如何创建一个jTDS连接字符串?

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我的SQL服务器实例名是MYPC\SQLEXPRESS,我正在创建一个jTDS连接字符串来连接到数据库‘blog’。有人能帮我完成吗?

我想这样做:

DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:jtds:sqlserver://127.0.0.1:1433/Blog", "user", "password");

我得到:

 java.sql.SQLException: Network error IOException: Connection refused: connect
    at net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.ConnectionJDBC2.<init>(ConnectionJDBC2.java:395)
    at net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.ConnectionJDBC3.<init>(ConnectionJDBC3.java:50)
    at net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.Driver.connect(Driver.java:184)
    at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(Unknown Source)
    at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(Unknown Source)
    at SqlConnection.Connect(SqlConnection.java:19)
    at main.main(main.java:11)
Caused by: java.net.ConnectException: Connection refused: connect
    at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.socketConnect(Native Method)
    at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.doConnect(Unknown Source)
    at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.connectToAddress(Unknown Source)
    at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.connect(Unknown Source)
    at java.net.SocksSocketImpl.connect(Unknown Source)
    at java.net.Socket.connect(Unknown Source)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source)
    at net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.SharedSocket.createSocketForJDBC3(SharedSocket.java:305)
    at net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.SharedSocket.<init>(SharedSocket.java:255)
    at net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.ConnectionJDBC2.<init>(ConnectionJDBC2.java:323)
    ... 6 more
提问于
用户回答回答于

jTDS的URL格式是:

jdbc:jtds:<server_type>://<server>[:<port>][/<database>][;<property>=<value>[;...]]

因此,要连接到运行在MS SQL Server上的名为“blog”的数据库,这样:

jdbc:jtds:sqlserver://MYPC:1433/Blog;instance=SQLEXPRESS;user=sa;password=s3cr3t
用户回答回答于

下面是测试SQLEXPRESS本地连接的代码。当然,你应该根据需要更改IP、DatabaseName和用户/密码。

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DatabaseMetaData;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

public class JtdsSqlExpressInstanceConnect {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws SQLException {
        Connection conn = null;
        ResultSet rs = null;
        String url = "jdbc:jtds:sqlserver://127.0.0.1;instance=SQLEXPRESS;DatabaseName=master";
        String driver = "net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.Driver";
        String userName = "user";
        String password = "password";
        try {
            Class.forName(driver);
            conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, userName, password);
            System.out.println("Connected to the database!!! Getting table list...");
            DatabaseMetaData dbm = conn.getMetaData();
            rs = dbm.getTables(null, null, "%", new String[] { "TABLE" });
            while (rs.next()) { System.out.println(rs.getString("TABLE_NAME")); }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            conn.close();
            rs.close();
        }
    }
}

如果你使用Maven,那么将其添加到pom.xml:

<dependency>
    <groupId>net.sourceforge.jtds</groupId>
    <artifactId>jtds</artifactId>
    <version>1.2.4</version>
</dependency>

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