为什么XmlWriter总是输出utf-16编码?

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我有这个扩展方法

    public static string SerializeObject<T>(this T value)
    {
        var serializer = new XmlSerializer(typeof(T));           
        var settings = new XmlWriterSettings
                       {
                        Encoding = new UTF8Encoding(true), 
                        Indent = false, 
                        OmitXmlDeclaration = false,
                        NewLineHandling = NewLineHandling.None
                       };

        using(var stringWriter = new StringWriter()) 
        {
            using(var xmlWriter = XmlWriter.Create(stringWriter, settings)) 
            {
                serializer.Serialize(xmlWriter, value);
            }

            return stringWriter.ToString();
        }
    }

每当我调用它时,他有utf-16编码,例如:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-16"?>

提问于
用户回答回答于

字符串是UTF-16,因此向StringWriter写入将始终使用UTF-16。如果这不是你想要的,那就用其他的TextWriter derived 类。

用户回答回答于

据我所知,StringWriter类在序列化字符串时将始终使用UTF 16编码。您可以编写自己的重写类,接受不同的编码:

public class StringWriterWithEncoding : StringWriter
{
    private readonly Encoding _encoding;

    public StringWriterWithEncoding()
    {
    }

    public StringWriterWithEncoding(IFormatProvider formatProvider)
        : base(formatProvider)
    {
    }

    public StringWriterWithEncoding(StringBuilder sb)
        : base(sb)
    {
    }

    public StringWriterWithEncoding(StringBuilder sb, IFormatProvider formatProvider)
        : base(sb, formatProvider)
    {
    }


    public StringWriterWithEncoding(Encoding encoding)
    {
        _encoding = encoding;
    }

    public StringWriterWithEncoding(IFormatProvider formatProvider, Encoding encoding)
        : base(formatProvider)
    {
        _encoding = encoding;
    }

    public StringWriterWithEncoding(StringBuilder sb, Encoding encoding)
        : base(sb)
    {
        _encoding = encoding;
    }

    public StringWriterWithEncoding(StringBuilder sb, IFormatProvider formatProvider, Encoding encoding)
        : base(sb, formatProvider)
    {
        _encoding = encoding;
    }

    public override Encoding Encoding
    {
        get { return (null == _encoding) ? base.Encoding : _encoding; }
    }
}

所以你可以用这个代替:

using(var stringWriter = new StringWriterWithEncoding( Encoding.UTF8))
{
   ...
}

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