未调用片段的OnCreateOptionsMenu()是什么?

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我有一个应用程序,它有一个活动,两个片段水平放置。

 In my activity I inflated menu using onCreateOptionsMEnu() using which I am able to display actionbar options menu. But when I try to update the action bar  menu items from one of my fragment , the onCreateoptionsmenu() is not called.So,I'm not able to update the action bar options menu. Can anyone help me in sorting out this issue. 
 The code in my activity is as below: 
 myActivity.java 
 ===============
package com.andr.androidtablelist;

import java.io.IOException;

import android.app.ActionBar;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuInflater;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.andr.fragments.ListLeftFragment;
import com.andr.utils.DBHelper;

      public class TabletActivity extends Activity {
    ActionBar actionBar = null;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        DBHelper dbhelper;
        dbhelper = new DBHelper(this);
        try {
            dbhelper.createDatabase();
        } catch (IOException ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_tablet);
        actionBar = getActionBar();
        actionBar.setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(false);
        getFragmentManager().beginTransaction()
                .replace(R.id.master, ListLeftFragment.newInstance()).commit();
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
        inflater.inflate(R.menu.tablet, menu);
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        switch (item.getItemId()) {
        case android.R.id.home:
            Toast.makeText(
                    getApplicationContext(),
                    "Back Stack Count::"
                            + getFragmentManager().getBackStackEntryCount(),
                    Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            if (getFragmentManager().getBackStackEntryCount() == 1) {
                actionBar.setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(false);
            }
            if (getFragmentManager().getBackStackEntryCount() > 1) {
                getFragmentManager().popBackStack();

            }
            return true;

        }
        return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
    }

}
      // http://www.vogella.com/articles/AndroidListView/article.html

<br> myFragment.java
     ===============
      package com.andr.fragments;


import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import android.app.Fragment;
import android.content.Context;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuInflater;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.SearchView;
import android.widget.TextView;

import com.andr.androidtablelist.R;
import com.andr.helper.LazyHelper;

   public class ListLeftFragment extends Fragment{
    private static ListLeftFragment listFragment = null;

    public static ListLeftFragment newInstance(){
        listFragment = new ListLeftFragment();      
        return listFragment;
    }

     @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);


    }

     @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
            Bundle savedInstanceState) {
         View v =  inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_listlayout, container,false);
         getActivity().invalidateOptionsMenu();
         ListView lv = (ListView)v.findViewById(R.id.lview);
         String[] values = new String[] { "Android", "iPhone", "WindowsMobile",
                    "Blackberry", "WebOS", "Ubuntu", "Windows7", "Max OS X",
                    "Linux", "OS/2", "Ubuntu", "Windows7", "Max OS X", "Linux",
                    "OS/2", "Ubuntu", "Windows7", "Max OS X", "Linux", "OS/2",
                    "Android", "iPhone", "WindowsMobile" };
         getActivity().getActionBar().setTitle("LeftList");

          ArrayList<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
         LazyHelper lHelper = new LazyHelper(getActivity());
         list = lHelper.getLazyDetials();

           /* for (int i = 0; i < values.length; ++i) {
              list.add(values[i]);
            }
            final StableArrayAdapter adapter = new StableArrayAdapter(getActivity(),
                android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, list);*/
            LeftListAdapter lAdapter = new LeftListAdapter(getActivity(),list);
            lv.setAdapter(lAdapter);
            lv.setOnItemClickListener(new OnItemClickListener()
            {

                @Override
                public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> arg0, View arg1,
                        int pos, long arg3) {
                    final String clickedData = (String)arg0.getItemAtPosition(pos);
                    Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
                    bundle.putString("clickedItemName", clickedData);
                    Fragment detailFragment = DetailFormRightFragment.newInstance();
                    detailFragment.setArguments(bundle);
                    getActivity().getFragmentManager().beginTransaction().replace(R.id.details, detailFragment).addToBackStack(null).commit();
                }

            }
                    );
         return v;
    }


     @Override
    public void onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu, MenuInflater inflater) {
        super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu, inflater);
        getActivity().getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.search, menu);
        SearchView searchView=(SearchView)menu.findItem(R.id.search);
        searchView.setIconifiedByDefault(true);
    } 

     @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {

         super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
         return false;
    }


     @Override
    public void onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
         super.onPrepareOptionsMenu(menu);
        /*MenuItem item;
        menu.clear();
        getActivity().getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.search, menu);
        SearchView searchView=(SearchView)menu.findItem(R.id.search);
        searchView.setIconifiedByDefault(true);*/
    }

     private class StableArrayAdapter extends ArrayAdapter<String> {

            HashMap<String, Integer> mIdMap = new HashMap<String, Integer>();

            public StableArrayAdapter(Context context, int textViewResourceId,
                List<String> objects) {
              super(context, textViewResourceId, objects);
              for (int i = 0; i < objects.size(); ++i) {
                mIdMap.put(objects.get(i), i);
              }
            }

            @Override
            public long getItemId(int position) {
              String item = getItem(position);
              return mIdMap.get(item);
            }

            @Override
            public boolean hasStableIds() {
              return true;
            }

          }

     private class LeftListAdapter extends BaseAdapter implements OnClickListener {
         private Context mcontext;
         ArrayList<String> listData;
         private  LayoutInflater inflater=null;
         public LeftListAdapter(Context context, ArrayList<String> listItems) {
              mcontext=context;
              listData=listItems;
              inflater = (LayoutInflater)mcontext.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
         }

        @Override
        public int getCount() {
            return listData.size();
        }

        @Override
        public Object getItem(int arg0) {
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public long getItemId(int arg0) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            return 0;
        }

        @Override
        public View getView(int position, View view, ViewGroup arg2) {
            // create a ViewHolder reference
            View vi=view;
            if(vi==null){
                vi = inflater.inflate(R.layout.item, null);
            }
            TextView text=(TextView)vi.findViewById(R.id.text);
            text.setText(listData.get(position));
            vi.setOnClickListener(this);
            return vi;
        }

        @Override
        public void onClick(View vi) {
            TextView text=(TextView)vi.findViewById(R.id.text);
            Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
            bundle.putString("clickedItemName", text.getText().toString());
            Fragment detailFragment = DetailFormRightFragment.newInstance();
            detailFragment.setArguments(bundle);
            getActivity().getFragmentManager().beginTransaction().replace(R.id.details, detailFragment).addToBackStack(null).commit();          
        }

     }
   }
提问于
用户回答回答于

在片段的onCreateView()方法中,需要调用setHasOptionsMenu(True)来告诉宿主活动,你的片段有它想要添加的菜单选项。

用户回答回答于

如果使用的是主题那确实是支持ActionBar,那么OnCreateOptionsMenu()将不会被自动调用,即使正确地编写了所有Java代码。

可以打开AndroidManifest.xml,更改Android:theme 为 "@android:style/Theme.Holo.Light.DarkActionBar".

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