如何通过urllib和python下载图片?

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因此,我试图制作一个Python脚本,下载WebComics并将它们放在桌面上的一个文件夹中。我在这里发现了一些类似的程序,它们做一些类似的事情,但没有什么比我需要的更好。我发现最相似的就是这里(...).我尝试使用以下代码:

>>> import urllib
>>> image = urllib.URLopener()
>>> image.retrieve("http://www.gunnerkrigg.com//comics/00000001.jpg","00000001.jpg")
('00000001.jpg', <httplib.HTTPMessage instance at 0x1457a80>)

然后我在电脑上搜索了一个文件“00000001.jpg”,但我发现的只是它的缓存图片。我甚至不确定它是否把文件保存到我的电脑上。一旦我了解了如何下载文件,我想我知道如何处理剩下的文件了。本质上,只需使用for循环,并在‘00000000’.‘jpg’处拆分字符串,并将‘00000000’增加到最大的数字,这将不得不以某种方式确定。

这是已完成的脚本,它将文件保存到您选择的任何目录。

import urllib
import os

comicCounter=len(os.listdir('/file'))+1  # reads the number of files in the folder to start downloading at the next comic
errorCount=0

def download_comic(url,comicName):
    """
    download a comic in the form of

    url = http://www.example.com
    comicName = '00000000.jpg'
    """
    image=urllib.URLopener()
    image.retrieve(url,comicName)  # download comicName at URL

while comicCounter <= 1000:  # not the most elegant solution
    os.chdir('/file')  # set where files download to
        try:
        if comicCounter < 10:  # needed to break into 10^n segments because comic names are a set of zeros followed by a number
            comicNumber=str('0000000'+str(comicCounter))  # string containing the eight digit comic number
            comicName=str(comicNumber+".jpg")  # string containing the file name
            url=str("http://www.gunnerkrigg.com//comics/"+comicName)  # creates the URL for the comic
            comicCounter+=1  # increments the comic counter to go to the next comic, must be before the download in case the download raises an exception
            download_comic(url,comicName)  # uses the function defined above to download the comic
            print url
        if 10 <= comicCounter < 100:
            comicNumber=str('000000'+str(comicCounter))
            comicName=str(comicNumber+".jpg")
            url=str("http://www.gunnerkrigg.com//comics/"+comicName)
            comicCounter+=1
            download_comic(url,comicName)
            print url
        if 100 <= comicCounter < 1000:
            comicNumber=str('00000'+str(comicCounter))
            comicName=str(comicNumber+".jpg")
            url=str("http://www.gunnerkrigg.com//comics/"+comicName)
            comicCounter+=1
            download_comic(url,comicName)
            print url
        else:  # quit the program if any number outside this range shows up
            quit
    except IOError:  # urllib raises an IOError for a 404 error, when the comic doesn't exist
        errorCount+=1  # add one to the error count
        if errorCount>3:  # if more than three errors occur during downloading, quit the program
            break
        else:
            print str("comic"+ ' ' + str(comicCounter) + ' ' + "does not exist")  # otherwise say that the certain comic number doesn't exist
print "all comics are up to date"  # prints if all comics are downloaded
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import urllib
f = open('00000001.jpg','wb')
f.write(urllib.urlopen('http://www.gunnerkrigg.com//comics/00000001.jpg').read())
f.close()
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