专栏首页科研猫【SCI】结果部分就该这么写!

【SCI】结果部分就该这么写!

Results部分是一篇SCI文章的 “干货” ,这部分的写作推荐清晰简明地描述研究结果即可,听起来十分简单,但分寸的拿捏非常重要。

一篇研究论文的results部分是文章的重中之重,我们需要系统而详细地展示和描述本研究中发现的结果。而结果部分一般由表格和图片组成。在日常写作中通常采用location或summary语句的形式,用来标识表格和图片中的内容,并以一个或多个突出显示的语句,描述其中重要的数据。结果的描述一般都是客观性的,而涉及详细的评论通常限于Disscussion部分(这也是很多人经常弄混的!)。在很多文章中,很多人会对结果进行评论,使得结果和评论相混合。

我们今天就对结果描述时经常用到的一些短语句子进行了整理,大家可以根据实际情况灵活使用。

01

Referring to data in a table or chart

交代实验步骤及其目的

 1The first set of questions aimed to …
 2To compare the difference between …
 3The purpose of Experiment 3 was to …
 4Simple statistical analysis was used to …
 5The next question asked the informants …
 6To assess X, the Y questionnaire was used.
 7Changes in X and Y were compared using …
 8Regression analysis was used to predict the …
 9To distinguish between these two possibilities, …
10The first set of analyses examined the impact of …
11The correlation between X and Y was tested using …
12T-tests were used to analyse the relationship between …
13The average scores of X and Y were compared in order to …
14In order to assess Z, repeated-measures ANOVAs were used.
15Nine items on the questionnaire measured the extent to which …

02

Referring to data in a table or chart

交代表格或图片中的数据

03

Highlighting significant data in a table or chart

强调图表中的关键数据

 1What stands out in the table is …
 2Closer inspection of the table shows …
 3It is apparent from this table that very few …
 4The most interesting aspect of this graph is …
 5In Fig.10 there is a clear trend of decreasing …
 6What is striking about the figures in this table is …
 7What is interesting about the data in this table is that …
 8The differences between X and Y are highlighted in Table 4.
 9From the chart, it can be seen that by far the greatest demand is for …
10From this data, we can see that Study 2 resulted in the lowest value of …
11This table is quite revealing in several ways. First, unlike the other tables …
12From the data in Figure 9, it is apparent that the length of time left between …
13Data from this table can be compared with the data in Table 4.6 which shows …
14As Table III shows, there is a significant difference (t = -2.15, p = 0.03) between the two groups.

04

Stating positive results

描述阳性结果

 1The mean score for X was …
 2Further analysis showed that …
 3Further statistical tests revealed …
 4A two-way ANOVA revealed that …
 5On average, Xs were shown to have …
 6Strong evidence of X was found when …
 7This result is significant at the p = 0.05 level.
 8The results, as shown in Table 1, indicate that …
 9A positive correlation was found between X and Y.
10There was a significant positive correlation between …
11The difference between the X and Y groups was significant.
12There was a significant difference in X, t(11) = 2.906, p<0.01
13There was a significant difference between the two conditions …
14Respondents who reported low levels of X also reported significantly lower levels of Y.

05

Stating negative results

描述阴性结果

 1No increase in X was detected.
 2No difference greater than X was observed.
 3No significant differences were found between …
 4None of these differences were statistically significant.
 5No significant difference between the two groups was evident.
 6No significant reduction in X was found compared with placebo.
 7No evidence was found for non-linear associations between X and Y.
 8No significant correlation was found between X scores and the Y scores (p = .274)
 9
10X appeared to be unaffected by Y.
11Only trace amounts of X were detected in …
12There was no evidence that X has an influence on …
13The Chi-square test did not show any significant differences between …
14Overall, X did not affect males and females differently in these measures.
15A clear benefit of X in the prevention of Y could not be identified in this analysis.
16T-tests found no significant differences in mean scores on the X and Y subscales.

06

Reporting positive and negative reactions

描述阳性及阴性反应

1Stimulation of X cells with Y did not increase the …
2With successive increases in intensity of the X, the Y moved further to …
3Following the addition of X, a significant increase (P<0.05) in the Y was recorded.
4When X cells were stimulated with Y, no significant difference in the number of Z was detected.

07

Highlighting interesting or surprising results

强调有意义的结果

 1Interestingly, the X was observed to …
 2This result is somewhat counterintuitive.
 3Interestingly, this correlation is related to …
 4The more surprising correlation is with the …
 5Surprisingly, only a minority of respondents …
 6The most surprising aspect of the data is in the …
 7The correlation between X and Y is interesting because …
 8The most striking result to emerge from the data is that …
 9Interestingly, there were also differences in the ratios of …
10The single most striking observation to emerge from the data comparison was …

08

Sureys and interviews: Reporting response rates

描述阳性反应率

 1The overall response to the survey was poor.
 2Thirty-two individuals returned the questionnaires.
 3The response rate was 60% at six months and 56% at 12 months.
 4Of the study population, 90 subjects completed and returned the questionnaire.
 5Of 150 patients who were sent invitations, 81 returned the reply slip, of whom 60 agreed to …
 6By the end of the survey period, data had been collected from 64 individuals, 23 of whom were …
 7
 8There were 53 responses to the question: ‘…?’
 9Respondents were asked to indicate whether …
10The total number of responses for this question was …
11The overall response to this question was very positive.
12Respondents were asked to suggest other reasons for …
13In response to the question: ‘…?’, a range of responses was elicited.
14This section of the questionnaire required respondents to give information on …

09

Sureys and interviews: Reporting proportions

描述比例

 1Over half of those surveyed reported that …
 2A minority of participants (17%) indicated that …
 370% of those who were interviewed indicated that ….
 4Almost two-thirds of the participants (64%) said that ….
 5The majority of those who responded to this item felt that …
 6When asked whether …, 90% of the respondents reported that …
 7Just over half of those who answered this question reported that …
 8In response to Question 1, most of those surveyed indicated that …
 9When the participants were asked ……, the majority commented that …
10Of the 148 patients who completed the questionnaire, just over half indicated that …

10

Sureys and interviews: Reporting themes

描述研究主题

 1Another reported problem was …
 2Opinions differed as to whether …
 3Concerns were expressed about …
 4A number of issues were identified …
 5A variety of perspectives were expressed …
 6These views surfaced mainly in relation to …
 7Concerns regarding X were more widespread.
 8There was a sense of X amongst interviewees.
 9Five broad themes emerged from the analysis.
10A common view amongst interviewees was that …
11One concern expressed regarding X was whether …
12This theme came up for example in discussions of …
13The themes of X and Y recurred throughout the dataset.
14Two divergent and often conflicting discourses emerged …
15Two discrete reasons emerged from this. First … Second …
16Issues related to X were not particularly prominent in the interview data.
17A recurrent theme in the interviews was a sense amongst interviewees that …

11

Sureys and interviews: Reporting participants' views

描述研究者的意见

 1It was suggested that …
 2One interviewee argued that …
 3There were some suggestions that …
 4In all cases, the informants reported that …
 5In their accounts of the events surrounding …
 6There were some negative comments about …
 7The participants on the whole demonstrated …
 8Some felt that … , while others considered that …
 9Some interviewees argued that … , while others …
10This view was echoed by another informant who ..
11Whilst a minority mentioned that…, all agreed that…
12Only a small number of respondents indicated that …
13A small number of those interviewed suggested that ….
14For a small number of participants X was the reason for …
15The majority of participants agreed with the statement that …
16When asked about X, the participants were unanimous in the view that …

12

Sureys and interviews: Introducing excerpts

引入一些摘要

 1As one interviewee said: ‘…’
 2As one interviewee put it: ‘…’
 3One informant reported that …
 4The comment below illustrates …
 5One participant commented: ‘ …’
 6For example, one interviewee said: ‘…’
 7In one case, the participant thought that …
 8Another interviewee, when asked …, said: ‘…’
 9Other responses to this question included: ‘…’
10Another interviewee alluded to the notion of …
11Talking about this issue an interviewee said: ‘…’
12Commenting on X, one of the interviewees said …
13One individual stated that ‘…’ And another commented ‘…’

13

Transition: moveing to the next result

过渡到下个结果

1If we now turn to …
2A comparison of the two results reveals …
3Turning now to the experimental evidence on …
4Comparing the two results, it can be seen that …
5The next section of the survey was concerned with …
6In the final part of the survey, respondents were asked …

14

Summarising the results section

总结结果部分

1These results suggest that …
2Overall, these results indicate that …
3In summary, these results show that …
4In summary, for the informants in this study, …
5Together these results provide important insights into …
6Taken together, these results suggest that there is an association between …
7The results in this chapter indicate that … The next chapter, therefore, moves on to discuss the …

有了上面的“万能公式”,结果部分也可以快速写起来喽。不过框架是死的,人是活的,虽说有了参考,但是也不能生搬硬套哦~

参考内容:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed

http://www.phrasebank.manchester.ac.uk/referring-to-sources/ https://www.manchester.ac.uk/discover/privacy-information/freedom-information/

未经许可请勿随意转载,

版权事宜由上海辰明律师事务所提供法务支持

本文分享自微信公众号 - 科研猫(DoctorTommy)

原文出处及转载信息见文内详细说明,如有侵权,请联系 yunjia_community@tencent.com 删除。

原始发表时间:2019-11-03

本文参与腾讯云自媒体分享计划,欢迎正在阅读的你也加入,一起分享。

我来说两句

0 条评论
登录 后参与评论

相关文章

  • Linux 安装Memcached

    剑行者
  • Webkit底层原理(2)--资源加载和网络栈

    版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接和本声明。 ...

    从入门到进错门
  • Mysql读写分离

    在高并发的时候,如果所有的数据库操作都只通过一台数据库来操作,那数据库很大程度可能出现宕机,而宕机就有可能导致数据丢失,造成不良后果。所以在并发量高的情况下一般...

    逆月翎
  • 前端插件之Bootstrap Dual Listbox使用教程双向select选择框控件

    原文链接:https://www.jb51.net/article/165996.htm

    菲宇
  • 奔走相告,Python 3.8.0 正式发布!

    那么,这次新发布的 Python 3.8.0 有哪些重要的改进呢?以下是是 Python 3.8 相比 3.7 的新增特性。

    小草AI
  • VXLAN篇之Multi-Pod

    之前的《VXLAN篇之进阶》说到了multi-pod,multi-fabric,multi-site。这次,再把multi-pod给填上!

    SDNLAB
  • 化繁为简的5种码农必备工具

    原文标题:Five Upcoming Tools for Software Developers that Will Definitely Rock the M...

    Lemon黄
  • 牛顿法和梯度下降法的比较

    版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接和本声明。 ...

    Steve Wang
  • 微信小程序视图层之wxml

    版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接和本声明。 ...

    菲宇
  • 【2019-10-05 更新】Typecho 主题:AL_lolimeow - 基于Wordpress 主题 lolimeow

    作者:Alone88 Email:im#alone88.cn (#换成@) Wordpress form 猫可喵

    Alone88

扫码关注云+社区

领取腾讯云代金券