如何使用NSLayoutConstraint以编程方式将表格页脚视图置于容器中?

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

  • 回答 (1)
  • 关注 (0)
  • 查看 (31)

我正在为一个有收藏夹的应用程序构建一个屏幕。此屏幕将显示用户已收藏的项目列表。这个列表将以表格视图显示

我正在尝试为列表的空状态添加一些代码,但尚未添加收藏夹。我想放UIViewtableFooter,然后把UILabel该视图的中心。我希望视图占用屏幕内的所有可用空间。

到目前为止,这就是我所拥有的:

self.tableView.tableFooterView = buildTableViewFooter()

func buildTableViewFooter() -> UIView {
  let footer = UIView(frame: self.tableView.frame)
  let label = UILabel()
  label.text = "Use the heart icon to add favorites"
  label.font = UIFont.italicSystemFont(ofSize: 21.0)
  label.textColor = UIColor.lightGray
  label.textAlignment = .center
  label.numberOfLines = 0
  let centerHorizontalConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(
      item: label,
      attribute: .centerX,
      relatedBy: .equal,
      toItem: footer,
      attribute: .centerX,
      multiplier: 1,
      constant: 0
  )
  footer.addSubview(label)
  footer.addConstraints([
      centerHorizontalConstraint,
  ])
  return footer
}

当我运行应用程序时,我可以告诉我的方法正在触发并且视图正在成功创建。但是,我没有在屏幕上的任何地方看到该文本。该LayoutConstraints,我不太清楚它试图告诉我是什么:

[LayoutConstraints] Unable to simultaneously satisfy constraints.
    Probably at least one of the constraints in the following list is one you don't want. 
    Try this: 
        (1) look at each constraint and try to figure out which you don't expect; 
        (2) find the code that added the unwanted constraint or constraints and fix it. 
    (Note: If you're seeing NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraints that you don't understand, refer to the documentation for the UIView property translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints) 
(
    "<NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraint:0x60400028a9b0 h=--& v=--& UILabel:0x7fa8565417d0'Use the heart icon to add...'.midX == 0   (active)>",
    "<NSLayoutConstraint:0x604000290f90 UILabel:0x7fa8565417d0'Use the heart icon to add...'.centerX == UIView:0x7fa856514e60.centerX   (active)>",
    "<NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraint:0x6040002931f0 h=--& v=--& 'UIView-Encapsulated-Layout-Left' UIView:0x7fa856514e60.minX == 0   (active, names: '|':UITableView:0x7fa857889a00 )>",
    "<NSLayoutConstraint:0x60400028a2d0 'UIView-Encapsulated-Layout-Width' UIView:0x7fa856514e60.width == 375   (active)>"
)

Will attempt to recover by breaking constraint 
<NSLayoutConstraint:0x604000290f90 UILabel:0x7fa8565417d0'Use the heart icon to add...'.centerX == UIView:0x7fa856514e60.centerX   (active)>
提问于
用户回答回答于

你还需要添加y约束,如

let topConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(
  item: label,
  attribute: .top,
  relatedBy: .equal,
  toItem: footer,
  attribute: .top,
  multiplier: 1,
  constant: 10
)

并将此设置为标签

label.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false

扫码关注云+社区

领取腾讯云代金券

玩转腾讯云 有奖征文活动