javax.websocket客户端简单的例子

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有人可以请我提供一个非常简单的websocket客户端使用示例javax.websocket吗?

我想连接到websocket(ws://socket.example.com:1234),发送消息(添加频道)并收听消息。所有消息(发送和收听)都是JSON格式。

顺便说一句,这个库是最简单的websocket通信?

提问于
用户回答回答于

我在javax.websocket这里找到了一个很好的例子:

http://www.programmingforliving.com/2013/08/jsr-356-java-api-for-websocket-client-api.html

这里的代码基于上面链接的例子:

TestApp.java:

package testapp;

import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;

public class TestApp {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            // open websocket
            final WebsocketClientEndpoint clientEndPoint = new WebsocketClientEndpoint(new URI("wss://real.okcoin.cn:10440/websocket/okcoinapi"));

            // add listener
            clientEndPoint.addMessageHandler(new WebsocketClientEndpoint.MessageHandler() {
                public void handleMessage(String message) {
                    System.out.println(message);
                }
            });

            // send message to websocket
            clientEndPoint.sendMessage("{'event':'addChannel','channel':'ok_btccny_ticker'}");

            // wait 5 seconds for messages from websocket
            Thread.sleep(5000);

        } catch (InterruptedException ex) {
            System.err.println("InterruptedException exception: " + ex.getMessage());
        } catch (URISyntaxException ex) {
            System.err.println("URISyntaxException exception: " + ex.getMessage());
        }
    }
}

WebsocketClientEndpoint.java:

package testapp;

import java.net.URI;
import javax.websocket.ClientEndpoint;
import javax.websocket.CloseReason;
import javax.websocket.ContainerProvider;
import javax.websocket.OnClose;
import javax.websocket.OnMessage;
import javax.websocket.OnOpen;
import javax.websocket.Session;
import javax.websocket.WebSocketContainer;

/**
 * ChatServer Client
 *
 * @author Jiji_Sasidharan
 */
@ClientEndpoint
public class WebsocketClientEndpoint {

    Session userSession = null;
    private MessageHandler messageHandler;

    public WebsocketClientEndpoint(URI endpointURI) {
        try {
            WebSocketContainer container = ContainerProvider.getWebSocketContainer();
            container.connectToServer(this, endpointURI);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Callback hook for Connection open events.
     *
     * @param userSession the userSession which is opened.
     */
    @OnOpen
    public void onOpen(Session userSession) {
        System.out.println("opening websocket");
        this.userSession = userSession;
    }

    /**
     * Callback hook for Connection close events.
     *
     * @param userSession the userSession which is getting closed.
     * @param reason the reason for connection close
     */
    @OnClose
    public void onClose(Session userSession, CloseReason reason) {
        System.out.println("closing websocket");
        this.userSession = null;
    }

    /**
     * Callback hook for Message Events. This method will be invoked when a client send a message.
     *
     * @param message The text message
     */
    @OnMessage
    public void onMessage(String message) {
        if (this.messageHandler != null) {
            this.messageHandler.handleMessage(message);
        }
    }

    /**
     * register message handler
     *
     * @param msgHandler
     */
    public void addMessageHandler(MessageHandler msgHandler) {
        this.messageHandler = msgHandler;
    }

    /**
     * Send a message.
     *
     * @param message
     */
    public void sendMessage(String message) {
        this.userSession.getAsyncRemote().sendText(message);
    }

    /**
     * Message handler.
     *
     * @author Jiji_Sasidharan
     */
    public static interface MessageHandler {

        public void handleMessage(String message);
    }
}
用户回答回答于

TooTallNate有一个简单的客户端https://github.com/TooTallNate/Java-WebSocket

只需将dist文件夹中的java_websocket.jar添加到您的项目中即可。

 import org.java_websocket.client.WebSocketClient;
 import org.java_websocket.drafts.Draft_10;
 import org.java_websocket.handshake.ServerHandshake;
 import org.json.JSONException;
 import org.json.JSONObject;

  WebSocketClient mWs = new WebSocketClient( new URI( "ws://socket.example.com:1234" ), new Draft_10() )
{
                    @Override
                    public void onMessage( String message ) {
                     JSONObject obj = new JSONObject(message);
                     String channel = obj.getString("channel");
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onOpen( ServerHandshake handshake ) {
                        System.out.println( "opened connection" );
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onClose( int code, String reason, boolean remote ) {
                        System.out.println( "closed connection" );
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onError( Exception ex ) {
                        ex.printStackTrace();
                    }

                };
 //open websocket
 mWs.connect();
 JSONObject obj = new JSONObject();
 obj.put("event", "addChannel");
 obj.put("channel", "ok_btccny_ticker");
 String message = obj.toString();
 //send message
 mWs.send(message);

//并关闭websocket

 mWs.close();

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