Python类如何继承?

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我正在玩Python类的继承,从Active Python得到的结果是:

>>> start
Tom Sneed
Sue Ann
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "C:\Python26\Lib\site-packages\pythonwin\pywin\framework\scriptutils.py", line 312, <br>in RunScript
    exec codeObject in __main__.__dict__
  File "C:\temp\classtest.py", line 22, in <module>
    print y.get_emp()
  File "C:\temp\classtest.py", line 16, in get_emp
    return self.FirstName + ' ' + 'abc'
AttributeError: Employee instance has no attribute 'FirstName'

代码如下:

class Person():
    AnotherName = 'Sue Ann'
    def __init__(self):
        self.FirstName = 'Tom'
        self.LastName = 'Sneed'

    def get_name(self):
        return self.FirstName + ' ' + self.LastName

class Employee(Person):
    def __init__(self):
        self.empnum = 'abc123'

    def get_emp(self):
        print self.AnotherName
        return self.FirstName + ' ' + 'abc'

x = Person()
y = Employee()
print 'start'
print x.get_name()
print y.get_emp()
提问于
用户回答回答于

你需要注意三点:

  1. 你需要显式调用构造函数。它不像C ++那样自动调用
  2. 使用从对象继承的新式类
  3. 使用新式类时,请使用可用的super()方法

改的话就像这样:

class Person(object):
    AnotherName = 'Sue Ann'
    def __init__(self):
        super(Person, self).__init__()
        self.FirstName = 'Tom'
        self.LastName = 'Sneed'

    def get_name(self):
        return self.FirstName + ' ' + self.LastName

class Employee(Person):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Employee, self).__init__()
        self.empnum = 'abc123'

    def get_emp(self):
        print self.AnotherName
        return self.FirstName + ' ' + 'abc'
用户回答回答于

你应该比较明确该调用超类的init函数:

class Employee(Person):
    def __init__(self):
        Person.__init__(self)
        self.empnum = "abc123"

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