使用CIADECT添加纯黑色时的预期行为?

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

  • 回答 (1)
  • 关注 (0)
  • 查看 (64)

作为我的测试的一部分,我创建了一个方形的中灰色图像:

和一个方形的黑色图像:

当我用CIAdditionCompositing贴片合并这两个方形图像时,我预计会看到一个灰色方块,其颜色与原始中灰方块完全一致(因为黑色图像的所有颜色分量的值为0)。但是,最终结果实际上比原始灰度图像更亮

我不明白这个结果是如何产生的。我怎么误解CIAdditionCompositing工作?

提问于
用户回答回答于

我如何进行实验。我使用下面的Python PIL和numpy生成图像

from PIL import Image
import numpy as np

np.zeros(shape=(1,1,4))

for i in range(0, 176):
    data[0][0] = [i, i, i, 255]
    Image.fromarray(data).save("{}.png".format(i))

然后我写了一个XCode代码来检查你的过滤器

let folder =  "/Users/tarun.lalwani/Desktop/tarunlalwani.com/tarunlalwani/workshop/ub16/so/imagecompose/PS/"
let black_png = folder + "1.png";
let black_image = CIImage(image: UIImage(contentsOfFile: black_png)!)

for index in 1...175 {
    let grey_png = folder + String(index) + ".png";
    let grey_image = CIImage(image: UIImage(contentsOfFile: grey_png)!)

    let combined_image = CIFilter(name: "CIAdditionCompositing", withInputParameters: ["inputImage":black_image!, "inputBackgroundImage":grey_image])
    let context = CIContext() // Prepare for create CGImage
    let cgimg = context.createCGImage((combined_image?.outputImage)!, from: (combined_image?.outputImage?.extent)!)
    let output = UIImage(cgImage: cgimg!)
    if let data = UIImagePNGRepresentation(output) {
        do {
            try data.write(to: (URL(fileURLWithPath: folder + "output" + String(index) + ".png")))
        } catch {
            print("Unexpected error: \(error).")
        }
    }

}

然后我在python下面运行代码来打印像素值

for i in range(1, 176):
    data = np.array(Image.open("output{}.png".format(i)))
    print (data[0][0][0])

之后,我将它们全部绘制在Excel表格中。这是我的观察

  • 如果来自两个图像的像素之和> 255,则最终的像素值是255
  • 如果像素之和小于16,则不向像素添加增量
  • 如果像素的总和> 16,则增加一些增量

现在我添加的三角洲几乎相当于ROUNDUP((<sum of pixels>-16)/2-1,0)。我说nearly因为我可以制定一个100%准确的公式

所以如果A是背景图像并且B是前景图像,那么下面是来自excel的数据。我使用的Excel公式是IF(ROUNDUP((D2-16)/2-1,0) <0, 0,ROUNDUP((D2-16)/2-1,0) )

+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+---------+-------+
|   A   |   B   |   C   |  A+B  | A+B-C | Formula |   E   |
+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+---------+-------+
|     1 |     1 |     2 |     2 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|     2 |     1 |     3 |     3 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|     3 |     1 |     4 |     4 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|     4 |     1 |     5 |     5 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|     5 |     1 |     6 |     6 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|     6 |     1 |     7 |     7 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|     7 |     1 |     8 |     8 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|     8 |     1 |     9 |     9 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|     9 |     1 |    10 |    10 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|    10 |     1 |    11 |    11 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|    11 |     1 |    12 |    12 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|    12 |     1 |    13 |    13 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|    13 |     1 |    14 |    14 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|    14 |     1 |    15 |    15 |     0 |       0 |     0 |
|    15 |     1 |    17 |    16 |     1 |       0 |    -1 |
|    16 |     1 |    18 |    17 |     1 |       0 |    -1 |
|    17 |     1 |    19 |    18 |     1 |       0 |    -1 |
|    18 |     1 |    21 |    19 |     2 |       1 |    -1 |
|    19 |     1 |    22 |    20 |     2 |       1 |    -1 |
|    20 |     1 |    24 |    21 |     3 |       2 |    -1 |
|    21 |     1 |    25 |    22 |     3 |       2 |    -1 |
|    22 |     1 |    27 |    23 |     4 |       3 |    -1 |
|    23 |     1 |    28 |    24 |     4 |       3 |    -1 |
|    24 |     1 |    30 |    25 |     5 |       4 |    -1 |
|    25 |     1 |    31 |    26 |     5 |       4 |    -1 |
|    26 |     1 |    33 |    27 |     6 |       5 |    -1 |
|    27 |     1 |    34 |    28 |     6 |       5 |    -1 |
|    28 |     1 |    36 |    29 |     7 |       6 |    -1 |
|    29 |     1 |    37 |    30 |     7 |       6 |    -1 |
|    30 |     1 |    39 |    31 |     8 |       7 |    -1 |
|    31 |     1 |    40 |    32 |     8 |       7 |    -1 |
|    32 |     1 |    42 |    33 |     9 |       8 |    -1 |
|    33 |     1 |    43 |    34 |     9 |       8 |    -1 |
|    34 |     1 |    44 |    35 |     9 |       9 |     0 |
|    35 |     1 |    46 |    36 |    10 |       9 |    -1 |
|    36 |     1 |    47 |    37 |    10 |      10 |     0 |
|    37 |     1 |    49 |    38 |    11 |      10 |    -1 |
|    38 |     1 |    50 |    39 |    11 |      11 |     0 |
|    39 |     1 |    52 |    40 |    12 |      11 |    -1 |
|    40 |     1 |    53 |    41 |    12 |      12 |     0 |
|    41 |     1 |    55 |    42 |    13 |      12 |    -1 |
|    42 |     1 |    56 |    43 |    13 |      13 |     0 |
|    43 |     1 |    58 |    44 |    14 |      13 |    -1 |
|    44 |     1 |    59 |    45 |    14 |      14 |     0 |
|    45 |     1 |    61 |    46 |    15 |      14 |    -1 |
|    46 |     1 |    62 |    47 |    15 |      15 |     0 |
|    47 |     1 |    64 |    48 |    16 |      15 |    -1 |
|    48 |     1 |    65 |    49 |    16 |      16 |     0 |
|    49 |     1 |    67 |    50 |    17 |      16 |    -1 |
|    50 |     1 |    68 |    51 |    17 |      17 |     0 |
|    51 |     1 |    70 |    52 |    18 |      17 |    -1 |
|    52 |     1 |    71 |    53 |    18 |      18 |     0 |
|    53 |     1 |    73 |    54 |    19 |      18 |    -1 |
|    54 |     1 |    74 |    55 |    19 |      19 |     0 |
|    55 |     1 |    76 |    56 |    20 |      19 |    -1 |
|    56 |     1 |    77 |    57 |    20 |      20 |     0 |
|    57 |     1 |    79 |    58 |    21 |      20 |    -1 |
|    58 |     1 |    80 |    59 |    21 |      21 |     0 |
|    59 |     1 |    82 |    60 |    22 |      21 |    -1 |
|    60 |     1 |    83 |    61 |    22 |      22 |     0 |
|    61 |     1 |    85 |    62 |    23 |      22 |    -1 |
|    62 |     1 |    86 |    63 |    23 |      23 |     0 |
|    63 |     1 |    88 |    64 |    24 |      23 |    -1 |
|    64 |     1 |    89 |    65 |    24 |      24 |     0 |
|    65 |     1 |    91 |    66 |    25 |      24 |    -1 |
|    66 |     1 |    92 |    67 |    25 |      25 |     0 |
|    67 |     1 |    94 |    68 |    26 |      25 |    -1 |
|    68 |     1 |    95 |    69 |    26 |      26 |     0 |
|    69 |     1 |    97 |    70 |    27 |      26 |    -1 |
|    70 |     1 |    98 |    71 |    27 |      27 |     0 |
|    71 |     1 |   100 |    72 |    28 |      27 |    -1 |
|    72 |     1 |   101 |    73 |    28 |      28 |     0 |
|    73 |     1 |   103 |    74 |    29 |      28 |    -1 |
|    74 |     1 |   104 |    75 |    29 |      29 |     0 |
|    75 |     1 |   106 |    76 |    30 |      29 |    -1 |
|    76 |     1 |   107 |    77 |    30 |      30 |     0 |
|    77 |     1 |   109 |    78 |    31 |      30 |    -1 |
|    78 |     1 |   110 |    79 |    31 |      31 |     0 |
|    79 |     1 |   112 |    80 |    32 |      31 |    -1 |
|    80 |     1 |   113 |    81 |    32 |      32 |     0 |
|    81 |     1 |   115 |    82 |    33 |      32 |    -1 |
|    82 |     1 |   116 |    83 |    33 |      33 |     0 |
|    83 |     1 |   118 |    84 |    34 |      33 |    -1 |
|    84 |     1 |   119 |    85 |    34 |      34 |     0 |
|    85 |     1 |   121 |    86 |    35 |      34 |    -1 |
|    86 |     1 |   122 |    87 |    35 |      35 |     0 |
|    87 |     1 |   124 |    88 |    36 |      35 |    -1 |
|    88 |     1 |   125 |    89 |    36 |      36 |     0 |
|    89 |     1 |   127 |    90 |    37 |      36 |    -1 |
|    90 |     1 |   128 |    91 |    37 |      37 |     0 |
|    91 |     1 |   129 |    92 |    37 |      37 |     0 |
|    92 |     1 |   131 |    93 |    38 |      38 |     0 |
|    93 |     1 |   132 |    94 |    38 |      38 |     0 |
|    94 |     1 |   134 |    95 |    39 |      39 |     0 |
|    95 |     1 |   135 |    96 |    39 |      39 |     0 |
|    96 |     1 |   137 |    97 |    40 |      40 |     0 |
|    97 |     1 |   138 |    98 |    40 |      40 |     0 |
|    98 |     1 |   140 |    99 |    41 |      41 |     0 |
|    99 |     1 |   141 |   100 |    41 |      41 |     0 |
|   100 |     1 |   143 |   101 |    42 |      42 |     0 |
|   101 |     1 |   144 |   102 |    42 |      42 |     0 |
|   102 |     1 |   146 |   103 |    43 |      43 |     0 |
|   103 |     1 |   147 |   104 |    43 |      43 |     0 |
|   104 |     1 |   149 |   105 |    44 |      44 |     0 |
|   105 |     1 |   150 |   106 |    44 |      44 |     0 |
|   106 |     1 |   152 |   107 |    45 |      45 |     0 |
|   107 |     1 |   153 |   108 |    45 |      45 |     0 |
|   108 |     1 |   155 |   109 |    46 |      46 |     0 |
|   109 |     1 |   156 |   110 |    46 |      46 |     0 |
|   110 |     1 |   158 |   111 |    47 |      47 |     0 |
|   111 |     1 |   159 |   112 |    47 |      47 |     0 |
|   112 |     1 |   161 |   113 |    48 |      48 |     0 |
|   113 |     1 |   162 |   114 |    48 |      48 |     0 |
|   114 |     1 |   164 |   115 |    49 |      49 |     0 |
|   115 |     1 |   165 |   116 |    49 |      49 |     0 |
|   116 |     1 |   167 |   117 |    50 |      50 |     0 |
|   117 |     1 |   168 |   118 |    50 |      50 |     0 |
|   118 |     1 |   170 |   119 |    51 |      51 |     0 |
|   119 |     1 |   171 |   120 |    51 |      51 |     0 |
|   120 |     1 |   173 |   121 |    52 |      52 |     0 |
|   121 |     1 |   174 |   122 |    52 |      52 |     0 |
|   122 |     1 |   176 |   123 |    53 |      53 |     0 |
|   123 |     1 |   177 |   124 |    53 |      53 |     0 |
|   124 |     1 |   179 |   125 |    54 |      54 |     0 |
|   125 |     1 |   180 |   126 |    54 |      54 |     0 |
|   126 |     1 |   182 |   127 |    55 |      55 |     0 |
|   127 |     1 |   183 |   128 |    55 |      55 |     0 |
|   128 |     1 |   185 |   129 |    56 |      56 |     0 |
|   129 |     1 |   186 |   130 |    56 |      56 |     0 |
|   130 |     1 |   188 |   131 |    57 |      57 |     0 |
|   131 |     1 |   189 |   132 |    57 |      57 |     0 |
|   132 |     1 |   191 |   133 |    58 |      58 |     0 |
|   133 |     1 |   192 |   134 |    58 |      58 |     0 |
|   134 |     1 |   194 |   135 |    59 |      59 |     0 |
|   135 |     1 |   195 |   136 |    59 |      59 |     0 |
|   136 |     1 |   197 |   137 |    60 |      60 |     0 |
|   137 |     1 |   198 |   138 |    60 |      60 |     0 |
|   138 |     1 |   200 |   139 |    61 |      61 |     0 |
|   139 |     1 |   201 |   140 |    61 |      61 |     0 |
|   140 |     1 |   203 |   141 |    62 |      62 |     0 |
|   141 |     1 |   204 |   142 |    62 |      62 |     0 |
|   142 |     1 |   206 |   143 |    63 |      63 |     0 |
|   143 |     1 |   207 |   144 |    63 |      63 |     0 |
|   144 |     1 |   209 |   145 |    64 |      64 |     0 |
|   145 |     1 |   210 |   146 |    64 |      64 |     0 |
|   146 |     1 |   212 |   147 |    65 |      65 |     0 |
|   147 |     1 |   213 |   148 |    65 |      65 |     0 |
|   148 |     1 |   215 |   149 |    66 |      66 |     0 |
|   149 |     1 |   216 |   150 |    66 |      66 |     0 |
|   150 |     1 |   218 |   151 |    67 |      67 |     0 |
|   151 |     1 |   219 |   152 |    67 |      67 |     0 |
|   152 |     1 |   221 |   153 |    68 |      68 |     0 |
|   153 |     1 |   222 |   154 |    68 |      68 |     0 |
|   154 |     1 |   224 |   155 |    69 |      69 |     0 |
|   155 |     1 |   225 |   156 |    69 |      69 |     0 |
|   156 |     1 |   227 |   157 |    70 |      70 |     0 |
|   157 |     1 |   228 |   158 |    70 |      70 |     0 |
|   158 |     1 |   230 |   159 |    71 |      71 |     0 |
|   159 |     1 |   231 |   160 |    71 |      71 |     0 |
|   160 |     1 |   233 |   161 |    72 |      72 |     0 |
|   161 |     1 |   234 |   162 |    72 |      72 |     0 |
|   162 |     1 |   236 |   163 |    73 |      73 |     0 |
|   163 |     1 |   237 |   164 |    73 |      73 |     0 |
|   164 |     1 |   239 |   165 |    74 |      74 |     0 |
|   165 |     1 |   240 |   166 |    74 |      74 |     0 |
|   166 |     1 |   242 |   167 |    75 |      75 |     0 |
|   167 |     1 |   243 |   168 |    75 |      75 |     0 |
|   168 |     1 |   245 |   169 |    76 |      76 |     0 |
|   169 |     1 |   246 |   170 |    76 |      76 |     0 |
|   170 |     1 |   248 |   171 |    77 |      77 |     0 |
|   171 |     1 |   249 |   172 |    77 |      77 |     0 |
|   172 |     1 |   251 |   173 |    78 |      78 |     0 |
|   173 |     1 |   252 |   174 |    78 |      78 |     0 |
|   174 |     1 |   254 |   175 |    79 |      79 |     0 |
|   175 |     1 |   255 |   176 |    79 |      79 |     0 |
+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+---------+-------+

所以很不幸,他们确实说他们使用的是公式中描述的公式

所属标签

可能回答问题的人

  • 找虫虫

    0 粉丝0 提问6 回答
  • 优惠活动秘书

    0 粉丝2 提问5 回答
  • 爸爸

    腾讯 · 客户端安全 (已认证)

    4 粉丝4 提问5 回答
  • 不吃貓的鱼oo

    5 粉丝466 提问5 回答

扫码关注云+社区

领取腾讯云代金券