专栏首页arxiv.org翻译专栏为安全放弃隐私:大流行紧急情况下的隐私权衡调查(CS Computers and Society)
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为安全放弃隐私:大流行紧急情况下的隐私权衡调查(CS Computers and Society)

COVID-19大流行情况依然严峻的当下,在抗击冠状病毒的情况下收集和交换数据对全球隐私系统构成了重大挑战。这种疾病的规模和严重程度并不少见,但它似乎已经到了一发不可收拾的地步。因此,在短时间内采取极端措施来处理这种情况似乎已成为常态。这些行为对个人的隐私构成了重大威胁。 在某些情况下,会对人群进行密集监控,而被诊断出该病毒的人的医学数据通常会通过机构和国家传播。这可能在很大程度上是为了使世界免于致命疾病的侵害,但这真的合适吗? 尽管已经在许多国家/地区采用了创新的解决方案来解决此问题,但是隐私保护倡导者担心技术最终会侵犯个人隐私,而监管机构和隐私保护倡导者则担心这可能带来什么样的影响。尽管这种紧张局势一直存在,但由于包含指数级传播病毒的紧迫性,隐私已被极大地缓解。 这种困境的实质表明建立正确的平衡将是最佳解决方案。 有关公职人员为了国家安全或公共卫生的利益而干涉宪法私隐权的案件的判例已反复证明是可以达到合理平衡的。

原文题目:Giving Up Privacy For Security: A Survey On Privacy Trade-off During Pandemic Emergency

原文:While the COVID-19 pandemic continues to be as complex as ever, the collection and exchange of data in the light of fighting coronavirus poses a major challenge for privacy systems around the globe. The disease's size and magnitude is not uncommon but it appears to be at the point of hysteria surrounding it. Consequently, in a very short time, extreme measures for dealing with the situation appear to have become the norm. Any such actions affect the privacy of individuals in particular. For some cases, there is intensive monitoring of the whole population while the medical data of those diagnosed with the virus is commonly circulated through institutions and nations. This may well be in the interest of saving the world from a deadly disease, but is it really appropriate and right? Although creative solutions have been implemented in many countries to address the issue, proponents of privacy are concerned that technologies will eventually erode privacy, while regulators and privacy supporters are worried about what kind of impact this could bring. While that tension has always been present, privacy has been thrown into sharp relief by the sheer urgency of containing an exponentially spreading virus. The essence of this dilemma indicates that establishing the right equilibrium will be the best solution. The jurisprudence concerning cases regarding the willingness of public officials to interfere with the constitutional right to privacy in the interests of national security or public health has repeatedly proven that a reasonable balance can be reached.

原文作者:Sajedul Talukder, Md. Iftekharul Islam Sakib, Zahidur Talukder

原文地址:https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.04109

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