MySQL按两列分组

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我试图在这里按多个列分组--每个表上都有一个列。

在这种情况下,我希望通过将每个客户当前的投资组合和现金相加,为每个客户找到最高的投资组合价值,但是客户可能有多个投资组合,因此我需要每个客户的顶级投资组合。

目前,使用下面的代码,我将为每个顶级投资组合多次获得相同的客户机(它不是按客户端id分组)。

SELECT clients.id, clients.name, portfolios.id, SUM ( portfolios.portfolio +  portfolios.cash ) AS total
FROM clients, portfolios
WHERE clients.id = portfolios.client_id
GROUP BY portfolios.id, clients.id
ORDER BY total DESC
LIMIT 30 
提问于
用户回答回答于

首先,让我们做一些测试数据:

create table client (client_id integer not null primary key auto_increment,
                     name varchar(64));
create table portfolio (portfolio_id integer not null primary key auto_increment,
                        client_id integer references client.id,
                        cash decimal(10,2),
                        stocks decimal(10,2));
insert into client (name) values ('John Doe'), ('Jane Doe');
insert into portfolio (client_id, cash, stocks) values (1, 11.11, 22.22),
                                                       (1, 10.11, 23.22),
                                                       (2, 30.30, 40.40),
                                                       (2, 40.40, 50.50);

如果不需要投资组合ID,那么很容易:

select client_id, name, max(cash + stocks)
from client join portfolio using (client_id)
group by client_id

+-----------+----------+--------------------+
| client_id | name     | max(cash + stocks) |
+-----------+----------+--------------------+
|         1 | John Doe |              33.33 | 
|         2 | Jane Doe |              90.90 | 
+-----------+----------+--------------------+

因为需要投资组合ID,所以事情变得更加复杂。我们分几步做。首先,我们将编写一个子查询,返回每个客户端的最大投资组合值:

select client_id, max(cash + stocks) as maxtotal
from portfolio
group by client_id

+-----------+----------+
| client_id | maxtotal |
+-----------+----------+
|         1 |    33.33 | 
|         2 |    90.90 | 
+-----------+----------+

然后,我们将查询Portfolio表,但是对前面的子查询使用一个联接,以便只保留那些总值为客户端最大的投资组合:

 select portfolio_id, cash + stocks from portfolio 
 join (select client_id, max(cash + stocks) as maxtotal 
       from portfolio
       group by client_id) as maxima
 using (client_id)
 where cash + stocks = maxtotal

+--------------+---------------+
| portfolio_id | cash + stocks |
+--------------+---------------+
|            5 |         33.33 | 
|            6 |         33.33 | 
|            8 |         90.90 | 
+--------------+---------------+

最后,我们可以连接到客户端表(就像您做的那样),以便包含每个客户端的名称:

select client_id, name, portfolio_id, cash + stocks
from client
join portfolio using (client_id)
join (select client_id, max(cash + stocks) as maxtotal
      from portfolio 
      group by client_id) as maxima
using (client_id)
where cash + stocks = maxtotal

+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+
| client_id | name     | portfolio_id | cash + stocks |
+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+
|         1 | John Doe |            5 |         33.33 | 
|         1 | John Doe |            6 |         33.33 | 
|         2 | Jane Doe |            8 |         90.90 | 
+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+

请注意,这将为JohnDoe返回两行,因为他有两个具有完全相同总价值的投资组合。为了避免这种情况,并选择任意的顶级组合,在GROUP BY子句上标记如下:

select client_id, name, portfolio_id, cash + stocks
from client
join portfolio using (client_id)
join (select client_id, max(cash + stocks) as maxtotal
      from portfolio 
      group by client_id) as maxima
using (client_id)
where cash + stocks = maxtotal
group by client_id, cash + stocks

+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+
| client_id | name     | portfolio_id | cash + stocks |
+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+
|         1 | John Doe |            5 |         33.33 | 
|         2 | Jane Doe |            8 |         90.90 | 
+-----------+----------+--------------+---------------+
用户回答回答于

在组中使用CONAT将有效

SELECT clients.id, clients.name, portfolios.id, SUM ( portfolios.portfolio + portfolios.cash ) AS total
FROM clients, portfolios
WHERE clients.id = portfolios.client_id
GROUP BY CONCAT(portfolios.id, "-", clients.id)
ORDER BY total DESC
LIMIT 30

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