专栏首页technewsworld翻译专栏AntiX Linux:外观不漂亮,但功能强大

AntiX Linux:外观不漂亮,但功能强大

该antiX发行版提供了坚实的操作系统,许多其它的Linux社区不能提供。它虽然张扬,但可靠,并且专注于性能而不是美观。

最后一个要素在赋予用户无干扰的计算能力方面还有很长的路要走。这并不意味着antiX在视觉上没有吸引力。这个发行版有一个废话。

它没有照亮背景并显示装饰性主题,而是提供了一个平淡的,通常是深色的视图,使您可以专注于手头的计算任务。在这种乏味的屏幕设置中,包含了一系列出色的Linux应用程序和计算工具。

另一个出色的设计功能是antiX的能力,可以使旧硬件重新变得充满活力并变得有用。这种方便且创新的方法可以使老化的计算机保持快速,活跃的状态。它还是新计算机的能量注入者。

我在寻找不同的东西以使某些较旧的计算机脱离垃圾堆时开始使用antiX。AntiX默认运行极轻量级的IceWM桌面环境。有两个其他版本可以运行fluxbox或jwm。

但是,请勿将antiX Linux与Artix Linux混淆。这是两种完全不同的产品,几乎没有共同之处。

独特的计算能力和选项

antiX(19.3)的最新版本称为Manolis Glezos,已于10月17日发布。这是一个快速且功能强大的操作系统,易于安装。它基于Debian Buster,用于与Intel-AMD x86兼容的系统,并且完全不含系统。

此最新升级对SysV和Runit系列进行了改进。它使用sysvinit或runit运行32位和64位体系结构。可以选择这两个引擎盖下的启动组件不会与新用户有关。但是经验丰富的Linux用户无疑会喜欢这种选择。

AntiX的32位版本具有非PAE内核(物理地址扩展),该内核使32位系统可以访问4 GB RAM。这就是antiX是使旧硬件与现代且功能强大的操作系统保持一致的绝佳选择的原因之一。该系列具有强大的内核,使其能够支持新旧硬件,并为其所有三个版本(完整版,基础版和核心版)包含更多固件。

该发行版可在大多数计算机上运行,​​从带有预配置交换功能的256 MB旧PIII系统到最新的功能强大的盒子。您至少需要256 MB RAM,并且安装程序至少需要2.7 GB硬盘大小。

运行antiX的一个很好的多功能用途是它具有快速启动的抢救CD的功能,或在USB记忆棒上运行的“实时”操作系统,带有或不带有持久文件存储功能。您也可以将其部分安装到计算机的硬盘驱动器中,以“节省型”配置。实时会话重制工具可让您自定义自己的版本或为已安装的系统创建快照以进行紧急重装,而无需从头开始。

轻巧,动力不足

AntiX最初于2007年作为基于MEPIS的轻量级发行版发布。如今,这种“老式”的小尺寸外观在设计上仍然存在。AntiX具有独特的外观。这种外观在某种程度上具有很高的功能。它的设计最大限度地减少了系统资源,因此可以在较旧的计算机上运行。

在配备强大RAM和现代视频卡的新型计算机上运行antiX并不能改善其外观。实际上,与大多数其他Linux桌面外观相比,我认为antiX丑陋。但是它功能强大。那才是最重要的。因此,您必须愿意接受这种折衷。

通常,在不那么轻量级的Linux操作系统中,像Xfce或GNOME这样的功能强大的桌面环境将通过单独的Windows Manager服务器管理整个桌面显示功能。相反,antiX使用的是Windows管理器,而没有较大的桌面外壳。

这种设计使其非常适合限制旧式计算机中消耗的资源数量。AntiX Linux的设计中包含功能强大的应用程序,这些应用程序具有多种选择,涵盖了所有可能的计算任务。

可下载的选择

如上所述,antiX在Windows管理器上运行,而不是在真正的桌面环境上运行。对于大多数目的,这是没有区别的区别。

尽管您只有两个虚拟工作区,但是您可以在两个工作区之间移动应用程序。您可以全屏或缩小尺寸运行Windows,以在同一屏幕上共享多个窗口。

动画和声音效果不是Windows管理器环境的一部分。您还具有足够的系统设置来个性化您在antiX中的工作方式。控制中心和众多设置面板使您可以将自己的个人外观显示在桌面显示器和功能上。

这些菜单控件之一可让您即时切换内置窗口管理器。快速更改“桌面”显示以及样式和背景图像的能力使antiX不仅仅是单视图桌面计算机。

对于一般用户,最好的选择是下载antiX-full(c1.2GB)。它包含四个Windows管理器:IceWM(默认),Fluxbox,jwm和herbstluftwm。包括这四个Windows管理器的其他变体。

  • 基于AntiX的(770MB)仅受四个Windows管理器的限制。您将获得IceWM(默认),Fluxbox,jwm和herbstluftwm。
  • AntiX-core(470MB)缺少X,但是具有CLI安装程序,没有UEFI支持或加密。它应该支持大多数无线网卡。
  • AntiX-net(170MB)具有与核心所示相同的丢失项。它附带的功能足以使您连接(有线)并准备构建。

它还带有当前完整的LibreOffice套件。

使用它

我最喜欢的“桌面”功能之一是能够以多种方式访问​​系统菜单。AntiX有三个。

单击底部面板最右侧的传统菜单图标,弹出主菜单或主菜单显示。菜单访问的第二种方法是右键单击桌面上的任意位置。第三个是上下文菜单,您可以通过右键单击打开的窗口的标题栏来访问。

右键单击屏幕底部的面板栏,以访问各种显示选项,例如平铺,水平或垂直层叠以及注销。最右端显示两个系统监视器和时钟/日历。面板栏的另一端有几个系统图标。

您不能将应用程序启动器放置在面板上或桌面本身上。但是,面板用作打开窗口的缩略图显示底座。右键单击缩略图以执行各种特定于上下文的操作。

桌面显示包括几个系统读数和当地天气的连续显示。您可以从系统菜单打开/关闭conky显示屏。

底线

捆绑软件集合中最令人印象深刻的方面之一是专用工具。引导修复工具特别有用,它可以帮助您省去寻找替代方案以使损坏的系统重新启动并重新运行的麻烦。这通常在配置为双重引导各种操作系统的系统上发生。这些专用工具包括:

· 引导修复

· 编解码器安装程序

· 网络助手

  • 用户经理
  • ddm-mx-安装nvidia驱动程序
  • Repo Manager-选择您的镜像以加快下载速度

其他附带的工具是标准Linux发行版中通常找不到的集合。看一下这个列表:

  • hexchat-GUI聊天
  • wingrid-antix-将堆叠窗口管理器转换为平铺器
  • 网络共享的connectshares-antix
  • droopy-antix-一种通过网络传输文件的简便方法
  • AntiX Control Center-做任何事情的简便方法!
  • streamtuner2-收听流媒体广播

antiX中另一个独特的软件组件是内部的命令行界面(CLI)应用程序集合。您从终端窗口启动它们。

原文题目:AntiX Linux: Not Pretty but Highly Functional

原文:The antiX distro offers a solid operating system that many other Linux communities fail to deliver. It is unassuming, but reliable, and focuses on performance rather than prettiness.

That last element goes a long way to giving users distraction-free computing power. That does not mean antiX is not appealing visually. This distro has a no-nonsense appearance.

Instead of lighting up the background and displaying decorative themes, it provides a plain, mostly dark view that lets you concentrate on the computing tasks at hand. Within this bland screen setting is an array of outstanding Linux applications and computing tools.

Another great design feature is antiX's ability to make older hardware vibrant and useful again. This handy and innovative approach keeps aging computers fast and active. It is also an energy infuser for new computers.

I started playing around with antiX when looking for something different to keep some older computers out of the trash heap. AntiX runs the extremely lightweight IceWM desktop environment by default. Two other versions are available running either fluxbox or jwm.

Do not confuse antiX Linux with Artix Linux, however. These are two totally different products that have little in common.

Unique Computing Power and Options

The latest version of antiX (19.3), dubbed Manolis Glezos, was released Oct. 17. This is a fast and functional operating system that is easy to install. It is based on Debian Buster for Intel-AMD x86 compatible systems and is fully systemd-free.

This latest upgrade comes with improvements to SysV and Runit series. It runs both 32-bit and 64-bit architecture with sysvinit or runit. Having a choice of these two under-the-hood startup components will not concern new users. But seasoned Linux users will no doubt like having this choice.

AntiX's 32-bit edition has a non-PAE kernel (Physical Address Extension) that lets 32-bit systems access 4 GB RAM. This is one of the reasons antiX is an excellent choice to keep older hardware running with a modern and powerful operating system. This series has a hefty kernel, which allows it to support old and new hardware and the inclusion of more firmware for all three of its editions: full, base, and core.

This distro runs on most computers, ranging from 256 MB old PIII systems with preconfigured swap to the latest powerful boxes. You need at least 256 MB RAM, and the installer needs a minimum 2.7 GB hard disk size.

A really nice multifunctional use in running antiX is its capabilities as a fast-booting rescue CD, or "live" operating system that runs on a USB stick, with or without persistent file storage. You also can partially install it to your computer's hard drive in a 'frugal' configuration. The live session remaster tool lets you customize your own version or create 'snapshots' of an installed system for emergency reinstallations, without having to start from scratch.

Lightweight, Not Underpowered

AntiX was initially released in 2007 as a lightweight distro based on MEPIS. That "old-time" small footprint appearance remains today by design. AntiX has a distinctly unique look. In part, that look is highly functional. Its design maximizes low system resources so it can run on older machines.

Running antiX on newer machines with souped-up RAM and modern video cards do little to spruce up its appearance. In fact, I consider antiX ugly in comparison with most other Linux desktop appearances. But it is highly functional. That is what matters most. So you must be willing to accept that tradeoff.

Normally, in less lightweight Linux OSes, a full-fledged desktop environment like Xfce or GNOME manages overall desktop display functions with a separate windows manager server within. Instead, antiX uses a windows manager without the larger desktop shell.

This design makes it ideal for limiting the number of resources consumed in legacy computers. AntiX Linux's design is packed with powerful applications that cover every conceivable computing task with multiple options.

Downloadable Choices

As noted above, antiX runs on windows managers rather than a bona fide desktop environment. For most purposes, that is a distinction without a difference.

Although you only have two virtual workspaces, you can move applications between the two. You can run windows full screen or reduced size to share multiple windows on the same screen.

Animations and sound effects are not a part of the windows manager landscape. You also have ample system settings to personalize how you work in antiX. The control center and numerous settings panels let you put your own personal appearance to the desktop display and functionality.

One of those menu controls lets you switch among the built-in window managers on the fly. The ability to quickly change the "desktop" display and the styles and background images make antiX more than a one-view desktop machine.

For a typical user, the best option is to download antiX-full (c1.2GB). It contains four windows managers: IceWM (default), Fluxbox, jwm and herbstluftwm. Additional windows manager variations of these four are included.

  • AntiX-base (770MB) is more limited with just four windows managers. You get IceWM (default), Fluxbox, jwm and herbstluftwm.
  • AntiX-core (470MB) lacks X but has a CLI-installer without UEFI support nor encryption. It should support most wireless cards.
  • AntiX-net (170MB) has the same missing items as shown in core. It comes with just enough to get you connected (wired) and ready to build.

It also comes with the current full LibreOffice suite.

Using It

One of my favorite "desktop" features is the ability to have multiple ways of accessing system menus. AntiX has three.

The primary or main menu display pops up with a click on the traditional menu icon at the far right of the bottom panel. The second approach to menu access is right-clicking anywhere on the desktop. The third is a context menu you access by right-clicking on the title bar of an open window.

Right-click on the panel bar at the bottom of the screen to access a variety of display options such as tiling, cascading horizontally or vertically as well as logging out. The far-right end shows two system monitors and the clock/calendar. The other end of the panel bar has several system icons.

You cannot place application launchers on the panel or on the desktop itself. However, the panel serves as a thumbnail display dock for open windows. Right-click on the thumbnail for a variety of context-specific actions.

The desktop display includes a conky display of several system readouts and the local weather. You can turn the conky display off/on from the system menus.

Bottom Line

One of the more impressive aspects of the bundled software collection is special tools. Especially helpful is a boot repair tool that saves you the hassle of tracking down an alternative to get a broken system up and running again. This often happens on systems configured to dual boot a variety of OSes. These specialty tools include:

· Bootrepair

· Codecs installer

· Network Assistant

· User Manager

· ddm-mx - install nvidia drivers

· Repo Manager - choose your mirrors for faster downloading

Other included tools are a collection not normally found in standard Linux distributions. Take a look at this list:

· hexchat - GUI chat

· wingrid-antix - turn the stacking window managers into tilers

· connectshares-antix for network shares

· droopy-antix - an easy way to transfer files over the net

  • AntiX Control Centre - an easy way to do just about anything!
  • streamtuner2 - listen to streaming radio

Another unique software component in antiX is an in-house collection of command line interface (CLI) applications. You launch them from the terminal window.

原文地址:https://www.technewsworld.com/story/86942.html

原文作者:Jack M. Germain

原文链接:https://www.technewsworld.com/story/86942.html

原文作者:Jack M. Germain

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