专栏首页首富手记生产prometheus-operator 监控二进制kubernetes
原创

生产prometheus-operator 监控二进制kubernetes

## 什么是 Operator?

`operator`是由CoreOS公司开发的,用来扩展kubernetes APi ,特定的应用程序控制器,它用来创建,配置和管理复杂的有状态应用,例如数据库,缓存和监控系统。`Operator`基于Kubernetes的资源和控制器概念之上构建,但同时又包含了应用程序特定的一些专业知识,比如创建一个数据库的`Operator`,则必须对创建的数据库和各种运维方式非常了解,创建`operator`的关键是 `CRD(CustomResourceDefinition/自定义资源定义)`的设计。

> CRD 是对Kubernetes APi的扩展,Kubernetes中的每个资源都会是一个API对象的集合,例如我们在YAML文件里定义的那些`spec`都是对 Kubernetes 中的资源对象的定义,所有的自定义资源可以跟 Kubernetes 中内建的资源一样使用 kubectl 操作。

`Operate`是将运维人员对软件操作的知识给代码化,同时利用Kubernetes强大的抽象来管理大规模的软件应用,目前`CoreOS`官方提供了几种`Operator`的实现,其中就包括我们今天的主角:`Prometheus Operator`,`Operator`的核心实现就是基于 Kubernetes 的以下两个概念:

- 资源:对象的状态定义

- 控制器:观测、分析和行动,以调节资源的分布

当然我们如果有对应的需求也完全可以自己去实现一个`Operator`,接下来我们就来给大家详细介绍下`Prometheus-Operator`的使用方法。

## 介绍Prometheus-Operato

首先我们先来了解下`Prometheus-Operator`的架构图:

![promtheus opeator](https://www.qikqiak.com/img/posts/prometheus-operator.png)

上图是`Prometheus-Operator`官方提供的架构图,其中`Operator`是最核心的部分,作为一个控制器,他会去创建`Prometheus`、`ServiceMonitor`、`AlertManager`以及`PrometheusRule`4个`CRD`资源对象,然后会一直监控并维持这4个资源对象的状态。

其中创建的`prometheus`这种资源对象就是作为`Prometheus Server`存在,而`ServiceMonitor`就是`exporter`的各种抽象,`exporter`前面我们已经学习了,是用来提供专门提供`metrics`数据接口的工具,`Prometheus`就是通过`ServiceMonitor`提供的`metrics`数据接口去 pull 数据的,当然`alertmanager`这种资源对象就是对应的`AlertManager`的抽象,而`PrometheusRule`是用来被`Prometheus`实例使用的报警规则文件。

这样我们要在集群中监控什么数据,就变成了直接去操作 Kubernetes 集群的资源对象了,是不是方便很多了。上图中的 Service 和 ServiceMonitor 都是 Kubernetes 的资源,一个 ServiceMonitor 可以通过 labelSelector 的方式去匹配一类 Service,Prometheus 也可以通过 labelSelector 去匹配多个ServiceMonitor。

![image-20200903061233818](C:\Users\Administrator\AppData\Roaming\Typora\typora-user-images\image-20200903061233818.png)

> 1,service 和Endpoint 通过名称来相对应,不管是k8s集群外部来时k8s集群内部,只要svc 下面有资源(Pod)那么他就会对应有 endpoint

>

> 2,ServerMonitor 通过lable 来匹配service的,后面详细讲解如何匹配

>

> 3,prometheus 通过 `Prometheus.spec.serviceMonitorNamespaceSelector`和`Prometheus.spec.serviceMonitorSelector`来匹配ServerMonito

## 安装Prometheus-operate

我们这里采用prometheus-operate 源码来安装。

官方给出的一个版本监控测试表,我们查看自己安装的kubernetes 版本,然后选择prometheus-operate对应的版本,防止出现不兼容情况

![image-20200904091817190](https://zhangshoufu-images.oss-accelerate.aliyuncs.com/image-20200904091817190.png)

注意:由于Kubernetes v1.16.1和Kubernetes v1.16.5之前的两个bug,kube-prometheus release-0.4分支只支持v1.16.5及以上版本。可以手动编辑 kube-system 命名空间中的 extension-apiserver-authentication-reader 角色,以包含 list 和 watch 权限,从而解决 Kubernetes v1.16.2 至 v1.16.4 中的第二个问题。

我这边集群是1.15版本,所以我就拉去release-0.3版本,首先Clone 代码

```bash

git clone https://github.com/prometheus-operator/kube-prometheus.git

git checkout release-0.3

```

> 最新的版本官方将资源https://github.com/coreos/prometheus-operator/tree/master/contrib/kube-prometheus迁移到了独立的 git 仓库中:https://github.com/coreos/kube-prometheus.git

官方把所有文件都放在一起了,我们给他分开存放

```bash

mkdir kube-prom

cp -a kube-prometheus/manifests/* kube-prom/

cd kube-prom/

mkdir -p node-exporter alertmanager grafana kube-state-metrics prometheus serviceMonitor adapte

mv *-serviceMonitor* serviceMonitor/

mv setup operator/

mv grafana-* grafana/

mv kube-state-metrics-* kube-state-metrics/

mv alertmanager-* alertmanager/

mv node-exporter-* node-exporter/

mv prometheus-adapter* adapter/

mv prometheus-* prometheus/

$ ll

total 32

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 2 09:53 adapte

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 2 09:53 alertmanage

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 2 09:53 grafana

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 2 09:53 kube-state-metrics

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 2 09:53 node-exporte

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 2 09:34 operato

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 2 09:53 prometheus

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 2 09:53 serviceMonito

$ ll operator/

total 660

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 60 Dec 2 09:34 0namespace-namespace.yaml

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 274629 Dec 2 09:34 prometheus-operator-0alertmanagerCustomResourceDefinition.yaml

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 12100 Dec 2 09:34 prometheus-operator-0podmonitorCustomResourceDefinition.yaml

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 321507 Dec 2 09:34 prometheus-operator-0prometheusCustomResourceDefinition.yaml

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 14561 Dec 2 09:34 prometheus-operator-0prometheusruleCustomResourceDefinition.yaml

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 17422 Dec 2 09:34 prometheus-operator-0servicemonitorCustomResourceDefinition.yaml

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 425 Dec 2 09:34 prometheus-operator-clusterRoleBinding.yaml

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1066 Dec 2 09:34 prometheus-operator-clusterRole.yaml

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1405 Dec 2 09:34 prometheus-operator-deployment.yaml

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 239 Dec 2 09:34 prometheus-operator-serviceAccount.yaml

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 420 Dec 2 09:34 prometheus-operator-service.yaml

```

有些版本的k8s的label为`beta.kubernetes.io/os`,

```bash

// 查看当前k8s集群nodes 上面的label标签

# cat > label.sh <<-'EOF'

#!/bin/bash

kubectl get nodes -o go-template='{{printf "%-39s %-12s\n" "Node" "Label"}}

{{- range .items}}

{{- if $labels := (index .metadata.labels) }}

{{- .metadata.name }}{{ "\t" }}

{{- range $key, $value := $labels }}

{{$key}}{{ "\t" }}{{$value}}

{{- end }}

{{- "\n" }}

{{- end}}

{{- end}}'

EOF

# bash label.sh

Node Label

jx4-74.host.com

beta.kubernetes.io/arch amd64

beta.kubernetes.io/os linux

kubernetes.io/arch amd64

kubernetes.io/hostname jx4-74.host.com

kubernetes.io/os linux

node-role.kubernetes.io/master

node-role.kubernetes.io/node

jx4-75.host.com

beta.kubernetes.io/arch amd64

beta.kubernetes.io/os linux

kubernetes.io/arch amd64

kubernetes.io/hostname jx4-75.host.com

kubernetes.io/os linux

node-role.kubernetes.io/master

node-role.kubernetes.io/node

jx4-76.host.com

beta.kubernetes.io/arch amd64

beta.kubernetes.io/os linux

kubernetes.io/arch amd64

kubernetes.io/hostname jx4-76.host.com

kubernetes.io/os linux

node-role.kubernetes.io/node

```

如果是上面这种没有`kubernetes.io/os: linux`的情况则需要修改yaml里的`nodeselector`字段

```bash

$ grep -A1 nodeSelector alertmanager/alertmanager-alertmanager.yaml

nodeSelector:

kubernetes.io/os: linux

需要修改下面这些文件:

adapter/prometheus-adapter-deployment.yaml

alertmanager/alertmanager-alertmanager.yaml

grafana/grafana-deployment.yaml

kube-state-metrics/kube-state-metrics-deployment.yaml

node-exporter/node-exporter-daemonset.yaml

operator/prometheus-operator-deployment.yaml

prometheus/prometheus-prometheus.yaml

```

里面镜像使用的是 quay.io 的,因为我们自己有镜像仓库,所以我们提前先把Docker包拉去下来,然后传到自己仓库里去

```bash

# grep "quay.io" -r *| awk -F '[ =]' '{print $NF}' | sort |uniq

quay.io/coreos/configmap-reload:v0.0.1

quay.io/coreos/k8s-prometheus-adapter-amd64:v0.5.0

quay.io/coreos/kube-rbac-proxy:v0.4.1

quay.io/coreos/kube-state-metrics:v1.8.0

quay.io/coreos/prometheus-config-reloader:v0.34.0

quay.io/coreos/prometheus-operator:v0.34.0

quay.io/prometheus/alertmanage

quay.io/prometheus/node-exporter:v0.18.1

quay.io/prometheus/prometheus

# 需要更改的文件内容如下,自行更改这里不再过多的介绍

adapter/prometheus-adapter-deployment.yaml

grafana/grafana-deployment.yaml

kube-state-metrics/kube-state-metrics-deployment.yaml

node-exporter/node-exporter-daemonset.yaml

operator/prometheus-operator-deployment.yaml

```

### 部署Operato

这个需要提前部署

```bash

kubectl apply -f operator/

```

确认正常之后在往后执行

```bash

# kubectl -n monitoring get pods

NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE

prometheus-operator-58bc77f954-q54pw 1/1 Running 0 33h

```

### 部署整套CRD

```bash

kubectl apply -f adapter/

kubectl apply -f alertmanager/

kubectl apply -f node-exporter/

kubectl apply -f kube-state-metrics/

kubectl apply -f grafana/

kubectl apply -f prometheus/

kubectl apply -f serviceMonitor/

```

如果我们使用的是自己的harbor 仓库,这一步应该很快就结束了。

```bash

# kubectl -n monitoring get all

NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE

pod/alertmanager-main-0 2/2 Running 0 33h

pod/alertmanager-main-1 2/2 Running 0 33h

pod/alertmanager-main-2 2/2 Running 0 33h

pod/grafana-848969744d-6dxgb 1/1 Running 0 33h

pod/kube-state-metrics-5dd8b47cbb-nf68s 3/3 Running 0 33h

pod/node-exporter-4glkn 0/2 Pending 0 33h

pod/node-exporter-8p7c9 0/2 Pending 0 33h

pod/node-exporter-lh77n 0/2 Pending 0 33h

pod/prometheus-adapter-578c5c64b6-bzlp6 1/1 Running 0 33h

pod/prometheus-k8s-0 3/3 Running 1 33h

pod/prometheus-k8s-1 3/3 Running 1 33h

pod/prometheus-operator-58bc77f954-q54pw 1/1 Running 0 33h

NAME TYPE CLUSTER-IP EXTERNAL-IP PORT(S) AGE

service/alertmanager-main ClusterIP 10.16.131.214 <none> 9093/TCP 33h

service/alertmanager-operated ClusterIP None <none> 9093/TCP,9094/TCP,9094/UDP 33h

service/grafana ClusterIP 10.16.36.173 <none> 3000/TCP 33h

service/kube-state-metrics ClusterIP None <none> 8443/TCP,9443/TCP 33h

service/node-exporter ClusterIP None <none> 9100/TCP 33h

service/prometheus-adapter ClusterIP 10.16.212.212 <none> 443/TCP 33h

service/prometheus-k8s ClusterIP 10.16.156.122 <none> 9090/TCP 33h

service/prometheus-operated ClusterIP None <none> 9090/TCP 33h

service/prometheus-operator ClusterIP None <none> 8080/TCP 33h

NAME DESIRED CURRENT READY UP-TO-DATE AVAILABLE NODE SELECTOR AGE

daemonset.apps/node-exporter 3 3 0 3 0 kubernetes.io/os=linux 33h

NAME READY UP-TO-DATE AVAILABLE AGE

deployment.apps/grafana 1/1 1 1 33h

deployment.apps/kube-state-metrics 1/1 1 1 33h

deployment.apps/prometheus-adapter 1/1 1 1 33h

deployment.apps/prometheus-operator 1/1 1 1 33h

NAME DESIRED CURRENT READY AGE

replicaset.apps/grafana-848969744d 1 1 1 33h

replicaset.apps/kube-state-metrics-5dd8b47cbb 1 1 1 33h

replicaset.apps/prometheus-adapter-578c5c64b6 1 1 1 33h

replicaset.apps/prometheus-operator-58bc77f954 1 1 1 33h

NAME READY AGE

statefulset.apps/alertmanager-main 3/3 33h

statefulset.apps/prometheus-k8s 2/2 33h

```

### 部署ingress 使其能通过web界面访问

根据自己的实际情况进行更改

```bash

# cat ingress.yml

apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1

kind: Ingress

metadata:

name: kube-prometheus

namespace: monitoring

spec:

rules:

- host: prometheus.zsf.com

http:

paths:

- path: /

backend:

serviceName: prometheus-k8s

servicePort: 9090

- host: grafana.zsf.com

http:

paths:

- path: /

backend:

serviceName: grafana

servicePort: 3000

```

到此为止prometheus 基本部署完成,但是我们要解决其中的几个遗漏问题

### 遗留问题处理

#### kube-controller-manager 和 kube-scheduler 无监控数据

这里要注意有一个坑,二进制部署k8s管理组件和新版本kubeadm部署的都会发现在prometheus server的页面上发现`kube-controller`和`kube-schedule`的target为0/0也就是上图所示

这是因为serviceMonitor是根据label去选取svc的,我们可以看到对应的`serviceMonitor`是选取的ns范围是`kube-system`

```yml

# cat serviceMonitor/prometheus-serviceMonitorKubeScheduler.yaml

...

spec:

endpoints:

...

...

port: http-metrics

jobLabel: k8s-app

namespaceSelector:

matchNames:

- kube-system

selector:

matchLabels:

k8s-app: kube-schedule

# cat serviceMonitor/prometheus-serviceMonitorKubeControllerManager.yaml

...

jobLabel: k8s-app

namespaceSelector:

matchNames:

- kube-system

selector:

matchLabels:

k8s-app: kube-controller-manage

```

而默认的 kube-system 里面没有符合上面的svc,所以读取不到

```bash

# kubectl -n kube-system get svc

NAME TYPE CLUSTER-IP EXTERNAL-IP PORT(S) AGE

coredns ClusterIP 10.16.0.2 <none> 53/UDP,53/TCP,9153/TCP 9d

heapster ClusterIP 10.16.157.201 <none> 80/TCP 7d20h

kubelet ClusterIP None <none> 10250/TCP 2d

kubernetes-dashboard ClusterIP 10.16.232.114 <none> 443/TCP 8d

traefik-ingress-service ClusterIP 10.16.193.162 <none> 80/TCP,8080/TCP 9d

```

但是却有对应的ep(没有带任何label)被创建

解决上述这个问题的办法,我们手动创建一个

```yaml

# cat prometheus-kubeMasterService.yaml

apiVersion: v1

kind: Service

metadata:

namespace: kube-system

name: kube-controller-manage

labels:

k8s-app: kube-controller-manage

spec:

type: ClusterIP

clusterIP: None

ports:

- name: http-metrics

port: 10252

targetPort: 10252

protocol: TCP

---

apiVersion: v1

kind: Service

metadata:

namespace: kube-system

name: kube-schedule

labels:

k8s-app: kube-schedule

spec:

type: ClusterIP

clusterIP: None

ports:

- name: http-metrics

port: 10251

targetPort: 10251

protocol: TCP

```

**注意:**

> `Service.spec.ports.name`要和`ServiceMonitor.spec.endpoints.port`对应起来

>

> `Service.metadata.namespace`要和`ServiceMonitor.namespaceSelector.matchNames`对应起来

>

> `Service.metadata.labels`的key要和`ServiceMonitor.JobLabel`对应起来

>

> `Service.metadata.labels要和`ServiceMonitor.selector.matchLabels`对应起来

如果是kubeadm 部署的,我们可以查看下`controller-manager`和`scheduler`的标签,然后添加`Service.spec.selector`

```yaml

...

spec:

selector:

component: kube-schedule

type: ClusterIP

...

```

二进制的话需要我们手动填入svc对应的ep的属性,我集群是HA的,所有有三个,仅供参考,别傻傻得照抄,另外这个ep的名字得和上面的svc的名字和属性对应上

```bash

# cat prometheus-kubeMasterEndPoints.yaml

apiVersion: v1

kind: Endpoints

metadata:

labels:

k8s-app: kube-controller-manage

name: kube-controller-manage

namespace: kube-system

subsets:

- addresses:

- ip: 192.168.4.74

- ip: 192.168.4.75

ports:

- name: http-metrics

port: 10252

protocol: TCP

---

apiVersion: v1

kind: Endpoints

metadata:

labels:

k8s-app: kube-schedule

name: kube-schedule

namespace: kube-system

subsets:

- addresses:

- ip: 192.168.4.74

- ip: 192.168.4.75

ports:

- name: http-metrics

port: 10251

protocol: TCP

```

然后上述那个问题就不会存在了。

#### 监控只能看到三个Namespaces

默认serviceMonitor实际上只能选三个namespacs,默认和Kube-system和monitoring,见文件`cat prometheus-roleSpecificNamespaces.yaml`,需要其他的ns自行创建role,我们只需要对着抄一下就行

```yaml

- apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1

kind: Role

metadata:

name: prometheus-k8s

namespace: monitoring

rules:

- apiGroups:

- ""

resources:

- services

- endpoints

- pods

verbs:

- get

- list

- watch

```

上述其实只需要更改`namespace`字段

#### Apiserver 一直处于 Down 的状态

![image-20200904151543688](https://zhangshoufu-images.oss-accelerate.aliyuncs.com/image-20200904151543688.png)

这个是因为我们自己的证书是自己生成的,并没有通过第三方证书厂商认证,就想我们自己生成的证书放在 nginx 上之后我们通过 curl 的时候会提示证书不可信,这个时候我们可以使用如下操作 **对证书不进行验证**,我们只需要不验证证书就行了。

```bash

$ vim serviceMonitor/prometheus-serviceMonitorKubelet.yaml

...

tlsConfig:

insecureSkipVerify: true

jobLabel: k8s-app

...

```

然后重新运行之后发现正常,就不会报错 401 了。

#### kubelet 不正常

在 kubelet 启动的时候添加了下面两个参数就正常了

```bash

--authentication-token-webhook="true" \

--authorization-mode="Webhook"

```

### 生产中的优化

#### prometheus 数据持久化

官方默认的部署方式不是数据持久化的,如果有对应的需求,需要我们自己来修改

我们通过 prometheus 这个 CRD 创建的 Prometheus 并没有做数据的持久化,我们可以直接查看生成的 Prometheus Pod 的挂载情况就清楚了:

```yaml

$ kubectl get pod prometheus-k8s-0 -n monitoring -o yaml

......

volumeMounts:

- mountPath: /etc/prometheus/config_out

name: config-out

readOnly: true

- mountPath: /prometheus

name: prometheus-k8s-db

......

volumes:

......

- emptyDir: {}

name: prometheus-k8s-db

......

```

我们可以看到 Prometheus 的数据目录 /prometheus 实际上是通过 emptyDir 进行挂载的,我们知道 emptyDir 挂载的数据的生命周期和 Pod 生命周期一致的,所以如果 Pod 挂掉了,数据也就丢失了,这也就是为什么我们重建 Pod 后之前的数据就没有了的原因,对应线上的监控数据肯定需要做数据的持久化的,同样的 prometheus 这个 CRD 资源也为我们提供了数据持久化的配置方法,

```yaml

$ vim operator/prometheus-operator-0prometheusCustomResourceDefinition.yaml

....

storage:

description: StorageSpec defines the configured storage for a group

Prometheus servers. If neither `emptyDir` nor `volumeClaimTemplate`

is specified, then by default an [EmptyDir](https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/storage/volumes/#emptydir)

will be used.

properties:

emptyDir:

description: Represents an empty directory for a pod. Empty directory

volumes support ownership management and SELinux relabeling.

properties:

medium:

description: 'What type of storage medium should back this directory.

The default is "" which means to use the node''s default medium.

Must be an empty string (default) or Memory. More info: https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/storage/volumes#emptydir'

type: string

sizeLimit: {}

type: object

volumeClaimTemplate:

description: PersistentVolumeClaim is a user's request for and claim

to a persistent volume

properties:

apiVersion:

description: 'APIVersion defines the versioned schema of this

representation of an object. Servers should convert recognized

schemas to the latest internal value, and may reject unrecognized

values. More info: https://git.k8s.io/community/contributors/devel/sig-architecture/api-conventions.md#resources'

type: string

kind:

description: 'Kind is a string value representing the REST resource

this object represents. Servers may infer this from the endpoint

the client submits requests to. Cannot be updated. In CamelCase.

More info: https://git.k8s.io/community

....

```

由于我们的 Prometheus 最终是通过 Statefulset 控制器进行部署的,所以我们这里需要通过 storageclass 来做数据持久化,首先创建一个 StorageClass 对象:

我们这里是使用 nfs 做 storageClass,存储类的,具体配置如下:

```yaml

nfs 服务安装在 192.168.4.73,共享的目录为/home/volume

```

因为 nfs 默认不支持 storageClass ,所以我们需要安装一个外部插件,https://kubernetes.io/zh/docs/concepts/storage/storage-classes/ 那些存储直接支持,可以查看官方文档,我们这里面安装nfs-client 插件,官方地址为:https://github.com/kubernetes-retired/external-storage/tree/master/nfs-client/deploy

**创建 rbac 授权**

```bash

$ vim storage/prometheus-nfs-client-rbac.yml

apiVersion: v1

kind: ServiceAccount

metadata:

name: nfs-client-provisione

---

kind: ClusterRole

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1

metadata:

name: nfs-client-provisioner-runne

rules:

- apiGroups: [""]

resources: ["persistentvolumes"]

verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "create", "delete"]

- apiGroups: [""]

resources: ["persistentvolumeclaims"]

verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "update"]

- apiGroups: ["storage.k8s.io"]

resources: ["storageclasses"]

verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]

- apiGroups: [""]

resources: ["events"]

verbs: ["list", "watch", "create", "update", "patch"]

- apiGroups: [""]

resources: ["endpoints"]

verbs: ["create", "delete", "get", "list", "watch", "patch", "update"]

---

kind: ClusterRoleBinding

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1

metadata:

name: run-nfs-client-provisione

subjects:

- kind: ServiceAccount

name: nfs-client-provisione

namespace: default

roleRef:

kind: ClusterRole

name: nfs-client-provisioner-runne

apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io

```

**创建 nfs-client 启动文件:**

```yaml

$ vim storage/prometheus-nfs-client-deployment.yml

kind: Deployment

apiVersion: apps/v1

metadata:

name: nfs-client-provisione

spec:

replicas: 1

selector:

matchLabels:

app: nfs-client-provisione

strategy:

type: Recreate

template:

metadata:

labels:

app: nfs-client-provisione

spec:

serviceAccountName: nfs-client-provisione

containers:

- name: nfs-client-provisione

image: quay.io/external_storage/nfs-client-provisioner:latest

volumeMounts:

- name: nfs-client-root

mountPath: /persistentvolumes

env:

- name: PROVISIONER_NAME

value: fuseim.pri/ifs

- name: NFS_SERVER

value: 192.168.4.73 #nfs server 地址

- name: NFS_PATH

value: /home/volume #nfs共享目录

volumes:

- name: nfs-client-root

nfs:

server: 192.168.4.73

path: /home/volume

```

**创建 storageClass 对象**

```yaml

$ cat storage/prometheus-storageclass.yaml

apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1

kind: StorageClass

metadata:

name: prometheus-data-db

provisioner: fuseim.pri/ifs #对应PROVISIONER_NAME 的值

```

这里我们声明Storageclass对象,其中`provisioner=fuseim.pri/ifs`,则是我们集群中使用NFS作为后端存储

**创建所有资源**

```bash

cd storage

kubectl create -f .

```

**然后我们在 prometheus 添加如下配置**

```yaml

$ vim

...

spec:

storage:

volumeClaimTemplate:

spec:

storageClassName: prometheus-data-db

resources:

requests:

storage: 10Gi

alerting:

alertmanagers:

- name: alertmanager-main

namespace: monitoring

port: web

...

```

然后重新执行启动:

```bash

kubectl apply -f prometheus/prometheus-prometheus.yaml

```

查看结果:

```bash

$ kubectl get pvc -n monitoring

NAME STATUS VOLUME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES STORAGECLASS AGE

prometheus-k8s-db-prometheus-k8s-0 Bound pvc-72a5cb90-8065-4ce8-be47-a01ced7dc152 10Gi RWO prometheus-data-db 31s

prometheus-k8s-db-prometheus-k8s-1 Bound pvc-8f4b7527-06f7-41de-9bef-39f10a6c354c 10Gi RWO prometheus-data-db 31s

$ kubectl get pv -n monitoring

NAME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES RECLAIM POLICY STATUS CLAIM STORAGECLASS REASON AGE

grafana 5Gi RWO Recycle Available 2d14h

pvc-72a5cb90-8065-4ce8-be47-a01ced7dc152 10Gi RWO Delete Bound monitoring/prometheus-k8s-db-prometheus-k8s-0 prometheus-data-db 43s

pvc-8f4b7527-06f7-41de-9bef-39f10a6c354c 10Gi RWO Delete Bound monitoring/prometheus-k8s-db-prometheus-k8s-1 prometheus-data-db 43s

```

#### Grafana 数据持久化

**创建 pv-pvc**

```yaml

# cat grafana-pv-pvc.yaml

apiVersion: v1

kind: PersistentVolume

metadata:

name: grafana-volume

spec:

capacity:

storage: 5Gi

accessModes:

- ReadWriteOnce

persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Recycle

nfs:

server: 192.168.4.73

path: /home/kubernetes-volume/grafana

---

apiVersion: v1

kind: PersistentVolumeClaim

metadata:

name: grafana-volume

namespace: monitoring

spec:

accessModes:

- ReadWriteOnce

resources:

requests:

storage: 5Gi

```

创建 pv-pvc 并查看资源是否绑定

```bash

# kubectl apply -f grafana-pv-pvc.yaml

# kubectl get -n monitoring pvc

NAME STATUS VOLUME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES STORAGECLASS AGE

grafana-volume Bound grafana 5Gi RWO 59s

```

**更改 grafana 资源清单**

```bash

$ vim grafana/grafana-deployment.yaml

# volumes:

# - emptyDir: {}

# name: grafana-storage

- name: grafana-storage

persistentVolumeClaim:

claimName: grafana-volume

```

#### Grafana 修改

官方的yaml `grafana-dashboardDefinitions.yaml`里面很多promQL的metrics名字还是老的,需要改,后续有空更新

##### API serve

##### kubelet部分

```

operation Rate`的`kubelet_runtime_operations_total` –> `kubelet_runtime_operations

[root@k8s-m1 ~]# curl -sSk --cert /etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-kubelet-client.crt --key /etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-kubelet-client.key https://172.16.0.4:10250/metrics | grep -P kubelet_runtime_operations

# HELP kubelet_runtime_operations Cumulative number of runtime operations by operation type.

# TYPE kubelet_runtime_operations counte

kubelet_runtime_operations{operation_type="container_status"} 94

...

operation Error Rate`的`kubelet_runtime_operations_errors_total` –> `kubelet_runtime_operations_errors

# HELP kubelet_runtime_operations_errors Cumulative number of runtime operation errors by operation type.

# TYPE kubelet_runtime_operations_errors counte

kubelet_runtime_operations_errors{operation_type="container_status"} 8

kubelet_runtime_operations_errors{operation_type="pull_image"} 13

```

##### Pod部分

下面三个的`pod`改成`pod_name`,是`Network I/O`

```

grep container_network_ grafana-dashboardDefinitions.yaml

"expr": "sort_desc(sum by (pod) (irate(container_network_receive_bytes_total{job=\"kubelet\", cluster=\"$cluster\", namespace=\"$namespace\", pod=\"$pod\"}[4m])))",

"expr": "sort_desc(sum by (pod) (irate(container_network_transmit_bytes_total{job=\"kubelet\", cluster=\"$cluster\", namespace=\"$namespace\", pod=\"$pod\"}[4m])))",

"expr": "sum(rate(container_network_transmit_bytes_total{job=\"kubelet\", cluster=\"$cluster\", namespace=\"$namespace\", pod=~\"$statefulset.*\"}[3m])) + sum(rate(container_network_receive_bytes_total{cluster=\"$cluster\", namespace=\"$namespace\",pod=~\"$statefulset.*\"}[3m]))",

Total Restarts Per Containe

```

#### 参考资料

https://juejin.im/post/6865504989695967245

https://zhangguanzhang.github.io/2018/10/12/prometheus-operator/#%E9%83%A8%E7%BD%B2%E5%AE%98%E6%96%B9%E7%9A%84prometheus-operato

https://www.qikqiak.com/post/first-use-prometheus-operator/

https://www.qikqiak.com/post/prometheus-operator-monitor-etcd/

原创声明,本文系作者授权云+社区发表,未经许可,不得转载。

如有侵权,请联系 yunjia_community@tencent.com 删除。

我来说两句

0 条评论
登录 后参与评论

相关文章

  • 初玩prometheus

    因为Prometheus是基于GoLang编写,编译后的软件包,不依赖于任何的第三方依赖。用户只需要下载对应平台的二进制包,并解压添加基本配置即可正常启动Pro...

    张琳兮
  • 初识 prometheus

    我现在目前的读者都肯定通过prometheus这个监控吧,那么它到底是什么呢? prometheus是一个基于时间序列(time_series)的监控软件,它是...

    张琳兮
  • 生产prometheus-operator 监控二进制kubernetes

    operator是由CoreOS公司开发的,用来扩展kubernetes APi ,特定的应用程序控制器,它用来创建,配置和管理复杂的有状态应用,例如数据库,缓...

    张琳兮
  • CentOS7安装Prometheus(二进制)

    Prometheus是由SoundCloud开发的开源监控报警系统和时序列数据库(TSDB)。Prometheus使用Go语言开发,是Google BorgMo...

    py3study
  • springboot实战之prometheus监控整合

    在介绍springboot如何与prometheus整合监控之前,先介绍几个待会整合会用到的工具。

    lyb-geek
  • 搭建prometheus+grafana监控SpringBoot应用入门

    最新下载地址 : https://grafana.com/grafana/download

    EalenXie
  • 初玩prometheus

    因为Prometheus是基于GoLang编写,编译后的软件包,不依赖于任何的第三方依赖。用户只需要下载对应平台的二进制包,并解压添加基本配置即可正常启动Pro...

    张琳兮
  • centos7安装配置prometheus

    shaonbean
  • kubernetes监控-prometheus+grafana完美监控

    通过各种exporter采集不同维度的监控指标,并通过Prometheus支持的数据格式暴露出来,Prometheus定期pull数据并用Grafana展示,异...

    kubernetes中文社区
  • 初识 prometheus

    我现在目前的读者都肯定通过prometheus这个监控吧,那么它到底是什么呢? prometheus是一个基于时间序列(time_series)的监控软件,它是...

    张琳兮

扫码关注云+社区

领取腾讯云代金券