如何使用os.walk()以递归方式遍历Python中的目录?

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我想从根目录导航到其他所有目录并打印相同的目录。

这是我的代码:

#!/usr/bin/python

import os
import fnmatch

for root, dir, files in os.walk("."):
        print root
        print ""
        for items in fnmatch.filter(files, "*"):
                print "..." + items
        print ""

这是我的O / P:

.

...Python_Notes
...pypy.py
...pypy.py.save
...classdemo.py
....goutputstream-J9ZUXW
...latest.py
...pack.py
...classdemo.pyc
...Python_Notes~
...module-demo.py
...filetype.py

./packagedemo

...classdemo.py
...__init__.pyc
...__init__.py
...classdemo.pyc

以上,.并且./packagedemo是目录。

但是,我需要以下列方式打印O / P:

A
---a.txt
---b.txt
---B
------c.out

以上,AB是目录,其余的是文件。

提问于
用户回答回答于

这会给你想要的结果

#!/usr/bin/python

import os

# traverse root directory, and list directories as dirs and files as files
for root, dirs, files in os.walk("."):
    path = root.split(os.sep)
    print((len(path) - 1) * '---', os.path.basename(root))
    for file in files:
        print(len(path) * '---', file)
用户回答回答于

试试这个:

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

"""FileTreeMaker.py: ..."""

__author__  = "legendmohe"

import os
import argparse
import time

class FileTreeMaker(object):

    def _recurse(self, parent_path, file_list, prefix, output_buf, level):
        if len(file_list) == 0 \
            or (self.max_level != -1 and self.max_level <= level):
            return
        else:
            file_list.sort(key=lambda f: os.path.isfile(os.path.join(parent_path, f)))
            for idx, sub_path in enumerate(file_list):
                if any(exclude_name in sub_path for exclude_name in self.exn):
                    continue

                full_path = os.path.join(parent_path, sub_path)
                idc = "┣━"
                if idx == len(file_list) - 1:
                    idc = "┗━"

                if os.path.isdir(full_path) and sub_path not in self.exf:
                    output_buf.append("%s%s[%s]" % (prefix, idc, sub_path))
                    if len(file_list) > 1 and idx != len(file_list) - 1:
                        tmp_prefix = prefix + "┃  "
                    else:
                        tmp_prefix = prefix + "    "
                    self._recurse(full_path, os.listdir(full_path), tmp_prefix, output_buf, level + 1)
                elif os.path.isfile(full_path):
                    output_buf.append("%s%s%s" % (prefix, idc, sub_path))

    def make(self, args):
        self.root = args.root
        self.exf = args.exclude_folder
        self.exn = args.exclude_name
        self.max_level = args.max_level

        print("root:%s" % self.root)

        buf = []
        path_parts = self.root.rsplit(os.path.sep, 1)
        buf.append("[%s]" % (path_parts[-1],))
        self._recurse(self.root, os.listdir(self.root), "", buf, 0)

        output_str = "\n".join(buf)
        if len(args.output) != 0:
            with open(args.output, 'w') as of:
                of.write(output_str)
        return output_str

if __name__ == "__main__":
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
    parser.add_argument("-r", "--root", help="root of file tree", default=".")
    parser.add_argument("-o", "--output", help="output file name", default="")
    parser.add_argument("-xf", "--exclude_folder", nargs='*', help="exclude folder", default=[])
    parser.add_argument("-xn", "--exclude_name", nargs='*', help="exclude name", default=[])
    parser.add_argument("-m", "--max_level", help="max level",
                        type=int, default=-1)
    args = parser.parse_args()
    print(FileTreeMaker().make(args))

你会得到这个:

root:.
[.]
┣━[.idea]
┃  ┣━[scopes]
┃  ┃  ┗━scope_settings.xml
┃  ┣━.name
┃  ┣━Demo.iml
┃  ┣━encodings.xml
┃  ┣━misc.xml
┃  ┣━modules.xml
┃  ┣━vcs.xml
┃  ┗━workspace.xml
┣━[test1]
┃  ┗━test1.txt
┣━[test2]
┃  ┣━[test2-2]
┃  ┃  ┗━[test2-3]
┃  ┃      ┣━test2
┃  ┃      ┗━test2-3-1
┃  ┗━test2
┣━folder_tree_maker.py
┗━tree.py

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