使用RVM安装Ruby1.9.2时的curl证书错误?

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在试图下载Ruby1.9.2时,RVM遇到了一个证书错误。我不知道如何绕过它。准确的错误信息如下:

$ rvm install 1.9.2
Installing Ruby from source to: /Users/willdennis/.rvm/rubies/ruby-1.9.2-p180, this may take a while depending on your cpu(s)...

ruby-1.9.2-p180 - #fetching 
ERROR: Error running 'bunzip2 '/Users/willdennis/.rvm/archives/ruby-1.9.2-p180.tar.bz2'', please read /Users/willdennis/.rvm/log/ruby-1.9.2-p180/extract.log
ruby-1.9.2-p180 - #extracting ruby-1.9.2-p180 to /Users/willdennis/.rvm/src/ruby-1.9.2-p180
ruby-1.9.2-p180 - #extracted to /Users/willdennis/.rvm/src/ruby-1.9.2-p180
Fetching yaml-0.1.3.tar.gz to /Users/willdennis/.rvm/archives

curl: (60) SSL certificate problem, verify that the CA cert is OK. Details:
error:14090086:SSL routines:SSL3_GET_SERVER_CERTIFICATE:certificate verify failed
More details here: http://curl.haxx.se/docs/sslcerts.html

curl performs SSL certificate verification by default, using a "bundle"
 of Certificate Authority (CA) public keys (CA certs). The default
 bundle is named curl-ca-bundle.crt; you can specify an alternate file
 using the --cacert option.
If this HTTPS server uses a certificate signed by a CA represented in
 the bundle, the certificate verification probably failed due to a
 problem with the certificate (it might be expired, or the name might
 not match the domain name in the URL).
If you'd like to turn off curl's verification of the certificate, use
 the -k (or --insecure) option.
ERROR: There was an error, please check /Users/willdennis/.rvm/log/ruby-1.9.2-p180/*.log. Next we'll try to fetch via http.
Trying http:// URL instead.

curl: (60) SSL certificate problem, verify that the CA cert is OK. Details:
error:14090086:SSL routines:SSL3_GET_SERVER_CERTIFICATE:certificate verify failed
More details here: http://curl.haxx.se/docs/sslcerts.html

curl performs SSL certificate verification by default, using a "bundle"
 of Certificate Authority (CA) public keys (CA certs). The default
 bundle is named curl-ca-bundle.crt; you can specify an alternate file
 using the --cacert option.
If this HTTPS server uses a certificate signed by a CA represented in
 the bundle, the certificate verification probably failed due to a
 problem with the certificate (it might be expired, or the name might
 not match the domain name in the URL).
If you'd like to turn off curl's verification of the certificate, use
 the -k (or --insecure) option.
ERROR: There was an error, please check /Users/willdennis/.rvm/log/ruby-1.9.2-p180/*.log
Extracting yaml-0.1.3.tar.gz to /Users/willdennis/.rvm/src
ERROR: Error running 'tar zxf /Users/willdennis/.rvm/archives/yaml-0.1.3.tar.gz -C /Users/willdennis/.rvm/src --no-same-owner', please read /Users/willdennis/.rvm/log/ruby-1.9.2-p180/yaml/extract.log
/Users/willdennis/.rvm/scripts/functions/packages: line 55: cd: /Users/willdennis/.rvm/src/yaml-0.1.3: No such file or directory
Configuring yaml in /Users/willdennis/.rvm/src/yaml-0.1.3.
ERROR: Error running ' ./configure --prefix="/Users/willdennis/.rvm/usr"  ', please read /Users/willdennis/.rvm/log/ruby-1.9.2-p180/yaml/configure.log
Compiling yaml in /Users/willdennis/.rvm/src/yaml-0.1.3.
ERROR: Error running '/usr/bin/make ', please read /Users/willdennis/.rvm/log/ruby-1.9.2-p180/yaml/make.log
Installing yaml to /Users/willdennis/.rvm/usr
ERROR: Error running '/usr/bin/make install', please read /Users/willdennis/.rvm/log/ruby-1.9.2-p180/yaml/make.install.log
ruby-1.9.2-p180 - #configuring 
ERROR: Error running ' ./configure --prefix=/Users/willdennis/.rvm/rubies/ruby-1.9.2-p180 --enable-shared --disable-install-doc --with-libyaml-dir=/Users/willdennis/.rvm/usr ', please read /Users/willdennis/.rvm/log/ruby-1.9.2-p180/configure.log
ERROR: There has been an error while running configure. Halting the installation.

如何解决或避免此错误?

提问于
用户回答回答于

有一个非常好的和快速的解决方案:

#to download the cert
wget http://curl.haxx.se/ca/cacert.pem
#to let curl use it for the next calls
export CURL_CA_BUNDLE=~/cacert.pem

运行脚本。

若要重置环境变量,请重新登录到的系统或取消设置环境变量:

export CURL_CA_BUNDLE=
用户回答回答于

如果其他人在尝试更新到1.9.3(尽管版本可能无关紧要)时遇到这种情况,请检查RVM版本。

从新站点更新RVM解决了这个问题,

$ \curl -L https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable --rails --autolibs=enabled

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