如何调整SuperView的大小,以适应所有的子视图和自动退出?

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我对自动布局的理解是,它需要超级视图的大小,并基于约束和内在大小来计算子视图的位置。

有没有办法扭转这个过程?我想根据约束和内在大小调整superview。实现这个最简单的方法是什么?

我有在Xcode中使用的视图,我用它作为标题UITableView。该视图包含一个标签和一个按钮。标签的大小因数据而异。根据约束,标签成功地将按钮按下,或者如果在按钮和超视图底部之间存在约束,则标签被压缩。

我发现了一些类似的问题,但他们没有很好很容易的答案。

提问于
用户回答回答于

使用正确的API是UIView systemLayoutSizeFittingSize:,传递UILayoutFittingCompressedSize或者UILayoutFittingExpandedSize

对于正常UIView使用自动布局,只要你的约束是正确的,这应该是正常的。如果你想使用它UITableViewCell(例如确定行高),那么你应该把它叫做你的单元格contentView并抓住高度。

如果您的视图中有一个或多个UILabel是多行的,则存在其他注意事项。对于这些,preferredMaxLayoutWidth属性的设置是正确的,这样标签提供了一个正确的值intrinsicContentSize,这将用于systemLayoutSizeFittingSize's计算。

通过请求,添加一个表视图单元格的高度计算的例子

使用自动布局进行表格单元高度计算并不是非常高效,但确实很方便,特别是如果您的单元具有复杂的布局。

正如我上面所说,如果您使用多行,UILabel则必须将其同步preferredMaxLayoutWidth到标签宽度。我使用一个自定义的UILabel子类来做到这一点:

@implementation TSLabel

- (void) layoutSubviews
{
    [super layoutSubviews];

    if ( self.numberOfLines == 0 )
    {
        if ( self.preferredMaxLayoutWidth != self.frame.size.width )
        {
            self.preferredMaxLayoutWidth = self.frame.size.width;
            [self setNeedsUpdateConstraints];
        }
    }
}

- (CGSize) intrinsicContentSize
{
    CGSize s = [super intrinsicContentSize];

    if ( self.numberOfLines == 0 )
    {
        // found out that sometimes intrinsicContentSize is 1pt too short!
        s.height += 1;
    }

    return s;
}

@end

这是一个人为的UITableViewController子类,演示了heightForRowAtIndexPath:

#import "TSTableViewController.h"
#import "TSTableViewCell.h"

@implementation TSTableViewController

- (NSString*) cellText
{
    return @"Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.";
}

#pragma mark - Table view data source

- (NSInteger) numberOfSectionsInTableView: (UITableView *) tableView
{
    return 1;
}

- (NSInteger) tableView: (UITableView *)tableView numberOfRowsInSection: (NSInteger) section
{
    return 1;
}

- (CGFloat) tableView: (UITableView *) tableView heightForRowAtIndexPath: (NSIndexPath *) indexPath
{
    static TSTableViewCell *sizingCell;
    static dispatch_once_t onceToken;
    dispatch_once(&onceToken, ^{

        sizingCell = (TSTableViewCell*)[tableView dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier: @"TSTableViewCell"];
    });

    // configure the cell
    sizingCell.text = self.cellText;

    // force layout
    [sizingCell setNeedsLayout];
    [sizingCell layoutIfNeeded];

    // get the fitting size
    CGSize s = [sizingCell.contentView systemLayoutSizeFittingSize: UILayoutFittingCompressedSize];
    NSLog( @"fittingSize: %@", NSStringFromCGSize( s ));

    return s.height;
}

- (UITableViewCell *) tableView: (UITableView *) tableView cellForRowAtIndexPath: (NSIndexPath *) indexPath
{
    TSTableViewCell *cell = (TSTableViewCell*)[tableView dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier: @"TSTableViewCell" ];

    cell.text = self.cellText;

    return cell;
}

@end

简单的自定义单元格:

#import "TSTableViewCell.h"
#import "TSLabel.h"

@implementation TSTableViewCell
{
    IBOutlet TSLabel* _label;
}

- (void) setText: (NSString *) text
{
    _label.text = text;
}

@end

而且,这是故事板中定义的约束图片。请注意,标签上没有高度/宽度限制 - 可以从标签中推断出这些限制intrinsicContentSize

用户回答回答于

为了使视图的大小由内置的内容决定,那么放置在内容中的内容必须与包含的视图有明确的关系以便驱动其高度(或宽度)动态。“添加子视图”不会像你想象的那样创建这种关系。你必须选择哪个子视图来驱动容器的高度和/或宽度......最常见的是您放置在整个UI右下角的任何UI元素。这里有一些代码和内联评论来说明这一点。

//
//  ViewController.m
//  AutoLayoutDynamicVerticalContainerHeight
//

#import "ViewController.h"

@interface ViewController ()
@property (strong, nonatomic) UIView *contentView;
@property (strong, nonatomic) UILabel *myLabel;
@property (strong, nonatomic) UILabel *myOtherLabel;
@end

@implementation ViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    // INVOKE SUPER
    [super viewDidLoad];

    // INIT ALL REQUIRED UI ELEMENTS
    self.contentView = [[UIView alloc] init];
    self.myLabel = [[UILabel alloc] init];
    self.myOtherLabel = [[UILabel alloc] init];
    NSDictionary *viewsDictionary = NSDictionaryOfVariableBindings(_contentView, _myLabel, _myOtherLabel);

    // TURN AUTO LAYOUT ON FOR EACH ONE OF THEM
    self.contentView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = NO;
    self.myLabel.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = NO;
    self.myOtherLabel.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = NO;

    // ESTABLISH VIEW HIERARCHY
    [self.view addSubview:self.contentView]; // View adds content view
    [self.contentView addSubview:self.myLabel]; // Content view adds my label (and all other UI... what's added here drives the container height (and width))
    [self.contentView addSubview:self.myOtherLabel];

    // LAYOUT

    // Layout CONTENT VIEW (Pinned to left, top. Note, it expects to get its vertical height (and horizontal width) dynamically based on whatever is placed within).
    // Note, if you don't want horizontal width to be driven by content, just pin left AND right to superview.
    [self.view addConstraints:[NSLayoutConstraint constraintsWithVisualFormat:@"H:|[_contentView]" options:0 metrics:0 views:viewsDictionary]]; // Only pinned to left, no horizontal width yet
    [self.view addConstraints:[NSLayoutConstraint constraintsWithVisualFormat:@"V:|[_contentView]" options:0 metrics:0 views:viewsDictionary]]; // Only pinned to top, no vertical height yet

    /* WHATEVER WE ADD NEXT NEEDS TO EXPLICITLY "PUSH OUT ON" THE CONTAINING CONTENT VIEW SO THAT OUR CONTENT DYNAMICALLY DETERMINES THE SIZE OF THE CONTAINING VIEW */
    // ^To me this is what's weird... but okay once you understand...

    // Layout MY LABEL (Anchor to upper left with default margin, width and height are dynamic based on text, font, etc (i.e. UILabel has an intrinsicContentSize))
    [self.view addConstraints:[NSLayoutConstraint constraintsWithVisualFormat:@"H:|-[_myLabel]" options:0 metrics:0 views:viewsDictionary]];
    [self.view addConstraints:[NSLayoutConstraint constraintsWithVisualFormat:@"V:|-[_myLabel]" options:0 metrics:0 views:viewsDictionary]];

    // Layout MY OTHER LABEL (Anchored by vertical space to the sibling label that comes before it)
    // Note, this is the view that we are choosing to use to drive the height (and width) of our container...

    // The LAST "|" character is KEY, it's what drives the WIDTH of contentView (red color)
    [self.view addConstraints:[NSLayoutConstraint constraintsWithVisualFormat:@"H:|-[_myOtherLabel]-|" options:0 metrics:0 views:viewsDictionary]];

    // Again, the LAST "|" character is KEY, it's what drives the HEIGHT of contentView (red color)
    [self.view addConstraints:[NSLayoutConstraint constraintsWithVisualFormat:@"V:[_myLabel]-[_myOtherLabel]-|" options:0 metrics:0 views:viewsDictionary]];

    // COLOR VIEWS
    self.view.backgroundColor = [UIColor purpleColor];
    self.contentView.backgroundColor = [UIColor redColor];
    self.myLabel.backgroundColor = [UIColor orangeColor];
    self.myOtherLabel.backgroundColor = [UIColor greenColor];

    // CONFIGURE VIEWS

    // Configure MY LABEL
    self.myLabel.text = @"HELLO WORLD\nLine 2\nLine 3, yo";
    self.myLabel.numberOfLines = 0; // Let it flow

    // Configure MY OTHER LABEL
    self.myOtherLabel.text = @"My OTHER label... This\nis the UI element I'm\narbitrarily choosing\nto drive the width and height\nof the container (the red view)";
    self.myOtherLabel.numberOfLines = 0;
    self.myOtherLabel.font = [UIFont systemFontOfSize:21];
}

@end

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