【SCI】结果部分就该这么写！

Results部分是一篇SCI文章的 “干货” ，这部分的写作推荐清晰简明地描述研究结果即可，听起来十分简单，但分寸的拿捏非常重要。

01

Referring to data in a table or chart

``` 1The first set of questions aimed to …
2To compare the difference between …
3The purpose of Experiment 3 was to …
4Simple statistical analysis was used to …
5The next question asked the informants …
6To assess X, the Y questionnaire was used.
7Changes in X and Y were compared using …
8Regression analysis was used to predict the …
9To distinguish between these two possibilities, …
10The first set of analyses examined the impact of …
11The correlation between X and Y was tested using …
12T-tests were used to analyse the relationship between …
13The average scores of X and Y were compared in order to …
14In order to assess Z, repeated-measures ANOVAs were used.
15Nine items on the questionnaire measured the extent to which …```

02

Referring to data in a table or chart

03

Highlighting significant data in a table or chart

``` 1What stands out in the table is …
2Closer inspection of the table shows …
3It is apparent from this table that very few …
4The most interesting aspect of this graph is …
5In Fig.10 there is a clear trend of decreasing …
6What is striking about the figures in this table is …
7What is interesting about the data in this table is that …
8The differences between X and Y are highlighted in Table 4.
9From the chart, it can be seen that by far the greatest demand is for …
10From this data, we can see that Study 2 resulted in the lowest value of …
11This table is quite revealing in several ways. First, unlike the other tables …
12From the data in Figure 9, it is apparent that the length of time left between …
13Data from this table can be compared with the data in Table 4.6 which shows …
14As Table III shows, there is a significant difference (t = -2.15, p = 0.03) between the two groups.```

04

Stating positive results

``` 1The mean score for X was …
2Further analysis showed that …
3Further statistical tests revealed …
4A two-way ANOVA revealed that …
5On average, Xs were shown to have …
6Strong evidence of X was found when …
7This result is significant at the p = 0.05 level.
8The results, as shown in Table 1, indicate that …
9A positive correlation was found between X and Y.
10There was a significant positive correlation between …
11The difference between the X and Y groups was significant.
12There was a significant difference in X, t(11) = 2.906, p<0.01
13There was a significant difference between the two conditions …
14Respondents who reported low levels of X also reported significantly lower levels of Y.```

05

Stating negative results

``` 1No increase in X was detected.
2No difference greater than X was observed.
3No significant differences were found between …
4None of these differences were statistically significant.
5No significant difference between the two groups was evident.
6No significant reduction in X was found compared with placebo.
7No evidence was found for non-linear associations between X and Y.
8No significant correlation was found between X scores and the Y scores (p = .274)
9
10X appeared to be unaffected by Y.
11Only trace amounts of X were detected in …
12There was no evidence that X has an influence on …
13The Chi-square test did not show any significant differences between …
14Overall, X did not affect males and females differently in these measures.
15A clear benefit of X in the prevention of Y could not be identified in this analysis.
16T-tests found no significant differences in mean scores on the X and Y subscales.```

06

Reporting positive and negative reactions

```1Stimulation of X cells with Y did not increase the …
2With successive increases in intensity of the X, the Y moved further to …
3Following the addition of X, a significant increase (P<0.05) in the Y was recorded.
4When X cells were stimulated with Y, no significant difference in the number of Z was detected.```

07

Highlighting interesting or surprising results

``` 1Interestingly, the X was observed to …
2This result is somewhat counterintuitive.
3Interestingly, this correlation is related to …
4The more surprising correlation is with the …
5Surprisingly, only a minority of respondents …
6The most surprising aspect of the data is in the …
7The correlation between X and Y is interesting because …
8The most striking result to emerge from the data is that …
9Interestingly, there were also differences in the ratios of …
10The single most striking observation to emerge from the data comparison was …```

08

Sureys and interviews: Reporting response rates

``` 1The overall response to the survey was poor.
2Thirty-two individuals returned the questionnaires.
3The response rate was 60% at six months and 56% at 12 months.
4Of the study population, 90 subjects completed and returned the questionnaire.
5Of 150 patients who were sent invitations, 81 returned the reply slip, of whom 60 agreed to …
6By the end of the survey period, data had been collected from 64 individuals, 23 of whom were …
7
8There were 53 responses to the question: ‘…?’
9Respondents were asked to indicate whether …
10The total number of responses for this question was …
11The overall response to this question was very positive.
12Respondents were asked to suggest other reasons for …
13In response to the question: ‘…?’, a range of responses was elicited.
14This section of the questionnaire required respondents to give information on …```

09

Sureys and interviews: Reporting proportions

``` 1Over half of those surveyed reported that …
2A minority of participants (17%) indicated that …
370% of those who were interviewed indicated that ….
4Almost two-thirds of the participants (64%) said that ….
5The majority of those who responded to this item felt that …
6When asked whether …, 90% of the respondents reported that …
7Just over half of those who answered this question reported that …
8In response to Question 1, most of those surveyed indicated that …
9When the participants were asked ……, the majority commented that …
10Of the 148 patients who completed the questionnaire, just over half indicated that …```

10

Sureys and interviews: Reporting themes

``` 1Another reported problem was …
2Opinions differed as to whether …
4A number of issues were identified …
5A variety of perspectives were expressed …
6These views surfaced mainly in relation to …
7Concerns regarding X were more widespread.
8There was a sense of X amongst interviewees.
9Five broad themes emerged from the analysis.
10A common view amongst interviewees was that …
11One concern expressed regarding X was whether …
12This theme came up for example in discussions of …
13The themes of X and Y recurred throughout the dataset.
14Two divergent and often conflicting discourses emerged …
15Two discrete reasons emerged from this. First … Second …
16Issues related to X were not particularly prominent in the interview data.
17A recurrent theme in the interviews was a sense amongst interviewees that …```

11

Sureys and interviews: Reporting participants' views

``` 1It was suggested that …
2One interviewee argued that …
3There were some suggestions that …
4In all cases, the informants reported that …
5In their accounts of the events surrounding …
7The participants on the whole demonstrated …
8Some felt that … , while others considered that …
9Some interviewees argued that … , while others …
10This view was echoed by another informant who ..
11Whilst a minority mentioned that…, all agreed that…
12Only a small number of respondents indicated that …
13A small number of those interviewed suggested that ….
14For a small number of participants X was the reason for …
15The majority of participants agreed with the statement that …
16When asked about X, the participants were unanimous in the view that …```

12

Sureys and interviews: Introducing excerpts

``` 1As one interviewee said: ‘…’
2As one interviewee put it: ‘…’
3One informant reported that …
4The comment below illustrates …
5One participant commented: ‘ …’
6For example, one interviewee said: ‘…’
7In one case, the participant thought that …
8Another interviewee, when asked …, said: ‘…’
9Other responses to this question included: ‘…’
10Another interviewee alluded to the notion of …
12Commenting on X, one of the interviewees said …
13One individual stated that ‘…’ And another commented ‘…’```

13

Transition: moveing to the next result

```1If we now turn to …
2A comparison of the two results reveals …
3Turning now to the experimental evidence on …
4Comparing the two results, it can be seen that …
5The next section of the survey was concerned with …
6In the final part of the survey, respondents were asked …```

14

Summarising the results section

```1These results suggest that …
2Overall, these results indicate that …
3In summary, these results show that …
4In summary, for the informants in this study, …
5Together these results provide important insights into …
6Taken together, these results suggest that there is an association between …
7The results in this chapter indicate that … The next chapter, therefore, moves on to discuss the …```

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed

http://www.phrasebank.manchester.ac.uk/referring-to-sources/ https://www.manchester.ac.uk/discover/privacy-information/freedom-information/

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