专栏首页Jerry的SAP技术分享Spring 基于设值函数的依赖注入

Spring 基于设值函数的依赖注入

看个例子:

public class TextEditor {
   private SpellChecker spellChecker;
   // a setter method to inject the dependency.
   public void setSpellChecker(SpellChecker spellChecker) {
      System.out.println("Inside setSpellChecker." );
      this.spellChecker = spellChecker;
   }
   // a getter method to return spellChecker
   public SpellChecker getSpellChecker() {
      return spellChecker;
   }
   public void spellCheck() {
      spellChecker.checkSpelling();
   }
}

另一个依赖类文件 SpellChecker.java 的内容:

public class SpellChecker {
   public SpellChecker(){
      System.out.println("Inside SpellChecker constructor." );
   }
   public void checkSpelling() {
      System.out.println("Inside checkSpelling." );
   }  
}

Beans.xml的内容:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd">

   <!-- Definition for textEditor bean -->
   <bean id="textEditor" class="com.sap.TextEditor">
      <property name="spellChecker" ref="spellChecker"/>
   </bean>

   <!-- Definition for spellChecker bean -->
   <bean id="spellChecker" class="com.sap.SpellChecker">
   </bean>

</beans>

执行结果:

为什么Spring IOC容器,如此智能地知道调用TextEditor的setSpellChecker方法呢?

利用Java反射机制调用set方法:

SpellChecker的writeMethod是如何解析出来的呢?

此处可以看到,GenericTypeAwarePropertyDescriptor试图解析Bean类的set方法作为writeMethod:

将setSpellChecker改成SetSpellChecker,就会遇到异常:org.springframework.beans.NotWritablePropertyException: Invalid property ‘spellChecker’ of bean class [com.sap.TextEditor]: Bean property ‘spellChecker’ is not writable or has an invalid setter method. Does the parameter type of the setter match the return type of the getter?

完整的调用栈:

Jul 24, 2020 4:13:04 PM org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext prepareRefresh
INFO: Refreshing org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext@4ee285c6: startup date [Fri Jul 24 16:13:04 CST 2020]; root of context hierarchy
Jul 24, 2020 4:13:05 PM org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader loadBeanDefinitions
INFO: Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [Beans.xml]
Inside SpellChecker constructor.
Jul 24, 2020 4:13:05 PM org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext refresh
WARNING: Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'textEditor' defined in class path resource [Beans.xml]: Error setting property values; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.NotWritablePropertyException: Invalid property 'spellChecker' of bean class [com.sap.TextEditor]: Bean property 'spellChecker' is not writable or has an invalid setter method. Does the parameter type of the setter match the return type of the getter?
Exception in thread "main" org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'textEditor' defined in class path resource [Beans.xml]: Error setting property values; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.NotWritablePropertyException: Invalid property 'spellChecker' of bean class [com.sap.TextEditor]: Bean property 'spellChecker' is not writable or has an invalid setter method. Does the parameter type of the setter match the return type of the getter?
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.applyPropertyValues(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1650)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1357)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:582)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:502)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.lambda$doGetBean$0(AbstractBeanFactory.java:312)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:228)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:310)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:200)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:758)
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:868)
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:549)
	at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:144)
	at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:85)
	at com.sap.MainApp.main(MainApp.java:11)
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.NotWritablePropertyException: Invalid property 'spellChecker' of bean class [com.sap.TextEditor]: Bean property 'spellChecker' is not writable or has an invalid setter method. Does the parameter type of the setter match the return type of the getter?
	at org.springframework.beans.BeanWrapperImpl.createNotWritablePropertyException(BeanWrapperImpl.java:247)
	at org.springframework.beans.AbstractNestablePropertyAccessor.processLocalProperty(AbstractNestablePropertyAccessor.java:426)
	at org.springframework.beans.AbstractNestablePropertyAccessor.setPropertyValue(AbstractNestablePropertyAccessor.java:278)
	at org.springframework.beans.AbstractNestablePropertyAccessor.setPropertyValue(AbstractNestablePropertyAccessor.java:266)
	at org.springframework.beans.AbstractPropertyAccessor.setPropertyValues(AbstractPropertyAccessor.java:97)
	at org.springframework.beans.AbstractPropertyAccessor.setPropertyValues(AbstractPropertyAccessor.java:77)
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.applyPropertyValues(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1646)
	... 13 more

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