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使用aliyun-exporter采集阿里云的数据

参考文档:

https://partners-intl.aliyun.com/help/doc-detail/28619.html?spm=a3c0i.10721930.0.0.63d53d98TZJj5U

https://www.alibabacloud.com/help/doc-detail/26316.htm?spm=a2c63.p38356.b99.361.694917e6Rtuu9i#title-gzw-8zg-h33

安装

pyenv install 3.7.0

pyenv shell 3.7.0

pip3.7 install  aliyun-exporter

即可完成安装

然后,编辑配置文件aliyun-exporter.yml 内容如下:

# 实测发现,对于数据库之类的监控,api获取的粒度太粗,不满足使用。 但是可以使用阿里云提供的SLB的监控
# SLB目前只监控的是4层,没有监控7层
credential:
  access_key_id: '11111111111'
  access_key_secret: '222222222222222'
  region_id: cn-beijing
info_metrics:
 - ecs
 - rds
 - redis
metrics:
  acs_slb_dashboard:
  - name: TrafficRXNew
    period: 60
  - name: TrafficTXNew
    period: 60
  - name: HeathyServerCount
    period: 60
  - name: UnhealthyServerCount
    period: 60
  - name: ActiveConnection
    period: 60
  - name: InactiveConnection
    period: 60
  - name: NewConnection
    period: 60
  - name: MaxConnection
    period: 60
  - name: DropConnection
    period: 60
  - name: DropPacketRX
    period: 60

前台启动:

/root/.pyenv/versions/3.7.0/bin/aliyun-exporter -p 9525 -c aliyun-exporter.yml

启动后,我们访问 9525端口就可以看到采集的数据了。然后再prometheus里面配下target 即可采集数据。

下面是我绘制的监控大盘:

我的板子的json文件如下:

{
  "__inputs": [
    {
      "name": "DS_PROMETHEUS",
      "label": "prometheus",
      "description": "",
      "type": "datasource",
      "pluginId": "prometheus",
      "pluginName": "Prometheus"
    }
  ],
  "__requires": [
    {
      "type": "grafana",
      "id": "grafana",
      "name": "Grafana",
      "version": "6.0.0"
    },
    {
      "type": "panel",
      "id": "graph",
      "name": "Graph",
      "version": "5.0.0"
    },
    {
      "type": "datasource",
      "id": "prometheus",
      "name": "Prometheus",
      "version": "5.0.0"
    },
    {
      "type": "panel",
      "id": "singlestat",
      "name": "Singlestat",
      "version": "5.0.0"
    }
  ],
  "annotations": {
    "list": [
      {
        "builtIn": 1,
        "datasource": "-- Grafana --",
        "enable": true,
        "hide": true,
        "iconColor": "rgba(0, 211, 255, 1)",
        "name": "Annotations & Alerts",
        "type": "dashboard"
      }
    ]
  },
  "editable": true,
  "gnetId": null,
  "graphTooltip": 0,
  "id": null,
  "links": [],
  "panels": [
    {
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "colorBackground": false,
      "colorValue": false,
      "colors": [
        "#299c46",
        "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
        "#d44a3a"
      ],
      "datasource": "${DS_PROMETHEUS}",
      "format": "none",
      "gauge": {
        "maxValue": 100,
        "minValue": 0,
        "show": false,
        "thresholdLabels": false,
        "thresholdMarkers": true
      },
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 3,
        "w": 4,
        "x": 0,
        "y": 0
      },
      "id": 21,
      "interval": null,
      "links": [],
      "mappingType": 1,
      "mappingTypes": [
        {
          "name": "value to text",
          "value": 1
        },
        {
          "name": "range to text",
          "value": 2
        }
      ],
      "maxDataPoints": 100,
      "nullPointMode": "connected",
      "nullText": null,
      "postfix": "",
      "postfixFontSize": "50%",
      "prefix": "",
      "prefixFontSize": "50%",
      "rangeMaps": [
        {
          "from": "null",
          "text": "N/A",
          "to": "null"
        }
      ],
      "sparkline": {
        "fillColor": "rgba(31, 118, 189, 0.18)",
        "full": false,
        "lineColor": "rgb(31, 120, 193)",
        "show": false
      },
      "tableColumn": "",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(aliyun_meta_ecs_info)",
          "format": "time_series",
          "intervalFactor": 1,
          "refId": "A"
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": "",
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "ECS数量",
      "type": "singlestat",
      "valueFontSize": "80%",
      "valueMaps": [
        {
          "op": "=",
          "text": "N/A",
          "value": "null"
        }
      ],
      "valueName": "avg"
    },
    {
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "colorBackground": false,
      "colorValue": false,
      "colors": [
        "#299c46",
        "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
        "#d44a3a"
      ],
      "datasource": "${DS_PROMETHEUS}",
      "format": "none",
      "gauge": {
        "maxValue": 100,
        "minValue": 0,
        "show": false,
        "thresholdLabels": false,
        "thresholdMarkers": true
      },
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 3,
        "w": 4,
        "x": 4,
        "y": 0
      },
      "id": 22,
      "interval": null,
      "links": [],
      "mappingType": 1,
      "mappingTypes": [
        {
          "name": "value to text",
          "value": 1
        },
        {
          "name": "range to text",
          "value": 2
        }
      ],
      "maxDataPoints": 100,
      "nullPointMode": "connected",
      "nullText": null,
      "postfix": "",
      "postfixFontSize": "50%",
      "prefix": "",
      "prefixFontSize": "50%",
      "rangeMaps": [
        {
          "from": "null",
          "text": "N/A",
          "to": "null"
        }
      ],
      "sparkline": {
        "fillColor": "rgba(31, 118, 189, 0.18)",
        "full": false,
        "lineColor": "rgb(31, 120, 193)",
        "show": false
      },
      "tableColumn": "",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(aliyun_meta_rds_info)",
          "format": "time_series",
          "intervalFactor": 1,
          "refId": "A"
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": "",
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "RDS数量",
      "type": "singlestat",
      "valueFontSize": "80%",
      "valueMaps": [
        {
          "op": "=",
          "text": "N/A",
          "value": "null"
        }
      ],
      "valueName": "avg"
    },
    {
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "colorBackground": false,
      "colorValue": false,
      "colors": [
        "#299c46",
        "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
        "#d44a3a"
      ],
      "datasource": "${DS_PROMETHEUS}",
      "format": "none",
      "gauge": {
        "maxValue": 100,
        "minValue": 0,
        "show": false,
        "thresholdLabels": false,
        "thresholdMarkers": true
      },
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 3,
        "w": 4,
        "x": 8,
        "y": 0
      },
      "id": 23,
      "interval": null,
      "links": [],
      "mappingType": 1,
      "mappingTypes": [
        {
          "name": "value to text",
          "value": 1
        },
        {
          "name": "range to text",
          "value": 2
        }
      ],
      "maxDataPoints": 100,
      "nullPointMode": "connected",
      "nullText": null,
      "postfix": "",
      "postfixFontSize": "50%",
      "prefix": "",
      "prefixFontSize": "50%",
      "rangeMaps": [
        {
          "from": "null",
          "text": "N/A",
          "to": "null"
        }
      ],
      "sparkline": {
        "fillColor": "rgba(31, 118, 189, 0.18)",
        "full": false,
        "lineColor": "rgb(31, 120, 193)",
        "show": false
      },
      "tableColumn": "",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(aliyun_meta_redis_info)",
          "format": "time_series",
          "intervalFactor": 1,
          "refId": "A"
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": "",
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "Redis数量",
      "type": "singlestat",
      "valueFontSize": "80%",
      "valueMaps": [
        {
          "op": "=",
          "text": "N/A",
          "value": "null"
        }
      ],
      "valueName": "avg"
    },
    {
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "colorBackground": false,
      "colorValue": false,
      "colors": [
        "#299c46",
        "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
        "#d44a3a"
      ],
      "datasource": "${DS_PROMETHEUS}",
      "format": "none",
      "gauge": {
        "maxValue": 100,
        "minValue": 0,
        "show": false,
        "thresholdLabels": false,
        "thresholdMarkers": true
      },
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 3,
        "w": 4,
        "x": 12,
        "y": 0
      },
      "id": 25,
      "interval": null,
      "links": [],
      "mappingType": 1,
      "mappingTypes": [
        {
          "name": "value to text",
          "value": 1
        },
        {
          "name": "range to text",
          "value": 2
        }
      ],
      "maxDataPoints": 100,
      "nullPointMode": "connected",
      "nullText": null,
      "postfix": "",
      "postfixFontSize": "50%",
      "prefix": "",
      "prefixFontSize": "50%",
      "rangeMaps": [
        {
          "from": "null",
          "text": "N/A",
          "to": "null"
        }
      ],
      "sparkline": {
        "fillColor": "rgba(31, 118, 189, 0.18)",
        "full": false,
        "lineColor": "rgb(31, 120, 193)",
        "show": false
      },
      "tableColumn": "",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(aliyun_acs_slb_dashboard_UnhealthyServerCount)",
          "format": "time_series",
          "intervalFactor": 1,
          "refId": "A"
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": "",
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "SLB后端不健康的实例数量",
      "type": "singlestat",
      "valueFontSize": "80%",
      "valueMaps": [
        {
          "op": "=",
          "text": "N/A",
          "value": "null"
        }
      ],
      "valueName": "avg"
    },
    {
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "colorBackground": false,
      "colorValue": false,
      "colors": [
        "#299c46",
        "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
        "#d44a3a"
      ],
      "datasource": "${DS_PROMETHEUS}",
      "format": "none",
      "gauge": {
        "maxValue": 100,
        "minValue": 0,
        "show": false,
        "thresholdLabels": false,
        "thresholdMarkers": true
      },
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 3,
        "w": 4,
        "x": 16,
        "y": 0
      },
      "id": 27,
      "interval": null,
      "links": [],
      "mappingType": 1,
      "mappingTypes": [
        {
          "name": "value to text",
          "value": 1
        },
        {
          "name": "range to text",
          "value": 2
        }
      ],
      "maxDataPoints": 100,
      "nullPointMode": "connected",
      "nullText": null,
      "postfix": "",
      "postfixFontSize": "50%",
      "prefix": "",
      "prefixFontSize": "50%",
      "rangeMaps": [
        {
          "from": "null",
          "text": "N/A",
          "to": "null"
        }
      ],
      "sparkline": {
        "fillColor": "rgba(31, 118, 189, 0.18)",
        "full": false,
        "lineColor": "rgb(31, 120, 193)",
        "show": false
      },
      "tableColumn": "",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(aliyun_acs_slb_dashboard_DropPacketRX)",
          "format": "time_series",
          "intervalFactor": 1,
          "refId": "A"
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": "",
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "SLB丢弃Packets数量",
      "type": "singlestat",
      "valueFontSize": "80%",
      "valueMaps": [
        {
          "op": "=",
          "text": "N/A",
          "value": "null"
        }
      ],
      "valueName": "avg"
    },
    {
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "colorBackground": false,
      "colorValue": false,
      "colors": [
        "#299c46",
        "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
        "#d44a3a"
      ],
      "datasource": "${DS_PROMETHEUS}",
      "format": "none",
      "gauge": {
        "maxValue": 100,
        "minValue": 0,
        "show": false,
        "thresholdLabels": false,
        "thresholdMarkers": true
      },
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 3,
        "w": 4,
        "x": 20,
        "y": 0
      },
      "id": 28,
      "interval": null,
      "links": [],
      "mappingType": 1,
      "mappingTypes": [
        {
          "name": "value to text",
          "value": 1
        },
        {
          "name": "range to text",
          "value": 2
        }
      ],
      "maxDataPoints": 100,
      "nullPointMode": "connected",
      "nullText": null,
      "postfix": "",
      "postfixFontSize": "50%",
      "prefix": "",
      "prefixFontSize": "50%",
      "rangeMaps": [
        {
          "from": "null",
          "text": "N/A",
          "to": "null"
        }
      ],
      "sparkline": {
        "fillColor": "rgba(31, 118, 189, 0.18)",
        "full": false,
        "lineColor": "rgb(31, 120, 193)",
        "show": false
      },
      "tableColumn": "",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(aliyun_acs_slb_dashboard_DropConnection)",
          "format": "time_series",
          "intervalFactor": 1,
          "refId": "A"
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": "",
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "SLB丢弃连接数量",
      "type": "singlestat",
      "valueFontSize": "80%",
      "valueMaps": [
        {
          "op": "=",
          "text": "N/A",
          "value": "null"
        }
      ],
      "valueName": "avg"
    },
    {
      "collapsed": false,
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 1,
        "w": 24,
        "x": 0,
        "y": 3
      },
      "id": 10,
      "panels": [],
      "title": "SLB",
      "type": "row"
    },
    {
      "aliasColors": {},
      "bars": false,
      "dashLength": 10,
      "dashes": false,
      "datasource": "${DS_PROMETHEUS}",
      "fill": 1,
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 8,
        "w": 24,
        "x": 0,
        "y": 4
      },
      "id": 5,
      "legend": {
        "alignAsTable": true,
        "avg": false,
        "current": true,
        "max": true,
        "min": true,
        "rightSide": true,
        "show": true,
        "total": false,
        "values": true
      },
      "lines": true,
      "linewidth": 1,
      "links": [],
      "nullPointMode": "null",
      "paceLength": 10,
      "percentage": false,
      "pointradius": 2,
      "points": false,
      "renderer": "flot",
      "seriesOverrides": [],
      "stack": false,
      "steppedLine": false,
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "aliyun_acs_slb_dashboard_TrafficRXNew/8",
          "format": "time_series",
          "intervalFactor": 1,
          "legendFormat": "实例id {{instanceId}} 端口 {{port}} 地址 {{vip}}",
          "refId": "A"
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": [],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeRegions": [],
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "SLB inbound 流量",
      "tooltip": {
        "shared": true,
        "sort": 0,
        "value_type": "individual"
      },
      "type": "graph",
      "xaxis": {
        "buckets": null,
        "mode": "time",
        "name": null,
        "show": true,
        "values": []
      },
      "yaxes": [
        {
          "format": "Bps",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": true
        },
        {
          "format": "short",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": true
        }
      ],
      "yaxis": {
        "align": false,
        "alignLevel": null
      }
    },
    {
      "aliasColors": {},
      "bars": false,
      "dashLength": 10,
      "dashes": false,
      "datasource": "${DS_PROMETHEUS}",
      "fill": 1,
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 8,
        "w": 24,
        "x": 0,
        "y": 12
      },
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      "legend": {
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}

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