MySQL:如果值存在,更新,否则插入

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

  • 回答 (2)
  • 关注 (0)
  • 查看 (51)

我有一些代码看起来像这样。表中还有一个我必须保留的自动增量字段(它在其他表中使用)。我想简化和优化这段代码。

$query ="SELECT * FROM models WHERE col1 = 'foo'";
$testResult = mysql_query($query) or die('Error, query failed');    

if(mysql_fetch_array($testResult) == NULL){
    //insert...
    $query ="INSERT INTO models (col1, col2, col3)
    VALUES ('foo', 'bar', 'alph')";
    $result = mysql_query($query) or die('Error, query failed');
}else{
    //update...
    $query = "UPDATE models
        SET col1='foo', col2='bar', col3='alph'
        WHERE col1='foo' AND col2='bar'";
        $result = mysql_query($query) or die('Error, query failed');        
}

主键id是自动递增的字段。我从来不想改变这个。但是,当另一个字段/被复制时,这是我想更新该记录的时候。

提问于
用户回答回答于

不如改为:

REPLACE INTO models
( col1, col2, col3 )
VALUES
( 'foo', 'bar', 'alpha' )

假设col1是您的主键,如果值为“foo”的行已经存在,它将更新其他两列。否则,它将插入新行。

用户回答回答于

If you specify ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE, and a row is inserted that would cause a duplicate value in a UNIQUE index or PRIMARY KEY, an UPDATE of the old row is performed. For example, if column a is declared as UNIQUE and contains the value 1, the following two statements have identical effect:

INSERT INTO table (a,b,c) VALUES (1,2,3)
  ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE c=c+1;

UPDATE table SET c=c+1 WHERE a=1;
The ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE clause can contain multiple column assignments, separated by commas.

With ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE, the affected-rows value per row is 1 if the row is inserted as a new row and 2 if an existing row is updated.

If column b is also unique, the INSERT is equivalent to this UPDATE statement instead:

UPDATE table SET c=c+1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2 LIMIT 1;
If a=1 OR b=2 matches several rows, only one row is updated. In general, you should try to avoid using an ON DUPLICATE KEY clause on tables with multiple unique indexes.

You can use the VALUES(col_name) function in the UPDATE clause to refer to column values from the INSERT portion of the INSERT ... UPDATE statement. In other words, VALUES(col_name) in the UPDATE clause refers to the value of col_name that would be inserted, had no duplicate-key conflict occurred. This function is especially useful in multiple-row inserts. The VALUES() function is meaningful only in INSERT ... UPDATE statements and returns NULL otherwise. Example:

INSERT INTO table (a,b,c) VALUES (1,2,3),(4,5,6)
  ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE c=VALUES(a)+VALUES(b);
That statement is identical to the following two statements:

INSERT INTO table (a,b,c) VALUES (1,2,3)
  ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE c=3;
INSERT INTO table (a,b,c) VALUES (4,5,6)
  ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE c=9;
If a table contains an AUTO_INCREMENT column and INSERT ... UPDATE inserts a row, the LAST_INSERT_ID() function returns the AUTO_INCREMENT value. If the statement updates a row instead, LAST_INSERT_ID() is not meaningful. However, you can work around this by using LAST_INSERT_ID(expr). Suppose that id is the AUTO_INCREMENT column. To make LAST_INSERT_ID() meaningful for updates, insert rows as follows:

INSERT INTO table (a,b,c) VALUES (1,2,3)
  ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE id=LAST_INSERT_ID(id), c=3;
The DELAYED option is ignored when you use ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE.

扫码关注云+社区