由杰克 M. 杰曼猪 19， 2020 4：00 上午 PT
TechNewsWorld 与 IT 专家小组讨论了备灾问题。看看他们的建议-并确保你没有忘记这个关键的、许多公司忘记保护但之后又会后悔的事情。
这种灾难恢复方法对于当今的数字业务来说是不够的。报告警告说，如果将 DR 工具和计划视为成本中心目标而不是业务驱动因素，则组织的云和数字化转型 （DX） 计划将面临更高的失败率。
"在2020年由于COVID-19大流行已经很紧张之后，预报员预计本季的飓风数量将高于平均水平。遗憾的是，许多企业可能毫无准备地经受住这些风暴，如果从 IT 角度来说还没有准备好，他们可能会经历永久性的数据丢失，"Zerto产品营销副总裁卡罗琳·西摩告诉TechNewsWorld。
为了避免成为另一个受害者，她建议保持关键业务运营，保留有价值的数据，并确保 IT 恢复能力，制定可快速实施的正式 DR 计划。
Seymour 提醒说，除了实施和测试基于云的灾难恢复技术外，IT 团队还需要实践其灾难恢复计划，以了解哪些计划效果良好，哪些领域存在改进机会。
IT 恢复能力（对灾难恢复至关重要）是衡量组织在计划破坏性事件期间保护数据、有效响应计划外事件并加快面向数据的业务计划的能力的指标。它包括传统的灾难恢复和备份工具，还集成了 21 世纪任何数字业务成功所需的高级分析和安全功能。
以下是 IDC 灾难恢复研究的一些关键发现：
备份和恢复过程的复杂性也是 43% 的公司面临的主要挑战。这些因素极有可能延迟或中断 IT 转型 （DX） 计划。
这种复杂性过程正在推动大约 90% 的参与公司寻求备份和 DR 工具的融合，因为它们消除了冗余工具。这表明用户越来越多地将备份和 DR 功能视为孤立的产品，而不是单个解决方案的补充资产。
研究人员认为，企业数据恢复的最佳做法是定义 IT 弹性对于其组织意味着什么，并制定实施计划。该定义应从数据保护、备份和灾难恢复的核心元素开始。
它还应考虑新出现的安全威胁，并满足所有业务应用程序的要求。这包括本地或基于公共云。它不应包括一刀切式的 IT 弹性解决方案。
"截至 2020 年 7 月，美国经历了 10 起与天气和气候相关的灾难事件，每次损失超过 10 亿美元。这甚至不算上周席卷东北部部分地区的风暴（飓风阿赛亚斯），"INAP全球云服务副总裁詹妮弗·库里告诉TechNewsWorld。
第三步：考虑灾难 恢复解决方案 许多公司使用云存储作为备份，因为它易于扩展且经济高效。但是，一个更强大的选项是灾难恢复服务 （DRaaS）。
"DRaaS 本质上是公司基础设施中的设施冗余。它复制任务关键型信息、应用程序和数据，以便公司可以在自然灾害期间保持业务连续性，"Curry 解释道。
许多没有 IT 人员的小型企业运营商往往认为，他们只需要一个备份到外部硬盘驱动器或存储上传到云服务。齐默尔曼说，这是危险的想法。
"对硬盘进行单个备份是没有 IT 人员资源的企业可以完成的第一步。然而，它必须超越这一点。
小型企业运营商应该遵循拥有 IT 员工的大公司所做所为。实施冗余策略。
How to Protect Data From Natural Disasters
By Jack M. Germain Aug 19, 2020 4:00 AM PT
With hurricane season in full bloom and the additional prospect of natural disasters, the importance for companies to have disaster data plans in place is paramount.
Companies that fail to make recovery plans for their electronic gear and essential data are inviting serious financial injury when an emergency strikes.
TechNewsWorld discussed disaster preparedness with a panel of IT experts. Check out their recommendations -- and make sure that you have not forgotten that one key thing that many companies forget to protect but regret afterward.
A 2018 IDC report entitled "The State of IT Resilience" warns businesses not to fall into the trap that snarls many companies each year when emergencies happen. These firms view disaster recovery (DR) preparedness as an insurance policy and an added expense that is likely to have little payback.
This approach to disaster recovery is inadequate for today's digital businesses. If DR tools and initiatives are viewed as a cost center objective and not as a business driver, an organization's cloud and digital transformation (DX) initiatives will be exposed to a higher rate of failure, the report warns.
Other research estimates that as many as half of all organizations could not survive a disaster event. That research also found that many businesses do not properly protect their data, test their disaster recovery environment, or have automated DR processes in place.
"After an already stressful 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, forecasters are expecting an above-average number of hurricanes this season. Regrettably, many businesses may be unprepared to weather those storms and could experience permanent data loss if they aren't ready from an IT perspective," Caroline Seymour, vice president of product marketing at Zerto, told TechNewsWorld.
To avoid becoming another victim, she recommends maintaining critical business operations, preserving valuable data, and ensuring IT resilience by having a formal DR plan in place that can be enacted rapidly.
In addition to having cloud-based disaster recovery technology implemented and tested, IT teams need to practice their DR plans to understand what works well and where there are opportunities for improvement, Seymour cautioned.
The Cost of Not Preparing
IT resilience -- essential to disaster recovery -- is a measure of an organization's ability to protect data during planned disruptive events, effectively react to unplanned events, and accelerate data-oriented business initiatives. It includes traditional disaster recovery and backup tools, and also incorporates advanced analytics and security capabilities needed for the success of any digital business in the 21st century.
IDC's research found that many organizations are seeing new forms of disruptions, such as ransomware, cause considerable downtime.
Here are some key findings from IDC's disaster recovery research:
Much Can Go Wrong
The research found that many companies struggle with the cost, complexity, and orchestration of their data protection and disaster recovery solutions. Almost half of the respondents (45 percent) reported challenges with restore or backup reliability.
The complexity of the backup and recovery process was also a leading challenge for 43 percent of the companies. These factors have a high probability of delaying or disrupting IT transformation (DX) initiatives.
That complexity process is pushing some 90 percent of the participating companies to pursue a convergence of backup and DR tools as they eliminate redundant tools. This indicates that users increasingly see backup and DR functions not as siloed products by as complementary assets of a single solution.
Researchers believe the best practice for corporate data recovery is to define what IT resilience means for their organization and develop a plan for implementation. That definition should begin with the core elements of data protection, backup, and disaster recovery.
It should also account for emerging security threats and address the requirements of all business applications. That includes on-premises or public cloud-based. It should not include a one-size-fits-all IT resilience solution.
"As of July 2020, the US has experienced 10 weather- and climate-related disaster events, losing more than $1 billion each time. This does not even count the storms that took out parts of the Northeast last week (Hurricane Asaias)," Jennifer Curry, vice president of Global Cloud Services at INAP, told TechNewsWorld.
Recipe for Recovery
Successful disaster preparedness entails prioritization and communication. Curry outlined three ways companies can protect their data and information before disaster strikes:
Step One: Identify Risks For many organizations, losing data and information is the biggest threat. Start by identifying where their data is stored, if there are copies, and if so, where are the copies stored (onsite or in a separate location).
"Having all information stored in one place is extremely risky because one natural disaster can wipe out everything," she said.
Step Two: Think About Off-Site Backups If an organization does store data separate from its primary location, that is half the battle.
"To further protect their assets, companies should select a backup site that is in a different geographical region to reduce the chances that both locations would be knocked out by one disaster," she reasoned.
Step Three: Consider Disaster Recovery Solutions Many companies use cloud storage as a backup since it is easily scaled and cost-effective. However, a more robust option is disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS).
"DRaaS is essentially a facility redundancy in company infrastructures. It replicates mission-critical information, applications, and data so companies can maintain business continuity during natural disasters," Curry explained.
"IT teams will be strapped when disaster strikes, and rather than having them tackle multiple requests from stakeholders across the organization, they are more successful if they have a prioritized list of applications," she offered.
INAP tells clients to make sure comprehensive business continuity is developed before a devastating event happens. This also serves as an opportunity to identify the risks and gaps that may be commonly missed.
Balancing the Risks
Managing data loss is a case of reducing risks and consequences. The risk cannot and will not ever reach zero, according to David Zimmerman, CEO of LC Technology International.
"Events like fires, floods, tornados, earthquakes, and other disasters can result in business-altering data losses. Floods (especially salt water) severely damage equipment such as servers, SD cards, and laptops. With corrosion from seawater, data recovery might be impossible," he told TechNewsWorld.
However, the right mix of training, corporate protocols, and cloud backups can greatly reduce the downsides of any data losses, making them slight inconveniences instead of business-ending disasters, he added.
Companies can protect their electronics and data during an emergency by incorporating the risks of data loss into a disaster recovery plan that evaluates the physical and virtual locations of their data. Then review how susceptible both would be to loss from fire, floods, or other events, suggested Zimmerman.
Many small business operators with no IT staff tend to think a single backup to an external hard drive or storage uploads to a cloud service is all they need. This is dangerous thinking, according to Zimmerman.
Just because your business does not have a full staff with a fancy data management system does not mean you cannot take smaller, easy steps to protect your data.
"A single backup to a hard drive is the first step a business without the resources of an IT staff can do. However, it must go beyond that.
Without a formal data protection plan, all your hard work and content are at risk every day it is not duplicated. There are easy steps to proactively prevent this from happening," he said.
Small business operators should follow what larger companies that have IT workers do. Implement a policy of redundancy.
This involves making multiple layers of backups, often more than you think is necessary. Create backups with the cloud combined with external hard drive storage. These should be used in tandem, not as replacements for each other, recommended Zimmerman.
"Managing the risk from any natural disaster should start with an inventory of all corporate-owned data. Back everything up to external hard drives -- noting that these are kept off-site -- that's the important part. If a disaster strikes and all the data is held in the office, then the backups are pointless," he offered.
One Thing Not to Forget
Many organizations still do not see the importance of creating a disaster recovery plan prior to a disaster happening, despite the massive risk of losing data that could impact the company's future, Zimmerman shared. The most critical point of data recovery is proactivity.
"You don't want to have to scramble to create a data recovery plan after a disaster strikes. The plan should function as a roadmap that includes all the sources and locations of data and who is responsible for it," he advised.
Evaluating what to do and where to go after data is lost can be crippling to a business model, company reputation, and ability to actually do business. That can hurt any existing relationships with customers and partners.
"Forgetting to protect something is usually not the problem. What companies regret most is not doing periodic restore testing from backup data and testing disaster recovery plans. If companies are unprepared, it prolongs downtime and in some cases leads to data loss," Shawn Lubahn, account product manager at Barracuda Networks, told TechNewsWorld.
原文作者： Jack M. Germain