在Python中如何向给定的URL添加参数?

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

  • 回答 (2)
  • 关注 (0)
  • 查看 (351)

假设我得到了一个URL。

它可能已经有了参数(例如:http://example.com/search?q=question)或者可能不是(例如。http://example.com/)

现在,我需要向它添加一些参数,例如{'lang':'en','tag':'python'}。在第一种情况下http://example.com/search?q=question&lang=en&tag=python在第二个-http://example.com/search?lang=en&tag=python...

有什么标准的方法吗?

提问于
用户回答回答于
try:
    import urlparse
    from urllib import urlencode
except: # For Python 3
    import urllib.parse as urlparse
    from urllib.parse import urlencode

url = "http://stackoverflow.com/search?q=question"
params = {'lang':'en','tag':'python'}

url_parts = list(urlparse.urlparse(url))
query = dict(urlparse.parse_qsl(url_parts[4]))
query.update(params)

url_parts[4] = urlencode(query)

print(urlparse.urlunparse(url_parts))
用户回答回答于

代码:

from json import dumps

try:
    from urllib import urlencode, unquote
    from urlparse import urlparse, parse_qsl, ParseResult
except ImportError:
    # Python 3 fallback
    from urllib.parse import (
        urlencode, unquote, urlparse, parse_qsl, ParseResult
    )


def add_url_params(url, params):
    """ Add GET params to provided URL being aware of existing.

    :param url: string of target URL
    :param params: dict containing requested params to be added
    :return: string with updated URL

    >> url = 'http://stackoverflow.com/test?answers=true'
    >> new_params = {'answers': False, 'data': ['some','values']}
    >> add_url_params(url, new_params)
    'http://stackoverflow.com/test?data=some&data=values&answers=false'
    """
    # Unquoting URL first so we don't loose existing args
    url = unquote(url)
    # Extracting url info
    parsed_url = urlparse(url)
    # Extracting URL arguments from parsed URL
    get_args = parsed_url.query
    # Converting URL arguments to dict
    parsed_get_args = dict(parse_qsl(get_args))
    # Merging URL arguments dict with new params
    parsed_get_args.update(params)

    # Bool and Dict values should be converted to json-friendly values
    # you may throw this part away if you don't like it :)
    parsed_get_args.update(
        {k: dumps(v) for k, v in parsed_get_args.items()
         if isinstance(v, (bool, dict))}
    )

    # Converting URL argument to proper query string
    encoded_get_args = urlencode(parsed_get_args, doseq=True)
    # Creating new parsed result object based on provided with new
    # URL arguments. Same thing happens inside of urlparse.
    new_url = ParseResult(
        parsed_url.scheme, parsed_url.netloc, parsed_url.path,
        parsed_url.params, encoded_get_args, parsed_url.fragment
    ).geturl()

    return new_url

扫码关注云+社区

领取腾讯云代金券