failTimer.stop();
        }
    }

    /**
     * RetryTimerTask
     */
    private class RetryTimerTask implements TimerTask {
        private final Invocation invocation;
        private final LoadBalance loadbalance;
        private final List<Invoker<T>> invokers;
        private final int retries;
        private final long tick;
        private Invoker<T> lastInvoker;
        private int retryTimes = 0;

        RetryTimerTask(LoadBalance loadbalance, Invocation invocation, List<Invoker<T>> invokers, Invoker<T> lastInvoker, int retries, long tick) {
            this.loadbalance = loadbalance;
            this.invocation = invocation;
            this.invokers = invokers;
            this.retries = retries;
            this.tick = tick;
            this.lastInvoker=lastInvoker;
        }

        @Override
        public void run(Timeout timeout) {
            try {
                Invoker<T> retryInvoker = select(loadbalance, invocation, invokers, Collections.singletonList(lastInvoker));
                lastInvoker = retryInvoker;
                retryInvoker.invoke(invocation);
            } catch (Throwable e) {
                logger.error("Failed retry to invoke method " + invocation.getMethodName() + ", waiting again.", e);
                if ((++retryTimes) >= retries) {
                    logger.error("Failed retry times exceed threshold (" + retries + "), We have to abandon, invocation->" + invocation);
                } else {
                    rePut(timeout);
                }
            }
        }

        private void rePut(Timeout timeout) {
            if (timeout == null) {
                return;
            }

            Timer timer = timeout.timer();
            if (timer.isStop() || timeout.isCancelled()) {
                return;
            }

            timer.newTimeout(timeout.task(), tick, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
        }
    }
}
  • FailbackClusterInvoker的构造器初始化了retriesConfig、failbackTasksConfig;doInvoke方法在catch到Throwable的时候,会执行addFailed方法,该方法会往HashedWheelTimer注册一个RetryTimerTask,delay为5秒;RetryTimerTask的run方法首先会通过select方法选择一个retryInvoker,然后进行重试,catch到Throwable时会递增retryTimes,不超出限制时执行rePut方法,重新注册RetryTimerTask

FailbackClusterInvokerTest

dubbo-2.7.3/dubbo-cluster/src/test/java/org/apache/dubbo/rpc/cluster/support/FailbackClusterInvokerTest.java

@TestMethodOrder(MethodOrderer.OrderAnnotation.class)
public class FailbackClusterInvokerTest {

    List<Invoker<FailbackClusterInvokerTest>> invokers = new ArrayList<Invoker<FailbackClusterInvokerTest>>();
    URL url = URL.valueOf("test://test:11/test?retries=2&failbacktasks=2");
    Invoker<FailbackClusterInvokerTest> invoker = mock(Invoker.class);
    RpcInvocation invocation = new RpcInvocation();
    Directory<FailbackClusterInvokerTest> dic;
    Result result = new AppResponse();

    /**
     * @throws java.lang.Exception
     */

    @BeforeEach
    public void setUp() throws Exception {

        dic = mock(Directory.class);
        given(dic.getUrl()).willReturn(url);
        given(dic.list(invocation)).willReturn(invokers);
        given(dic.getInterface()).willReturn(FailbackClusterInvokerTest.class);

        invocation.setMethodName("method1");

        invokers.add(invoker);
    }

    @AfterEach
    public void tearDown() {

        dic = null;
        invocation = new RpcInvocation();
        invokers.clear();
    }


    private void resetInvokerToException() {
        given(invoker.invoke(invocation)).willThrow(new RuntimeException());
        given(invoker.getUrl()).willReturn(url);
        given(invoker.getInterface()).willReturn(FailbackClusterInvokerTest.class);
    }

    private void resetInvokerToNoException() {
        given(invoker.invoke(invocation)).willReturn(result);
        given(invoker.getUrl()).willReturn(url);
        given(invoker.getInterface()).willReturn(FailbackClusterInvokerTest.class);
    }

    @Test
    @Order(1)
    public void testInvokeException() {
        resetInvokerToException();
        FailbackClusterInvoker<FailbackClusterInvokerTest> invoker = new FailbackClusterInvoker<FailbackClusterInvokerTest>(
                dic);
        invoker.invoke(invocation);
        Assertions.assertNull(RpcContext.getContext().getInvoker());
        DubboAppender.clear();
    }

    @Test
    @Order(2)
    public void testInvokeNoException() {

        resetInvokerToNoException();

        FailbackClusterInvoker<FailbackClusterInvokerTest> invoker = new FailbackClusterInvoker<FailbackClusterInvokerTest>(
                dic);
        Result ret = invoker.invoke(invocation);
        Assertions.assertSame(result, ret);
    }

    @Test
    @Order(3)
    public void testNoInvoke() {
        dic = mock(Directory.class);

        given(dic.getUrl()).willReturn(url);
        given(dic.list(invocation)).willReturn(null);
        given(dic.getInterface()).willReturn(FailbackClusterInvokerTest.class);

        invocation.setMethodName("method1");

        invokers.add(invoker);

        resetInvokerToNoException();

        FailbackClusterInvoker<FailbackClusterInvokerTest> invoker = new FailbackClusterInvoker<FailbackClusterInvokerTest>(
                dic);
        LogUtil.start();
        DubboAppender.clear();
        invoker.invoke(invocation);
        assertEquals(1, LogUtil.findMessage("Failback to invoke"));
        LogUtil.stop();
    }

    @Disabled
    @Test
    @Order(4)
    public void testARetryFailed() throws Exception {
        //Test retries and

        resetInvokerToException();

        FailbackClusterInvoker<FailbackClusterInvokerTest> invoker = new FailbackClusterInvoker<FailbackClusterInvokerTest>(
                dic);
        LogUtil.start();
        DubboAppender.clear();
        invoker.invoke(invocation);
        invoker.invoke(invocation);
        invoker.invoke(invocation);
        Assertions.assertNull(RpcContext.getContext().getInvoker());
//        invoker.retryFailed();// when retry the invoker which get from failed map already is not the mocked invoker,so
        //Ensure that the main thread is online
        CountDownLatch countDown = new CountDownLatch(1);
        countDown.await(15000L, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
        LogUtil.stop();
        Assertions.assertEquals(4, LogUtil.findMessage(Level.ERROR, "Failed retry to invoke method"), "must have four error message ");
        Assertions.assertEquals(2, LogUtil.findMessage(Level.ERROR, "Failed retry times exceed threshold"), "must have two error message ");
        Assertions.assertEquals(1, LogUtil.findMessage(Level.ERROR, "Failback background works error"), "must have one error message ");
        // it can be invoke successfully
    }
}
  • 这里使用mockito来mock了resetInvokerToException、resetInvokerToNoException

小结

FailbackClusterInvoker的构造器初始化了retriesConfig、failbackTasksConfig;doInvoke方法在catch到Throwable的时候,会执行addFailed方法,该方法会往HashedWheelTimer注册一个RetryTimerTask,delay为5秒;RetryTimerTask的run方法首先会通过select方法选择一个retryInvoker,然后进行重试,catch到Throwable时会递增retryTimes,不超出限制时执行rePut方法,重新注册RetryTimerTask

doc

  • FailbackClusterInvoker

原文发布于微信公众号 - 码匠的流水账(geek_luandun)

原文发表时间:2019-08-21

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