如何用SpringAutoire编写JUnit测试?

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下面是我使用的文件:

Component.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:jee="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
         http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
         http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
         http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd 
         http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee/spring-jee-3.0.xsd">

    <context:component-scan
        base-package="controllers,services,dao,org.springframework.jndi" />
</beans>

ServiceImpl.java

@org.springframework.stereotype.Service
public class ServiceImpl implements MyService {

    @Autowired
    private MyDAO myDAO;

    public void getData() {...}    
}

ServiceImplTest.java

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration("classpath*:conf/components.xml")
public class ServiceImplTest{

    @Test
    public void testMyFunction() {...}
}

错误:

16:22:48.753 [main] ERROR o.s.test.context.TestContextManager - Caught exception while allowing TestExecutionListener [org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener@2092dcdb] to prepare test instance [services.ServiceImplTest@9e1be92]
org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'services.ServiceImplTest': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private services.ServiceImpl services.ServiceImplTest.publishedServiceImpl; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No matching bean of type [services.ServiceImpl] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:287) ~[spring-beans.jar:3.1.2.RELEASE]
提问于
用户回答回答于

确保你已经导入了正确的软件包。如果我记得正确的话,有两种不同的Autowiring包 :org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

这是一个适合我的例子:

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration(locations = { "/applicationContext_mock.xml" })
public class OwnerIntegrationTest {

    @Autowired
    OwnerService ownerService;

    @Before
    public void setup() {

        ownerService.cleanList();

    }

    @Test
    public void testOwners() {

        Owner owner = new Owner("Bengt", "Karlsson", "Ankavägen 3");
        owner = ownerService.createOwner(owner);
        assertEquals("Check firstName : ", "Bengt", owner.getFirstName());
        assertTrue("Check that Id exist: ", owner.getId() > 0);

        owner.setLastName("Larsson");
        ownerService.updateOwner(owner);
        owner = ownerService.getOwner(owner.getId());
        assertEquals("Name is changed", "Larsson", owner.getLastName());

    }
用户回答回答于

你应该自动装配它的接口(大概MyService

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