基于layUI调用后台数据实现区域信息级联查询

基于layUI调用后台数据实现区域信息级联查询

1.基本思路

  • 后台提供根据区域编码查询区域列表公共接口
  • 页面初始化调用后台接口加载所有省份
  • 点击省份将省份区域编码传入后台查询该省份下所有地市信息,以此类推

2.数据表结构展示

SELECT
    COLUMN_NAME 列名,
    DATA_TYPE 字段类型,
    CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH 长度,
    IS_NULLABLE 是否为空,
    COLUMN_COMMENT 备注
FROM
    INFORMATION_SCHEMA. COLUMNS
WHERE
    table_name = 'td_area';

3.数据详解

3.1.查看所有省份数据

 select * from td_area t where t.level = 0 and t.parent_code = 0;

3.2.根据省份编码查询地市编码

以北京市为例,级别编码变为1,北京市的区域编码作为查询条件的父级编码,依次类推即可

 select * from td_area t where t.level = 1 and t.parent_code = 110000000000;

3.3.脚本文件下载地址

https://download.csdn.net/download/u010427935/11604164

4.后端接口实现

我这里以Java实现的,单表查询就不贴具体代码了,这里只展示具体返回的json格式数据和入参数据

  • 入参:就两个参数,级别编码和父级编码
  • 响应部分json格式数据及截图
{
    "code": 200,
    "msg": "success",
    "data": [
        {
            "level": 0,
            "parentCode": 0,
            "areaCode": 110000000000,
            "zipCode": 0,
            "cityCode": "",
            "name": "北京市",
            "shortName": "北京",
            "mergerName": "北京",
            "pinyin": "BeiJing",
            "lng": 116.407526,
            "lat": 39.90403
        },
        {
            "level": 0,
            "parentCode": 0,
            "areaCode": 120000000000,
            "zipCode": 0,
            "cityCode": "",
            "name": "天津市",
            "shortName": "天津",
            "mergerName": "天津",
            "pinyin": "TianJin",
            "lng": 117.200983,
            "lat": 39.084158
        }
    ]
}

5.前端具体代码

5.1.HTML页面,具体js和css修改为自己项目所在路径即可

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8"/>
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"/>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, minimum-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0,user-scalable=no"/>
<title>供应商系统</title>
<meta name="description" content="">
<meta name="keywords" content="">
<link rel="shortcut icon" type="image/x-icon" href="#" />
<link rel="stylesheet" href="/lib/layui/css/layui.css" />
<script src="/js/jquery-3.2.1.min.js"></script>
<script src="/lib/layui/layui.js"></script>
<script src="../js/js-web-city.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<fieldset class="layui-elem-field layui-field-title" style="margin-top: 20px;">
    <legend>表单集合演示</legend>
</fieldset>
<form class="layui-form">

    <div class="layui-form-item">
        <label class="layui-form-label">联动选择框</label>
        <div class="layui-input-inline">
            <select name="quiz1" lay-filter="province" id="js-select-provice"></select>
        </div>
        <div class="layui-input-inline">
            <select name="quiz2" lay-filter="city" id="js-select-city"></select>
        </div>
        <div class="layui-input-inline">
            <select name="quiz3" lay-filter="county" id="js-select-county"></select>
        </div>
        <div class="layui-input-inline">
            <select name="quiz3" lay-filter="street" id="js-select-street"></select>
        </div><div class="layui-input-inline">
            <select name="quiz3" id="js-select-village"></select>
        </div>
    </div>
</form>

</body>
</html>

5.2.完整js调用代码

layui.use(['form'], function(){
    var form = layui.form,layer = layui.layer

    //监听省份选择
    form.on('select(province)', function(data){
       var selName = data.elem[data.elem.selectedIndex].text;
        getCity(data.value);
        form.render('select');//重新渲染下拉框
    });

    //监听地市选择
    form.on('select(city)', function(data){
        getCounty(data.value);
        form.render('select');//重新渲染下拉框
    });
    //监听区县选择
    form.on('select(county)', function(data){
        getStreet(data.value);
        form.render('select');//重新渲染下拉框
    });
    //监听乡镇选择
    form.on('select(street)', function(data){
        getVillage(data.value);
        form.render('select');//重新渲染下拉框
    });

    //加载地市信息
    function getCity(provinceCode) {
        var areaData = queryArea(1,provinceCode);
        if(null == areaData) {
            return;
        }
        var resCode = areaData.code;
        if(resCode == '200') {
            $('#js-select-city').html('');
            $('#js-select-county').html('');
            $('#js-select-street').html('');
            $('#js-select-village').html('');
            var cityHtml = '<option value="" selected>请选择</option>'
            $.each(areaData.data,function(index,val) {
                cityHtml += '<option value="'+val.areaCode+'">'+val.name+'</option>';
            })
            $('#js-select-city').append(cityHtml);
        }
    }

    //加载区县信息
    function getCounty(cityCode) {
        var areaData = queryArea(2,cityCode);
        if(null == areaData) {
            return;
        }
        var resCode = areaData.code;
        if(resCode == '200') {
            $('#js-select-county').html('');
            $('#js-select-street').html('');
            $('#js-select-village').html('');
            var countyHtml = '<option value="" selected>请选择</option>'
            $.each(areaData.data,function(index,val) {
                countyHtml += '<option value="'+val.areaCode+'">'+val.name+'</option>';
            })
            $('#js-select-county').append(countyHtml);
        }
    }

    //加载乡镇信息
    function getStreet(countyCode) {
        var areaData = queryArea(3,countyCode);
        if(null == areaData) {
            return;
        }
        var resCode = areaData.code;
        if(resCode == '200') {
            $('#js-select-street').html('');
            $('#js-select-village').html('');
            var streetHtml = '<option value="" selected>请选择</option>'
            $.each(areaData.data,function(index,val) {
                streetHtml += '<option value="'+val.areaCode+'">'+val.name+'</option>';
            })
            $('#js-select-street').append(streetHtml);
        }
    }

    //加载街道信息
    function getVillage(streetCode) {
        var areaData = queryArea(4,streetCode);
        if(null == areaData) {
            return;
        }
        var resCode = areaData.code;
        if(resCode == '200') {
            $('#js-select-village').html('');
            var villageHtml = '<option value="" selected>请选择</option>'
            $.each(areaData.data,function(index,val) {
                villageHtml += '<option value="'+val.areaCode+'">'+val.name+'</option>';
            })
            $('#js-select-village').append(villageHtml);
        }
    }
    
   $(function () {
       getProvince(0,0); //初始化加载省份信息
       form.render('select');//重新渲染下拉框
   });
});

function getProvince(level,code) {
   var areaData = queryArea(level,code);
   if(null == areaData) {
       return;
   }
   var resCode = areaData.code;
   if(resCode == '200') {
       var provicetHtml = '<option value="" selected>请选择</option>'
       $.each(areaData.data,function(index,val) {
           provicetHtml += '<option value="'+val.areaCode+'">'+val.name+'</option>';
       })
       $('#js-select-provice').append(provicetHtml);
   }
}

/**
 * ajax查询区域信息,如果要去返回值信息设置为同步,默认为异步调用
 * @param level
 * @param code
 * @returns {string}
 */
function queryArea(level,code) {
    var resData = '';
    $.ajax({
        url: '../test/queryArea',
        type: 'POST',
        dataType: 'JSON',
        async: false,
        data: {
            level: level,
            parentCode: code
        },
        success: function(res) {
            resData = res;
        },
        error: function(error) {

        }
    });
    return resData;
}

5.3.js代码简单梳理

  • 首选根据级别编码和区域编码查询后台公共方法,这里需要注意ajax异步调用无返回值得,需要设置为同步 async: false,
/**
 * ajax查询区域信息,如果要去返回值信息设置为同步,默认为异步调用
 * @param level
 * @param code
 * @returns {string}
 */
function queryArea(level,code) {
    var resData = '';
    $.ajax({
        url: '../test/queryArea',
        type: 'POST',
        dataType: 'JSON',
        async: false,
        data: {
            level: level,
            parentCode: code
        },
        success: function(res) {
            resData = res;
        },
        error: function(error) {

        }
    });
    return resData;
}
  • 页面初始化加载所有省份信息
  • 监听选择省份下拉框调用地市信息,选择地市加载区县依次类推即可

6.页面展示效果

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