什么“字段的子列表...无法创建”是什么意思?

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我的C#编码应用程序使用Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGrid来显示一些数据。数据基本上是计算机的集合。该应用程序能够过滤这些计算机(如“工作站”,“服务器”等)以供查看。这是我过滤的方式:

private DataView FilterTableDataForViewing(DataTable originalTable, string filterString, UltraGrid viewGrid)
    {
        DataView dataView = new DataView(originalTable);
        dataView.RowStateFilter = DataViewRowState.CurrentRows;
        dataView.RowFilter = filterString;

        DataTable filteredTable = dataView.ToTable(originalTable.TableName + "_" + dataView.RowFilter);
        viewGrid.DataSource = filteredTable;
        gridDiscoveryMain.DisplayLayout.ViewStyleBand = ViewStyleBand.OutlookGroupBy;
        SetFlagImagesAndColumnWidthsOfDiscoveryGrid();
        return dataView;
    }

请注意,我将表名设置为可能很大的过滤字符串。

这是我使用上述方法的方法:

string filterString = "([Build] = '4.0' AND NOT([OS Plus Version] LIKE '%Server%'))";
            filterString += " OR ([Build] = '4.10')";
            filterString += " OR ([Build] = '4.90')";
            filterString += " OR ([Build] = '5.0' AND NOT([OS Plus Version] LIKE '%Server%'))";
            filterString += " OR ([Build] = '5.1')";
            filterString += " OR ([Build] = '6.0' AND ";
            filterString += "(NOT([OS Plus Version] LIKE '%Server%')) OR (NOT([OS] LIKE '%Server%')))";
            FilterTableDataForViewing(dataSet.Tables["DiscoveryData"], filterString, gridDiscoveryMain);

到目前为止一切都很好。UltraGrids具有一个工具,允许您选择要隐藏的列并创建新的自定义列。启动此工具时,将触发UltraGrid被调用的事件BeforeColumnChooserDisplayed 。这是我的处理程序:

private void gridDiscoveryMain_BeforeColumnChooserDisplayed(object sender, BeforeColumnChooserDisplayedEventArgs e)
    {
        if (gridDiscoveryMain.DataSource == null)
            return;

        e.Cancel = true;
        gridDiscoveryMain.DisplayLayout.Override.RowSelectors = DefaultableBoolean.True;
        gridDiscoveryMain.DisplayLayout.Override.RowSelectorHeaderStyle = RowSelectorHeaderStyle.ColumnChooserButton;
        ShowCustomColumnChooserDialog();
        this.customColumnChooserDialog.CurrentBand = e.Dialog.ColumnChooserControl.CurrentBand;
        this.customColumnChooserDialog.ColumnChooserControl.Style = ColumnChooserStyle.AllColumnsWithCheckBoxes;
    }

这是ShowCustomColumnChooserDialog方法实现:

private void ShowCustomColumnChooserDialog()
    {
        DataTable originalTable = GetUnderlyingDataSource(gridDiscoveryMain);
        if (this.customColumnChooserDialog == null || this.customColumnChooserDialog.IsDisposed)
        {
            customColumnChooserDialog = new CustomColumnChooser(ManageColumnDeleted);
            customColumnChooserDialog.Owner = Parent.FindForm();
            customColumnChooserDialog.Grid = gridDiscoveryMain;
        }

        this.customColumnChooserDialog.Show();
    }

customColumnChooserDialog基本上是一个为Infragistics默认添加一点额外的表单。它的代码最重要的是这个方法:

private void InitializeBandsCombo( UltraGridBase grid )
    {
        this.ultraComboBandSelector.SetDataBinding( null, null );
        if ( null == grid )
            return;

        // Create the data source that we can bind to UltraCombo for displaying 
        // list of bands. The datasource will have two columns. One that contains
        // the instances of UltraGridBand and the other that contains the text
        // representation of the bands.
        UltraDataSource bandsUDS = new UltraDataSource( );
        bandsUDS.Band.Columns.Add( "Band", typeof( UltraGridBand ) );
        bandsUDS.Band.Columns.Add( "DisplayText", typeof( string ) );

        foreach ( UltraGridBand band in grid.DisplayLayout.Bands )
        {
            if ( ! this.IsBandExcluded( band ) )
            {
                bandsUDS.Rows.Add( new object[] { band, band.Header.Caption } );
            }
        }

        this.ultraComboBandSelector.DisplayMember = "DisplayText";
        this.ultraComboBandSelector.ValueMember= "Band";
        this.ultraComboBandSelector.SetDataBinding( bandsUDS, null );

        // Hide the Band column.
        this.ultraComboBandSelector.DisplayLayout.Bands[0].Columns["Band"].Hidden = true;

        // Hide the column headers.
        this.ultraComboBandSelector.DisplayLayout.Bands[0].ColHeadersVisible = false;

        // Set some properties to improve the look & feel of the ultra combo.
        this.ultraComboBandSelector.DropDownWidth = 0;
        this.ultraComboBandSelector.DisplayLayout.Override.HotTrackRowAppearance.BackColor = Color.LightYellow;
        this.ultraComboBandSelector.DisplayLayout.AutoFitStyle = AutoFitStyle.ResizeAllColumns;
        this.ultraComboBandSelector.DisplayLayout.BorderStyle = UIElementBorderStyle.Solid;
        this.ultraComboBandSelector.DisplayLayout.Appearance.BorderColor = SystemColors.Highlight;
    }

如果我单步执行代码,那么在我退出事件处理程序(控件返回到表单的位置)之前,这一切都很酷。只有当我尝试从显示过滤数据的网格中显示CustomColumnChooser对话框时,才会向我抛出ArgumentException 。不是那种在代码中显示违规行的类型,而是显示“Microsoft .NET Framework”错误消息框的类型,其中显示“应用程序中发生了未处理的异常......”。这意味着我无法追踪造成它的原因。之后应用程序不会崩溃,但是可能的CustomColumnChooser对话框会出现只包含白色背景和大红色“X”的容器。

并且堆栈跟踪:

See the end of this message for details on invoking 
just-in-time (JIT) debugging instead of this dialog box.

************** Exception Text **************
System.ArgumentException: Child list for field DiscoveryData_([Build] = '4 cannot be created.
   at System.Windows.Forms.BindingContext.EnsureListManager(Object dataSource, String dataMember)
   at System.Windows.Forms.BindingContext.EnsureListManager(Object dataSource, String dataMember)
   at System.Windows.Forms.BindingContext.EnsureListManager(Object dataSource, String dataMember)
   at System.Windows.Forms.BindingContext.EnsureListManager(Object dataSource, String dataMember)
   at System.Windows.Forms.BindingContext.EnsureListManager(Object dataSource, String dataMember)
   at System.Windows.Forms.BindingContext.EnsureListManager(Object dataSource, String dataMember)
   at System.Windows.Forms.BindingContext.EnsureListManager(Object dataSource, String dataMember)
   at System.Windows.Forms.BindingContext.get_Item(Object dataSource, String dataMember)
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridLayout.ListManagerUpdated(BindingManagerBase bindingManager)
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridLayout.ListManagerUpdated()
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridBase.Set_ListManager(Object newDataSource, String newDataMember)
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridBase.SetDataBindingHelper(Object dataSource, String dataMember, Boolean hideNewColumns, Boolean hideNewBands)
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridBase.SetDataBinding(Object dataSource, String dataMember, Boolean hideNewColumns, Boolean hideNewBands)
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridBase.SetDataBinding(Object dataSource, String dataMember, Boolean hideNewColumns)
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridBase.SetDataBinding(Object dataSource, String dataMember)
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridColumnChooser.CreateColumnChooserGridDataStructure()
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridColumnChooser.Initialize()
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridColumnChooser.VerifyInitialized()
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.ColumnChooserGridCreationFilter.BeforeCreateChildElements(UIElement parent)
   at Infragistics.Win.UIElement.VerifyChildElements(ControlUIElementBase controlElement, Boolean recursive)
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridUIElement.VerifyChildElements(ControlUIElementBase controlElement, Boolean recursive)
   at Infragistics.Win.UIElement.VerifyChildElements(Boolean recursive)
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridUIElement.InternalInitializeRect(Boolean verify)
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGridLayout.GetUIElement(Boolean verify, Boolean forceInitializeRect)
   at Infragistics.Win.UltraWinGrid.UltraGrid.OnPaint(PaintEventArgs pe)
   at System.Windows.Forms.Control.PaintWithErrorHandling(PaintEventArgs e, Int16 layer, Boolean disposeEventArgs)
   at System.Windows.Forms.Control.WmPaint(Message& m)
   at System.Windows.Forms.Control.WndProc(Message& m)
   at System.Windows.Forms.Control.ControlNativeWindow.OnMessage(Message& m)
   at System.Windows.Forms.Control.ControlNativeWindow.WndProc(Message& m)
   at System.Windows.Forms.NativeWindow.Callback(IntPtr hWnd, Int32 msg, IntPtr wparam, IntPtr lparam)

字段DiscoveryData的子列表(无法创建[Build] ='4)不是很有帮助。它的真正含义是什么?

提问于
用户回答回答于

我对WinForms不太了解,从未使用过Infragistics Ultragrid。我的猜测是,字段DiscoverData的子列表([Build] ='4在一些数据绑定代码的框架中被深深抛出。它似乎在寻找一个名为([Build] =的类的子成员'4因为它停在你的字符串文字中的点或句点(。)。

我试图避免使用DataSets和DataViews,因为他们跳过了一些疯狂的箍。

可能值得开火反射器和捅一下 System.Windows.Forms.BindingContext

用户回答回答于

检查DataBindings。

问题通常是由于您的绑定路径引起的。如果您有这样的事情:

labelFirstName.DataBindings.Add("Text", "_Person.Info.FName", true, DataSourceUpdateMode.OnPropertyChanged);

您可能需要将其更新为另一个Add-method重载:

labelFirstName.DataBindings.Add("Text", _Person.Info, "FName", true, DataSourceUpdateMode.OnPropertyChanged);

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