开源解决方案的主要提供者红帽一直没有一个全面的文件来指导员工参与开源项目。 在持续的监督下，该公司仅写下了一些相关流程。公司及其员工与开源贡献的互动方式在很大程度上是由长期的，广为人知的但无证的公司实践所知。 也许是在IBM最近对其收购的影响下，Red Hat最近宣布了其开源参与指南的外部发布。该公司根据CC BY-SA 4.0许可在GitHub上发布了指南。 红帽官员希望其准则能够促使其他组织考虑采用开放源码的方式，通过采用这些准则或类似准则以使自己的员工受益。 总体而言，根据Pund-IT的首席分析师Charles King的说法，宣布Red Hat似乎是一种常见的方法，用于规范员工如何/何时/为什么参与开源项目。 “坦率地说，我很惊讶公司在此之前没有这样做，因为这是正式员工行为准则中要解决的问题。前进的决定很可能与IBM对IBM的收购有关。 Red Hat，”金告诉LinuxInsider。 两家公司于2018年底宣布收购。Red Hat开源计划办公室经理Brian Profitt在他最近的博客中谈到了新的开源准则，该工作于2019年初开始。
原文：Red Hat, a major provider of open source solutions, has never had a comprehensive document guiding associate participation in open source projects, until now.
In an ongoing oversight, the company had only a few related processes written down. Much of how the company and its workers interacted with open source contribution was known only in long-standing, widely understood, but undocumented company practice.
Perhaps under the influence of its recent purchase by IBM, Red Hat recently announced the external publication of its open-source participation guidelines. The company released the guidelines on GitHub under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
Red Hat officials hope its guidelines will spur other organizations to consider how they approach open source, either by adopting these or similar guidelines for the benefit of their own employees.
Overall, Red Hat's announcement seems like a commonplace approach to formalizing how/when/why employees participate in open source projects, according to Charles King, principal analyst at Pund-IT.
"Frankly, I am surprised that the company had not done so before this since it is the kind of thing that would be addressed in a formal code of conduct for employees. It's entirely possible that the decision to move ahead is related to IBM's acquisition of Red Hat," King told LinuxInsider.
The two companies announced that acquisition in late 2018. Red Hat's manager for the open-source program office, Brian Profitt, noted in his recent blog about the new open-source guidelines that the effort began early in 2019.
原文作者：Jack M. Germain • LinuxInsider • ECT News Network