如何将PHP会话存储在APC Cache中?

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将会话存储在磁盘上对我来说非常缓慢和痛苦。我有很高的流量。我想在高级PHP缓存中存储会话,我该怎么做?

提问于
用户回答回答于
<?php

// to enable paste this line right before session_start():
//   new Session_APC;
class Session_APC
{
    protected $_prefix;
    protected $_ttl;
    protected $_lockTimeout = 10; // if empty, no session locking, otherwise seconds to lock timeout

    public function __construct($params=array())
    {
        $def = session_get_cookie_params();
        $this->_ttl = $def['lifetime'];
        if (isset($params['ttl'])) {
            $this->_ttl = $params['ttl'];
        }
        if (isset($params['lock_timeout'])) {
            $this->_lockTimeout = $params['lock_timeout'];
        }

        session_set_save_handler(
            array($this, 'open'), array($this, 'close'),
            array($this, 'read'), array($this, 'write'),
            array($this, 'destroy'), array($this, 'gc')
        );
    }

    public function open($savePath, $sessionName)
    {
        $this->_prefix = 'BSession/'.$sessionName;
        if (!apc_exists($this->_prefix.'/TS')) {
            // creating non-empty array @see http://us.php.net/manual/en/function.apc-store.php#107359
            apc_store($this->_prefix.'/TS', array(''));
            apc_store($this->_prefix.'/LOCK', array(''));
        }
        return true;
    }

    public function close()
    {
        return true;
    }

    public function read($id)
    {
        $key = $this->_prefix.'/'.$id;
        if (!apc_exists($key)) {
            return ''; // no session
        }

        // redundant check for ttl before read
        if ($this->_ttl) {
            $ts = apc_fetch($this->_prefix.'/TS');
            if (empty($ts[$id])) {
                return ''; // no session
            } elseif (!empty($ts[$id]) && $ts[$id] + $this->_ttl < time()) {
                unset($ts[$id]);
                apc_delete($key);
                apc_store($this->_prefix.'/TS', $ts);
                return ''; // session expired
            }
        }

        if (!$this->_lockTimeout) {
            $locks = apc_fetch($this->_prefix.'/LOCK');
            if (!empty($locks[$id])) {
                while (!empty($locks[$id]) && $locks[$id] + $this->_lockTimeout >= time()) {
                    usleep(10000); // sleep 10ms
                    $locks = apc_fetch($this->_prefix.'/LOCK');
                }
            }
            /*
            // by default will overwrite session after lock expired to allow smooth site function
            // alternative handling is to abort current process
            if (!empty($locks[$id])) {
                return false; // abort read of waiting for lock timed out
            }
            */
            $locks[$id] = time(); // set session lock
            apc_store($this->_prefix.'/LOCK', $locks);
        }

        return apc_fetch($key); // if no data returns empty string per doc
    }

    public function write($id, $data)
    {
        $ts = apc_fetch($this->_prefix.'/TS');
        $ts[$id] = time();
        apc_store($this->_prefix.'/TS', $ts);

        $locks = apc_fetch($this->_prefix.'/LOCK');
        unset($locks[$id]);
        apc_store($this->_prefix.'/LOCK', $locks);

        return apc_store($this->_prefix.'/'.$id, $data, $this->_ttl);
    }

    public function destroy($id)
    {
        $ts = apc_fetch($this->_prefix.'/TS');
        unset($ts[$id]);
        apc_store($this->_prefix.'/TS', $ts);

        $locks = apc_fetch($this->_prefix.'/LOCK');
        unset($locks[$id]);
        apc_store($this->_prefix.'/LOCK', $locks);

        return apc_delete($this->_prefix.'/'.$id);
    }

    public function gc($lifetime)
    {
        if ($this->_ttl) {
            $lifetime = min($lifetime, $this->_ttl);
        }
        $ts = apc_fetch($this->_prefix.'/TS');
        foreach ($ts as $id=>$time) {
            if ($time + $lifetime < time()) {
                apc_delete($this->_prefix.'/'.$id);
                unset($ts[$id]);
            }
        }
        return apc_store($this->_prefix.'/TS', $ts);
    }
}
用户回答回答于

我会把建议的解决方案汇总如下:

使用APC作为会话存储

APC不能真正用作会话存储,因为APC没有允许正确锁定的机制,但是这种锁定对于确保在写入初始读取的会话数据之前没有人更改它是必不可少的。

底线是:避免它,它是行不通的。

备选方案

可能有许多会话处理程序可用。检查…的输出phpinfo()Session“注册保存处理程序”的节。

RAM磁盘上的文件存储

工作的开箱即用,但需要一个文件系统挂载为RAM磁盘,原因很明显.

共享内存(Mm)

编译PHP时,mm启用。

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